List of countries by area


List of countries by area

This is a list of the world's sovereign states and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

Entries in this list are based on those in the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. Territories that are not integral, such as dependent territories, are listed separately (in italics) or noted as included. Not included in the list are uninhabited dependent territories, such as various countries' claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica[Note 1] – and entities such as the European Union[Note 2] (4,324,782 km2/1,669,808 sq mi total area) that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories. States with limited recognition that are not listed in the ISO standard ISO 3166-1 are not included, but are noted within the countries they are recognised as part of with areas given.

This list includes three measurements of area:

  • Total area: is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
  • Land area: is the aggregate of all surfaces delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines, excluding inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers).
  • Water area: is the sum of the surfaces of all inland water bodies, such as lakes, reservoirs, or rivers, as delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.[1] Some entries may also include marine internal waters (coastal waters). Territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zones are not included.

Data are taken from the CIA World Factbook[2] unless otherwise noted.

rank territory total (km²) total (sqmi) land (km²) land (sqmi) water (km²) water (sqmi)  % water notes
  World 510,072,000 196,940,000 148,940,000 57,510,000 361,132,000 139,434,000 70.8
1  Russia 17,098,242 6,601,668 16,377,742 6,323,482 720,500 278,200 4.21 The largest country in Europe, Asia and in the world.
 Antarctica 14,000,000 5,400,000 14,000,000 5,400,000 0 0 0 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) of land area is covered by ice.
2  Canada 9,984,670 3,855,100 9,093,507 3,511,023 891,163 344,080 8.93 The largest country in North America and the Western Hemisphere. Largest country in the Americas by total area, but second-largest by land area. Also the country with the longest coastline.
3 / 4
[Note 3]
 United States 9,826,675 3,794,100 9,161,966 3,537,455 664,709 256,646 6.76 Includes only states and incorporated territories, along with coastal and territorial waters.
[Note 4]Second-largest country in the Americas by total area, but largest by land area.
3 / 4
[Note 3]
 People's Republic of China 9,596,961 3,705,407 9,569,901 3,694,959 27,060 10,450 0.28 The largest country entirely in Asia.
[Note 5]
5  Brazil 8,514,877 3,287,612 8,459,417 3,266,199 55,460 21,410 0.65 The largest country in Latin America, South America and the Southern Hemisphere.
6  Australia 7,741,220 2,988,900 7,682,300 2,966,200 58,920 22,750 0.76 The largest country in Oceania and the largest borderless country.
[Note 7] Largest island country and also completely within the Southern Hemisphere.
7  India 3,287,263 1,269,219 2,973,193 1,147,956 314,070 121,260 9.55 [Note 8] The largest country in South Asia and 3rd largest country in Asia.
8  Argentina 2,780,400 1,073,500 2,736,690 1,056,640 43,710 16,880 1.57 [Note 9]Second largest country in South America.
9  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 1,052,100 2,699,700 1,042,400 25,200 9,700 0.92 Largest landlocked country in the world.[8]
10  Algeria 2,381,741 919,595 2,381,741 919,595 0 0 0 Largest country in Africa and in the Arab world.
11  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 905,355 2,267,048 875,312 77,810 30,040 3.32 Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa.
 Greenland 2,166,086 836,330 2,166,086 836,330 0 0 81.05 A constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark. Largest island that is not a continent. Largest dependent territory in the world. 1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) of land area is covered by ice.
