Buckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)


Buckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)

UK former constituency infobox
Name = Buckinghamshire
Type = County
Year = 1265
Abolition = 1885
members = two

Buckinghamshire is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Boundaries and boundary changes

This county constituency consisted of the historic county of Buckinghamshire, in south-eastern England to the north-west of the modern Greater London region. Its southern boundary was the River Thames. See History of Buckinghamshire for maps of the historic county and details about it.

The county returned two knights of the shire until 1832 and three 1832-1885. The place of election for the county was at the county town of Aylesbury. Aylesbury replaced Buckingham as the county town in 1529.

The county, up to 1885, also contained the borough constituencies of Amersham (originally enfranchised with 2 seats from 1300, revived 1625, disenfranchised 1832), Aylesbury (originally enfranchised with 2 seats from 1302, revived 1554), Buckingham (2 seats from 1529, 1 seat from 1868), Chipping Wycombe (2 seats from 1300, 1 seat from 1868), Great Marlow (2 seats 1625-1868, 1 seat from 1868) and Wendover (2 seats 1625-1832, disenfranchised 1832).

In 1885 the county was split into three single-member county divisions. These were Aylesbury, Buckingham and Wycombe.

Aylesbury, Buckingham, Chipping Wycombe and Great Marlow were disenfranchised as borough constituencies. There were no remaining Parliamentary boroughs in the county from 1885.

Members of Parliament

"Preliminary note: The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The year used in the lists of Parliaments in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. It should be noted that old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

"Constituency created" (1265): See De Montfort's Parliament for further details. Knights of the shire are known to have been summoned to most Parliaments from 1290 (19th Parliament of King Edward I of England) and to every one from 1320 (19th Parliament of King Edward II of England).

Knights of the shire 1290-1660

:"For a list see Knights of Buckinghamshire"

Knights of the shire 1660-1885

Elections in the 1660-70s

Election box begin
title=General Election 11 April 1660: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Bowyer
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Thomas Tyrrell
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Tyrrell as a Judge"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 22 August 1660: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Tyringham
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1661: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir William Bowyer, Bt
votes = 1,499
percentage = 27.58
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Tyringham
votes = 1,379
percentage = 25.37
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = 1,315
percentage = 24.20
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = R. Winwood
votes = 1,242
percentage = 22.85
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 5 February 1679: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = John Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Elections in the 1680-90s

Election box begin
title=General Election 1680: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = John Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 2 February 1681: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 April 1685: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Viscount Brackley
votes = 2,430
percentage = 44.66
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = 1,804
percentage = 33.16
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = T. Hackett
votes = 1,207
percentage = 22.18
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 January 1689: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Thomas Lee, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 19 February 1690: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 30 October 1695: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Richard Atkins, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Succession of Wharton as 5th Baron Wharton"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 24 February 1696: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Hon. William Cheyne
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = Tory Party
loser = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (February 1696): The Hon. William Cheyne succeeded his father as the 2nd Viscount Newhaven, an Irish peerage, in 1698."
* "Death of Atkins"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 31 December 1696: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Henry Neale
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 27 August 1698: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = The Viscount Newhaven
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Goodwin Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Elections in the 1700-10s

Election box begin
title=General Election February 1701: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = The Viscount Newhaven
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Goodwin Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 December 1701: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Robert Dormer
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Goodwin Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 22 July 1702: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = The Viscount Newhaven
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Goodwin Wharton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Death of Wharton"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 8 November 1704: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Richard Temple, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = British Whig Party
loser = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 24 May 1705: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Robert Dormer
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Sir Richard Temple, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Dormer as a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 27 February 1706: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. William Egerton
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 18 May 1708: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Edmund Denton, Bt.
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1708): Possible classification - Hampden (W)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 4 October 1710: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Edmund Denton, Bt.
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = The Viscount Fermanagh
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 2 September 1713: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = The Viscount Fermanagh
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = John Fleetwood
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1713): Possible classification - Fleetwood (T)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 2 February 1715: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = John Fleetwood
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1715): Possible classification - Fleetwood (T), Hampden (W)"
* "Appointment of Hampden as a Teller of the Exchequer"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 4 July 1716: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1716): Possible classification - Hampden (W)"
* "Appointment of Hampden as Treasurer of the Navy"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 9 April 1717: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1717): Possible classification - Hampden (W)"

