West Sussex


West Sussex

West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. The county of Sussex has been divided into East and West since the 12th century, and obtained separate county councils in 1888, but it remained a single ceremonial county until 1974 and the coming into force of the Local Government Act 1972. Also at this time the Mid Sussex region (including Haywards Heath, Burgess Hill and East Grinstead) was transferred from East Sussex.

West Sussex is a diverse county; it is well known for its stately homes and castles such as Arundel Castle and Bramber Castle. Over half the county is protected countryside, offering popular walking and cycling ground for visitors and residents alike [http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/leisure-and-tourism/] .

Chichester is the county town of West Sussex, and the highest point of the county is Black Down, at 280m/919 ft (gbmapping|SU919296).

ettlements

Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor. Crawley and Worthing are the largest settlements in the county, with populations of approximately 100 000 inhabitants each. Next in size order comes the market town of Horsham, and Bognor Regis, on the south coast. Chichester, the county town, boasts a cathedral and city status, and is situated not far from the border with Hampshire. Other towns in alphabetical order are Burgess Hill, East Grinstead and Haywards Heath in the Mid Sussex district, and Littlehampton in the Arun district.

Other settlements include the towns of Arundel and Shoreham-by-Sea, and the smaller settlements of Billingshurst, Cuckfield, Henfield, Hassocks, Hurstpierpoint, Lancing, Midhurst, Petworth, Rustington, Steyning, Storrington and Pulborough.

"For a full list of settlements see List of places in West Sussex."

Communications and transport

The M23/A23 runs through the east of the county from Waterloo in London all the way to Brighton. Other major roads are the A272 which runs east to west, and the A27 which does the same but closer to the coast; the A272 going through the middle of the county. Along the majority of the coast can be found the A259, which is often used as an alternate route to the A27.

Gatwick Airport, which handled over 32 million passengers in 2005, is located to the north of Crawley, and is the second largest airport in the United Kingdom. There is also a considerably smaller local airport at Shoreham. There are 3 main railway routes; the Brighton Main Line, the Arun Valley Line and the West Coastway Line.

Local government

[http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ West Sussex County Council] , based at County Hall Chichester, provides a large range of services including education, social services, fire and rescue, libraries, town and country planning, refuse disposal and consumer services. In addition, there are seven local government districts within the county of West Sussex:

* Adur
* Arun
* Chichester
* Crawley
* Horsham
* Mid Sussex
* Worthing

Places of interest

Castles, houses and other buildings

* Arundel Castle
* Barnham Windmill
* Christ's Hospital, an old public school notable for its archaic uniforms and picturesque campus.
* Goodwood House & Goodwood Motor Circuit
* High Salvington windmill
* Hurstpierpoint College - a Public School, notable for its substantial Sussex flint buildings and large campus.
* Lancing College - a Public School, notable for its substantial Sussex sandstone chapel and large campus.
* Petworth House
*Queen Victoria Hospital East Grinstead - Home of the McIndoe burns centre. Pioneered reconstructive surgery for burns patients during the Second World War.
* Sackville College, a Jacobean almshouse in East Grinstead
* Shipley Windmill
* Standen, East Grinstead
* Uppark
* Cobnor House - Home to the Beale Family who were heavily involved with Chichester Harbour

Museums

* Amberley Working Museum
* Steyning Museum [http://www.steyningmuseum.org.uk/]
* Tangmere Military Aviation Museum [http://www.tangmere-museum.org.uk/]
* Weald and Downland Open Air Museum of Historic Buildings at Singleton

Nature

* WWT Arundel (a nature reserve of the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust)
* Selsey Bill
* South Downs Way - a long distance footpath
* Stansted Park
* Wakehurst Place

Ancient history

* Bignor Roman Villa
* Cissbury Ring and Chanctonbury Ring, ancient hill forts located on the South Downs
* Fishbourne Roman Palace

Religious buildings

* Bosham Church
* St. Margaret's Church, West Hoathly - an 11th century Anglo-Saxon church
* St Mary's Church, Sompting - an 11th century Anglo-Saxon church.
* St Swithuns Church East Grinstead
* St. Nicholas' Church, Worth - a 10th century church in Worth, Crawley
* St. Marks Church, Horsham - an Anglican church in Horsham

"See also "

The arts

* Pallant House Gallery in Chichester houses one of the most significant collections of 20th century British art outside London. It includes a substantial body of early and mid-20th century work bequeathed by Walter Hussey (Dean of Chichester Cathedral, 1955-1977) and many later works donated by Sir Colin St John 'Sandy' Wilson.
* Worthing Museum and Art Gallery houses the biggest collection of Georgian & Victorian costume in South East England.

