Telecommunications in Ukraine


Telecommunications in Ukraine

Telephones - main lines in use: 12.34 million (2006)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 49.1 million (2006)

Mobile Operators (as of March 2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Kyivstar GSM 23 Telenor (56.51%), Alfa Group (43.49%)
2 MTS GSM, CDMA 19 MTS (100%)
3 life:) GSM 9 Turkcell (54.2%), SCM Holdings (45.8%)
4 Beeline GSM 2 VimpelCom
5 Utel UMTS 0.3 Ukrtelecom
6 PEOPLEnet CDMA 0.3 Telesystems of Ukraine
7 Intertelecom CDMA 0.3 Intertelecom company
8 CDMA Ukraine CDMA 0.3 International Telecommunication Company (ITC)
9 Velton CDMA  ? Velton Telecom
10 Golden Telecom GSM 0.05 Golden Telecom Inc. (GLDN)

Telephone system: Ukraine's telecommunication development plan, running through 2005, emphasizes improving domestic trunk lines, international connections, and the mobile cellular system. At independence in December 1991, Ukraine inherited a telephone system that was antiquated, inefficient, and in disrepair; more than 3.5 million applications for telephones could not be satisfied; telephone density is now rising slowly and the domestic trunk system is being improved; the mobile cellular telephone system is expanding at a high rate. Two new domestic trunk lines are a part of the fiber-optic Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) system and three Ukrainian links have been installed in the fiber-optic Trans-European Lines (TEL) project that connects 18 countries; additional international service is provided by the Italy-Turkey-Ukraine-Russia (ITUR) fiber-optic submarine cable and by earth stations in the Intelsat, Inmarsat, and Intersputnik satellite systems.

Radio broadcast stations: 524, station types not available (2006)

Radios: 45.05 million (1997)

Television broadcast stations: 647 (plus 21 repeater stations that relay broadcasts from Russia) (2006)

Televisions: 18.05 million (1997)

Internet country code: .ua

Internet hosts: 234,349 (2007)

Internet users: 7 million (2005)

See also : Ukraine

References

CIA World Factbook



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