Boroughs and localities of Berlin


Boroughs and localities of Berlin
The boroughs and localities of Berlin
The 23 former boroughs (1990-2000)

Berlin is both a city and one of Germany’s federal states. It is made up of twelve boroughs (Bezirke in German, also known as districts or administrative districts in English), each with its own borough government, though all boroughs are subject to Berlin’s city and state government.

Contents

History

Each borough is made up of several officially recognized localities (Ortsteile in German, sometimes called subdistricts in English). These localities typically have a historical identity as former independent cities, villages, or rural municipalities that were united in 1920 as part of the Greater Berlin Act, forming the basis for the present-day city and state. The localities do not have their own governmental bodies, but are recognized by the city and the boroughs for planning and statistical purposes. Berliners often identify more with the locality where they live than with the borough that governs them. The localities are further subdivided into statistical tracts, which are mainly used for planning and statistical purposes. The statistical tracts correspond roughly but not exactly with neighbourhoods recognized by residents.

When Greater Berlin was established in 1920, the city was organized into 20 boroughs, most of which were named after their largest component locality, often a former city or municipality; others, such as Kreuzberg and Prenzlauer Berg, were named for geographic features. By 2000, Berlin comprised 23 boroughs, as three new boroughs had been created in East Berlin.

An administrative reform in 2001 merged the existing boroughs into the current 12 boroughs. As of 2005, these 12 boroughs were made up of a total of 95 officially recognized localities, as listed below.[1]

Borough Population
31 March 2010
Area
in km²
Density
per km²


The 12 Bezirke of Berlin

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
319,628
64.72
4,878
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
268,225
20.16
13,187
Lichtenberg
259,881
52.29
4,952
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
248,264
61.74
4,046
Mitte
332,919
39.47
8,272
Neukölln
310,283
44.93
6,804
Pankow
366,441
103.01
3,476
Reinickendorf
240,454
89.46
2,712
Spandau
223,962
91.91
2,441
Steglitz-Zehlendorf
293,989
102.50
2,818
Tempelhof-Schöneberg
335,060
53.09
6,256
Treptow-Köpenick
241,335
168.42
1,406


Coats of arms

The mural crown of the coats of arms of Berliner Bezirke

All the coats of arms of Berliner boroughs (the current as the ones in the period 1990-2001) have some common points: The shield has a Spanish form and the coronet is represented by a mural crown: 3 towers in red bricks with the coat of arms of Berlin in the middle.

Most of the coats of arms of current boroughs [2] have changed some elements in their field: Some of them have created a "fusion" of themes of the merged Bezirke (Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Lichtenberg, Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Tempelhof-Schöneberg); others have modified their themes taken from one of the two (or more) former merged boroughs (Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Mitte and Treptow-Köpenick). Only the unchanged boroughs of Neukölln, Reinickendorf and Spandau haven't changed their field. The coat of arms of Pankow was created with a new design in 2008, having been the only district without an emblem for 7 years.

CharlWilm.svg
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Coat of arms of borough Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.svg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Coat of arms of borough Lichtenberg.svg
Lichtenberg
Coat of arms of borough Marzahn-Hellersdorf.svg
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Coat of arms of borough Mitte.svg
Mitte
Coat of arms of borough Neukoelln.svg
Neukölln
Coat of arms of borough Pankow.svg
Pankow
Coat of arms of borough Reinickendorf.svg
Reinickendorf
Coat of arms of borough Spandau.svg
Spandau
Coat of arms of borough Steglitz-Zehlendorf.svg
Steglitz-Zehlendorf
Coat of arms of borough Tempelhof-Schoeneberg.svg
Tempelhof-Schöneberg
Coat of arms of borough Treptow-Koepenick.svg
Treptow-Köpenick

List of localities

The 12 boroughs (Bezirke) are subdivided into 95 localities (Ortsteile). Almost all of them are subdivided into some other zones (defined in German as Ortslagen, Teile, Stadtviertel, Orte etc.). The largest Ortsteil is Köpenick (34.9 km2/13.5 sq mi), the smallest one is Hansaviertel (53 ha/130 acres). The most populated is Neukölln (154,127 inhabitants in 2009), the least populated is Malchow (450 inhabitants in 2008).[3]

(01) Mitte
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²


District map of Mitte

Coat of arms Berlin-Mitte borough (1994).png (0101) Mitte 10.70 79,582 7,445
Coats of arms of None.svg (0102) Moabit 7.72 69,425 8,993
Coats of arms of None.svg (0103) Hansaviertel 0.53 5,889 11,111
Coat of arms de-be tiergarten 1955.png (0104) Tiergarten 5.17 12,486 2,415
Coat of arms de-be wedding 1955.png (0105) Wedding 9.23 76,363 8,273
Coats of arms of None.svg (0106) Gesundbrunnen                                 6.13 82,729 13,496


