- Bob Hope
name = Bob Hope
imagesize = 250px
caption = in The Ghost Breakers (1940)
birth_name = Leslie Townes Hope
birth_date = birth date|1903|5|29|mf=y
Eltham, London, England
death_date = death date and age|2003|7|27|1903|5|29|mf=n
death_place = Toluca Lake, California
occupation = Comedian, actor
spouse = Grace Louise Troxell (m.1933)
Academy Honorary Award
1941 Lifetime Achievement
1945 Lifetime Achievement
1953 Lifetime Achievement
1966 Lifetime Achievement
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
1960 Outstanding Contributions to Humanitarian Causes
emmyawards = Outstanding Variety Special
Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre"
goldenglobeawards = Special Award
1958 For an Ambassador of Good Will
Cecil B. DeMille Award
1963 Lifetime Achievement
sagawards = Life Achievement Award
1966 Lifetime Achievement
americancomedyawards = Lifetime Achievement Award in Comedy
1995 Lifetime Achievement
Bob Hope, KBE KCSG (
May 29, 1903– July 27, 2003), was an American comedian and actor who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in radio, television and movies. He was also noted for his work with the US Armed Forcesand his numerous USO tours entertaining American military personnel. [cite web |url=http://www.war-letters.com/0014/0007.html |title= Testament of his popularity |accessdate= |format= |work= ] Throughout his career, he was honored for his humanitarian work.
Early life and career
Bob Hope was born Leslie Townes Hope in
Eltham, London, England, the fifth of seven sons. His father, William Henry Hope, was a stonemasonfrom Weston-super-Mareand his Welsh mother, Avis Townes, was a light opera singer who later worked as a cleaning woman. The family lived in Weston-super-Mare, then Whitehall and St. George in Bristol, before moving to Cleveland, Ohioin 1908. The family came to the United States aboard the SS "Philadelphia", and passed inspection at Ellis Islandon March 30, 1908. Hope became a U.S. citizen in 1920 at the age of seventeen. [cite web |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9502E7DF1439F933A15756C0A96E958260&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/H/Hope,%20Bob |title= Bob Hope's Gift to the Nation? Quips, of Course |accessdate=2007-11-28 |format= |work= ]
From the age of 12, he worked at a variety of odd jobs at a local board walk. He would busk, doing dance and comedy patter to make extra money. He entered many dancing and amateur talent contests, and won prizes for his impersonation of
Charlie Chaplin. He also boxed briefly and unsuccessfully under the name Packy East, once making it to the semifinals of the Ohio novice championship. ["Current Biography 1941", pp402-04 ]
Silent film comedian
Fatty Arbucklesaw one of his performances, and in 1925 got him steady work with Hurley's Jolly Follies. Within a year, Hope had formed an act called the Dancemedians with George Byrne and the Hilton Sisters, conjoined twins who had a tap dancing routine. Hope and his partner George Byrne had an act as a pair of Siamese twins as well, and both danced and sang while wearing blackface, before friends advised Hope that he was funnier as himself. [ Id. 402-03 ] After five years on the vaudeville circuit, by his own account, Hope was surprised and humbled when he and his partner (and future wife) Grace Louise Troxell failed a 1930 screen test for Pathé at Culver City, California.
Hope, like other stage performers, made his first films in New York.
Educational Pictureshired him in 1934 for a short-subject comedy, " Going Spanish". Unfortunately for Hope, he sealed his fate with Educational when a newspaper columnist asked him about the film. Hope cracked, "When they catch John Dillinger, they're going to make him sit through it twice."citequote Educational fired him, but he was soon before the cameras at New York's Vitaphonestudio starring in 20-minute comedies and musicals. Paramount Picturessigned Hope for the 1938 film " The Big Broadcast of 1938". During a duet with Shirley Rossas accompanied by Shep Fieldsand his orchestra, Hope introduced the song later to become his trademark, " Thanks for the Memory", which became a major hit and was praised by critics. The sentimental, fluid nature of the music allowed Hope's writers (whom he is said to have depended upon heavily throughout his career) to later invent endless variations of the song to fit specific circumstances, such as bidding farewell to troops while on tour.
According to Hope, early in his film career a director advised him that movie acting was done mostly with the eyes, resulting in the exaggerated and rolling eye movements which characterized many of Hope's on-screen performances.Fact|date=May 2008
Hope became one of Paramount's biggest stars, and would remain with the studio through the 1950s. Hope's regular appearances in Hollywood films and radio made him one of the best known entertainers in North America, and at the height of his career he was also making a large income from live concert performances. During an eight-week tour in 1940, he reportedly generated $100,000 in receipts, a record at the time.fact|date=September 2008
As a movie star, he was best known for "
My Favorite Brunette" and the highly profitable "Road" movies in which he starred with Bing Crosbyand Dorothy Lamour(whom he had seen as a nightclub singer in New York, and invited to work on his USO tours). Lamour is said to have arrived for filming prepared with her lines, only to be baffled by completely new material, written by Hope's writers without studio permission.
