North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)


North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)
North Wiltshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Wiltshire in Wiltshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Wiltshire within England.
County Wiltshire
Electorate 67,154 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament James Gray (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Chippenham
1832 (1832)1885 (1885)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

North Wiltshire is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Until 1983, it was known as Chippenham.

Contents

Boundaries

As the name suggests, the constituency covers most of north Wiltshire. However it excludes the town of Swindon which is represented by North Swindon and South Swindon.

North Wiltshire constituency was formed for the 1983 general election, with boundaries identical to the former Chippenham constituency (1885–1983).[2] The constituency sits between the Cotswolds and Swindon. Its main towns are Calne, Wootton Bassett, Cricklade and Malmesbury, and it also contains a number of villages, both small and large, spread over a large area of farming countryside, including the well-known picturesque village of Box.

An outline of Wiltshire shows the boundaries (4) for the 2010 general election

From the 2010 general election the North Wiltshire constituency changed radically as a result of boundary change recommendations. The name was retained by the northernmost part of the current constituency, focused on the towns of Malmesbury, Cricklade, Wootton Bassett and Calne (the furthest south) while the largest town of Chippenham was given its own seat (which was previously abolished in 1983) encompassing the nearby market towns of Bradford on Avon and Melksham. The sitting North Wiltshire member James Gray successfully stood for the new North Wiltshire seat.

While North Wiltshire has a long history of returning Conservative candidates, its district council (created in 1973 and abolished in 2009) was closely contested between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1832–1885

Election 1st Member [3] 1st Party 2nd Member [3] 2nd Party
1832 Paul Methuen Sir John Astley, Bt
1835 Walter Long
1837 Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
Feb 1844 Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative
Mar. 1865 Lord Charles Bruce
1865 Richard Penruddocke Long
1868 Sir George Jenkinson, Bt
1874 George Sotheron-Estcourt
1880 Walter Long
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: constituency abolished

MPs since 1983

Election Member [3] Party
1983 Richard Needham Conservative
1997 James Gray Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: North Wiltshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Gray 25,114 51.6 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Mike Evemy 17,631 36.2 +1.8
Labour Jason Hughes 3,239 6.7 -5.3
UKIP Charles Bennett 1,908 3.9 +1.2
Green Philip Chamberlain 599 1.2 +1.2
Independent Philip Allnatt 208 0.4 +0.4
Majority 7,483 15.4 +5.9
Turnout 48,699 73.4 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing ±

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: North Wiltshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Gray 26,282 46.9 +1.4
Liberal Democrat Paul Fox 20,979 37.4 −0.8
Labour David Nash 6,794 12.1 −2.2
UKIP Neil Dowdney 1,428 2.5 +0.4
Independent (politician) Philip Allnatt 578 1.0 N/A
Majority 5,303 9.5
Turnout 56,061 69.3 +2.0
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General Election 2001: North Wiltshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Gray 24,090 45.5 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Hugh Pym 20,212 38.2 +0.4
Labour Jo Garton 7,556 14.3 +0.1
UKIP Neil Dowdney 1,090 2.1 +1.4
Majority 3,878 7.3
Turnout 52,948 67.3 -7.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: North Wiltshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Gray 25,390 43.8
Liberal Democrat S Cordon 21,915 37.8
Labour N Knowles 8,261 14.2
Referendum Party M Purves 1,774 3.1
UKIP A Wood 410 0.7
Natural Law J Forsyth 263 0.4
Majority 3,475 6.0
Turnout 58,013 74.9
Conservative hold Swing -9.3
General Election 1992: North Wiltshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Needham 39,028 55.6 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Mrs CR Napier 22,640 32.3 −5.8
Labour Mrs C Reid 6,945 9.9 +3.1
Green Ms. LH Howitt 850 1.2 +1.2
Liberal GFJ Hawkins 622 0.9 −37.2
Independent DS Martienssen 66 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,388 23.4 +6.3
Turnout 70,151 81.7 +2.4
Conservative hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: North Wiltshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative R F Needham 35,309 55.15
Liberal Christopher Graham 24,370 38.07
Labour C Reid 4,343 6.78
General Election 1983: North Wiltshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative R F Needham 30,924 53.05
Liberal Christopher Graham 23,692 40.64
Labour S Allsop 2,888 4.95
Ecology E Barham 678 1.16
Justice for Divorced Fathers H Baile de la Perriere 113 0.19

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "About North Wiltshire" from the website of James Gray MP. Retrieved on October 18, 2006.
  3. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
  4. ^ Kerr, Andrew (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Electoral Services. Wiltshire County Council. http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/elections-general-may10-nwilts-persons-notice-poll.pdf. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/ge92index.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

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