Elections in the 1720-30s

Election box begin
title=General Election 4 April 1722: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Montague Garrard Drake
votes = 2,441
percentage = 37.21
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Thomas Lee, Bt
votes = 2,415
percentage = 36.81
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Fleetwood Dormer
votes = 1,704
percentage = 25.98
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1722): Possible classification - Drake (T), Lee & Dormer (W)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 16 August 1727: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Sir William Stanhope
votes = 2,310
percentage = 39.39
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Hampden
votes = 1,903
percentage = 32.45
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Gore
votes = 1,651
percentage = 28.16
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1727): Possible classification - Stanhope & Hampden (W), Gore (T)"
* "Death of Hampden"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 29 January 1729: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Thomas Lee, Bt
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1729): Possible classification - Lee (W)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1734: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Sir William Stanhope
votes = 2,414
percentage = 43.96
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Sir Thomas Lee, Bt
votes = 1,763
percentage = 32.11
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = 1,314
percentage = 23.93
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1734): Possible classification - Stanhope & Lee (W), Lowndes (T)"

Elections in the 1740-50s

Election box begin
title=General Election 6 May 1741: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Richard Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1741): Possible classification - Lowndes (T)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 6 July 1747: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Sir William Stanhope
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1747): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 17 April 1754: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Sir William Stanhope
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1754): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)"

Elections in the 1760-70s

Election box begin
title=General Election 4 April 1761: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Hon. Sir William Stanhope
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1761): Possible classification - Lowndes (T), Stanhope (W)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 28 March 1768: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Richard Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = The Earl Verney
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1768): Possible classification - Lowndes (T)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 19 October 1774: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = George Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = The Earl Verney
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Succession of Grenville as 3rd Earl Temple"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 25 October 1779: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Elections in the 1780-90s

Election box begin
title=General Election 13 September 1780: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Thomas Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = The Earl Verney
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 21 April 1784: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = William Grenville
votes = 2,261
percentage = 39.55
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = John Aubrey
votes = 1,740
percentage = 30.44
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = The Earl Verney
votes = 1,716
percentage = 30.02
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1784): Poll 13 days. 3,548 voted. Possible classification for Aubrey (T). (Source: Stooks Smith)"
* "An alternative interpretation is that Aubrey was a supporter of Pitt (who called himself a Whig, although retrospectively usually classified as a Tory). Aubrey had very clearly identified himself with the opposition to the Fox-North coalition. (Source: Davis)"
* "Appointment of Grenville as Secretary of State for the Home Department"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 19 June 1789: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = William Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 22 June 1790: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Titchfield
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = The Earl Verney
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Death of Verney"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 27 December 1790: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Rt Hon. James Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = Non Partisan
loser = British Whig Party
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1 June 1796: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Rt Hon. James Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Titchfield
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Resignation of Grenville"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 30 June 1797: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

Elections in the 1800-10s

Election box begin
title=General Election July 1802: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Titchfield
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1802): Identifying a definitive party label for Temple and Titchfield is difficult. Stooks Smith considered Temple a Tory and Titchfield a Whig, but he may not be reliable for Bucks candidates allegiances before about 1818. Both knights of the shire were members of traditional Whig families and were closely related to one or more Whig Prime Ministers. Temple was a member of the Grenville family, which had supported their cousin William Pitt the Younger during his first premiership 1783-1801. Former Bucks MP (and uncle of Earl Temple) William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville had become closer to Charles James Fox and his faction of opposition Whigs since leaving office with Pitt in 1801. This may have affected the political position of his relatives like Earl Temple. Titchfield was the son of William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland who had been the Whig Prime Minister of the Fox-North Coalition, in office before Pitt. However Portland had split his Whig faction and broken with the pre-eminent opposition Whig leader in the House of Commons, Charles James Fox, over the attitude to be taken to the French Revolution. Portland joined Pitt's cabinet in 1794. Pitt called himself a Whig, although his followers came from both traditional Whig and Tory families. Titchfield, when he was first elected for the county in 1791, had been brought forward as a candidate by the Buckinghamshire Independent Club. This club had supported the late Earl Verney, and were definitely a Whig organisation. At that time Titchfield's father was the leader of the largest Whig faction in opposition to Pitt's Ministry. However Davis does imply that Titchfield himself was a Tory, which is how he has been classified in this article. In the absence of a clear indication of whether Temple considered himself a Whig or Tory at this stage of his career, he has been classified as a Non Partisan member for this article."