12  Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 830,000 2,149,690 830,000 0 0 0 Largest country in the Middle East and Western Asia.
13  Mexico 1,964,375 758,449 1,943,945 750,561 20,430 7,890 1.04 [Note 10]
14  Indonesia 1,904,569 735,358 1,811,569 699,451 93,000 36,000 4.88 Largest country in Southeast Asia and largest country wholly on islands (if considering Australia a continent).
15  Sudan 1,861,484 718,723 NA NA NA NA NA[9] Formerly the largest country in Africa and the Arab World, before the independence of South Sudan on 9 July 2011.
16  Libya 1,759,540 679,360 1,759,540 679,360 0 0 0 Second Largest country in north Africa
17  Iran 1,648,195 636,372 1,531,595 591,352 116,600 45,000 7.07 [Note 11]Second Largest country in western Asia
18  Mongolia 1,564,116 603,909 1,553,556 599,831 10,560 4,080 0.68
19  Peru 1,285,216 496,225 1,279,996 494,209 5,220 2,020 0.41
20  Chad 1,284,000 496,000 1,259,200 486,200 24,800 9,600 1.93
21  Niger 1,267,000 489,000 1,266,700 489,100 300 120 0.02
22  Angola 1,246,700 481,400 1,246,700 481,400 0 0 0
23  Mali 1,240,192 478,841 1,220,190 471,120 20,002 7,723 1.61
24  South Africa 1,219,090 470,690 1,214,470 468,910 4,620 1,780 0.38
25  Colombia 1,138,910 439,740 1,038,700 401,000 100,210 38,690 8.8
26  Ethiopia 1,104,300 426,400 1,000,000 390,000 104,300 40,300 9.44 Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2/5,400 sq mi). Most populated landlocked country in the world.
27  Bolivia 1,098,581 424,164 1,083,301 418,265 15,280 5,900 1.39
28  Mauritania 1,030,700 398,000 1,030,700 398,000 0 0 0
29  Egypt 1,001,450 386,660 995,450 384,350 6,000 2,300 0.6 Excluding the Hala'ib Triangle (20,580 km2/7,950 sq mi).
30  Tanzania 947,300 365,800 885,800 342,000 61,500 23,700 6.49
31  Nigeria 923,768 356,669 910,768 351,649 13,000 5,000 1.41
32  Venezuela 912,050 352,140 882,050 340,560 30,000 12,000 3.29 Excludes the claimed Guayana Esequiba area of 159,500 km2 (61,600 sq mi).
33  Namibia 824,292 318,261 823,290 317,870 1,002 387 0.12
34  Mozambique 799,380 308,640 786,380 303,620 13,000 5,000 1.63
35  Pakistan 796,095 307,374 770,876 297,637 25,220 9,740 3.17 [Note 12]
36  Turkey 783,562 302,535 769,632 297,157 13,930 5,380 1.78
37  Chile 756,102 291,933 743,812 287,187 12,290 4,750 1.63 Excludes claims in Antarctica.
38  Zambia 752,618 290,587 743,398 287,028 9,220 3,560 1.23
39  Burma 676,578 261,228 653,508 252,321 23,070 8,910 3.41
40  Afghanistan 652,230 251,830 652,230 251,830 0 0 0
41  South Sudan 644,329 248,777 NA NA NA NA NA[9] [11]Became independent from Sudan on 9 July 2011
42  France 643,801 248,573 640,427 247,270 3,374 1,303 0.52 Largest country within the European Union and largest country in the West of Europe.
[Note 13]
43  Somalia 637,657 246,201 627,337 242,216 10,320 3,980 1.62 [Note 14]
44  Central African Republic 622,984 240,535 622,984 240,535 0 0 0
45  Ukraine 603,550 233,030 579,330 223,680 24,220 9,350 4.01 The largest country wholly in Europe.[13]
46  Madagascar 587,041 226,658 581,540 224,530 5,501 2,124 0.94
47  Botswana 581,730 224,610 566,730 218,820 15,000 5,800 2.58
48  Kenya 580,367 224,081 569,140 219,750 11,227 4,335 1.93
49  Yemen 527,968 203,850 527,968 203,850 0 0 0
50  Thailand 513,120 198,120 510,890 197,260 2,230 860 0.43
51  Spain 505,370 195,120 498,980 192,660 6,390 2,470 1.26 Largest country in Southwest Europe[Note 15]
52  Turkmenistan 488,100 188,500 469,930 181,440 18,170 7,020 3.72
53  Cameroon 475,440 183,570 472,710 182,510 2,730 1,050 0.57
54  Papua New Guinea 462,840 178,700 452,860 174,850 9,980 3,850 2.16
55  Sweden 450,295 173,860 410,335 158,431 39,960 15,430 8.87 The biggest country in Northern Europe or Scandinavia
56  Uzbekistan 447,400 172,700 425,400 164,200 22,000 8,500 4.92
57  Morocco 446,550 172,410 446,300 172,300 250 97 0.06 Does not include Western Sahara.
58  Iraq 438,317 169,235 437,367 168,868 950 370 0.22
59  Paraguay 406,752 157,048 397,302 153,399 9,450 3,650 2.32
60  Zimbabwe 390,757 150,872 386,847 149,362 3,910 1,510 1
61  Japan 377,915 145,914 364,485 140,728 13,430 5,190 3.55 [Note 16]
62  Germany 357,022 137,847 348,672 134,623 8,350 3,220 2.34 The biggest country in Central Europe
