- Edward Albee
name = Edward Albee
caption = Edward Albee, photographed by
Carl Van Vechten, 1961
birthdate = birth date and age|mf=yes|1928|3|12
occupation = Dramatist
nationality = American
period = 1958 - present
notableworks = "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?"; "The Zoo Story"; "The American Dream"
influences = Theatre of the Absurd
influenced = Paula Vogel
awards = Pulitzer (3); Tony Award (Lifetime Achievement); National Medal of Arts
Edward Franklin Albee III (pron-en|ˈɔːlbiː "AWL-bee"; born March 12, 1928) is a three time
Pulitzer Prizewinning American playwright known for works including " Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?", " The Zoo Story", "The Sandbox" and "The American Dream". His works are considered well-crafted and often unsympathetic examinations of the modern condition. His early works reflect a mastery and Americanization of the Theatre of the Absurdthat found its peak in works by European playwrights such as Jean Genet, Samuel Beckett, and Eugène Ionesco. Younger American playwrights, such as Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel, credit Albee's daring mix of theatricalism and biting dialogue with helping to reinvent the post-war American theatre in the early 1960s. Albee's dedication to continuing to evolve his voice — as evidenced in later productions such as "" (2000) — also routinely marks him as distinct from other American playwrights of his era.
According to "Magill's Survey of American Literature" (2007), Edward Albee was born somewhere in
Virginia(contrary to the popular belief that he was born in Washington D.C.). He was adopted two weeks later and taken to Westchester County, New York. Albee's adoptive father, Reed A. Albee— himself the son of vaudevillemagnate Edward Franklin Albee II— owned several theaters, where young Edward first gained familiarity with the theatre as a child. His adoptive mother was Reed's third wife, Frances.
Albee attended the
Rye Country Day Schoolin New York, then the Lawrenceville Schoolin New Jersey, where he was expelled. He then was sent to Valley Forge Military Academyin Wayne, Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1945 at the age of 17. He next enrolled in the graduate studies program at Choate prep school in Connecticut, graduating in 1946. His formal education continued at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, where he was expelled in 1947 for skipping classes and refusing to attend compulsory chapel.
Albee left home for good when he was in his late teens, later saying in an interview: "I never felt comfortable with the adoptive parents. I don't think they knew how to be parents. I probably didn't know how to be a son, either." [ [http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/alb1int-1 Edward Albee Interview, Academy of Achievement, June 2, 2005 ] ] More recently, he told interviewer
Charlie Rosethat he was "thrown out" because his parents wanted him to become a "corporate thug", and didn't approve of his aspirations to become a writer. [Albee interview on "The Charlie Rose Show," May 27, 2008]
The less than diligent student later dedicated much of his time to promoting American university theatre, frequently speaking at campuses and serving as a distinguished professor at the
University of Houstonfrom 1989 to 2003.
A member of the
Dramatists GuildCouncil, Albee has received three Pulitzer Prizes for drama — for " A Delicate Balance" (1967), "Seascape" (1975), " Three Tall Women" (1994); a Special Tony Awardfor Lifetime Achievement (2005); the Gold Medal in Drama from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters(1980); as well as the Kennedy Center Honorsand the National Medal of Arts(both in 1996).
Albee is the President of the
Edward F. Albee Foundation, Inc., which maintains the William Flanagan Creative Persons Center, a writers and artists colony in Montauk, New York. Albee's longtime partner, Jonathan Thomas, a sculptor, died on May 2, 2005, the result of a two year-long battle with bladder cancer.
In 2008, in celebration of his eightieth birthday, numerous Albee plays are being mounted in distinguished
Off Broadwayvenues, including the historic Cherry Lane Theatre, where the playwright himself is directing two of his one-acts, "The American Dream" and "The Sandbox," which were produced at the theater in 1961 and 1962, respectively.
