- Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton
name = Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton
birth_date = 1669
death_date = 1725
Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton PC (
12 July 1669– 31 March 1725) was an English politician of the early eighteenth century.
The son of
Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan, Boyle was educated at Westminster Schooland entered the army under the auspices of his uncle, the Torypolitician Lord Rochester. However, Boyle himself became a Whig, and in 1688 deserted the army of James II in favour of the Prince of Orange.In 1689, he was elected to the Parliament of Englandfor Tamworth, but was defeated the next year, and spent the next two years in Irelandmanaging the family estates. In 1692 he returned to parliament for Cambridge University, and became a prominent spokesman of the "country" opposition, but in 1697 he switched to the court party. Here he advanced quickly, becoming a Lord of the Treasuryin 1699 and Chancellor of the Exchequer of Englandin 1701.
He picked up other offices as he went along, becoming
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshireand Lord Treasurer of Irelandin 1704, and was elected member for Westminsterin 1705. With the departure of Harley and his followers from the government, Boyle became Secretary of State for the Northern Departmentand Lord Treasurer Godolphin's principal lieutenant in the Commons. His and Godolphin's dominance in the ministry was increasingly overshadowed by the power of the Juntoof Whig aristocrats, however, and in 1710 he retired from office and withdrew from politics with the arrival of Harley's new Toryministry.
Hanoverian successionin 1714, Boyle was raised to the peerageas Baron Carleton, and became Lord President in 1721, an office in which he continued until his death in 1725.
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