Loretta Lynn


Loretta Lynn
Loretta Lynn

Loretta Lynn in concert in 2005
Background information
Birth name Loretta Webb
Also known as

The Coal Miner's Daughter

The First Lady of Country Music
Born April 14, 1935(1935-04-14)(age 76)
Butcher Hollow, Kentucky
Genres Country, honky tonk, gospel
Occupations Singer-songwriter, Actress author
Instruments Vocals, Guitar
Years active 1960-present
Labels Zero (1960)
Decca/MCA (1961 - 1989)
Columbia (1993)
Audium (2000)
Interscope (2004)
Associated acts Ernest Tubb, Patsy Cline, Conway Twitty, Dolly Parton, Reba McEntire, Tammy Wynette, Jack White, Crystal Gayle, Peggy Sue
Website Loretta Lynn Official Site

Loretta Lynn (born Loretta Webb April 14, 1935) is an American country music singer-songwriter, author and philanthropist. Born in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky to a coal miner father, Lynn married at 13 years old, was a mother soon after, and moved to Washington with her husband, Oliver Lynn. Their marriage was sometimes tumultuous; he had affairs and she was headstrong. Their experiences together became inspiration for her music.

When she was 24 years old, Lynn's husband bought her a guitar. She taught herself to play and cut her first record the next year. She became a part of the country music scene in Nashville in the 1960s, and in 1967 charted her first of 16 number 1 hits (out of 70 charted songs as a solo artist and a duet partner[1]) that include "Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)", "You Ain't Woman Enough", "Fist City", and "Coal Miner's Daughter". She focused on blue collar women's issues with themes of philandering husbands and persistent mistresses, and pushed boundaries in the conservative genre of country music by singing about birth control ("The Pill"), repeated childbirth ("One's on the Way"), double standards for men and women ("Rated "X""), and being widowed by the draft during the Vietnam War ("Dear Uncle Sam"). Country music radio stations often refused to play her songs. Nonetheless, she became known as "The First Lady of Country Music" and continues to be one of the most successful vocalists of all time.

Her best-selling 1976 autobiography was made into an Academy Award winning film, Coal Miner's Daughter, starring Sissy Spacek and Tommy Lee Jones in 1980. Her most recent album, Van Lear Rose, was released in 2004, produced by Jack White, and topping the country album charts. Lynn continues to tour and has received numerous awards in country and American music.

Contents

Childhood and early adulthood

Born to Melvin "Ted" Webb (1906–1959) and Clara Marie (Ramey) Webb (1912–1981) and named in honor of Loretta Young,[2] Loretta was the second of eight children. Three of her siblings also pursued country careers—her youngest sister, Crystal Gayle, sister Peggy Sue and brother Jay Lee Webb. She is also, on her mother's side, distantly related to country singer Patty Loveless (née Patricia Ramey). Lynn grew up in Butcher Holler, a section of Van Lear, a mining community near Paintsville, Kentucky. Clara Ramey Webb was of Scots-Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Her father, Ted, was a coal miner, storekeeper, and farmer.

She was married to Oliver Vanetta Lynn, commonly known as "Doolittle," "Doo," or "Mooney" (for running moonshine), on January 10, 1948. Oliver was 21 years old; Loretta was only thirteen. [3] In an effort to break free of the coal mining industry, Lynn moved to the logging community of Custer, Washington, with her husband, at the age of 13. The Lynns had six children - Betty Sue, Jack Benny, Cissy, Ernest Ray, and twins Peggy and Patsy (named after Patsy Cline). Before her marriage, Loretta regularly sang at churches and in local concerts. After she married, she stopped singing in public, wishing rather to focus on her family life. Instead, she passed her love of music on to her children, often singing to them around the house. When Loretta was 24, Doolittle bought her a guitar as an anniversary present, which she taught herself to play.[citation needed]

