Tiergarten


Tiergarten
Tiergarten
Quarter of Berlin
Panorama of Großer Tiergarten park
Panorama of Großer Tiergarten park
Coat of arms of Tiergarten
Tiergarten is located in Germany
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Tiergarten
Coordinates 52°31′0″N 13°22′0″E / 52.516667°N 13.366667°E / 52.516667; 13.366667Coordinates: 52°31′0″N 13°22′0″E / 52.516667°N 13.366667°E / 52.516667; 13.366667
Administration
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Mitte
Basic statistics
Area 5.17 km2 (2.00 sq mi)
Elevation 52 m  (171 ft)
Population 12,486  (30 June 2009)
 - Density 2,415 /km2 (6,255 /sq mi)
Founded 1861
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate B
Postal codes (nr. 0104) 10557, 10785, 10787

Tiergarten (German for Animal Garden) is a locality within the borough of Mitte, in central Berlin (Germany). Notable for the great and homonymous urban park, before German reunification, it was a part of West Berlin. Until Berlin's 2001 administrative reform, Tiergarten was also the name of a borough, consisting of the current Bezirk of Tiergarten (formerly called Tiergarten-Süd) plus Hansaviertel and Moabit. A new system of road and rail tunnels runs under the park towards Berlin's Central Station in nearby Moabit.

Contents

History

Historical notes

The Rousseau Island in the Großer Tiergarten, early 19th century engraving
St Matthew Church

Once a hunting ground of the Electors of Brandenburg the Großer Tiergarten park of today was designed in the 1830s by landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenné. In 1894 the Reichstag building by architect Paul Wallot opened as the seat of the German parliament. The lawn between the contemporary Haus der Kulturen der Welt (House of World Cultures) and the Reichstag building was the site of the Krolloper opera house, built in 1844, which served as parliament house after the Reichstag fire on 27 February 1933 and was demolished by air raids in 1943.

On 15 January 1919 the socialist Karl Liebknecht was shot by Freikorps soldiers within the park near the lake Neuer See. The corpse of Rosa Luxemburg, murdered on the same day, was found in the nearby Landwehrkanal on 1 June 1919.

The first Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (Institute for Sex Research) of Magnus Hirschfeld was situated at the former In den Zelten street, near the contemporary Haus der Kulturen der Welt, from 1919 until it was closed by the Nazis in 1933.

After 1944 the park was largely deforested, because it served as a source of firewood for the devastated city. In 1945, the Soviet Union built a war memorial along the Straße des 17. Juni, the Tiergarten's main east-west artery, near the Brandenburg Gate.

Tiergarten today

Luiseninsel in autumn

The locality houses many parliamentary and governmental institutions, among others the Bundestag in the Reichstag building and the new German Chancellery. The residence of the German President, Schloss Bellevue and the Carillon are also located in the Tiergarten park. It contains several notable sculptures including the four-tiered Victory Column (Siegessäule), the Bismarck Memorial and several other memorials to prominent Prussian generals, all of which were located in the ceremonial park facing the Reichstag before they were moved to their present location by the Nazis. In addition, the tree-lined pedestrian avenues emanating from the Victory Column contain several ceremonial sculptures of Prussian aristocrats enacting an 18th century hunt.

The Brandenburg Gate and the Potsdamer Platz are situated on the eastern rim of the locality, the former frontier between East and West Berlin. Nearby is the Kulturforum stretching from the Berliner Philharmonie, a 1963 concert hall by architect Hans Scharoun and home of the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra to the Neue Nationalgalerie built by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in 1968. In between are the neoclassical Saint Matthew Church, built in 1845 by Friedrich August Stüler, the Gemäldegalerie as well as the new branch of the Berlin State Library (Staatsbibliothek). A villa that stood in the place of the bus station next to the Berliner Philharmonie at Tiergartenstraße No. 4 was the seat of the Nazi killing of disabled persons (euthanasia) program Action T4. A memorial marks the site.

View in the Tiergarten.

The adjacent area between the park and the Landwehrkanal is home to Emil Fahrenkamp's 1932 Shell-Haus, numerous embassies and the Bendlerblock, where in 1944 Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and the conspirators of the July 20 plot were shot by a firing squad. Today the building serves as second office of the Federal Ministry of Defence. Nearby are the headquarters of the Christian Democratic Party, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and Friedrich Ebert Foundation academies as well as the Bauhaus Archive and the high schools Französisches Gymnasium and Canisius-Kolleg. The adjacent western area at the border to Charlottenburg houses the Berlin Zoo.

At the Victory Column and the Straße des 17. Juni the Love parade from 1996-2003 and 2006 took place as well as the German Live 8 concert on 2 July 2005. Since 1987, the annual Berlin Marathon starts here.

On 24 July 2008, Barack Obama spoke at the Victory Column in front of a crowd of over 200,000 people.

Großer Tiergarten

The park "Großer Tiergarten", simply known as Tiergarten is, with its 210 hectares (520 acres), the largest urban park of Berlin.

Notes

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiergarten — steht für: einen Zoo einen Park oder Teil der Landschaft, in dem in der frühen Neuzeit durch den Adel Jagdwild gehalten wurde, siehe Tiergarten (Park) Großer Tiergarten, ein Park in Berlin, Bezirk Mitte Berlin Tiergarten, einen nach dem Großen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiergarten (EP) — EP by Rufus Wainwright Released October 29, 2007 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Tiergarten — Tiergarten, 1. (Wildpark) ein weites Gehege in waldigem Gebiet. Er dient zur Züchtung von Waldtieren wie Hirsche, Rehe, Wildschweine u. dergl. sowie zur Abhaltung von Jagden; anderseits auch, um dem Wildschaden auf den umliegenden Feldern… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Tiergarten — Tiergarten, s. Wildgärten u. Zoologische Gärten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiergarten — Postal de 1900. En primer plano la columna de la victoria Siegessäule , al fondo el edificio del Reichstag. El Tiergarten es principal parque de Berlín,[1] capital de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tiergarten — Zoologischer Garten (fachsprachlich); Zoo; Tierpark * * * Tier|gar|ten [ ti:ɐ̯gartn̩], der; s, Tiergärten [ti:ɐ̯gɛrtn̩]: öffentliche Einrichtung zur Haltung von [exotischen] Tieren in Gehegen, Gärten, Käfigen usw.: der Frankfurter Tiergarten; im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tiergarten — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Tiergarten (littéralement « jardin aux animaux ») peut désigner un zoo ou un domaine de chasse en allemand. C est également le nom de plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tiergarten — ▪ area, Berlin, Germany       area of Berlin, Germany, on the Spree River. Before World War II it was Berlin s diplomatic quarter and the site of the War Ministry. It includes the famous 630 acre (255 hectare) Tiergarten Park, a deer preserve… …   Universalium

  • Tiergarten — Original name in latin Tiergarten Name in other language Tiergarten State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 52.52823 latitude 13.32558 altitude 38 Population 12486 Date 2013 03 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Tiergarten — der Tiergarten, ä (Grundstufe) ein kleiner Zoo mit verschiedenen Tieren Beispiel: Den ganzen Sonntag habe ich mit meinen Kindern im Tiergarten verbracht …   Extremes Deutsch


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