Telecommunications in Morocco


Telecommunications in Morocco

The following is an outline of communications technology in Morocco.

Contents

Telecoms industry

While the Moroccan telecoms market remains under-saturated, its three mobile operators have experienced robust growth in recent years, both at home and abroad. Meditel, which received a mobile licence in 2000, is the kingdom's first private operator, holding 36.69% of the market. While the company performed strongly last year, registering a 17% growth in client base (to 7.4m) over the first three quarters of 2008, it began to falter as consumer spending slowed, resulting in a 1% annual increase in turnover for Q2 2009. Meditel's focus on lower-income markets impacted their average revenue per user, which fell by 16%, but the resulting expansion of the customer base helped drive up the country's mobile penetration rate from 65.7% in 2007 to 74% in 2008. Meditel's biggest competitor is Maroc Telecom, holding 60.71% of the market. A former state monopoly now controlled by French entertainment giant Vivendi, Maroc Telecom is one of the region's fastest-growing multinational telecoms operators, actively pursuing expansion across northwest Africa, including Gabon, Mauritania and Burkina Faso. MT has announced plans to create a fibre-optic network connecting the Moroccan cities Laâyoune and Dakhla to Nouadhibou, which would ultimately be extended to other North African countries.

Meditel and MT operated a duopoly until 2008, when the state regulator Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Télécommunications waved in Wana, owned by Morocco's Omnium Nord Africain. Though holding a tiny share (2.6%) of the voice market, this new player has captured a majority of the 3G market (69.11%). Total subscribers for this new technology increased 527% in 2008. Earlier this year, Wana sold a 31% stake for €228m to the partnership of two Kuwaiti companies, mobile operator Zain and Al Ajial Investment Fund Holding, to help finance the roll out of its 15-year 2G GSM network at the end of 2009.

Telephone system

  • main lines in use: 2.394 million (2007) : estimation
  • mobile cellular: 21 million (2007) : estimation

source:[1]

Domestic Telephone system

Morocco has a good system composed of open-wire lines, cables, and microwave radio relay links. The internet is available but expensive. The principal switching centers are Casablanca and Rabat. The national network is nearly 100% digital using fiber-optic links. An improved rural service employs microwave radio relay.

International Telephone System

The system has seven submarine cables, three satellite earth stations, two Intelsat (over the Atlantic Ocean) and one Arabsat. There is a microwave radio relay to Gibraltar, Spain and the Western Sahara. Coaxial cables and microwave radio relays exist to Algeria. Morocco is a participant in Medarabtel and a fiber-optic cable links from Agadir to Algeria and Tunisia.

Radio broadcast

  • AM stations 25,
  • FM stations 31,
  • shortwave 11 (2007)
  • Radio sets: 7.78 million (2007)

Television

  • Television broadcast stations: 36 (plus 35 repeaters) (2007)
  • Televisions receivers: 5.6 million (2007)

Internet

  • Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 27 (1999)
  • Country code (Top level domain): MA

The country has more than 7,3 internet users in 2008.[2] Operated by Maroc Telecom. The service started as a test in November 2002 before it was launched in October 2003 and it's one of the most technologically advanced Internet services in the African continent. The service is offered by the subsidiary Menara. It offers the following options:

  • Menara ADSL 2 Mbit/s (around €10)
  • Menara ADSL 4 Mbit/s (around €15)
  • Menara ADSL2+ 8 Mbit/s (around €20)
  • Menara ADSL2+ 20 Mbit/s (around €50)

The installation is free, but the ADSL modem is not always free (only during promotions).

Méditel offers 3G in 3 different options:

  • Méditel 3G+ 1.8 Mbit/s (around €20)
  • Méditel 3G+ 3.6 Mbit/s (around €35)
  • Méditel 3G+ 7.2 Mbit/s (around €60)

Similar to Méditel, Maroc Telecom 3G is offered in the same different speeds and almost the same prices.

Wana, formerly known as "Maroc Connect" offers 3G for MAD200 per month (19€)in its offer "Internet Mobile".Wana has the most extensive 3G network in Morocco.

See also

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Telecommunications in Mauritius — Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in South Africa — Telecommunications infrastructure in South Africa provides modern and efficient service to urban areas, including cellular and internet services. In 1997, Telkom, the South African telecommunications parastatal, was partly privatised and entered… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Ethiopia — is currently a monopoly in the control of the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC); all telephone service and internet access[clarification needed] requires ETC to be involved. As of 2006, 866,700 cellular phones and 725,000 main line… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Australia — deals with telecommunications in Australia, involving the availability and use of electronic devices and services, such as the telephone, television, radio or computer, for the purpose of communication. Contents 1 Early 2 Deregulation and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Somaliland — Telecommunications in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is recognized as a part of Somalia, is characterized by a very low ICT usage. However, there is clear potential for development, especially with the regard to the presence of …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Cambodia — Telecommunications Communications towers in Kampong Thom Telephone land lines 54,200 (2009) Mobile lines …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Armenia — Telecommunications Republic of Armenia …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mexico — Telecommunications Telmex Retail Store in Puerto Vallarta Telephone land lines 19.8 million (2006) Mobile lines 57 million (2006) …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Canada — include telephone, radio, television, and internet usage. Contents 1 Telephone 2 Radio 3 Television 4 Internet 5 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.