Original childhood home of Loretta Lynn in Butcher Holler, Kentucky

Even though they were married for nearly 50 years and had six children together,[4] the Lynns' marriage was reportedly rocky up to Doolittle's death in 1996. In her 2002 autobiography, Still Woman Enough, and in an interview with CBS News the same year, Lynn recounts how her husband cheated on her regularly and once left her while she was giving birth.[5] Lynn and her husband also fought frequently, but, she said, "he never hit me one time that I didn’t hit him back twice".[5]

Music career

1960 – 1966: Early country success

Lynn began singing in local clubs in 1959 and later formed her own band, The Trailblazers, which included her brother Jay Lee Webb. Lynn appeared in a televised Tacoma, Washington talent contest, hosted by Buck Owens, which was seen by Norm Burley, one of the founders of Zero Records.[6]

Zero Records president Don Grashey arranged a recording session in Hollywood, where four of Lynn's own compositions were recorded: "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl", "Whispering Sea", "Heartache Meet Mister Blues", and "New Rainbow". Her first release featured "Whispering Sea" and "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl". Musicians backing her on the single included 17 dollar acoustic guitarist Speedy West and guitarist Roy Lanham. With Zero's initial support, Lynn went on to become one of country music’s greats.

Lynn signed her first contract on February 1, 1960, with Zero Records. She recorded her first release in March of that year, with bandleader Speedy West on steel guitar, Harold Hensely on fiddle, Roy Lanham on guitar, Al Williams on bass, and Muddy Berry on drums. The material was recorded at United Western Recorders, in Hollywood and engineered by Don Blake and produced by Grashey.[7]

In 1960, under the Zero label,[8] Lynn recorded "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl." The Lynns toured the country to promote the release to country stations,[6] while Grashey and Del Roy took the music to KFOX in Long Beach, California.[7] When the Lynns reached Nashville, the song was a hit, climbing to #14 on Billboard's C & W Chart, and Lynn began cutting demo records for the Wilburn Brothers' Publishing Company.[6] Through the Wilburns, Lynn was able to secure a contract with Decca Records.[6] From the onset of her career fans took notice and rallied behind her all the way, with the first Loretta Lynn Fan Club formed in November 1960. By the end of the year Billboard magazine listed Loretta Lynn as the #4 Most Promising Country Female Artist.

Her relationship with the Wilburn Brothers and her appearances on the Grand Ole Opry, beginning in 1960,[4] helped Lynn become the number one female recording artist in country music. Lynn's contract with the Wilburn Brothers gave them the publishing rights to her material. She was still fighting to regain these rights 30 years after ending her business relationship with them, but was ultimately denied the publishing rights. Lynn stopped writing music in the 1970s because of these contracts.

Although Kitty Wells had become the first major female country vocalist during the 1950s, by the time Lynn recorded her first record, only three other women - Patsy Cline, Skeeter Davis, and Jean Shepard - had become top stars. By the end of 1962, it was clear that Lynn was on her way to becoming the fourth. Lynn credits Cline as her mentor and best friend during those early years, and as fate would have it, Lynn would follow her as the most popular country vocalist of the early 1960s and 1970s.

Lynn released her first Decca single, "Success," in 1962, and it went straight to Number 6, beginning a string of Top 10 singles that would run through the rest of the decade and throughout the next. She was a hard honky-tonk singer for the first half of the '60s and rarely strayed from the genre.[1] Between this time, Lynn soon began to regularly hit the Top 10 after 1964 with "Before I'm Over You", which peaked at #4, followed by "Wine, Women, and Song", which peaked at #3. In late 1964, Lynn also recorded a duet album with Lynn's idol and Country performer, Ernest Tubb. Their lead single, "Mr. and Mrs. Used to Be" peaked within the Top 15. Together, the pair recorded two more albums, "Singin' Again" (1967) and If we Put Our Heads Together (1969). In 1965, Lynn's solo career continued with three major hits that year, "Happy Birthday", "Blue Kentucky Girl" (later recorded and made a Top 10 hit in the 70s by Emmylou Harris), and "The Home You're Tearing Down". Lynn's label issued two albums that year, Songs from My Heart and Blue Kentucky Girl. While most of these songs were Top 10 Country hits, none of them reached #1.

