United Kingdom general election, 1922


United Kingdom general election, 1922

Infobox Election
election_name = United Kingdom general election, 1922
country = United Kingdom
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
previous_election = United Kingdom general election, 1918
previous_year = 1918
previous_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1918
next_election = United Kingdom general election, 1923
next_year = 1923
next_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1923
seats_for_election = All 616 seats to the House of Commons
election_date = 15 November 1922


leader1 = Andrew Bonar Law
leader_since1 = 23 October 1922
party1 = Conservative Party (UK)
leaders_seat1 = Glasgow Central
last_election1 = 332 seats, 33.3%
seats1 = 344
seat_change1 = +12
popular_vote1 = 5,294,465
percentage1 = 38.5%


leader2 = John Robert Clynes
leader_since2 = 14 February 1921
party2 = Labour Party (UK)
leaders_seat2 = Manchester Platting
last_election2 = 57 seats, 21.5%
seats2 = 142
seat_change2 = +85
popular_vote2 = 4,076,665
percentage2 = 29.7%


leader4 = H. H. Asquith
leader_since4 = 30 April 1908
party4 = Liberal Party (UK)
leaders_seat4 = Paisley
last_election4 = 36 seats, 13.3%
seats4 = 62
seat_change4 = +26
popular_vote4 = 2,601,486
percentage4 = 10.1%


leader5 = David Lloyd George
leader_since5 = 7 December 1916
party5 = National Liberal Party (UK)
leaders_seat5 = Caernarvon Boroughs
last_election5 = 127 seats, 18.0%
seats5 = 53
seat_change5 = -74
popular_vote5 = 1,355,366
percentage5 = 8.6%
title = PM
before_election = David Lloyd George
before_party = UK National Government
after_election = Andrew Bonar Law
after_party = Conservative Party (UK)

The UK general election of 1922 was held on 15 November 1922. It was the first election held after most of the Irish counties left the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State, and was won by Andrew Bonar Law's Conservatives, who gained an overall majority over Labour, led by John Robert Clynes and a divided Liberal Party.

The Liberal Party were split between the "National Liberals" following David Lloyd George and the "Liberals" following Herbert Henry Asquith. However, some candidates stood calling for a reunited Liberal party whilst others appear to have backed both Asquith and Lloyd George. Few sources are able to agree on exact numbers, and even in contemporary records held by the two groups some MPs were claimed for both sides.

In any case, it was the first election where Labour surpassed the combined strength of both Liberal parties, in votes as well as seats.

Results

Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidates = 482
seats = 344
gain =
loss =
net = + 12
votes = 5,294,465
votes % = 38.5
seats % = 55.9
plus/minus = +6.0
government = yes
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidates = 414
seats = 142
gain =
loss =
net = + 85
votes = 4,076,665
votes % = 29.7
seats % = 23.1
plus/minus = +8.9
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidates = 334
seats = 62
gain =
loss =
net = + 26
votes = 2,601,486
votes % = 18.9
seats % = 10.1
plus/minus = +5.9
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = National Liberal Party (UK)
candidates = 151
seats = 53
gain =
loss =
net = - 74
votes = 1,355,366
votes % = 9.9
seats % = 8.6
plus/minus = -2.7
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Conservative
candidates = 20
seats = 3
gain = 3
loss = 1
net = + 2
votes = 116,861
votes % = 0.9
seats % = 0.5
plus/minus = +0.5
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent (politician)
candidates = 15
seats = 3
gain = 3
loss = 2
net = + 1
votes = 114,697
votes % = 0.8
seats % = 0.5
plus/minus = -0.2
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Nationalist Party (Northern Ireland)
candidates = 4
seats = 3
gain = 2
loss = 6
net = - 4
votes = 57,641
votes % = 0.4
seats % = 0.5
plus/minus = -1.8
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Communist Party of Great Britain
candidates = 5
seats = 1
gain = 1
loss = 0
net = + 1
votes = 30,684
votes % = 0.2
seats % = 0.17
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Agriculturalist
candidates = 4
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 21,510
votes % = 0.2
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Labour
candidates = 4
seats = 1
gain = 0
loss = 1
net = - 1
votes = 18,419
votes % = 0.1
seats % = 0.17
plus/minus = -1.0
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Constitutionalist
candidates = 1
seats = 1
gain = 1
loss = 0
net = + 1
votes = 16,662
votes % = 0.1
seats % = 0.17
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Scottish Prohibition Party
candidates = 1
seats = 1
gain = 1
loss = 0
net = + 1
votes = 16,289
votes % = 0.1
seats % = 0.17
plus/minus = +0.1
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Liberal
candidates = 3
seats = 1
gain = 1
loss = 1
net = 0
votes = 13,197
votes % = 0.1
seats % = 0.17
plus/minus = -0.1
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Unionist
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 9,861
votes % = 0.1
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Independent Communist
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 4,027
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Anti-Parliamentary Communist
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 470
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"

"Total votes cast: 13,748,300. All parties shown. Conservatives include Ulster Unionists. National Liberals were party formed by Lloyd George's Coalition Liberals after leaving the government. Their net seat change is compared with the Coalition Liberals' number of seats after the 1918 election."

Votes summary

bar box
title=Popular vote
titlebar=#ddd
width=600px
barwidth=500px
bars=

eats summary

bar box
title=Parliamentary seats
titlebar=#ddd
width=600px
barwidth=500px
bars=

References

*F. W. S. Craig, "British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987"
* [http://www.election.demon.co.uk/geresults.html United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979]

ee also

*MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1922

External links

* [http://www.conservativemanifesto.com/1922/1922-conservative-manifesto.shtml 1922 Conservative manifesto]
* [http://www.labour-party.org.uk/manifestos/1922/1922-labour-manifesto.shtml 1922 Labour manifesto]
* [http://www.libdemmanifesto.com/1922/1922-liberal-manifesto.shtml 1922 Liberal manifesto]


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