Devizes (UK Parliament constituency)


Devizes (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 51°21′07″N 1°59′42″W / 51.352°N 1.995°W / 51.352; -1.995

Devizes
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Devizes in Wiltshire.
Outline map
Location of Wiltshire within England.
County Wiltshire
Electorate 68,846 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Devizes, Marlborough, Durrington, Pewsey
Current constituency
Created 1885 (1885)
Member of Parliament Claire Perry (Conservative)
Number of members One
1331 (1331)1885 (1885)
Number of members Two until 1868, then One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Devizes is a parliamentary constituency in Wiltshire, England, which is now represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and before 1707 in the House of Commons of England.

Until 1885 Devizes was a parliamentary borough, electing two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system until the 1868 election, when the Reform Act 1867 reduced its representation to one MP, elected by the first-past-the-post system of election. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 abolished the parliamentary borough, and created a new county constituency of the same name, covering a wider area and electing one member. It has returned a Conservative MP at every election since 1924.

Contents

Boundaries

The Devizes constituency covers Devizes in Wiltshire and the surrounding former Kennet district.

Members of Parliament

1295-1640

  • 1386: Richard Gobet; William Salter [2]
  • 1388 (February): Richard Cardmaker; William Salter [2]
  • 1388 (September): Richard Cardmaker; William Spicer [2]
  • 1390 (January): Richard Gobet; William Spicer [2]
  • 1390 (November):
  • 1391:
  • 1393: William Coventre; William Spicer [2]
  • 1394: John Tapener; Richard Brunker [2]
  • 1395: Richard Cardmaker; William Spicer [2]
  • 1397 (January): William Salter; Henry Webbe [2]
  • 1397 (September): William Salter; John Peyntour [2]
  • 1399: Richard Cardmaker; William Salter [2]
  • 1401:
  • 1402: Simon Skinner; Richard Smith [2]
  • 1404 (January):
  • 1404 (October):
  • 1406: John Huwet; John Kingston [2]
  • 1407: John Peyntour; Simon Skinner [2]
  • 1410:
  • 1411:
  • 1413 (February):
  • 1413 (May): John Coventre; Simon Skinner [2]
  • 1414 (April): Thomas Coventre; Robert Smith [2]
  • 1414 (November): William Coventre; Thomas Coventre [2]
  • 1415: William Coventre; Roger Barbour [2]
  • 1416 (March): Richard Litelcote; John Peyntour [2]
  • 1416 (October):
  • 1417: William Coventre; Robert Tyndale [2]
  • 1419: Robert Tyndale; William Hendelove [2]
  • 1420: John Coventre; Robert Chandler [2]
  • 1421 (May): William Coventre; Robert Smith [2]
  • 1421 (December): John Baker; John Fauconer [2]
  • 1510-1523: No names known [3]
  • 1529: John Poyntz; Richard Mytton [3]
  • 1536: ?
  • 1539: ?
  • 1542: ?
  • 1545: Clement Throckmorton; Geoffrey Danielle [3]
  • 1547: Sir George Howard; Nicholas Throckmorton [3]
  • 1553 (March): ?
  • 1553 (October): William Rede; Thomas Hull [3]
  • 1554 (April): Thomas Highgate; Henry Leke [3]
  • 1554 (November): Thomas Hull; Edward Heynes [3]
  • 1555: Thomas Hull; James Webbe [3]
  • 1558: Thomas Hull; Henry Morris [3]
  • 1558: John Young; Edward Heynes [4]
  • 1562/3: Hugh Powell; Edward Heynes [4]
  • 1571: Edward Baynton; William Clerke [4]
  • 1572: George Reynolds, died and replaced 1580 by John Snell; Henry Grube [4]
  • 1584: Edward Baynton I; Henry Brounker [4]
  • 1586: Edward Baynton I; Henry Brounker [4]
  • 1588: Henry Brounker; John Delabere [4]
  • 1593: Henry Baynton I or II; Richard Mompesson [4]
  • 1597: John Kent; Robert Drew [4]
  • 1601: Giles Fettiplace; Robert Drew[4]
  • 1604: Sir Henry Baynton; Robert Drew
  • 1614: Sir Edward Baynton; William Kent
  • 1621: Sir Henry Lee; John Kent
  • 1624: Edward Bayntun; John Kent
  • 1625: Edward Bayntun; Robert Drew
  • 1626: Robert Long; Sir Henry Ley
  • 1628: Robert Long; Thomas Kent
  • 1629: 1629–1640: No Parliaments summoned