Her first self-penned song to crack the Top Ten, 1966’s "Dear Uncle Sam”, was among the very first recordings to recount the human costs of the Vietnam War.[9] In the latter half of the decade, although she still worked within the confines of honky tonk, her sound became more personal, varied, and ambitious, particularly lyrically. Beginning with 1966's Number 1 hit in Cash Box, "You Ain't Woman Enough", Lynn began writing songs with a feminist viewpoint, which was unheard of in country music. This song made Loretta Lynn the first country female recording artist to pen a #1 hit.[10]

1967 – 1980: Breakthrough success

In 1967, she reached #1 with "Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)".[11] Her album, Don't Come Home A-Drinkin, went to number one and became one of the first albums by a female country artist to reach sales of 500,000 copies.[12] Her next album, Fist City was released in 1968. The title track became Lynn's second #1 hit, as a single in earlier that year, and the other single from the album, "What Kind of a Girl (Do You Think I Am)" peaked within the Top 10. In 1968 her next studio album, Your Squaw Is on the Warpath spawned two Top 5 Country hits, the title track and "You've Just Stepped In (From Stepping Out on Me)". In 1969 her next single, "Woman of the World (Leave My World Alone)" was Lynn's third chart-topper, followed by a subsequent Top 10, "To Make a Man (Feel Like a Man)".

Lynn was reportedly once inspired to write a song about a real woman who she suspected was flirting with her husband. The song, "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)" was an instant hit and became one of Lynn's all-time best. Despite some criticism, Lynn's openness and honesty drew fans from around the nation, including some who were not previously familiar with country music.[citation needed]

Lynn's career continued to be successful into the 1970s, especially following the success of Lynn's hit "Coal Miner's Daughter", which peaked at #1 on the Billboard Country Chart in 1970. "Coal Miner's Daughter" tells the story of Lynn's life growing up in rural Butcher Hollow, Kentucky. The song would later serve as the impetus for the best-selling biography (1976) and the Oscar-winning biopic starring Sissy Spacek (1980), both of which share the song's title.[13] The song became Lynn's first single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at #83. Lynn would have a series of singles that would chart low on the Hot 100 between 1970 and 1975.

In 1971, she began a professional partnership with Conway Twitty. As a duo, Lynn and Twitty had five consecutive Number 1 hits between 1971 and 1975: Thier first release "After the Fire Is Gone" (1971),won them a Grammy award, "Lead Me On" (1971), "Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man" (1973), "As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone" (1974), and "Feelins'" (1974). The hit-streak kick-started what would become one of the most successful duos of country history. For four consecutive years (1972–1975), Lynn and Twitty were named the "Vocal Duo of the Year" by the Country Music Association. The Academy of Country Music named them the "Best Vocal Duet" in 1971,1974,1975 and 1975. The American Music awards selected them as the "Favorite Country Duo" in 1975,1975 & 1977. The fan-voted Music City News readers voted them the #1 duet in 1971,1972,1973,1974,1975,1976,1977,1978,1980 and 1981. In addition to their five Number 1 singles, they had seven other Top 10 hits between 1976 and 1981.[1] Loretta Lynn & Conway Twitty are the most successful male/female duet team in country music history.

As a solo artist, Lynn's career continued to be very successful into 1971, achieving her fifth #1 solo hit, "One's on the Way", written by poet and songwriter, Shel Silverstein. The songs that didn't reach the top spot peaked within the Top 10 during this time, "I Wanna Be Free", "You're Lookin' At Country" and 1972's "Here I Am Again", all released on separate albums. The next year, she became the first country star on the cover of Newsweek.[14] In 1973, "Rated X" peaked at #1 on the Billboard Country Chart, and was considered one of Lynn's most controversial hits. The next year Lynn's next single, "Love Is the Foundation" also became a #1 Country hit from her album of the same name. The second and last single from that album, "Hey Loretta" became a Top 5 hit. Lynn continued to reach the Top 10 until the end of the decade, including with 1975's "The Pill", considered to be the first song to discuss birth control, other than an obscure 1967 song in French, Pilule d'Or (The Golden Pill) by Luc Dominique, the former "Singing Nun".

