Dover (UK Parliament constituency)


Dover (UK Parliament constituency)
Dover
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Dover in Kent.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 71,993 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Dover and Deal
Current constituency
Created 1369 (1369)
Member of Parliament Charlie Elphicke (Conservative)
Number of members 1660 - 1885: Two
1885 - present: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Dover is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Contents

Boundaries

Dover constituency consists of the greater part of Dover (district) District comprising the towns of Dover, Deal and Walmer together with surrounding villages. It excludes the northern area around the ancient Cinque Port of Sandwich, which together with surrounding villages is part of the South Thanet constituency. It has been a traditional Tory-Labour marginal, with Conservative-voting rural areas competing against mainly Labour-voting Dover itself, plus some former mining villages in the former Kent coalfield, such as Aylesham. Labour held on very solidly here in 2005, with virtually no swing from the previous General Election, but the seat went Conservative in 2010 on a large swing of 10%.

Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Kent, the Boundary Commission for England made major changes to the existing constituency boundaries as a consequence of population changes in the county.

The Commission rejected proposals to rename the constituency "Dover and Deal" during the public consultation process. The Commission said with regard to this point:

The Commission noted that whilst these constituencies had undergone some slight changes they were not sufficient to warrant changing their names and they considered that the existing names were still appropriate.

The electoral wards used in the formation of the modified Dover constituency are;

  • Aylesham, Buckland, Capel-le-Ferne, Castle, Eastry, Eythorne and Shepherdswell, Lydden and Temple Ewell, Maxton, Elms Vale and Priory, Middle Deal and Sholden, Mill Hill, North Deal, Ringwould, River, St Margaret’s-at-Cliffe, St Radigunds, Tower Hamlets, Town and Pier, Walmer and Whitfield.

Members of Parliament

Cinque Port/Parliamentary Borough 1368–1918

MPs 1368–1660

MPs 1660–1885

Year First member[3] First party Second member[3] Second party
April 1660 Edward Montagu Arnold Braemes
August 1660 George Montagu
1661 Sir Francis Vincent
1670 Lord Hinchingbrooke
1673 Admiral Sir Edward Spragge [4]
1674 Thomas Papillon
1679 William Stokes
1685 Arthur Herbert William Chapman
1689 Sir Basil Dixwell Thomas Papillon
1690 James Chadwick
1695 Sir Basill Dixwell
1697 Admiral Matthew Aylmer
January 1701 Sir Charles Hedges
November 1701 Philip Papillon
1710 Sir William Hardres
1715 Admiral Matthew Aylmer [5]
1720 George Berkeley Henry Furnese
1734 David Papillon Thomas Revell
1741 Lord George Sackville
1752 William Cayley
1755 Peter Burrell
1756 Hugh Valence Jones
1759 (Sir) Edward Simpson [6]
1761 Hon. Sir Joseph Yorke
1765 Marquess of Lorne
1766 John Bindley
1768 Viscount Villiers
1770 Sir Thomas Pym Hales
1773 Thomas Barret
1774 John Henniker John Trevanion
1784 Robert Preston Captain the Hon. James Luttrell
1789 John Trevanion
1790 Charles Small Pybus
1802 John Spencer Smith
1806 Sir John Jackson Charles Jenkinson
1818 Edward Bootle-Wilbraham
1820 Joseph Butterworth
1826 Charles Poulett Thomson [7] Whig
1828 William Henry Trant
1830 Sir John Rae Reid Tory
1831 Robert Henry Stanhope
1832 Sir John Rae Reid Conservative
1833 John Halcomb Conservative
1835 John Minet Fector Conservative
1837 Edward Royd Rice Whig
1847 Sir George Clerk Conservative
1852 Viscount Chelsea Conservative
1857 Ralph Bernal Osborne Whig Sir William Russell Whig
1859 Sir Henry Leeke Conservative William Nicol Conservative
1865 Alexander George Dickson Conservative Charles Kaye Freshfield Conservative
1868 George Jessel Liberal
1873 Edward William Barnett Conservative
1874 Charles Kaye Freshfield Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1918

Year Member[3] Party
1885 Alexander George Dickson Conservative
1889 George Wyndham Conservative
1913 Viscount Duncannon Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished – name transferred to county constituency

County constituency 1918–present

Year Member[3] Party
Dover division of Kent
1918 Viscount Duncannon Coalition Conservative
1921 Sir Thomas Polson Independent Parliamentary Group
1922 John Jacob Astor Conservative
1945 John Thomas Labour
1950 John Arbuthnot Conservative
1964 David Ennals Labour
1970 Peter Rees Conservative
Dover and Deal County Constituency
1974 Peter Rees Conservative
Dover County Constituency
1983 Peter Rees Conservative
1987 David Shaw Conservative
1997 Gwyn Prosser Labour
2010 Charlie Elphicke Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Dover[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charlie Elphicke 22,174 44.0 +9.1
Labour Gwyn Prosser 16,900 33.5 -11.8
Liberal Democrat John Brigden 7,962 15.8 +0.0
UKIP Victor Matcham 1,747 3.5 +0.8
BNP Dennis Whiting 1,104 2.2 N/A
English Democrats Mike Walters 216 0.4 N/A
Christian Peoples David Clark 200 0.4 N/A
Independent George Lee-Delisle 82 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,274 10.5
Turnout 50,385 70.1 +2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.4

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyn Prosser 21,680 45.3 -3.5
Conservative Paul Watkins 16,739 35.0 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Antony Hook 7,607 15.9 +4.5
UKIP Mike Wiltshire 1,252 2.6 +0.1
Independent Victor Matcham 606 1.3 +1.3
Majority 4,941 10.3
Turnout 47,884 67.6 2.5
Labour hold Swing -0.6
General Election 2001: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyn Prosser 21,943 48.8 -5.7
Conservative Paul Watkins 16,744 37.2 +4.4
Liberal Democrat Antony Hook 5,131 11.4 +3.5
UKIP Lee Speakman 1,142 2.5 +1.7
Majority 5,199 11.6
Turnout 44,960 65.1 -13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992: Dover[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Shaw 25,395 44.1 −1.9
Labour Gwyn Prosser 24,562 42.6 +8.5
Liberal Democrat MJ Sole 6,212 10.8 −9.1
Green ACW Sullivan 637 1.1 N/A
Independent Conservative PW Sherred 407 0.7 N/A
Independent Conservative BJ Philp 250 0.4 N/A
Natural Law CF Percy 127 0.2 N/A
Majority 833 1.4 −10.4
Turnout 57,590 83.5 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing −5.2

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, later editions, and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  3. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
  4. ^ On petition Spragge's election was declared void
  5. ^ Created Baron Aylmer (in the Peerage of Ireland), 1718
  6. ^ Knighted 1761
  7. ^ Thomson was re-elected in 1832 but had also been elected for Manchester, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Dover
  8. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/dover
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/ge92index.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)

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