Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax


Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Halifax
GCB PC
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
6 July 1846 – 21 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded by Henry Goulburn
Succeeded by Benjamin Disraeli
Personal details
Born 20 December 1800(1800-12-20)
Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England
Died 8 August 1885(1885-08-08) (aged 84)
Hickleton Hall, Doncaster, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Lady Mary Grey (d. 1884)
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford

Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax GCB PC (20 December 1800 – 8 August 1885), known as Sir Charles Wood, 3rd Bt between 1846 and 1866, was a British Whig politician and Member of Parliament. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1846 to 1852.

Contents

Background

Halifax was the son of Sir Francis Wood, 2nd Baronet, and his wife Anne, daughter of Samuel Buck. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford, where he studied classics and mathematics.

Political career

A Liberal and Member of Parliament from 1826 to 1866, Wood served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Lord John Russell's government (1846–1852), where he opposed any further help for Ireland during the Great Famine there. Wood later served as President of the Board of Control under Lord Aberdeen (1852–1855), as First Lord of the Admiralty in Lord Palmerston's first administration (1855–1858), and as Secretary of State for India in Palmerston's second government (1859–1866). He succeeded to his father's baronetcy in 1846, and in 1866 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Halifax, of Monk Bretton in the West Riding of the County of York. [1]


Wood's despatch

As the President of the Board of Control, Wood did a yeoman's job in spreading education in India when in 1854 he sent a despatch to Lord Dalhousie, the then Governor-General of India. It was recommended therein that:

  1. An education department was to be set in every province.
  2. Universities on the model of the London university be established in big cities such as Bombay, Calcuta and Madras.
  3. At least one government school be opened in every district.
  4. Affiliated private schools should be given grant in aid.
  5. The Indian natives should be given training in their mother tongue also.

In accordance with Wood's despatch, Education Departments were established in every province and universities were opened at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1857 and in Punjab in 1882 and at Allahbad 1887.

Family

Lord Halifax married Lady Mary, (3 May 1807 - 6 July 1884), 5th daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, 29 July 1829 and had four sons and three daughters. Lady Halifax died in 1884. Lord Halifax survived her by just over a year and died in August 1885, aged 84. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Charles, who was the father of E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax. Children : Charles Lindley Wood, 2nd Viscount ; Francis Lindley Wood ; Capt R.N. Henry John Lindley Wood ; Lt Col. Fredrick George Lindley Meynell Wood ; Emily Charlotte Wood ; Alice Louisa Wood ; Blanche Edith Wood (1840 - 21 July 1921) married 21 Sept 1876, Col. Hon. Henry William Lowry-Corry (30 June 1845 - 6 May 1927).

References

  1. ^ Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax of Monk Bretton. http://thepeerage.com/p4559.htm#i45588
An 1873 portrait of Lord Halifax by Anthony de Brie.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Duncombe
Charles Tennyson
Member of Parliament for Great Grimsby
1826–1831
With: George Heneage 1826–1830
George Harris from 1830
Succeeded by
John Villiers Shelley
George Harris
Preceded by
John Calcraft
James Ewing
Member of Parliament for Wareham
1831–1832
Succeeded by
John Hales Calcraft
New constituency Member of Parliament for Halifax
1832–1865
With: Rawdon Briggs to 1835
James Stuart-Wortley 1835–1837
Edward Protheroe 1837–1847
Henry Edwards 1847–1852
Francis Crossley 1852–1959
James Stansfeld from 1859
Succeeded by
Edward Akroyd
James Stansfeld
Preceded by
John Greenwood
Reginald Vyner
Member of Parliament for Ripon
1865–1866
With: Robert Kearsley
Succeeded by
Robert Kearsley
Lord John Hay
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Ellice
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1832–1834
Succeeded by
Sir George Clerk, Bt
Preceded by
George Robert Dawson
First Secretary of the Admiralty
1835–1839
Succeeded by
Richard More O'Ferrall
Preceded by
Henry Goulburn
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1846–1852
Succeeded by
Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by
John Charles Herries
President of the Board of Control
1852–1855
Succeeded by
Robert Vernon Smith
Preceded by
Sir James Graham, Bt
First Lord of the Admiralty
1855–1858
Succeeded by
Sir John Pakington, Bt
Preceded by
Lord Stanley
Secretary of State for India
1859–1866
Succeeded by
The Earl de Grey
Preceded by
The Earl of Kimberley
Lord Privy Seal
1870–1874
Succeeded by
The Earl of Malmesbury
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Halifax
1866–1885
Succeeded by
Charles Lindley Wood
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Francis Wood
Baronet
(of Barnsley) 
1846–1885
Succeeded by
Charles Lindley Wood

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Wood, 2nd Viscount Halifax — The Right Honourable The Viscount Halifax Personal details Born Charles Lindley Wood 7 June 1839(1839 06 07) London, England Died 19 January 1934(1934 01 19) (aged 95) Hickleton Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Wood, 1. Viscount Halifax — Fotografie um 1870 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Wood — may refer to: Charles Wood, 2nd Earl of Halifax (1912–1980), British politician and peer Charles Wood, 3rd Earl of Halifax (born 1944), British peer Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax (1800–1885), English politician Charles Wood, 2nd Viscount… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Wood, Viscount von Halifax — Charles Wood, 1. Viscount Halifax Datei:1st Viscount Halifax.png Charles Wood, 1. Viscount Halifax Charles Wood, 1. Viscount Halifax (* 20. Dezember 1800; † 8. August 1885) war ein britischer Politiker. Wood war der älteste Sohn von Sir Francis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax — The Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax KG, PC, FRS First Lord of the Treasury …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham — The Right Honourable The Viscount Cobham KG, GCMG, GCVO, TD, PC Lord Cobham in September 1957 …   Wikipedia

  • George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave — The Right Honourable The Viscount Cave GCMG KC PC Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos — The Right Honourable The Viscount Chandos KG, PC, DSO, MC Oliver Lyttelton (right) with Sir Miles La …   Wikipedia

  • Halifax — may refer to any of the following:Places;Australia *Halifax Bay, North Queensland;Canada;;British Columbia * Halifax Range, a mountain range;;Nova Scotia * Halifax, Nova Scotia, disambiguation page* Halifax County, Nova Scotia, one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wood (surname) — Wood, also spelled Wode, Woode, Woodde, or Wad is a surname that is common throughout the anglophone world.In England, Wales and the Isle of Man it is the 26th most common surname [cite web last = first = authorlink = coauthors = title =Most… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.