Election box begin
title=General Election 1806: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Titchfield
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1806): As for 1802 save that following Pitt's death William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, who had not joined Pitt's second Ministry in 1804, become Prime Minister of the Ministry of All the Talents in 1806. This may have led the Grenvilles, in retrospect, to continue to be regarded as Whig when Pitt and other groups of his supporters came to be called Tory after Pitt's death."

Election box begin
title=General Election 11 May 1807: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Rt Hon. Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Titchfield
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1807): As before save that in 1807 the Duke of Portland had formed a Tory administration (although he claimed to be the Whig Prime Minister of a Tory Ministry). In retrospect Portland has been regarded as a Tory at the time of his second Ministry."
* "Succession of Titchfield as 4th Duke of Portland"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 3 January 1810: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Selby Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = Non Partisan
loser = Tory Party
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1810): Possible party for Selby Lowndes is Whig (source: Stooks Smith), but given his conservative religious views and support for Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth's anti-dissenter policy it may be best to regard him as a member of a traditional Whig family who was moving towards being a nineteenth century Tory. He has been classified as Non Partisan for the purpose of this article."

Election box begin
title=General Election 1812: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Selby Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Rt Hon. Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Succession of Temple as 2nd Marquess of Buckingham"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 6 March 1813: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = Thomas Grenville
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Non Partisan
swing = "N/A"

* "Note (1813): Grenville was the uncle of the 2nd Marquess of Buckingham (formerly Earl Temple MP). The same factors noted for Temple lead to Thomas Grenville being classified as Non Partisan for the purpose of this article. Stooks Smith however classifies him as Tory and he was of the same generation as his brother William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville classified by Stooks Smith as a Tory and in this article as a Whig."

Election box begin
title=General Election 22 June 1818: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Non Partisan
candidate = William Selby Lowndes
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Elections in the 1820-30s

Election box begin
title=General Election 13 March 1820: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Robert John Smith
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Earl Temple
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "From 1822 Temple was known by the courtesy title of Marquess of Chandos, as his father was created 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1826: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Robert John Smith
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1830: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Hon. Robert John Smith
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 9 May 1831: Buckinghamshire (2 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Tory Party
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = 1,594
percentage = 42.18
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = John Smith
votes = 1,284
percentage = 33.98
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = British Whig Party
candidate = Pascoe Grenfell
votes = 901
percentage = 23.84
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1831): Chandos 1,287 plumpers, 287 split with Smith, 18 split with Grenfell; Smith 191 plumpers, 806 split with Grenfell; Grenfell 2 plumpers. Total voters 2,593. (Source: Davis). Poll: 4 days. (Source: Stooks Smith)"

Election box begin
title=General Election 17 December 1832: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = 2,856
percentage = 33.84
change = -8.34
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = John Smith
votes = 2,402
percentage = 28.46
change = -5.52
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George Henry Dashwood
votes = 1,647
percentage = 19.51
change = +19.51
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Charles Robert Scott Murray
votes = 1,536
percentage = 18.20
change = +18.20
Election box turnout
votes = 5,306
percentage = 78.95
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1832): 5,306 registered electors; 4,189 voted (Source: Stooks Smith)."

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 January 1835: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = 3,094
percentage = 28.91
change = -4.93
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir William Laurence Young, Bt
votes = 2,394
percentage = 22.37
change = +22.37
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = James Backwell Praed
votes = 2,179
percentage = 20.36
change = +20.36
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George Henry Dashwood
votes = 1,672
percentage = 15.62
change = -3.89
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Dr John Lee
votes = 1,365
percentage = 12.75
change = +12.75
Election box turnout
votes = 5,371
percentage = 73.47
change = -5.48

* "Note (1835): 5,371 registered electors; 3,946 voted (Source: Stooks Smith)."
* "Death of Praed"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 20 February 1837: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = George Simon Harcourt
votes = 2,233
percentage = 69.46
change = +69.46
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George Henry Dashwood
votes = 982
percentage = 30.54
change = +14.92
Election box majority
votes = 1,251
percentage = 38.91
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 5,760
percentage = 55.82
change = -17.65
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1837: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Marquess of Chandos
votes = 2,993
percentage = 28.78
change = +28.78
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = George Simon Harcourt
votes = 2,704
percentage = 26.00
change = -43.46
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir William Laurence Young, Bt
votes = 2,633
percentage = 25.32
change = +25.32
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = George Robert Smith
votes = 2,071
percentage = 19.91
change = +19.91
Election box turnout
votes = 5,760
percentage = 77.50
change = +21.68

