- Krishna River
:"This article is about an Indian river. For other meanings of this river names, see
Krishna (disambiguation)and Krishnaveni."
Infobox River | river_name = Krishna River
caption = Map of the River
Mahabaleswar, Maharashtra, India
Bay of Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, India
length = 1300 km
The River Krishna (
Sanskrit:कृष्णा नदी))(meaning "dark" (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India(about 1300 km in length). It originates from Mahabaleswarin Maharashtrain the west and meets the Bay of Bengalat Hamasaladeeviin Andhra Pradesh, on the east coast. It also flows through the state of Karnataka. The delta of the river is one the most fertile regions in India and was the home to ancient Satavahanaand Ikshvakukings. Vijayawadais the largest city on the River Krishna.
The legendary source of the river is a spout from the mouth of a statue of a cow in the ancient temple of
Mahadevin Mahabaleshwar. Legend has it that Krishna is Lord Vishnu himself as a result of a curse on the trimurtis by Savitri. Also, its tributaries Venna and Koyana are said to be Siva and Brahma themselves. An interesting thing to notice is that 4 other rivers come out from the cow (bull's) mouth apart from Krishna and they all travel some distance before merging into Krishna. The rivers are Koyana, Venna(Veni), Savitri and Gayatri.
Ecologically, this is one of the disastrous rivers in the world, in that it causes heavy soil erosion during the
monsoonseason. It flows fast and furious, often reaching depths of over 75 feet (23 m). Ironically, there is a saying in Marathi (language of Maharashtra) "sunt vaahate Krishnamaai" which means "quiet flows Krishna". This term is also used to describe how a person should be, as quiet as Krishna. But, in reality, Krishna causes a high degree of erosion between June and August. During this time, Krishna takes fertile soil from Maharashtra, Karnatakaand western Andhra Pradeshtowards the delta region.
Its most important tributary is the
Tungabhadra River, which is formed by the Tunga Riverand Bhadra Riverthat originate in the Western Ghats. Other tributaries include the Koyna River, Bhima River(and its tributaries such as the Kundali Riverfeeding into the Upper Bhima River Basin), Malaprabha River, Ghataprabha River, Yerla River, Warna River, Dindi River, Musi River and Dudhganga River.
dams have been constructed on the river, one at Srisailamcalled Srisailam Damand the other at Nagarjuna Hill. The latter, the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, is considered to be the largest earth dam in the world with a natural reservoir spanning tens of square kilometres.
Temples like Dattadeva temple, which is very dear to the people of Maharashtra is localed on the banks of Krishna at Narasoba Waadi. Also,
Sangameshwar Shiva Templeat Haripurand Ramling Templeare located on the banks of river Krishna near Sangli.
Popular pilgrim spots like Audumber and Narsobawadi are located on the banks of river Krishna near
Sangliin Maharashtra state.More pilgrim spots especially that of Srisailam, one of the twelve jyotirlingas which also has a shrine for one of the shaktipeethasis on the river. Nagarjuna konda was a Buddhist centre under Acharya Nagarjunaand once was a centre for buddhist learning. Amaravatinear Guntur is also a buddhist and a Hindu site dedicated to Siva, the international Kalachakrafestival was celebrated here with the presence of Dalai Lama. Vijayawadaon its banks has a rich and great temple on the hill of Indrakeeladri a temple of Goddess Kanaka Durga.
Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli.
Warana Rivermeets Krishna river near Sangli at Haripur. This spot is also known as Sangameshwar. Panchaganga Rivermeets Krishna river at Narsobawadinear Sangli. These places are considered among the holiest in Hindu mythology. It is said that Lord Dattatrayaspent some of his days at Audumber on the banks of river Krishna.
Krishna Basin [from Govt. Of India page (public domain)]
Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 km² which is nearly 8% of total geographical area of the country. The basin lies in the states of
Andhra Pradesh(113,271 km²), Karnataka(76,252 km²) and Maharashtra(69,425 km²).
Krishna river rises in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m just north of
Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea and flows for about 1400 km and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.
Most part of this basin comprises rolling and undulating country except the western border which is formed by an unbroken line of ranges of the Western Ghats. The important soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils, alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline soils.
An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km³ has been assessed in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km³ is utilisable water. Culturable area in the basin is about 203,000 km², which is 10.4% of the total culturable area of the country.
Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal
* [http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/Crisis/river-krishna.htm River Krishna]
* [http://www.ecoheritage.cpreec.org/04_06_Sacred%20rivers/06_04_06_sacred_rivers_krishna.htm About River Krishna]
* [http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/andhrapradesh/rivers/krishna.html Map of River Krishna]
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Krishna River — formerly Kistna River River, southern India. Rising in Maharashtra state, it flows southeast and east across Karnataka and crosses Andhra Pradesh state before entering the Bay of Bengal after a course of 800 mi (1,290 km). * * * ▪ river, India… … Universalium
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Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal — The Krishna River is the second biggest river in peninsular India. It originates near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra from the statue of a cow in a temple. It then runs for a distance of 303 km in Maharashtra, 480 km through the breadth of North… … Wikipedia
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