Her unique material, which sassily and bluntly addressed issues in the lives of many women (particularly in the South), made her stand out among female country vocalists. As a songwriter, Lynn believed no topic was off limits, as long as it spoke to other women, and many of her songs were autobiographical.[5] In the spring of 1976 Lynn released her autobiography, Coal Miner's Daughter, with the help of writer Geroge Vecsey. It became a #1 bestseller making Loretta Lynn the first country music artist to make the New York Times bestseller list. This opened the flood gate of country artists who would follow with books.

In 1977, Lynn recorded Tribute, an album to friend and Country-pop singer, Patsy Cline, who died in a plane crash in 1963. The album covered some of Cline's biggest hits. The two singles Lynn released from the album, "She's Got You" and "Why Can't He Be You" became major hits. "She's Got You", which formerly went to #1 by Cline in 1962, went to #1 again that year by Lynn. "Why Can't He Be You" peaked at #7 shortly afterward.

Lynn enjoyed enormous success on country radio until the early 1980s, when a more pop-flavored type of country music began to dominate the market. Lynn was able to stay within the country Top 10 up until the mid 1980's; however, most of her music by the late '70s had a slick pop sound to it. Lynn had her last Number 1 hit in early 1978 with her solo single, "Out of My Head and Back In My Bed." In 1979, Lynn had two Top 5 hits, "I Can't Feel You Anymore" and "I've Got a Picture Of Us on My Mind", each from separate albums.

Lynn would sit for an hour or more on a stage giving autographs to her fans after a performance. Once in Salisbury, Maryland, the town's newspaper editor interviewed her while she was signing autographs. Editor Mel Toadvine asked her why she took so much time to sign autographs while more than 100 people stood in line all the way to the front of the Wicomico Youth and Civic Center. "These people are my fans", she told Toadvine. "I'll stay here until the very last one wants my autograph. Without these people, I am nobody; I love these people", she said.[citation needed]

In 1979, she became the spokeswoman for Procter & Gamble's Crisco Oil, and did TV commercials and print ads for them for a full decade ending in 1989. Because of her dominant hold on the 1970's Loretta Lynn was named the "Artist of the Decade" by the Academy of Country Music. She is the first and only woman to ever win this honor.

1980 – 1989: Continued success

On March 5, 1980 ,Coal Miner's Daugher, the film, debuted in Nashville. The film soon became the #1 box office hit in American and Loretta Lynn crossed over from country music supertstar to American legend. The film starred Sissy Spacek as Loretta and Tommy Lee Jones as Mooney Lynn. This film also made Loretta Lynn the first living person to ever have a major motion picture made of their life. The film received seven Academy Award nominations winning a Best Actress Oscar for Sissy Spacek and a slew of other top honors including a gold album for the soundtrack album, a Grammy nomination for Spacek's singing as Lynn, a Country Music Association & Academy of Country Music awards plus several Golden Globe awards as well.

The 1980s featured more hits ("Pregnant Again", "Naked In The Rain", "Somebody Led Me Away").[15] Her 1980 and 1981 albums, Loretta and Lookin' Good spawned these hits. Lynn was the first woman in country music to have 50 Top 10 hits. Her last Top 10 record as a soloist was "I Lie" in 1982, but her releases continued to chart until the end of the decade. Lynn continued to have Top 20 hits throughout the 1980s. One of her last solo releases was 1985's "Heart Don't Do This to Me," which reached #19; her last Top 20 hit. In 1993, Lynn stopped releasing singles and focused more on touring than promoting. As a concert artist, she remained a top draw throughout her career, but by the early 1990s she drastically cut down the number of personal appearances due to the fragile health of her husband, who died in 1996.