(02) Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²

District map of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg

Coat of arms de-be friedrichshain 1991.png (0201) Friedrichshain                                   9.78 114,050 11,662
Coat of arms de-be kreuzberg 1956.png (0202) Kreuzberg 10.40 147,227 14,184


(03) Pankow
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²




District map of Pankow

Coat of arms de-be prenzlauer berg 1992.png (0301) Prenzlauer Berg 11.00 142,319 12,991
Coat of arms de-be weissensee 1992.png (0302) Weißensee 7.93 45,485 5,736
Coats of arms of None.svg (0303) Blankenburg 6.03 6,550 1,086
Coats of arms of None.svg (0304) Heinersdorf 3.95 6,580 1,666
Coats of arms of None.svg (0305) Karow 6.65 18,258 2,746
Coats of arms of None.svg (0306) Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow             5.68 1,166 205
Coat of arms de-be pankow 1987.png (0307) Pankow 5.66 55,854 9,868
Coats of arms of None.svg (0308) Blankenfelde 13.40 1,917 144
Coat of arms de-be buch 1987.png (0309) Buch 18.20 13,188 727
Coat of arms de-be buchholz 1987.png (0310) Französisch Buchholz 12.00 18,766 1,560
Coat of arms de-be niederschoenhausen 1987.png (0311) Niederschönhausen 6.49 26,903 4,145
Coat of arms de-be rosenthal 1987.png (0312) Rosenthal 4.90 8,933 1,823
Coats of arms of None.svg (0313) Wilhelmsruh 1.37 7,216 5,267


(04) Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²


District map of Charlottenbrg-Wilmersdorf

Coat of arms de-be charlottenburg 1957.png (0401) Charlottenburg 10.60 118,704 11,198
Coat of arms de-be wilmersdorf 1955.png (0402) Wilmersdorf 7.16 92,815 12,963
(0403) Schmargendorf 3.59 19,750 5,501
Sin escudo.png (0404) Grunewald 22.30 10,014 448
Sin escudo.png (0405) Westend 13.50 37,883 2,800
Sin escudo.png (0406) Charlottenburg-Nord                         6.20 17,327 2,795
Sin escudo.png (0407) Halensee 1.27 13,966 10,997


(05) Spandau
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²


District map of Spandau

Sin escudo.png (0501) Spandau 8.03 33,433 4,164
Sin escudo.png (0502) Haselhorst 4.73 13,668 2,891
Sin escudo.png (0503) Siemensstadt 5.66 11,388 2,012
Sin escudo.png (0504) Staaken 10.90 41,470 3,810
Sin escudo.png (0505) Gatow 10.10 3,908 386
Sin escudo.png (0506) Kladow 14.80 13,628 922
Sin escudo.png (0507) Hakenfelde 20.40 26,337 1,292
Sin escudo.png (0508) Falkenhagener Feld                         6.88 34,778 5,056
Sin escudo.png (0509) Wilhelmstadt 10.40 37,080 3,558


(06) Steglitz-Zehlendorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²




District map of Steglitz-Zehlendorf

Coat of arms de-be steglitz 1956.png (0601) Steglitz 6.79 70,555 10,391
Sin escudo.png (0602) Lichterfelde                                       18.20 78,338 4,300
Sin escudo.png (0603) Lankwitz 6.99 40,385 5,778
Coat of arms de-be zehlendorf 1956.png (0604) Zehlendorf 18.80 57,902 3,075
Sin escudo.png (0605) Dahlem 8.39 14,966 1,784
Sin escudo.png (0606) Nikolassee 19.60 15,899 811
Sin escudo.png (0607) Wannsee 23.70 9,044 382


(07) Tempelhof-Schöneberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²

District map of Tempelhof-Schöneberg

Coat of arms de-be schoeneberg 1956.png (0701) Schöneberg                                       10.60 116,743 11,003
(0702) Friedenau 1.65 26,736 16,204
Coat of arms de-be tempelhof 1957.png (0703) Tempelhof 12.20 54,382 4,458
Sin escudo.png (0704) Mariendorf 9.38 48,882 5,211
Sin escudo.png (0705) Marienfelde 9.15 30,151 3,295
Sin escudo.png (0706) Lichtenrade 10.10 49,451 4,896