Hope and Lamour were lifelong friends, and she is the actress most associated with his film career. Other female co-stars included
Paulette Goddard, Lucille Ball, Jane Russell, and Hedy Lamarr.
Hope was host of the Academy Awards ceremony 18 times between 1939 and 1977. His alleged lust for an Oscar became part of his act, perhaps most memorably in a scene from "
Road to Morocco" in which he suddenly erupted in a crazed frenzy, shouting about his imminent death from starvation and heat. Bing Crosby reminds him that rescue is just minutes away, and a disappointed Hope complains that Crosby has spoiled his best scene, and thus his chance for an Academy Award. He also expressed this in "The Road to Bali", in which Crosby finds Humphrey Bogart's Oscar for "The African Queen", and Hope grabs it, saying "Give me that. You've got one."
Although Hope never did win a Oscar for his performances (nor a nomination), the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Scienceshonored him with four honorary awards, and in 1960, the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. While introducing the 1968 telecast, he famously quipped, "Welcome to the Academy Awards, or, as it's known at my house, Passover."
Hope first appeared on television in 1932 during a test transmission from an experimental
CBSstudio in New York. His career in broadcasting spanned 64 years and included a long association with NBC. Hope made his network radio debut in 1937 on NBC. His first regular series for NBC Radio was the "Woodbury Soap Hour". A year later "The PepsodentRadio Show Starring Bob Hope" began, continuing through 1953. Regulars on his radio series included zany Jerry Colonna and Barbara Jo Allenas spinster Vera Vague.
Hope did many specials for the NBC television network in the following decades. These were often sponsored by
Chrysler, and Hope served as a spokesman for the firm for many years. Many were also sponsored by Texacoand much like Chrysler, he became a spokesman for them as well, sometimes introducing himself as "Bob, from Texaco, Hope" Hope's Christmas specials were popular favorites and often featured a performance of " Silver Bells" (from his 1951 film " The Lemon Drop Kid") done as a duet with an often much younger female guest star (such as Olivia Newton-Johnor Brooke Shields).
In the 1950s, Hope appeared on an episode of the most-viewed program in America at the time, "
I Love Lucy". He is reported to have said, upon receiving the script: "What? A script? I don't need one of these."citequote Supposedly, he ad libbed the entire episode. Desi Arnazsaid of Hope after his appearance: "Bob is a very nice man, he can crack you up, no matter how much you try for him to not."citequote
Hope's 1970 and 1971 Christmas specials for NBC—filmed in
Vietnamin front of military audiences at the height of the war—are on the list of the Top 30 U.S. Network Primetime Telecasts of All Time. Both were seen by more than 60% of the U.S. households watching television when they aired.
In 1992, Bob Hope made a guest appearance as himself on "
The Simpsons", in the episode " Lisa the Beauty Queen" (season 4, episode 4). The episode attracted 11.1 million viewers when it premiered on October 15.
His final television special, "Laughing with the Presidents", was broadcast in 1996, with
Tony Danzahelping Hope present a personal retrospective of presidents of the United States known to the comedian.
Hope performed his first
United Service Organizations(USO) show on May 6, 1941, at March Field, California. He continued to travel and entertain troops for the rest of World War II [cite web |url=http://www.war-letters.com/0014/0006.html |title= WW2 4th of July concert |accessdate= |format= |work= ] and later during the Korean War, the Vietnam Warand the 1990–1991 Persian Gulf War. When overseas he almost always performed in Army fatigues as a show of support for his audience. Hope's USO career lasted half a century, during which he headlined approximately 60 tours. For his service to his country through the USO, he was awarded the Sylvanus Thayer Awardby the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1968.
Of Hope's USO shows in World War II, writer
John Steinbeck, who was then working as a war correspondent, wrote in 1943:
:"When the time for recognition of service to the nation in wartime comes to be considered, Bob Hope should be high on the list. This man drives himself and is driven. It is impossible to see how he can do so much, can cover so much ground, can work so hard, and can be so effective. He works month after month at a pace that would kill most people." [John Steinbeck (1958) "
Once There Was A War", New York: Bantam, p.65.]
