- SDP-Liberal Alliance
The SDP-Liberal Alliance was an electoral alliance of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Liberal Party in the
United Kingdomthat operated from 1981to 1988, when the bulk of the two parties mergedto form the Social and Liberal Democrats, later referred to as simply the Liberal Democrats.
Following the establishment of the SDP by dissidents from the Labour Party in March 1981, the new party entered into an informal alliance with the existing centre party, the Liberals, led by
David Steel. The SDP fought its first by-election, in Warrington, with future leader Roy Jenkinsstanding as "SDP with Liberal support".
By the autumn of 1981, this arrangement was formalised into an alliance, with both parties agreeing to stand down in each other's favour. Between 1981 and 1983, the parties together won seats in by-elections in:
* Croydon North West (
Bill Pitt, a Liberal),
* Crosby (
Shirley Williamsof the SDP),
* Glasgow Hillhead (Roy Jenkins of the SDP), and
* Bermondsey (
Simon Hughesof the Liberals, with the largest swing ever recorded in any British election).
The Alliance won 25.4% of the national vote in the 1983 general election, compared to Labour's 27.6%. Only 23 Alliance Members of Parliament (MPs) were elected, compared to Labour's 209. The SDP came second in many constituencies, but Britain's
first past the postelectoral system meant that this success did not translate into parliamentary seats. For many years after, both the SDP and the Liberal party were committed to proportional representation, under which system they would have had a much larger presence in the House of Commons.
However, the alliance failed to maintain momentum. In the 1987 general election, the share of the vote for each party fell slightly; the Liberals won 17 seats (the same as in 1983), while the SDP won five (one fewer than four years previously).
By 1987, relations had become fraught. David Steel proposed a merger of the two parties in following the 1987 general election. The majority of both parties agreed, and a merger was effected early in 1988.
Small factions of both parties established new parties under the names of the SDP and the Liberal Party but, as each was made up of those members who least trusted the other party, there was no chance that the two 'continuing' parties would co-operate.
The SDP was re-established under the leadership of one of the founders of the SDP,
David Owen. ("See : Social Democratic Party (UK, 1988).)" Owen and the party's national executive dissolved the party in 1990, but another group of party members continue the party under the SDP name. ("See : Social Democratic Party (UK, 1990).)"
The Liberal Party was re-established under the leadership of
Michael Meadowcroft, and continues to operate. "(See: Liberal Party (UK, 1989).)"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Liberal Alliance — may stand for:*Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, a political grouping in the European Parliament *Liberal Alliance (Denmark), a political party in Denmark, formerly known as New Alliance *Liberal Alliance (Greece), a political party… … Wikipedia
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance — The ALN flag The Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (Spanish: Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense – ALN) is a political party in Nicaragua. It was started in 2005 by Eduardo Montealegre and other members of the Constitutional Liberal Party (Partido Liberal… … Wikipedia
Liberal Democrats — Infobox British Political Party party name = Liberal Democrats party articletitle = Liberal Democrats party leader = Nick Clegg chairman = Simon Hughes foundation = 3 March 1988 ideology = Liberalism, Social Liberalism position = Centre left,… … Wikipedia
Liberal Party — In the years following the Second World War, the Liberal Party went into a long term decline. The Conservatives and Labour were firmly established as the two main parties of Britain, a position which was strengthened by the bipartisan nature… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
SDP — On 25 January 1981, four former Labour Party cabinet ministers David Owen, Shirley Williams, Bill Rodgers and Roy Jenkins, known collectively as the Gang of Four launched the Council for Social Democracy, which became the Social Democratic… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Liberal Party (UK) — Infobox Historic Political Party party name= Liberal Party party party articletitle= Liberal Party (UK) active= 1859 1988 ideology= Classical Liberalism Social Liberalism position= Centre, Centre left international= Liberal International preceded … Wikipedia
Liberal Democrats — Démocrates libéraux (Royaume Uni) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Parti libéral démocrate. Liberal Democrats … Wikipédia en Français
Liberal Democrats (UK) — Démocrates libéraux (Royaume Uni) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Parti libéral démocrate. Liberal Democrats … Wikipédia en Français
Alliance — An alliance is an agreement between two or more parties, made in order to advance common goals and to secure common interests. The Anglo Portuguese Alliance, between the Kingdom of England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal, is the… … Wikipedia
Liberal Party of Montenegro — Либерална Партија Црне Горе Liberalna Partija Crne Gore Leader Andrija Popović Founded 2004 Headquarters Podgorica Ideology … Wikipedia