1640–1832

Election 1st Member[5] 1st Party 2nd Member[5] 2nd Party
March 1640 Edward Bayntun Henry Danvers
November 1640 Edward Bayntun Robert Nicholas
1653 Devizes not represented in Barebones Parliament
September 1654 Edward Bayntun One seat only
September 1656 Edward Scotton One seat only
January 1659 Chaloner Chute jnr Edward Scotton
March 1660 William Lewis Robert Aldworth
April 1661 William Yorke John Kent
December 1666 John Norden
October 1669 Edward Lewis George Johnson
April 1675 Sir Edward Bayntun
February 1679 Sir Walter Ernle
September 1679 Sir Giles Hungerford John Eyles
February 1681 Sir Walter Ernle George Johnson
March 1685 Sir John Talbot Walter Grubbe
January 1689 Sir William Pynsent
March 1690 Sir Thomas Fowle
December 1690 John Methuen
November 1695 Sir Edward Ernle
July 1698 Sir Francis Child
January 1701 Francis Merewether
November 1701 John Methuen
November 1702 John Child
March 1703 Francis Merewether
May 1705 Sir Francis Child
December 1706 Josiah Diston
May 1708 Paul Methuen
October 1710 Sir Francis Child Thomas Richmond Webb
August 1713 Robert Child John Nicholas
January 1715 Josiah Diston Francis Eyles[disambiguation needed ] (expelled)
February 1721 Benjamin Haskins-Stiles
March 1722 Sir Joseph Eyles
August 1727 Francis Eyles
April 1734 Sir Joseph Eyles
February 1740 John Garth
July 1742 George Lee
July 1747 William Willy
January 1765 Charles Garth
June 1765 James Sutton
September 1780 Sir James Tylney Long, 7th Bt.
November 1780 Henry Jones
April 1784 Henry Addington Tory
December 1788 Joshua Smith
January 1805 Thomas Grimston Estcourt
June 1818 John Pearse
March 1826 George Watson-Taylor

1832–1868

Election 1st Member[5] 1st Party 2nd Member[5] 2nd Party
1832 Wadham Locke Montague Gore Whig
February 1834 Admiral Sir Philip Charles Durham
November 1835 Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative
February 1836 James Whitley Deans Dundas
May 1838 George Heneage Walker Heneage
February 1844 William Heald Ludlow Bruges
February 1848 James Bucknall Bucknall-Estcourt
1852 John Neilson Gladstone
1857 Simon Watson Taylor Christopher Darby Griffith
1859 John Neilson Gladstone
Feb 1863 William Wells Addington
Apr 1864 Sir Thomas Bateson, Bt. Conservative
1868 Second Reform Act: representation reduced to one member

Since 1868

Devizes has been considered a safe Conservative seat since 1945. The current Member of Parliament is Claire Perry, who was first elected at the 2010 general election, succeeding Michael Ancram, who had stood down at that election on health grounds.[6]

Election Member[5] Party
1868 Sir Thomas Bateson, Bt. Conservative
1885 Walter Hume Long Conservative
1892 Charles Hobhouse Liberal
1895 Edward Goulding Unionist
1906 Francis Rogers Liberal
January 1910 Basil Peto Unionist
1918 William Bell Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Eric Macfadyen Liberal
1924 Percy Hurd Conservative
1945 Christopher Hollis Conservative
1955 H. Percivall Pott Conservative
1964 by-election Charles Morrison Conservative
1992 Michael Ancram Conservative
2010 Claire Perry Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Devizes[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claire Perry 25,519 55.1 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Fiona Hornby 12,514 27.0 +4.7
Labour Junab Ali 4,711 10.2 -12.2
UKIP Patricia Bryant 2,076 4.5 +0.2
Green Mark Fletcher 813 1.8 N/A
Independent Martin Houlden 566 1.2 N/A
Libertarian Nic Coombe 141 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,005 28.1
Turnout 46,340 68.8 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing −0.3

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Devizes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Ancram 27,253 48.5 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Fiona Hornby 14,059 25.0 +2.9
Labour Sharon Charity 12,519 22.3 −2.6
UKIP Alan Wood 2,315 4.1 +1.2
Majority 13,194 23.5
Turnout 56,146 65.2 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing −0.8
General Election 2001: Devizes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Ancram 25,159 47.2 +4.4
Labour Jim Thorpe 13,263 24.9 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Helen Frances 11,756 22.1 -4.5
UKIP Alan Wood 1,521 2.9 +1.8
Independent Sir Ludovic Kennedy 1,078 2.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Long Tall Sally Potter 472 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,896 22.3
Turnout 53,249 64.2 -10.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992: Devizes[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Ancram 39,090 53.3 −1.4
Liberal Democrat Ms. JL Mactaggart 19,378 26.4 −1.5
Labour Ms. RJ Berry 13,060 17.8 +0.5
Liberal SC Coles 962 1.3 −26.6
Green JD Ripley 808 1.1 +1.1
Majority 19,712 26.9 +0.0
Turnout 73,298 81.7 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.0

See also

Notes and references

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Buckinghamshire
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1789–1801
Succeeded by
East Looe
Preceded by
Cambridge University
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1801–1804
Succeeded by
Cambridge University

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