The Zoo Story" (1958)
The Death of Bessie Smith" (1959)
*"The Sandbox" (1959)
Fam and Yam" (1959)
*"The American Dream" (1960)
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" (1961-62, Tony Award, Grammy Awardin 1964 in the Best Documentary, Spoken Word or Drama Recording (Other Than Comedy) category)
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe" (1963) (adapted from the novellaby Carson McCullers)
Tiny Alice" (1964)
*"Malcolm" (1965) (adapted from the
novelby James Purdy)
A Delicate Balance" (1966) Pulitzer Prize
*"Breakfast at Tiffany's" (1966) (musical, adapted from the
novellaby Truman Capote)
Everything in the Garden" (1967) (adapted from a play by British playwright Giles Cooper)
All Over" (1971)
Counting the Ways" (1976)
The Lady From Dubuque" (1977-79)
Lolita" (adapted from the novelby Vladimir Nabokov) (1981)
The Man Who Had Three Arms" (1981)
Finding the Sun" (1982)
Marriage Play" (1986-87)
Three Tall Women" (1990-91) Pulitzer Prize
The Lorca Play" (1992)
The Play About the Baby" (1996)
The Goat or Who is Sylvia?" (2000, Tony Award)
*"Knock! Knock! Who's There!?" (2003)
At Home at the Zoo" (Act One: Homelife. Act Two: The Zoo Story) (2004)
*"Me, Myself and I" ( (2007)
Non Dramatic Writings
* (Avalon Publishing, 2005)
*"What could be worse than getting to the end of your life and realizing you hadn't lived it?"
*"A usefully lived life is probably going to be, ultimately, more satisfying." [ [http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/alb1int-6 Edward Albee Interview - page 6 / 6 - Academy of Achievement ] ]
*"Writing should be useful. If it can't instruct people a little bit more about the responsibilities of consciousness there's no point in doing it."
*"If you're willing to fail interestingly, you tend to succeed interestingly."
*"That's what happens in plays, yes? The shit hits the fan."
*"Creativity is magic. Don't examine it too closely." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/11/theater/11gree.html?ref=arts Edward Albee - Me, Myself & I - Peter and Jerry - Theater - New York Times ] ]
*"Mark Richman & William Daniels in The Zoo Story by Edward Albee - Directed by Arthur Luce Klein" (LP, Spoken Arts SA 808)
* [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,11710,1119811,00.html Guardian (UK) in-depth profile of Albee from 2004]
* [http://www.theparisreview.org/viewinterview.php/prmMID/4350 Read Albee's interview at The Paris Review]
* [http://www.albeefoundation.org/Welcome.html The William Flanagan Memorial Creative Persons Center]
* [http://www.tonyawards.com/en_US/interactive/video/index.html#a TonyAwards.com Interviews with Edward Albee]
* [http://www.artslynx.org/theatre/albee.htm Notes on a Colloquy with Edward Albee from Artslynx]
* [http://marshad.com/albee-ppv/index.html Performance by Edward Albee, and video interview by Neal Marshad with Edward Albee from LongHouse.org]
* [http://www.cherrylanetheatre.org/edwardalbee.htm Cherry Lane Theatre website]
* [http://www.friarsclub.com/Immortal%20Friars/Immortal%20Friars.htm "The Friars Club"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Edward Albee — Edward Albee. Edward Albee est un auteur dramatique américain né le 12 mars 1928 à Washington, D.C. (États Unis). Adopté deux semaines après sa venue au monde par Reed et Frances Albee, Edward Albee côtoie très jeune le monde des… … Wikipédia en Français
Edward Albee — Edward Franklin Albee, 1961 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edward Albee — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Franklin Albee Edward Franklin Albee (Ciudad de Washington, 12 de marzo de 1928). Escritor estadounidense, introdujo en buena parte a los EE. UU. en las nuevas tendencias dramáticas europeas de la segunda… … Wikipedia Español
Edward Albee — ➡ Albee * * * … Universalium
Edward Albee — noun United States dramatist (1928 ) • Syn: ↑Albee, ↑Edward Franklin Albeen • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright … Useful english dictionary
Edward Albee — Arte Si Atila viviera en nuestros días, sería crítico teatral … Diccionario de citas
Albee — ist der Name folgender Personen: Edward Albee (* 1928), US amerikanischer Schriftsteller Edward Franklin Albee II (1857 1930), amerikanischer Vaudevilleunternehmer (Keith Albee Orpheum) Fred Houdlett Albee (1876–1945), US amerikanischer Arzt und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
ALBEE (E.) — Pour le grand public, Edward Albee reste avant tout l’auteur de Qui a peur de Virginia Woolf? (Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? ). Cette pièce fut précédée de quelques autres, plus brèves (Zoo Story , Le Tas de sable [The Sandbox ], La Mort de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Albee — may refer to:In places: * Albee, South Dakota, a US town * Albee Township, MichiganPeople with the surname Albee: * Edward Albee (born 1928), American playwright * Timothy Albee, independent animated filmmaker * Spencer Albee (born 1976),… … Wikipedia
Edward — ist ein männlicher Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Zwischenname … Deutsch Wikipedia