Lynn's 1985 album, Just a Woman spawned a Top 40 hit. In 1987, Lynn lent her voice to a song on k.d. Lang's album, Shadowland with other Country stars, Kitty Wells and Brenda Lee called "Honky Tonk Angels Medley". They released a video for this medley, the album went gold and was Grammy nominated for the four women.

Lynn's 1988 album Who Was That Stranger would be her last solo album for a major record company as a solo artist. She remained one of country music’s most popular and well-loved stars. She was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988.[16]

1990 – present: Later music career

Lynn returned to the public eye in 1993 with a hit CD. The trio album Honky Tonk Angels, recorded with Dolly Parton and Tammy Wynette. The CD peaked at #6 on the Billboard Country charts and #68 on the Billboard Pop charts and charted a single with "Silver Threads and Golden Needles." They also released a popular video of this song. The album sold over 800,000 copies and was certified gold in the United States and Canada.The trio was also nominated for Grammy and Country Music Association awards. The following year released a three-CD boxed set chronicling her career on MCA Records. In 1995, she taped a seven-week series on the Nashville Network (TNN) titled Loretta Lynn & Friends, and performed about 50 dates that year as well.[17]

In 1995, Loretta was presented with the Pioneer Award at the 30th Academy of Country Music Awards.

In 1996, Lynn was widowed. In 2000, Lynn released her first album in several years, entitled Still Country. In it, she included a song, "I Can't Hear the Music," as a tribute to her late husband. She also released her first new single in over 10 years from the album, "Country In My Genes", when the single charted on the Billboard Country singles chart it made Lynn the first woman in Country Music to chart singles in five decades. While the album gained positive critical notices, sales were low in comparison with her previous releases. In 2002, Lynn published her second autobiography, Still Woman Enough and it became her secord New York Times bestseller peaking in the top ten. In 2004, she published a cookbook, You're Cookin' It Country.[citation needed]

In 2004, Lynn made a comeback with the highly successful album Van Lear Rose, the second album on which Lynn either wrote or co-wrote every song. The album was produced by her "friend forever"[18] Jack White of The White Stripes, and featured guitar work and backup vocals by White. Her collaboration with White allowed Lynn to reach new audiences and generations, even garnering high praise in magazines that specialize in mainstream and alternative rock music, such as Spin and Blender.[19] Rolling Stone voted the album the second best of the year for 2004. (White has long been an admirer of Lynn and claims she is his favorite singer. He has covered several songs of hers, including the controversial "Rated X.")

Loretta Lynn is working on the follow-up to 2004's Van Lear Rose, plus a new CD of re-recorded versions of some of her hits over the past 45 years. She is hoping to release both CDs by the end of 2011.

In late 2010, Lynn released a new album titled Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn, featuring stars like Reba McEntire, Faith Hill, Paramore, and Carrie Underwood to re-record Loretta's hits over the past 45 years. The CD produced a top ten video hit on GAC with the lead single "Coal Miner's Daughter" that Lynn recorded with Miranda Lambert & Sheryl Crow. The single cracked the Billboard singles chart making Lynn the first female country recording artist to chart records in six decades.[citation needed] The trio also received an Academy of Country Music , CMT Video and Country Music Association nominations.

Personal life

Lynn is the second of eight children. Some of her siblings, including Jay Lee Webb and Peggy Sue, have pursued short-lived country music careers in the past. The most successful of Lynn's siblings on the Country charts is Crystal Gayle. Lynn is also distantly related to country singer Patty Loveless (née Patricia Ramey).

