- Tōkaidō Shinkansen
700 series passes the tea fields between Shizuoka and Kakegawa, January 2008
Overview Type Shinkansen Locale Japan Termini Tokyo
Stations 17 Operation Opened 1 October 1964 Owner JR Central Operator(s) JR Central Depot(s) Tokyo, Mishima, Nagoya, Osaka Rolling stock 300/700/N700 series Technical Line length 515.4 km Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Electrification 25 kV AC, 60 Hz, overhead catenary Operating speed 270 km/h (170 mph) Route map Tōkaidō Shinkansen route mapLegend Aomori ( Tōhoku Shinkansen ) 0.0 km Tokyo 東京 6.8 km Shinagawa 品川 Tama River 25.5 km Shin-Yokohama 新横浜 Sagami River 76.7 km Odawara 小田原 95.4 km Atami 熱海 111.3 km Mishima 三島 135.0 km Shin-Fuji 新富士 Fuji River 167.4 km Shizuoka 静岡 Abe River Ooi River 211.3 km Kakegawa 掛川 Tenryu River 238.9 km Hamamatsu 浜松 Lake Hamana 274.2 km Toyohashi 豊橋 312.8 km Mikawa-Anjō 三河安城 342.0 km Nagoya 名古屋 367.1 km Gifu-Hashima 岐阜羽島 408.2 km Maibara 米原 476.3 km Kyoto 京都 515.4 km Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪 Hakata ( Sanyō Shinkansen )
The Tōkaidō Shinkansen (東海道新幹線) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen line, opened in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka. It is operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), and formerly by Japan National Railways (JNR). It is the most heavily travelled high-speed rail route in the world by far; its cumulative ridership of 4.9 billion passengers dwarfs all other systems and lines worldwide.
The line was named a joint Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark and IEEE Milestone by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 2000.
The Tōkaidō Shinkansen line was originally conceived in 1940 as a 150 km/h (93 mph) dedicated railway between Tokyo and Shimonoseki, which would have been 50% faster than the fastest express train of the time. The beginning of World War II stalled the project in its early planning stages, although a few tunnels were dug that were later used in the Shinkansen route. Since the line goes through Japan's three largest metropolitan areas, it is the most heavily travelled of all Shinkansen routes.
Construction of the line began on 20 April 1959 under JNR president Shinji Sogo and chief engineer Hideo Shima. It was completed in 1964, with the first train travelling from Tokyo to Shin-Ōsaka on 1 October of that year at 210 km/h. The opening was timed to coincide with the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, which had already brought international attention to the country. Originally the line was referred to in English as the New Tōkaidō Line. It is named after the Tōkaidō route of Japan used for centuries. Speeds have been increased to 270 km/h today.
A new Shinkansen stop at Shinagawa Station opened in October 2003, accompanied by a major timetable change which increased the number of daily Nozomi services.
All Tōkaidō Shinkansen trains to and from Tokyo make station stops at Shinagawa and Shin-Yokohama. (Before March 2008, alternating Nozomi and Hikari services stopped at either or both of these stations.)
A new station, Minami-Biwako, was planned to open in 2012 between Maibara and Kyoto to allow a transfer to the Kusatsu Line. Construction started in May 2006, but in September 2006, the Otsu district court ruled that the ¥4.35 billion bond that Ritto city had issued to fund construction was illegal under the local finance law and had to be cancelled. The project was officially cancelled in October 2007.
Since 1964 to 2010, the Tokaido Shinkansen line alone has carried some 4.9 billion passengers, making it by far the most heavily used HSR line in the world.
Tokaido Line Cumulative Ridership figures (millions of passengers) Year 1967 1976 2004 Mar-2007 Nov-2010 Ridership (Cumulative) 100 1,000 4,160  4,500  4,900 
An ultra-fast (500 km/h plus) maglev system – the Chuo Shinkansen – has been committed to construction, with a target date of 2020 for the line to start partial operation, and 2025 to connect with Nagoya.
It was announced in June 2010 that a new shinkansen station in Samukawa, Kanagawa Prefecture was under consideration by JR Central. If constructed, the station would open after the new maglev service begins operations.
There are three types of trains on the line: from fastest to slowest, they are the Nozomi, Hikari, and Kodama. Many Nozomi and Hikari trains continue onward to the Sanyō Shinkansen, going as far as Fukuoka's Hakata Station.
The Hikari run from Tokyo to Osaka took four hours in 1964; this was shortened to 3 hours 10 minutes in 1965. With the introduction of high-speed Nozomi service in 1992, the travel time was shortened to 2 hours 30 minutes. The introduction of N700 series trains in 2007 further reduced the Nozomi travel time to 2 hours 25 minutes.
As of March 2008, Hikari services travel from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka in approximately 3 hours, with all-stopping Kodama services making the same run in about 4 hours.
Nozomi trains cannot be used by tourists using the Japan Rail Pass.
Kodama trains stop at all stations. Nozomi and Hikari trains have varying stopping patterns.
- ^ a b c "Bullet Train & Maglev System to Cross the Pacific", Saturday, 04 September 2010 09:55, by Yoshiyuki Kasai, Chairman of JRC
- ^ "Tokaido Shinkansen (1964)". Landmarks. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. http://www.asme.org/Communities/History/Landmarks/Tokaido_Shinkansen_1964.cfm. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
- ^ "Milestones:Tokaido Shinkansen (Bullet Train), 1964". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Tokaido_Shinkansen_%28Bullet_Train%29,_1964. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- ^ "Shinkansen station in Shiga canceled". The Japan Times. 29 October 2007. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20071029a9.html. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
- ^ http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nb20041002a1.html Japan Times Tokaido Shinkansen Line fetes 40 years Saturday, Oct. 2, 2004
- ^ Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2007. Retrieved on 28 April 2009. (English)
- ^ http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T101124004175.htm Yomiuri Online:JR Tokai plans to start partial maglev service in 2020
- ^ "New Shinkansen station considered for Kanagawa". Japan Today. 7 June 2010. http://www.japantoday.com/category/business/view/new-shinkansen-station-considered-for-kanagawa. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
Shinkansen Lines in service Main lines Mini-Shinkansen
Future lines Cancelled lines Service names In service DiscontinuedAoba • Asahi Trainsets In service On orderE6 Series • L0 series Retired Export trainsets700T • CRH2A & CRH2B Non-revenue
Operators Transit in the Hakone, Izu Peninsula, and Mount Fuji area Izuhakone Railway Group Odakyū Group JR Lines Others Miscellaneous
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Shinkansen-Baureihe N700 — Nummerierung: Variante Z: N700 0 Variante N: N700 3000 Variante S: N700 7000 Variante R: N700 8000 N700A: N700 1000 Garnitur Z0: N700 9000 Anzahl: Variante Z: 81(inkl.Garnitur … Deutsch Wikipedia
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