Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
state_name = Lakshadweep
native_name = Lakshadweep
type = union territory
latd = 10.57
longd = 72.62
abbreviation = IN-LD
leader_title_1 = Administrator
leader_name_1 = B.V. Selvaraj
area_magnitude = 7
population_year = 2001
population_total = 60595
districts = 1
website = lakshadweep.nic.in
base_map_label = no
Lakshadweep (IPAudio|Lakshadweep.ogg|pronunciation; ( _ml. ലക്ഷദ്വീപ്) , [Unicode|Lakṣadvīp] ), the smallest
union territoryof India, is a group of islands 200 to 300 km off of the coast of Keralain the Arabian Sea. Their total land area is 11 sq mi or 28 km². Eleven of the islands are inhabited. Lakshadweep is the northern part of the erstwhile Lakshadweepa.
The people of all the northern islands speak a dialect of Malayalam. According to local folk beliefs, they descended from traders who were washed up on the islands during a particularly heavy storm.However, the people of
Minicoy, the southernmost atoll, speak Mahl, a variant of Divehi, the language of the Maldives.
The islanders are ethnically similar to coastal Kerala's
Malayali people, and were influenced by Arabtraders. Inhabitants of Minicoy, the southernmost and largest island, closely resemble Maldivians. Most — 99% — of the indigenous population is Muslim; they were converted by Arab traders. The locals call themselves the "Div-i" or the " Aminidivi" ("from the mother island").
The first westerner in the recent historical past on the islands was
Vasco da Gama, but the British were the first to explore the islands. They are also mentioned in great detail in the stories of the Arab traveller Ibn Batuta. The Portuguese established a fort on the islands in May 1498, but the inhabitants soon rose up and expelled them. The Amindivi group of islands (Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan, Chetlat and Bitra) came under the rule of Tipu Sultanin 1787. They passed on to British control after the Third Anglo-Mysore Warand were attached to South Canara. The rest of the islands came under the suzeraintyof the Arakkal family of Cannanorein return for a payment of annual tribute. After a while, the British took over the administration of those islands for non-payment of arrears. These islands were attached to the Malabar districtof the Madras Presidency. In 1956, the States Reorganisation Actseparated these islands from the mainland administrative units, forming a new union territory by combining all the islands.
The union territory is administered by an Administrator appointed by India's central government. Lakshadweep is under the jurisdiction of the
High Court of Keralaat Ernakulam. It also elects one member to the Lok Sabha. The main languages spoken in Lakshadheep are Malayalamand Mahl.
Lakshadweep's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $60 million at current prices. Due to its isolation and scenic appeal, Lakshadweep is emerging as a major tourist attraction for Indians. This brings in significant revenue, which is likely to increase. Since such a small region cannot support industries, the government is actively promoting tourism as a means of income.
Islands, Reefs, Banks
Lakshadweep officially consists of 12
atolls, 3 reefs and 5 submerged banks, with a total of about 36 islands and islets. The reefs are in fact also atolls, although mostly submerged, with only small unvegetated sand cays above the high water mark. The submerged banks are sunken atolls.
Almost all the atolls have a northeast-southwest orientation with the islands lying on the eastern rim, and a mostly submerged reef on the western rim, enclosing a lagoon.
Two banks further north are not considered part of the group:
The atolls, reefs and banks are listed from north to south in the table:
The main islands are Kavaratti (where the capital city, Kavaratti, is located), Agatti, Minicoy, and Amini. The total population of the territory was 60,595 according to the 2001 census. Agatti has an airport where there are direct flights from Kochi, Kerala or Ernakulam (Cochin). Tourists need a [http://lakshadweep.nic.in/ permit] to visit the islands; foreign nationals are not permitted to visit certain islands. Consumption of liquor or alcoholic drink is not permitted in the islands except at Bangaram Island.
The name of the
archipelagoliterally translates as "hundred thousand islands" ("laksha" = "one hundred thousand", "dweep" = "island"). Until 1973, the island group was known by the anglicisedname Laccadives (compare to Maldivesand Suvadives) although the term Laccadives strictly only applies to central Lakshdweep with the northern Amindivi Islandsand Minicoy to the south considered separate. This is reflected in the pre-1973 name of the union territory, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands (Malayalam: ലക്ഷദ്വീപ്, മിനിക്കോയ്, അമന്തീവ [Unicode|Lakṣhadvīp, Minikkoy, Amantīv] ). The Laccadive Islands plus Minicoy Island are known as the Cannanore Islands.
Agatti Aerodromeon Agatti Island is currently the only airport in Lakshadweep. Indian Airlines, the state owned carrier, serves Agatti and flies to Kochi on the mainland. Also, from April 2007, a private carrier, Kingfisher Airlines, has commenced flights to and from Agatti. Kingfisher connects Kochi and Bangalore to Agatti. The other islands are linked by a helicopteror boat service.
* [http://www.reefindia.org/lakshadweep.htm Indian Reef Region – Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://lakshadweep.nic.in/ Official Site for Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://www.yourguidetoindia.com/content/view/28/1/ Lakshadweep Islands Tourism information]
* [http://amitkulkarni.info/pics/lakshadweep/ Beautiful Photographs of the Lakshadweep Islands]
* [http://lakshadweeptourism.nic.in/ Lakshadweep Islands Tourism information]
* [http://www.lakshadweeptourism.com/ SPORTS->Lakshadweep Tourism Official Agency]
* [http://sandtech.nic.in/interest.htm geographical information, lagoon sizes]
* [http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102005/557.pdf submerged northern reef banks]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lakshadweep — ലക്ഷദ്വീപ് Status: Unionsterritorium Hauptstadt: Kavaratti Fläche: 32 km² Einwohner: 64.429 (2011) Bevölkerungsdichte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lakshadweep — Vue de l État sur la carte de l Inde Administration Pays I … Wikipédia en Français
Lakshadweep — es un archipiélago en el Océano Índico, que constituye el territorio más pequeño de la India. Hasta 1973, el nombre oficial era Laccadives, grafía tradicional inglesa equivalente al nombre tradicional español Islas Laquedivas. Está formado por 12 … Enciclopedia Universal
Lakshadweep — [læk ʃædwiːp], indisches Unionsterritorium, umfasst die Lakkadiven … Universal-Lexikon
Lakshadweep — [luk shäd′wēp΄] territory of India comprising the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi islands: 12.4 sq mi (32 sq km); pop. 52,000 … English World dictionary
Lakshadweep — /luk sheuh dweep /, n. a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 40,237; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km). Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands. * * * Union… … Universalium
Lakshadweep — or formerly Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands geographical name union territory India comprising the Laccadive group capital Kavaratti area 11 square miles (29 square kilometers), population 51,707 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Lakshadweep — noun Indian union territory comprising twelve atolls in the Arabian Sea, having Kavaratti as its capital … Wiktionary
Lakshadweep — Lak•sha•dweep [[t]ˌlʌk ʃəˈdwip[/t]] n. geg a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 51,707; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km) Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi… … From formal English to slang
Lakshadweep — /luk sheuh dweep /, n. a union territory of India comprising a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. 40,237; ab. 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km). Formerly, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands … Useful english dictionary