Lynn was married to Doolittle "Doo" Lynn from 1948 until his death from diabetes in 1996. They were married in Kentucky three months shy of her 13th birthday.[20] Lynn had four children before she turned 19, and then had twins in the early 60s: Peggy (Rita) and Patsy Lynn. Patsy Lynn was named in honor of Patsy Cline. Lynn's twin daughters formed their own Country music duo group, The Lynns, in 1998. Jack Benny Lynn, Loretta's eldest son, drowned July 22, 1984, while trying to ford the Duck River at the family ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee.[21] He was 34 years old.

Lynn owns a ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee, billed as "The 7th Largest Attraction in Tennessee," featuring a recording studio, museums, lodging, and other attractions. For over 30 years the ranch has hosted the Loretta Lynn's Amateur Motocross National Championship, the world's largest amateur motocross race, in addition to GNCC Racing events. The ranch is centered around her large plantation home, along with a replica of her Butcher Holler cabin. She no longer lives in the plantation home, but tours of the house are available. In 2006, Lynn underwent shoulder surgery after injuring herself in a fall.[22]

Honors and awards

Lynn has written over 160 songs and released 70 albums. She has had ten Number 1 albums and sixteen Number 1 singles on the country charts. Lynn has won dozens of awards from many different institutions, including four Grammy Awards, seven American Music Awards, eight Broadcast Music Incorporated awards, twelve Academy of Country Music, eight Country Music Association and twenty-six fan voted Music City News awards. She was the first woman in Country Music to receive a certified gold album for 1967's "Don't Come Home A Drinkin'"

In 1972, Lynn was the first woman named "Entertainer of the Year" by the Country Music Association, and is one of six women to have received CMA's highest award. She was named "Artist of the Decade" for the 1970s by the Academy of Country Music. Lynn was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988[4] and the Country Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1999.[23] She was also the recipient of Kennedy Center Honors in 2003. Lynn is also ranked 65th on VH1's 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll[24] and was the first female country to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Famein 1977.[25]

In 2001, "Coal Miner's Daughter" was named among NPR's "100 Most Significant Songs of the 20th Century". In 2002, Lynn had the highest ranking #3 for any living female CMT television's special of the 40 Greatest Women of Country Music.[citation needed]

On November 4, 2004, Lynn, who has been a BMI affiliate for over 45 years, was honored as a BMI Icon at the BMI Country Awards.[26]

In 2008 Loretta Lynn was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in New York City. To date Lynn had been inducted into more music Halls Of Fame than any other female recording artist. In 2010, Lynn received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for her 50 years in country music.[27]

Loretta Lynn appeared at the 44th Annual Country Music Awards on November 10, 2010 and was honored for fifty years in country music.[28] Also that year, Lynn was also presented with a rose named in her honour.[29]

In November 2010 Sony Music released a tribute CD to Loretta Lynn titled Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn. The CD featured Kid Rock, Reba McEntire, Sheryl Crow, Miranda Lambert, Alan Jackson, Gretchen Wilson,The White Stripes, Martina Mc Bride, Paramore, Steve Earl, Faith Hill. In 2011 Lynn was nominated for an Academy of Country Music, CMT Video and Country Music Association award for "Vocal Event of the Year" with Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow for "Coal Miner's Daughter" released as a video and single off the CD.[citation needed]

Controversies and Politics

At the height of her popularity, Lynn was subject to much controversy. She possibly had more banned songs than any other artist in the history of country music,[citation needed] including "Rated "X"," about the double standards divorced women face, "Wings Upon Your Horns," about the loss of teenage virginity, and "The Pill", lyrics by T. D. Bayless, about a wife and mother becoming liberated via the birth control pill. Her song, "Dear Uncle Sam", released in 1966 during the Vietnam War, describes a wife's anguish at the loss of a husband to war. It has been included in live performances during the current Iraq War.[6]

