George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton


George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton

George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton PC (January 17 1709August 24 1773), known as Sir George Lyttelton, Baronet between 1751 and 1756, was a British politician and statesman and a patron of the arts. He was one of the politicians who opposed Robert Walpole as a member (one of Cobham's Cubs) of the Whig Opposition the 1730s. He served as secretary to Frederick, Prince of Wales from 1737, [ [http://www.history.ac.uk/office/fred.html Office holders] ] ] and as a Commissioner of the Treasury in 1744. After Walpole's fall, Lyttelton became Chancellor of the Exchequer (1755). He was a friend and supporter to Alexander Pope in the 1730s and to Henry Fielding in the 1750s. James Thomson addresses him throughout his poem "The Seasons", and Lyttelton arranged a pension for Thomson.

He wrote "Dialogues of the Dead" in 1760 with Elizabeth Montagu, leader of the bluestockings, and "The History of the Life of Henry the Second" (1767–1771). The former work is part of a tradition of such dialogues. Henry Fielding dedicated "Tom Jones" to him.

George Lyttelton spent many years and a fortune developing Hagley Hall and its park which contains many follies. The hall itself, which is in north Worcestershire, was designed by Sanderson Miller and is the last of the great Palladian houses to be built in England.

He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas Lyttelton, 2nd Baron Lyttelton.

References

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* "Burkes Peerage and Baronetage" (1939), s.v. Cobham, Viscount

External links

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