0 Series Shinkansen


0 Series Shinkansen

Infobox EMU
name = 0 Series Shinkansen


imagesize = 240px
caption = 0 Series at Himeji Station, September 2007
InService = 1964 - Autumn 2008* (scheduled)
Manufacturer = Nippon Sharyo, Kawasaki Sharyo, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha, Hitachi
Family =
Built = 3,216 vehicles
Refurbishment =
Formation = 6 cars per trainset (4, 12, 16 cars in past)
Operator = JR West
Depots = Hakata
LinesServed = Sanyō Shinkansen, Hakata Minami Line
CarBody = Steel http://www.h2.dion.ne.jp/~dajf/byunbyun/tech/0.htm 0 series technical specifications ]
CarLength = 25,000 mm
CarWidth = 3,383 mm
CarHeight = 4,490 mm
MaxSpeed = 220 km/h
Weight =
Capacity = 368
Acceleration = 1.2 km/h/s
Deceleration = 2.84 km/h/s
Traction =
Power =
Gauge = 1,435 mm
Voltage = 25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead
Brakes =
SafetySystem =

The 0 Series Shinkansen were the first trainsets built to run on Japan's new high speed rail network, and are therefore still the image of the Shinkansen in the minds of most non-Japanese because of all the publicity they received when the first Shinkansen line began operation in 1964. [ http://www.japaneselifestyle.com.au/travel/shinkansen_history.htm History of Shinkansen railroad. Also includes the 0 series]

The 0 series (which were not originally so classed; there was no need to distinguish classes of trainset until later) entered service with the start of Tōkaidō Shinkansen operations in 1964. These units were white with a blue stripe along the windows and another at the bottom of the car body, including the front pilot.

JR West announced in December 2007 that the remaining six Series 0 bullet train sets will be retired from service by Autumn 2008. http://www.h2.dion.ne.jp/~dajf/byunbyun/types/0.htm Types in the 0 series]

0 Series History

Unlike previous Japanese trains, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and all subsequent Shinkansen were standard gauge (1,435 mm, 4'8½" between the rails). The trains are all powered by 25 kV AC electricity at 60 Hz. On the 0 series, all axles of all cars are powered by 185 kW traction motors; this is sufficient for a 220 km/h (136 mph) top speed.

The original trains were 12-car sets; some subsequent sets were 16 cars. Later, shorter trains of 6 cars and even 4 cars were assembled for lesser duties. Production of 0 series units continued from 1963 until 1986.

Existence as a Shinkansen train is tough; though most rail equipment has a service life of thirty or more years, Shinkansen sets are retired after fifteen, and they are generally removed from service after that point. All 0 series cars are now past fifteen years of service; therefore, few are left [http://www.utu.org/worksite/detail_news.cfm?ArticleID=34248 First-generation Japanese bullet trains retiring ] . The only 0 series sets now in use are 6 car sets used on JR West Kodama services between Shin-Osaka and Hakata, and on the Hakata Minami Line, which is technically not a Shinkansen line. Outside Japan, the leading vehicle from a 0 series set can be found at the British National Railway Museum in York. It was donated to the museum by the JR West company in 2001. [ http://www.nrm.org.uk/pressoffice/presspack/bullet.asp National Railway Museum based article on the acquisition of the donated 0 series ]

References


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