Though Lynn has been outspoken about her views on often-controversial social and political subjects, she stated, "I don't like to talk about things where you're going to get one side or the other unhappy. My music has no politics."[30] She has visited the White House six times since 1976, under both Republican and Democratic presidents,[31] and in her autobiography, she said her father was a Republican and her mother was a Democrat. In 2002's Still Woman Enough, she discusses her longtime friendship and support for Jimmy Carter,[32] yet during the same time period she made her only recorded political donations ($4,300) to Republican candidates and Republican-aligned PACs. She is known to have a friendly relationship with both George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, who awarded her Kennedy Center Honors in 2003 [33] At other times, she has also questioned both political parties: "Dear Uncle Sam" was written in 1966 during the Lyndon B. Johnson administration to "recount the human costs of the Vietnam War", and she made a return to her live sets during the Iraq War under George W. Bush's presidency.

While a recognized "advocate for ordinary women", she is also famously suspicious of the Women's Liberation movement.[34] She once stated, "I'm not a big fan of Women's Liberation, but maybe it will help women stand up for the respect they're due." Along these lines, her music has spanned from "The Pill" and "Rated X" to more culturally-conservative gospel albums.[35]

Discography

Studio Albums

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Loretta Lynn at CMT.com.
  2. ^ "About the Artist: Biography of Loretta Lynn". The Kennedy Center. Accessed 2007-02-04.
  3. ^ Country Weekly staff writer (2002). "Loretta Lynn" Country Weekly, accessed 2006-06-09.
  4. ^ a b c Loretta Lynn. Country Music Hall of Fame. Accessed 2007-02-04.
  5. ^ a b c "Legends: Loretta Lynn Tells All". CBS News. December 27, 2002. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/05/10/48hours/main508640.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-04. "Her autobiography recounts how once, in a drunken rage, he smashed many jars full of vegetables she had painstakingly canned." 
  6. ^ a b c d e Van Lear Rose. LorettaLynn.com. Accessed 2007-02-04
  7. ^ a b "Honky Tonk Make Believe", Don Grashy - Co. Joseph Mauro,"MY RAMBLING HEART"(Washington. D.C., 1995), p. 45.
  8. ^ Koch Entertainment Loretta Lynn Biography.
  9. ^ Loretta Lynn biography Loretta Lynn.com; retrieved 2008-04-28.
  10. ^ Loretta Lynn Profile Country Music Television; 2008-04-18.
  11. ^ Wolff, Kurt (2000). In Country Music: The Rough Guide. Orla Duane, Editor. London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 311.
  12. ^ Loretta Lynn information Musician Guide.com; retrieved 2008-04-28.
  13. ^ (2006). Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Country Music In America. Paul Kingsbury & Alanna Nash, Editors. London: Rough Guides Ltd., p. 251
  14. ^ Loretta Lynn biography Countrypolitan.com; retrieved 2008-04-18
  15. ^ Loretta Lynn biography Countrypolitan.com; retrieved 2008-04-28.
  16. ^ Loretta Lynn profile Rolling Stone.com. Accessed 2008-04-18.
  17. ^ Loretta Lynn at Musician Guide.com.
  18. ^ Jancee Dunn of Rolling Stone Magazine (2004).The CD received two Grammy awards including Country Album of the Year."Honky-tonk Woman" Rolling Stone Accessed 2006-06-29.
  19. ^ "Loretta Lynn Recovering From Surgery". CBS News. 8 June 2006; accessed 2007-02-04.
  20. ^ http://www.lorettalynn.com/bio/ accessed 2009-06-06.
  21. ^ "A Stricken Coal Miner's Daughter Mourns the Drowning of Her Favorite Son" People.com; accessed 2009-09-20.
  22. ^ "Loretta Lynn: Van Lear Rose (2004):Reviews". Metacritic. Accessed 2007-03-03.
  23. ^ County Gospel Music Hall of Fame.
  24. ^ 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll. VH1.com. Accessed 2007-02-04.
  25. ^ "Hollywood Walk of Fame directory". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Accessed 2007-02-04.
  26. ^ "Shania Twain, Toby Keith, Casey Beathard Lead Winners at 2004 BMI Country Awards". bmi.com. http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/234244. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  27. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". Recording Association online. http://www.grammy.org/recording-academy/awards/lifetime-awards. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  28. ^ "Country Music Awards". TVGuide.com. 2010-11-04. http://www.tvguide.com/tvshows/44th-annual-cma-awards/307881. 
  29. ^ Lynn, Loretta. "New Rose Named for Loretta Lynn". Article. Sony Music Nashville. http://www.lorettalynn.com/50/?p=1133. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  30. ^ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/loretta_lynn.html
  31. ^ http://www.uncommonmusic.org/2009/concert/loretta-lynn-paramount-theatre-co/
  32. ^ Loretta Lynn, Still Woman Enough: A Memoir (New York: Hyperion, 2002)
  33. ^ http://www.lorettalynn.com/news/archive/archive.html
  34. ^ Loretta Lynn biodata
  35. ^ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/loretta_lynn_2.html

