Chichester (UK Parliament constituency)


Chichester (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 50°50′11″N 0°46′45″W / 50.83652°N 0.77918°W / 50.83652; -0.77918

Chichester
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chichester in West Sussex for the 2007 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Sussex within England.
County West Sussex
Electorate 81,804 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Chichester
Current constituency
Created 1295 (1295)
Member of Parliament Andrew Tyrie (Conservative)
Number of members 1295–1868: Two
1868–: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Chichester is a county constituency in West Sussex, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The constituency has existed continuously since 1295.

Contents

History

Chichester is one of the oldest constituencies in the UK having been created when commoners were first called to Parliament in the 13th century, originally returning two members. It was reduced to one member in 1868 by the Reform Act 1867.

In its various forms, Chichester has been a Conservative stronghold for decades.

Boundaries

The constituency is based in the western portion of West Sussex, centred on the city of Chichester and covers the majority of the Chichester district. Other towns in the constituency include Midhurst and Selsey.

Prior to the boundary changes implemented in 1974, Chichester was a much more compact constituency, taking in the towns of Arundel and Bognor Regis at various times, but the growth of population in new towns such as nearby Crawley meant that the constituency was expanded to the north to give it equal population.

Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary boundaries in West Sussex, the Boundary Commission for England has made alterations to all existing constituencies to deal with population changes, to take effect from 2010. The modified Chichester constituency is created with the following electoral wards:

  • From the Chichester district - Bosham, Boxgrove, Chichester East, Chichester North, Chichester South, Chichester West, Donnington, Easebourne, East Wittering, Fernhurst, Fishbourne, Funtington, Harting, Lavant, Midhurst, North Mundham, Plaistow, Rogate, Selsey North, Selsey South, Sidlesham, Southbourne, Stedham, Tangmere, West Wittering, and Westbourne.

Constituency profile

This large, predominantly rural constituency runs from the West Sussex border with Surrey through the South Downs to the coastals resorts of Selsey and the Witterings. The small cathedral city of Chichester and Georgian market town of Midhurst are the main population centres. There is a cluster of settlements near the border with Havant, in the west. There are a few deprived areas on the outskirts of Chichester. The seat has been Conservative since 1924 and in recent years has seen support for further-right parties such as UKIP.[citation needed]

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295–1660

  • Constituency created 1295
  • 1386: Thomas Patching; John Sherare [2]
  • 1388 (Feb): Thomas Patching; William Neel [2]
  • 1388 (Sep): William Horlebat; Simon Vincent [2]
  • 1390 (Jan): Thomas Patching; John Sherare [2]
  • 1390 (Nov):
  • 1391: Thomas Patching; John Sherare [2]
  • 1393: Thomas Patching; John Sherare [2]
  • 1394:
  • 1395: John atte Mille; John Sherare [2]
  • 1397 (Jan): Johm Goldston; John Hebbe [2]
  • 1397 (Sep): Thomas Patching; John Okehurst [2]
  • 1399: Thomas Patching; William Neel [2]
  • 1401: William Combe; Thomas Hayne [2]
  • 1402: Robert Jugler; Simon Vincent [2]
  • 1404 (Jan):
  • 1404 (Oct):
  • 1406: John Dolyte; Thomas Neel [2]
  • 1407: Robert Jugler; Thomas Neel [2]
  • 1410:
  • 1411:
  • 1413 (Feb):
  • 1413 (May): Geoffrey Hebbe; Robert Jugler [2]
  • 1414 (Apr):
  • 1414 (Nov): Robert Stryvelyne; Robert Jugler [2]
  • 1415: William Farnhurst; Thomas Neel [2]
  • 1416 (Mar): William Farnhurst; John Vincent [2]
  • 1416 (Oct):
  • 1417: Thomas Ruddel; Robert Stryvelyne [2]
  • 1419: John Dolyte; Richard Sherter [2]
  • 1420: John Cok; William Hore [2]
  • 1421 (May): William Farnhurst; Robert Stryvelyne [2]
  • 1421 (Dec): John Dolyte; Richard Fust [2]
  • 1510-1523: No names known [3]
  • 1529: Robert Bowyer I; Robert Trigges [3]
  • 1536: ?
  • 1539: ?
  • 1542: William Erneley; ? [3]
  • 1545: ?
  • 1547: Richard Sackville II; Robert Bowyer I [3]
  • 1553 (Mar): Thomas Stoughton; Thomas Carpenter [3]
  • 1553 (Oct): Thomas Stoughton; Thomas Carpenter [3]
  • 1554 (Apr): Thomas Stoughton; Thomas Carpenter [3]
  • 1554 (Nov): John Digons; Walter Roynon [3]
  • 1555: Richard Knight; Robert Bowyer II [3]
  • 1558: Peter Tolpat; Lawrence Ardren [3]
  • 1558/9: Sir Henry Radcliffe; Robert Bowyer [4]
  • 1562/3: Thomas Stoughton; John Sherwin [4]
  • 1571: Thomas Kyrle; Thomas West [4]
  • 1572: Valentine Dale; Richard Lewknor [4]
  • 1584: Valentine Dale; Richard Lewknor [4]
  • 1586: Valentine Dale; Richard Lewknor [4]
  • 1588: Valentine Dale; Richard Lewknor [4]
  • 1593: Richard Lewknor; William Ashby [4]
  • 1597: Richard Lewknor; Adrian Stoughton [4]
  • 1601: Adrian Stoughton; Stephen Barnham [4]
  • 1604: Adrian Stoughton; Sir Edward Cecil
  • 1614: Andrew Stoughton; Sir John Morley
  • 1621: Sir Edward Cecil[5]; Thomas Whaleman
  • 1624: Sir Thomas Edmondes; Thomas Whetham
  • 1625: Algernon Lord Peircy; Humphrey Hagget
  • 1626: Algernon Lord Peircy; Humphrey Hagget
  • 1628: William Lawley; Sir Henry Bellingham, 1st Baronet
  • 1629–1640: No Parliaments summoned
  • 1640 (Apr): Christopher Lewknor; Edward Dowse
  • 1640 (Nov): Christopher Lewknor; Sir William Morley, disabled 23 November 1642
  • 1645: Sir John Temple; Henry Peck
  • 1648: ?
  • 1653: Chichester not represented in Barebones parliament
  • 1654: Henry Peckham (one seat only)
  • 1656: Henry Peckham (one seat only)
  • 1659: Henry Peckham; William Cawley jun.

