Northern America

Northern America
Northern America
Northern America (orthographic projection).svg
Area 21,780,142 km2 (8,409,360 sq mi)
Population (2010) 344,124,520[1]
GDP $16 trillion
(PPP, 2008 est.)[1]
Major languages English, Spanish, French, Danish, Greenlandic, and various Recognised regional languages.
Timezone UTC (Danmarkshavn, Greenland) to
UTC -10:00 (west Aleutians)
Largest urban agglomerations

Northern America (French: Amérique septentrionale) is the northernmost region of the Americas, and is part of the North American continent. It lies directly north of the region of Middle America;[2] the land border between the two regions coincides with the border between the United States and Mexico. Geopolitically, according to the scheme of geographic regions and subregions used by the United Nations, Northern America consists of:[3][4]

Canada Canada

United States United States

Greenland Greenland, a self-governing island that is part of the Kingdom of Denmark

Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas territory of France

Bermuda Bermuda, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom



Maps using the term Northern America date back to 1755, when the region was occupied by France, Great Britain, and Spain.[5] The Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America in 1813 applied to Mexico. Today, Northern America includes the Canada-US dyad, developed countries that exhibit very high human development and intense economic integration while sharing many socioeconomic characteristics, including increasingly divergent demographic patterns (e.g., fertility levels).[6]

Hawaii is a US state in located in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental US on the North American mainland. Physiographically and ethnologically, the Hawaiian archipelago is often included[according to whom?] with the other Polynesian territories of Oceania. However, it is often included[according to whom?] in Northern America also since it is a state of the United States.

Countries and territories

Country or territory Area
Population Population density
(per km²)
 Bermuda (UK) &1000000000000005400000054 &1000000000006500000000065,000 1203.7 Hamilton
 Canada &100000000099846700000009,984,670 &1000000003357300000000033,573,000 3.4 Ottawa
 Greenland (Den.) &100000000021660860000002,166,086 &1000000000005700000000057,000 0.026 Nuuk (Godthåb)
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Fr.) &10000000000000242000000242 &100000000000060000000006,000 24.8 Saint-Pierre
 United States[8] &100000000096290910000009,629,091 &10000000311630000000000311,630,000 32.7 Washington, D.C.


Year Population of
Northern America
Canada population,
% of Northern America
U.S. population,
% of Northern America
1950 171,615,000 13,737,000 8% 157,813,000 92%
1960 204,318,000 +19.1% 17,909,000 8.8% 186,326,000 91.2%
1970 231,284,000 +13.2% 21,717,000 9.4% 209,464,000 90.6%
1980 254,454,000 +10.0% 24,516,000 9.6% 229,825,000 90.4%
1990 281,162,000 +10.5% 27,701,000 9.9% 253,339,000 90.1%
2000 313,289,000 +11.4% 30,667,000 9.8% 282,496,000 90.2%
2010 344,529,000 +10.0% 34,017,000 9.9% 310,383,000 90.1%

See also


  1. ^ GeoHive - Population of continents, regions and countries
  2. ^ Gonzalez, Joseph. 2004. "Northern America: Land of Opportunity" (ch. 6). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Geography. (ISBN 1592571883) New York: Alpha Books; pp. 57-8
  3. ^ Definition of major areas and regions, from World Migrant Stock: The 2005 Revision Population Database, United Nations Population Division. Accessed on line October 3, 2007.
  4. ^ Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings, UN Statistics Division. Accessed on line October 3, 2007. (French)
  5. ^ Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas. 1755. Carte de l'Amerique septentrionale (Map of Northern America). Item NMC 21057: Library and Archives Canada.
  6. ^ Torrey, Barbara Boyle & Eberstadt, Nicholas. 2005 (Aug./Sep.). "The Northern America Fertility Divide." Hoover Institution Policy Review. No. 132.
  7. ^ Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from (PDF) Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density. United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  8. ^ Includes the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean and therefore more commonly associated with the other territories of Oceania.

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