Further reading

  • In The Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music, Nicholas Dawidoff, Vintage Books, 1998. ISBN 0-375-70082-X
  • Are You Ready for the Country: Elvis, Dylan, Parsons and the Roots of Country Rock, Peter Dogget, Penguin Books, 2001. ISBN 0-14-026108-7
  • Dreaming Out Loud: Garth Brooks, Wynonna Judd, Wade Hayes and the changing face of Nashville, Bruce Feiler, Avon Books, 1998. ISBN 0-380-97578-5

External links

Awards
Preceded by
Johnny Cash
AMA Album of the Year (artist)
2004
Succeeded by
Buddy Miller
Preceded by
Johnny Cash
AMA Artist of the Year
2004
Succeeded by
John Prine

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Loretta Lynn — Loretta Lynn, City Stages 2005 in Birmingham (Alabama) Loretta Lynn (* 14. April 1935 als Loretta Webb in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky) ist eine der erfolgreichsten US amerikanischen Country Sängerinnen und Songwriter der 1960er und 1970er Jahre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loretta Lynn — en concierto en 2005 Nombre real Loretta Webb Nacimiento 1935 de abril de 14 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Loretta Lynn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lynn. Loretta Lynn Loretta Lynn en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Loretta Lynn — ➡ Lynn (I) * * * …   Universalium

  • Loretta Lynn Sings — Infobox Album Name = Loretta Lynn Sings Type = Album Artist = Loretta Lynn Released = 1963 Genre = Country Length = Label = Decca Producer = Owen Bradley Reviews = * Allmusic Rating|3|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg token=… …   Wikipedia

  • Loretta Lynn Writes 'em & Sings 'em — Infobox Album | Name = Loretta Lynn Writes em Sings em Type = Studio album Artist = Loretta Lynn Released = 1970 Recorded = Genre = Country Length = Label = Decca Producer = Owen Bradley Reviews = * Allmusic Rating|4.5|5… …   Wikipedia

  • Loretta Lynn's Greatest Hits — Infobox Album Name = Loretta Lynn s Greatest Hits Type = Compilation album Artist = Loretta Lynn Released = 1968 Recorded = Genre = Country Length = Label = Decca Producer = Owen Bradley Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|5|5… …   Wikipedia

  • Loretta Lynn discography — Infobox Artist Discography Artist = Loretta Lynn Image size = 150px Caption = Loretta Lynn performing during a 2005 concert in Birmingham, Alabama. Studio = 52 Live = Compilation = 22 Tribute = 1 Singles = 78 Music videos = 4 1Option = 1 1Option… …   Wikipedia

  • Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn — Compilation album by Various Artists Released …   Wikipedia

  • Ernest Tubb & Loretta Lynn Singin' Again — Infobox Album Name = Singin With Feelin Type = Album Artist = Ernest Tubb Loretta Lynn Released = 1967 Recorded = Genre = Country Length = Label = Decca Producer = Owen Bradley Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|2|5… …   Wikipedia