Ramsar Convention


Ramsar Convention
RAMSAR Logo

The Ramsar Convention (The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands,[1] i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. It is named after the town of Ramsar in Iran.

Contents

Convention

The convention was developed and adopted by participating nations at a meeting in Ramsar, Mazandaran, Iran on February 2, 1971, and came into force on December 21, 1975.

The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance now includes 1,950 sites (known as Ramsar Sites) covering around 1,900,000 km2 (730,000 sq mi),[1] up from 1,021 sites in 2000. The nation with the highest number of sites is the United Kingdom at 168; the nation with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Canada, with over 130,000 km2 (50,000 sq mi), including the Queen Maud Gulf Migratory Bird Sanctuary at 62,800 km2 (24,200 sq mi).[2]

Presently, there are 160 contracting parties, up from 119 in 2000 and from 18 initial signatory nations in 1971. Signatories meet every three years as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP), the first held in Cagliari, Italy in 1980. Amendments to the original convention have been agreed to in Paris (in 1982) and Regina (in 1987).[3]

There is a standing committee, a scientific review panel, and a secretariat. The headquarters is located in Gland, Switzerland, shared with the IUCN.

List of contracting parties

Albania
Algeria
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
The Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Canada
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Republic of the Congo
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Finland
France
Gabon
The Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Honduras
Hungary
Hong Kong
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Morocco
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Macedonia
Romania
Russia
Saint Lucia
Senegal
Serbia
Sierra Leone
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Vietnam
Zambia
former USSR

New contracting parties: Antigua and Barbuda (02.10.05), Cape Verde (18.11.05), Central African Republic (05.04.06), Iraq (17.02.08), Kazakhstan (15.01.07), Laos (28.09.10), Lesotho (01.11.04), Marshall Islands (13.11.04), Montenegro (succ. 03.06.06), Mozambique (03.12.04), Myanmar (17.03.05), Rwanda (01.04.06), Samoa (06.02.05), Seychelles (22.03.05), Sudan (07.05.05), Turkmenistan (03.07.09), United Arab Emirates (29.12.07), Yemen (08.02.08).

International Organization Partners

The Ramsar Convention works closely with five other organisations known as International Organization Partners (IOPs). These are Birdlife International, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Wetlands International and WWF International. These support the work of the Convention by providing expert technical advice, helping implement field studies and providing financial support. The IOPs also participate regularly as observers in all meetings of the Conference of the Parties and as full members of the Scientific and Technical Review Panel. For example, at the 2008 Convention of Parties, IWMI scientists contributed directly to a number of resolutions including those relating to wetlands' links to human health, biofuels, poverty reduction, biogeographic regionalization and biodiversity in rice paddies.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ramsar official website, retrieved 2011-07-10
  2. ^ Ramsar Contracting Parties, retrieved 2009-11-07
  3. ^ Ramsar: A brief history, retrieved 2009-11-07

External links


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  • Ramsar Convention —   The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat held at Ramsar in Iran in 1971. Now known as the Convention on Wetlands. Seeks to identify, conserve and use wisely, areas of wetland that may be under… …   Geography glossary

  • Convention De Ramsar — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ramsar. La Convention de Ramsar est un traité international adopté le 2 février 1971 pour la conservation et l utilisation durable des zones humides, visant à enrayer la dégradation et la perte de zones humides,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Convention de ramsar — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ramsar. La Convention de Ramsar est un traité international adopté le 2 février 1971 pour la conservation et l utilisation durable des zones humides, visant à enrayer la dégradation et la perte de zones humides,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RAMSAR — Convention de Ramsar Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ramsar. La Convention de Ramsar est un traité international adopté le 2 février 1971 pour la conservation et l utilisation durable des zones humides, visant à enrayer la dégradation et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsar — (in Persian: رامسر) is a town in the Mazandaran province of Iran, on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It was also known as Sakhtsar in the past. Natives of Ramsar speak the Gilaki language. LocationRamsar is the westernmost county and city in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramsar (disambiguation) — Ramsar may refer to: *Ramsar, a town in Iran *Ramsar Convention, a nature conservation designation for wetlands …   Wikipedia

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  • Ramsar sites in Russia — As of 2006 there are 35 Ramsar sites in Russia of total area 103,237.67 km².The first sites were registered with the Ramsar Convention in the Soviet era on October 11 1976. These were Kandalaksha Bay Lake Khanka and Volga River delta.* Area… …   Wikipedia


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