* "Note (1837): 5,761 registered electors; 4,464 voted (Source: Stooks Smith). Turnout calculated on Craig's electorate figure of 5,760."
* "Succession of Chandos as 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 18 February 1839: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Elections in the 1840-50s

Election box begin
title=General Election 5 July 1841: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir William Laurence Young, Bt
votes = 2,578
percentage = 29.83
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = 2,572
percentage = 29.76
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Charles Robert Scott Murray
votes = 2,547
percentage = 29.47
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Dr John Lee
votes = 495
percentage = 5.73
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Henry Morgan Vane
votes = 450
percentage = 5.21
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 6,156
percentage = 49.89
change = "N/A"

* "Note (1841): 6,107 registered electors; 3,071 voted (Source: Stooks Smith). Turnout calculated on Craig's electorate figure of 6,156."
* "Death of Young"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 15 July 1842: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. William Edward Fitzmaurice
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Resignation of Scott Murray"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 21 February 1845: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Christopher Tower
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 4 August 1847: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 12 March 1852: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1852: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = 2,000
percentage = 33.16
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = 1,973
percentage = 32.71
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish
votes = 1,403
percentage = 23.26
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Dr John Lee
votes = 656
percentage = 10.88
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 5,659
percentage = 35.53
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1857: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Charles Compton Cavendish
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Creation of Cavendish as 1st Baron Chesham"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 28 December 1857: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. William George Cavendish
votes = 1,617
percentage = 52.65
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Charles John Baillie-Hamilton
votes = 1,454
percentage = 47.35
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 163
percentage = 5.31
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 5,353
percentage = 57.37
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 8 March 1858: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1859: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. William George Cavendish
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Elections in the 1860-80s

* "Succession of Cavendish as 2nd Baron Chesham"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 29 December 1863: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Robert Bateson Harvey
votes = 2,311
percentage = 88.07
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Dr John Lee
votes = 313
percentage = 11.93
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 1,998
percentage = 76.14
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 5,836
percentage = 44.96
change = "N/A"
Election box gain with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
loser = Liberal Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 1865: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Robert Bateson Harvey
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

* "Appointment of Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 13 July 1866: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 19 November 1868: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Caledon George Du Pre
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Nathaniel Grace Lambert
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 14 February 1874: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = 2,999
percentage = 38.59
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, Bt
votes = 2,902
percentage = 37.34
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Nathaniel Grace Lambert
votes = 1,720
percentage = 22.13
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = W. Talley
votes = 151
percentage = 1.94
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 7,368
percentage = 52.74
change = "N/A"

* "Talley was a Slough solicitor who contested the seat as a "Progressive Conservative". (Source: Davis)"
* "Appointment of Disraeli as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 17 March 1874: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli
votes = Unopposed
percentage = "N/A"
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

* "Creation of Disraeli as 1st Earl of Beaconsfield"

Election box begin
title=By-Election 22 September 1876: Buckinghamshire
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle
votes = 2,725
percentage = 51.77
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Rupert Carington
votes = 2,539
percentage = 48.23
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 186
percentage = 3.53
change = "N/A"
Election box turnout
votes = 7,273
percentage = 72.38
change = "N/A"
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = "N/A"

Election box begin
title=General Election 10 April 1880: Buckinghamshire (3 seats)
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, Bt
votes = 2,956
percentage = 31.68
change = +31.68
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Rupert Carington
votes = 2,790
percentage = 29.90
change = -18.33
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle
votes = 2,790
percentage = 29.90
change = -21.87
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Frederick Charsley
votes = 796
percentage = 8.53
change = +8.53
Election box turnout
votes = 8,114
percentage = 57.51
change = -14.87

* "Constituency divided in the 1885 redistribution"

ee also

*List of former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies
*Unreformed House of Commons
*List of Parliaments of England

References

* "The History and Antiquities of Buckinghamshire, Vol. 1", by George Lipscomb (1847)
* "The House of Commons 1754-1790", by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
* "Political Change and Continuity 1760-1885: A Buckinghamshire Study", by Richard W. Davis (David & Charles 1972)
* "The Parliaments of England" by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
* "Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885", edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
* "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885", compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)


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