(08) Neukölln
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²

District map of Neukölln

Sin escudo.png (0801) Neukölln 11.70 154,127 13,173
Sin escudo.png (0802) Britz 12.40 38,334 3,091
Sin escudo.png (0803) Buckow 6.35 38,018 5,987
Sin escudo.png (0804) Rudow 11.80 41,040 3,478
Sin escudo.png (0805) Gropiusstadt                                       2.66 35,844 13,475


(09) Treptow-Köpenick
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²








District map of Treptow-Köpenick

Coat of arms de-be treptow 1992.png (0901) Alt-Treptow 2.31 10,426 4,513
Sin escudo.png (0902) Plänterwald 3.01 10,618 3,528
Sin escudo.png (0903) Baumschulenweg 4.82 16,780 3,481
Coat of arms de-be johannisthal 1987.png (0904) Johannisthal 6.54 17,650 2,699
Sin escudo.png (0905) Niederschöneweide                           3.49 10,043 2,878
Sin escudo.png (0906) Altglienicke 7.89 26,101 3,308
Sin escudo.png (0907) Adlershof 6.11 15,112 2,473
Sin escudo.png (0908) Bohnsdorf 6.52 10,751 1,649
Coat of arms de-be oberschoeneweide 1987.png (0909) Oberschöneweide 6.18 17,094 2,766
Coat of arms de-be koepenick 1992.png (0910) Köpenick 34.90 59,201 1,695
Coat of arms de-be friedrichshagen 1987.png (0911) Friedrichshagen 14.00 17,285 1,233
Coat of arms de-be rahnsdorf 1987.png (0912) Rahnsdorf 21.50 8,891 414
Sin escudo.png (0913) Grünau 9.13 5,482 600
Wappen Müggelheim (Berlin).png (0914) Müggelheim 22.20 6,350 286
Coat of arms de-be schmoeckwitz 1987.png (0915) Schmöckwitz 17.10 4,117 240


(10) Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²

District map of Marzahn-Hellersdorf

Coat of arms de-be marzahn 1992.png (1001) Marzahn 19.50 102,398 5,240
Sin escudo.png (1002) Biesdorf 12.40 24,543 1,973
Sin escudo.png (1003) Kaulsdorf 8.81 18,732 2,126
Coat of arms de-be mahlsdorf 1987.png (1004) Mahlsdorf 12.90 26,852 2,075
Coat of arms de-be hellersdorf 1992.png (1005) Hellersdorf                                         8.10 72,602 8,963


(11) Lichtenberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²

District map of Lichtenberg

Coat of arms de-be friedrichsfelde 1987.png (1101) Friedrichsfelde 5.55 50,010 9,011
Sin escudo.png (1102) Karlshorst 6.60 21,329 3,232
Coat of arms de-be lichtenberg 1987.png (1103) Lichtenberg 7.22 32,295 4,473
Sin escudo.png (1104) Falkenberg 3.06 1,164 380
Sin escudo.png (1106) Malchow 1.54 450 292
Sin escudo.png (1107) Wartenberg 6.92 2,433 352
Sin escudo.png (1109) Neu-Hohenschönhausen                   5.16 53,698 10,407
Coat of arms de-be hohenschoenhausen.png (1110) Alt-Hohenschönhausen 9.33 41,780 4,478
Sin escudo.png (1111) Fennpfuhl 2.12 30,932 14,591
Sin escudo.png (1112) Rummelsburg 4.52 17,567 3,887


  • Codes 1105 and 1108 (this one to former Hohenschönhausen locality) are not assigned
(12) Reinickendorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²




District map of Reinickendorf

Sin escudo.png (1201) Reinickendorf 10.50 72,859 6,939
Sin escudo.png (1202) Tegel 33.70 33,417 992
Sin escudo.png (1203) Konradshöhe 2.20 5,997 2,726
(1204) Heiligensee 10.70 17,641 1,649
Wappen-frohnau.jpg (1205) Frohnau 7.80 17,025 2,183
WappenvoHermsdorf.jpg (1206) Hermsdorf 6.10 16,503 2,705
Sin escudo.png (1207) Waidmannslust 2.30 10,022 4,357
Sin escudo.png (1208) Lübars 5.00 4,915 983
Sin escudo.png (1209) Wittenau 8.00 28,384 3,548
Sin escudo.png (1210) Märkisches Viertel                             3.20 35,206 11,002


References

See also

  • Book:Boroughs of Berlin

External links

Media related to Boroughs of Berlin at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Localities of Berlin at Wikimedia Commons


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