Other

* Gatwick Airport
* Shoreham Airport - the world's oldest continually-operational airport.
* Hickstead Showjumping

History

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of West Sussex at current basic prices [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/RegionalGVA.pdf published] (pp.240-253) by "Office for National Statistics" with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

The following are some of the companies based in West Sussex:
**Crawley
*Virgin Atlantic Airways
*Unilever
*BOC Edwards
*TUI Travel PLC
*Thales UK
**Littlehampton
*The Body Shop
**Chichester
*Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Education

West Sussex has a comprehensive education system, with 37 state schools and 20 independent schools.

Politics

West Sussex County Council has 70 councillors; the majority of them being Conservative. There are 47 Conservative councillors, 16 Liberal Democrats, and 7 Labour Party councillors. [http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/content/your-council/councillors.en]

As of the 2005 general election, West Sussex is largely represented by Conservative MPs, with the exception of the Labour Party constituency of Crawley, where Labour held the seat by just 37 votes. The Members of Parliament, their corresponding constituencies and the percentage of the vote they received are as follows:

* Arundel & South Downs - Nick Herbert, Conservative, 49.8%
* Bognor Regis - Nick Gibb, Conservative, 44.6%
* Chichester - Andrew Tyrie, Conservative, 48.3%
* Crawley - Laura Moffatt, Labour, 39.1%
* Horsham - Francis Maude, Conservative, 50.0%
* Mid Sussex - Nicholas Soames, Conservative, 48.0%
* Worthing East - Tim Loughton, Conservative, 43.9%
* Worthing West - Peter Bottomley, Conservative, 47.6%

[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/flash_map/html/map05.stm]

ee also

* East Sussex
* Sussex
* The Royal Sussex Regiment
* Eastbourne Redoubt Home of the Royal Sussex Regimental Museum

Image Gallery

References

External links

* [http://www.westsussex.info West Sussex.info] Information about the arts, culture, sports and community in West Sussex
* [http://www.familytreedesigns.co.uk/angmering.htm Angmering Area Project] has all of Angmering census returns available to view as well as censuses for many surrounding parishes. This collection is constantly added to.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • West Sussex — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: South East England Fläche: 1.991 km² Verwal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • West Sussex — Sussex de l Ouest Sussex de l Ouest Administration Statut Comté non métropolitain Comté cérémonial Région Angleterre du Sud Est Superficie Total …   Wikipédia en Français

  • West Sussex — ( Sussex del oeste ) es un condado en el sur de Inglaterra, Reino Unido. Limita con los condados de East Sussex (con Brighton y Hove), Hampshire y Surrey. El condado de Sussex se dividió en las regiones administrativas este y oeste, con consejos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • West Sussex —   [ west sʌsɪks], County in Südengland, 1 988 km2, 731 500 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Chichester. Der Norden wird vom teilweise bewaldeten Hügelland des Weald eingenommen. Die von Westen nach Osten verlaufende Kreidekalkschichtstufe der South …   Universal-Lexikon

  • West Sussex — county in SE England, on the English Channel: 767 sq mi (1,987 sq km); pop. 702,000 …   English World dictionary

  • West Sussex — Координаты: 51° с. ш. 0° з. д. / 51.0584° с. ш. 0.69006° з. д.  …   Википедия

  • West Sussex — a county in SE England. 623,100; 778 sq. mi. (2015 sq. km). * * * Administrative county (pop., 2001: 753,612), southeastern England. It borders the English Channel, and its administrative centre is Chichester. There is evidence of settlements… …   Universalium

  • West Sussex — noun a county in southern England on the English Channel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑county • Part Holonyms: ↑England * * * a county in SE England. 623,100; 778 sq. mi. (2015 sq. km). * * * West Sussex [West Sussex] a county in southern England… …   Useful english dictionary

  • West Sussex — Sp Vakarų Sãseksas Ap West Sussex L Anglijos grafystė, D. Britanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • West Sussex — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name West Sussex Country and Admin Code GB.ENG.P6 GB …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.