A 1997 act of Congress signed by President Clinton named Hope an "Honorary Veteran." He remarked, "I've been given many awards in my lifetime — but to be numbered among the men and women I admire most — is the greatest honor I have ever received."citequote
Hope's first Broadway appearances, in 1927's "The Sidewalks of New York" and 1928's "Ups-a-Daisy", were nothing but mere walk-ons. [ Id., p403 ]
He returned to Broadway in 1933 to star as Huckleberry Haines in the
Jerome Kern/ Dorothy Fieldsmusical " Roberta". Stints in the musicals " Say When", the 1936 Ziegfeld Follies(with Fanny Brice), and " Red, Hot and Blue" with Ethel Mermanand Jimmy Durantefollowed. His performances were generally well-received and critics noted his keen sense of comedic timing.
Hope reprised his role as Huck Haines in a 1958 production of "Roberta" at
The MunyTheater in Forest Park, St. Louis, Missouri.
Interest in sports
Hope was a voracious golfer. He was introduced to the game while a vaudeville performer in the 1930s, and eventually played to a four handicap. His love for the game and the humor he could find in the game and those he played with made him a much sought-after foursome member. He once remarked that President
Dwight D. Eisenhowergave up golf for painting - "fewer strokes, you know." [ [http://www.panews.com/sportsbobwest/local_story_185203216.html Bob West Sports Rap, Port Arthur (TX) News, 05-31-1980, retrieved on 07-19-2008] ]
A golf club became an integral prop of Hope's during his standup segments of his television specials as well as during his USO Shows, and at his peak in the 80's.
In 1960, the Bob Hope Desert Classic was founded, eventually picking up the sponsorship of
Chrysler, a company long associated with Hope. In 1995, the tournament made history when Hope teed up for the opening round in a foursome that included Presidents Gerald R. Ford, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton - the only time ever that three presidents participated in a golf foursome. [ [http://http://www.bhcc.com/history.html Bob Hope Chrysler Classic history, retrieved 7/19/2008] ]
Frequently, Hope would use his television specials to promote the annual
College Football All-America Team. The team members would enter the stage one by one and introduce themselves, and Hope would then give a one-liner about the player or his school. Hope would often don a football uniform for these presentations.
According to biographer Arthur Marx, Hope's first wife was his vaudeville partner Grace Louise Troxell, whom he married on January 25, 1933. When the marriage record was unearthed some years later, Hope denied that the marriage had any substance and said they had quickly divorced. There were rumours that he fathered a daughter with Troxell and that he continued to send generous checks to her despite a widely documented reputation for
frugality. In 1934 Bob Hope married Dolores Reade, and adopted four children at The Cradlein Evanston, Illinois: Linda, Anthony, Laura and Kelley. [ [http://www.cnn.com/2003/SHOWBIZ/TV/07/28/obit.hope/index.html CNN.com - Bob Hope dead at 100 - Jul. 29, 2003 ] ] From them he had four grandchildren.
As Hope entered his eighth decade, he showed no signs of slowing down and continued appearing in numerous television specials. He was given an 80th birthday party in 1983 at the
Kennedy Centerin Washington, D.C. which was attended by President Ronald Reagan. In 1985, he was presented with the Life Achievement Award at the Kennedy Center Honors.He was presented with the Ronald Reagan Freedom Awardin 1997 by Nancy Reagan. [ [http://www.reaganfoundation.org/programs/cpa/awards.asp Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation & Library ] ] The following year, Hope was appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empireby Queen Elizabeth II. Upon accepting the appointment, Hope quipped, "I'm speechless. 70 years of ad lib material and I'm speechless". [ [http://www.bobhope.com/bob6.htm http://www.bobhope.com/bob6.htm] ] At the age of 95, Hope made an appearance at the 50th anniversary of the Primetime Emmy Awardswith Milton Berleand Sid Caesar. Two years later, Hope was present at the opening of the Bob Hope Gallery of American Entertainment at the Library of Congress.
Hope celebrated his 100th birthday on May 29, 2003, joining a small group of notable centenarians in the field of entertainment (including
Irving Berlin, Hal Roach, Senor Wences, George Abbott, Adolph Zukor, and George Burns.) To mark this event, the intersection of Hollywood and Vinein Los Angeles, California was named "Bob Hope Square" and his centennial was declared "Bob Hope Day" in 35 states. Hope spent the day privately in his Toluca Lake, Los Angeles home where he had lived since 1937. Even at 100, Hope was said to have maintained his self-deprecating sense of humor, quipping, "I'm so old, they've canceled my blood type."
Hope lived so long that he had premature obituaries on two separate occasions. In 1998 a prepared obituary by
The Associated Presswas inadvertently released on the Internet, prompting Hope's death to be announced in the US House of Representatives. In 2003 he was among several famous figures whose pre-written obituaries were published on CNN's website due to a lapse in password protection.