MPs 1660–1868

Year First member[6] First party Second member[6] Second party
1660 Henry Peckham John Farrington
1661 William Garway
1673 Richard May
February 1679 John Braman
September 1679 John Farrington
1681 Richard Farington Whig
1685 Sir Richard May George Gounter
1689 Thomas Miller Thomas May
1695 The Earl of Ranelagh William Elson
1698 Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig John Miller Tory
January 1701 Sir Thomas May William Elson
November 1701 John Miller Tory
May 1705 Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Bt Whig
November 1705 Thomas Onslow
1708 Thomas Carr Tory Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig
1710 Sir John Miller, 2nd Bt Tory
1713 William Elson James Brudenell
1715 Sir Richard Farington, 1st Bt Whig Thomas Miller
1719 Henry Kelsall
1722 Earl of March
1724 Lord William Beauclerk
1727 Charles Lumley
1729 James Lumley
1733 Sir Thomas Prendergast, 2nd Baronet
1734 James Brudenell Thomas Yates
1741 John Page
1746 Viscount Bury
1755 Augustus Keppel Whig
1761 Lord George Henry Lennox
1767 William Keppel
1768 Thomas Conolly
1780 Thomas Steele
1782 Percy Charles Wyndham
1784 George White-Thomas
1807 James du Pre
1812 The Earl of March Tory William Huskisson Tory
1819 Lord John Lennox Whig
1823 William Stephen Poyntz
1830 John Smith
1831 Lord Arthur Lennox Conservative John Abel Smith Whig
1846 Lord Henry Lennox Conservative
1859 Humphrey William Freeland
1863 John Abel Smith Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1868

Election Member[6] Party
1868 Lord Henry Lennox Conservative
1885 Charles Gordon-Lennox Conservative
1888 by-election Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative
1894 by-election Lord Edmund Talbot Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election Sir William Bird Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Charles Rudkin Liberal
1924 John Courtauld Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Lancelot Joynson-Hicks Conservative
1958 by-election Bill Loveys Conservative
1969 by-election Christopher Chataway Conservative
Oct 1974 Anthony Nelson Conservative
1997 Andrew Tyrie Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 31,427 55.3 +7.4
Liberal Democrat Martin Lury 15,550 27.4 -0.3
Labour Simon Holland 5,937 10.5 -8.1
UKIP Andrew Moncrieff 3,873 6.8 +1.0
Majority 15,877 28.0
Turnout 56,787 69.7 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing +3.8

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 25,302 48.3 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Alan Hilliar 14,442 27.6 +3.5
Labour Jonathan Austin 9,632 18.4 −3.0
UKIP Douglas Denny 3,025 5.8 +1.0
Majority 10,860 20.7
Turnout 52,401 66.6 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing −1.1
General Election 2001: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 23,320 47.0 +0.6
Liberal Democrat Lynne Ravenscroft 11,965 24.1 -4.8
Labour Celia Barlow 10,627 21.4 +4.2
UKIP Douglas Denny 2,380 4.8 +3.4
Green Gavin Graham 1,292 2.6 N/A
Majority 11,355 22.9
Turnout 49,584 63.8 -10.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Tyrie 25,895 46.4 -12.9
Liberal Democrat Dr Peter Gardiner 16,161 29.0 +2.4
Labour Charlie Smith 9,605 17.2 +5.9
Referendum Party Douglas Denny 3,318 5.9 N/A
UKIP J G Rix 800 1.4 N/A
Majority 9,734 17.5
Turnout 55,779 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Chichester[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 37,906 59.3 -2.5
Liberal Democrat PF Gardiner 17,019 26.6 -1.7
Labour Mrs DM Andrewes 7,192 11.3 +3.4
Green E Paine 876 1.4 -0.6
Liberal Ms. JL Weights 643 1.0 +1.0
Natural Law Ms. JL Jackson 238 0.4 +0.4
Majority 20,887 32.7 -0.8
Turnout 63,874 77.8 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing -0.4

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 37,274 61.8 -1.9
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal) P F Weston 17,097 28.3 +0.7
Labour D Morrison 4,751 7.9 +0.7
Green I F N Bagnall 1,196 2.0 +0.5
Majority 20,177 33.5
Turnout 60,318 74.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Chichester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Nelson 35,482 63.7
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democrat) H Gibson 15,365 27.6
Labour R H Rhodes 3,995 7.2
Ecology J Sherlock 838 1.5
Majority 20,117 36.1
Turnout 55,680 72.1
Conservative hold Swing

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/constituencies/chichester. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/constituencies/chichester. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/constituencies/chichester. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, later editions, and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  6. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/ge92index.htm. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources


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