Beginning in 2000, Hope's health steadily declined and he was hospitalized several times before his death. In June 2000 he spent nearly a week in a California hospital after being hospitalized for
gastrointestinal bleeding. [ [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/SHOWBIZ/Movies/06/07/bob.hope.03/ CNN.com - Bob Hope released from hospital - June 7, 2000 ] ] In August 2001, he spent close to two weeks in the hospital recovering from pneumonia. [ [http://film.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/Exclusive/0,4029,546714,00.html In brief: Bob Hope stays in hospital | Film | guardian.co.uk ] ]
On July 27, 2003, Bob Hope died at his home in Toluca Lake at 9:28 p.m. According to one of Hope's daughters, when asked on his deathbed where he wanted to be buried, he told his wife, "Surprise me."cite news|author= Staff writer|title= Comedian Bob Hope dies|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/showbiz/3103751.stm|work=
BBC News Online|date= 2003-07-28|accessdate= 2008-05-29] After his death, Roger Cardinal Mahony, Archbishop of Los Angeles, confirmed that Hope had converted to Roman Catholicismyears before he died and added that he had died a Catholic in good standing. [http://www.seeing-stars.com/Churches/StCharles.shtml] He was interred in the Bob Hope Memorial Garden at San Fernando Mission Cemeteryin Los Angeles, where his mother is also buried.
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conceptionin Washington, D.C. has a wing funded by Dolores and Bob Hope in memory of his mother. [ [http://www.nationalshrine.com/site/apps/nl/content2.asp?c=etITK6OTG&b=309286&ct=160562 Crypt Church - National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception-LIVE ] ] It is dedicated to a miracle in Pontmain, France.
* He is a member of the
National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Famein the radio division. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=NAB Hall of Fame | date= | publisher= | url =http://www.nab.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Awards7&CONTENTID=11047&TEMPLATE=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm | work =National Association of Broadcasters | pages = | accessdate = 2008-05-03 | language = ]
Order of St. Gregory the Great- 1989
* Member of the
Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels
* One of the few non-members given the privilege of dotting the 'i' in the famous
Script Ohioroutine performed by The Ohio State University Marching Band.
* [http://www.freeotrshows.com/otr/b/Bob_Hope_Show.html "Bob Hope Show" radio archive (27 episodes from Bob Hope radio Show)]
* [http://www.bobhope.com/ Bob Hope's official website]
* [http://www.chortle.co.uk/comics/b/94/bob_hope Bob Hope Biography] on Chortle.co.uk
* [http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/bobhope/ Bob Hope and American Variety] at the Library of Congress
** [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3075680/ "Hope-ful Century of Wit and Laughter"]
** [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3075684/ "100 Years of Hope: The Early Years"]
** [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3075685/ "100 Years of Hope: Slapstick and the Great Divide"]
CNN: [http://www.cnn.com/2003/SHOWBIZ/TV/07/28/obit.hope/index.html Bob Hope dead at 100]
NAME= Hope, Bob
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Hope, Leslie Townes
SHORT DESCRIPTION=English entertainer
DATE OF BIRTH=
May 29 1903
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Eltham, London, England
DATE OF DEATH=
July 27 2003
PLACE OF DEATH= Toluca Lake,
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bob Hope — en El castillo maldito (1940) Nombre real Leslie Townes Hope Nacimiento 29 de mayo … Wikipedia Español
Bob Hope — (1986) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bob Hope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hope. Bob Hope … Wikipédia en Français
Bob Hope — noun United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903 2003) • Syn: ↑Hope, ↑Leslie Townes Hope • Instance Hypernyms: ↑comedian, ↑comic * * * Bob Hope … Useful english dictionary
Bob Hope — I Australian Slang soap; dope (rhyming slang from Bob Hope, well known American comedian) II Cockney Rhyming Slang 1. Dope (marijuana) I think he s been smoking a bit of Bob Hope. 2. Soap III Scottish Vernacular Dictionary Marijuana (Rhyming… … English dialects glossary
Bob Hope — soap; dope (rhyming slang from Bob Hope, well known American comedian) … Dictionary of Australian slang
Bob Hope — n British cannabis, dope. Rhyming slang from the name of the British born American comedian. The term is usually said in full, as in We ve run out of Bob Hope, let s call the man . The H is often dropped, in self conscious imitation of the… … Contemporary slang
Bob Hope — ➡ Hope * * * … Universalium
Bob Hope — Leslie Townes Hope … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Bob Hope — • Modern Rhyming Slang for dope (cannabis). i.e. I m off out to get some Bob … Londonisms dictionary