63  Republic of the Congo 342,000 132,000 341,500 131,900 500 190 0.15
64  Finland 338,145 130,559 303,815 117,304 34,330 13,250 10.15 [Note 17]
65  Vietnam 331,210 127,880 310,070 119,720 21,140 8,160 6.38
66  Malaysia 330,803 127,724 329,613 127,264 1,190 460 0.36
67  Norway 323,802 125,021 304,282 117,484 19,520 7,540 6.03 [Note 18]
68  Côte d'Ivoire 322,463 124,504 318,003 122,782 4,460 1,720 1.38
69  Poland 312,685 120,728 304,255 117,474 8,430 3,250 2.7
70  Oman 309,500 119,500 309,500 119,500 0 0 0
71  Italy 301,340 116,350 294,140 113,570 7,200 2,800 2.39
72  Philippines 300,000 120,000 298,170 115,120 1,830 710 0.61 [Note 19]
73  Ecuador 283,561 109,484 276,841 106,889 6,720 2,590 2.37
74  Burkina Faso 274,200 105,900 273,800 105,700 400 150 0.15
75  Gabon 267,667 103,347 257,667 99,486 10,000 3,900 3.74
76  New Zealand 266,838 103,027 262,443 101,330 4,395 1,697 1.65 [15][Note 20]
 Western Sahara 266,000 103,000 266,000 103,000 0 0 0 [Note 21]
77  Guinea 245,857 94,926 245,717 94,872 140 54 0.06
78  United Kingdom 243,610 94,060 241,930 93,410 1,680 650 0.69 [Note 22]
79  Uganda 241,038 93,065 197,100 76,100 43,938 16,965 18.23
80  Ghana 238,533 92,098 227,533 87,851 11,000 4,200 4.61
81  Romania 238,391 92,043 229,891 88,761 8,500 3,300 3.57 Largest country in Southeastern Europe.
82  Laos 236,800 91,400 230,800 89,100 6,000 2,300 2.53
83  Guyana 214,969 83,000 196,849 76,004 18,120 7,000 8.43
84  Belarus 207,600 80,200 202,900 78,300 4,700 1,800 2.26
85  Kyrgyzstan 199,951 77,202 191,801 74,055 8,150 3,150 4.08
86  Senegal 196,722 75,955 192,530 74,340 4,192 1,619 2.13
87  Syria 185,180 71,500 183,630 70,900 1,550 600 0.84 Including the part of the Golan Heights (1,295 km2/500 sq mi) currently administered by Israel.
88  Cambodia 181,035 69,898 176,515 68,153 4,520 1,750 2.5
89  Uruguay 176,215 68,037 175,015 67,574 1,200 460 0.68
90  Suriname 163,820 63,250 156,000 60,000 7,820 3,020 4.77 Smallest country in South America.
91  Tunisia 163,610 63,170 155,360 59,980 8,250 3,190 5.04
92  Nepal 147,181 56,827 143,351 55,348 3,830 1,480 2.6
93  Bangladesh 143,998 55,598 130,168 50,258 13,830 5,340 9.6 Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km2/56,980 sq mi.[16]
94  Tajikistan 143,100 55,300 141,510 54,640 2,590 1,000 1.81
95  Greece 131,957 50,949 130,647 50,443 1,310 510 0.99
96  Nicaragua 130,370 50,340 119,990 46,330 10,380 4,010 7.96 Largest country in Central America.
97  North Korea 120,538 46,540 120,408 46,490 130 50 0.11
98  Malawi 118,484 45,747 94,080 36,320 24,404 9,422 20.6
99  Eritrea 117,600 45,400 101,000 39,000 16,600 6,400 14.12 Includes Badme region.
100  Benin 112,622 43,484 110,622 42,711 2,000 770 1.78
101  Honduras 112,090 43,280 111,890 43,200 200 77 0.18
102  Liberia 111,369 43,000 96,320 37,190 15,049 5,810 13.51
103  Bulgaria 110,879 42,811 108,489 41,888 2,390 920 2.16
104  Cuba 110,860 42,800 109,820 42,400 1,040 400 0.94 Largest country in the Caribbean.
105  Guatemala 108,889 42,042 107,159 41,374 1,730 670 1.59
106  Iceland 103,000 40,000 100,250 38,710 2,750 1,060 2.67
107  South Korea 99,720 38,500 96,920 37,420 2,800 1,100 2.81 Official figure as of 2009 is 100,210 km2 (38,690 sq mi).[17]
108  Hungary 93,028 35,918 89,608 34,598 3,420 1,320 3.68
109  Portugal 92,090 35,560 91,470 35,320 620 240 0.67
110  Jordan 89,342 34,495 88,802 34,287 540 210 0.6
111  Azerbaijan 86,600 33,400 82,629 31,903 3,971 1,533 4.59 [Note 23]
112  Austria 83,871 32,383 82,445 31,832 1,426 551 1.7
113  United Arab Emirates 83,600 32,300 83,600 32,300 0 0 0
114  Czech Republic 78,867 30,451 77,247 29,825 1,620 630 2.05
115  Serbia 77,474 29,913 77,474 29,913 0 0 0 [Note 24]
116  Panama 75,420 29,120 74,340 28,700 1,080 420 1.43
117  Sierra Leone 71,740 27,700 71,620 27,650 120 46 0.17
118  Ireland 70,273 27,133 68,883 26,596 1,390 540 1.98
119  Georgia 69,700 26,900 69,700 26,900 0 0 0 [Note 25]
120  Sri Lanka 65,610 25,330 64,630 24,950 980 380 1.49
121  Lithuania 65,300 25,200 62,680 24,200 2,620 1,010 4.01
122  Latvia 64,589 24,938 62,249 24,034 2,340 900 3.62
 Svalbard 62,045 23,956 62,045 23,956 0 0 0 Integral overseas areas of the Kingdom of Norway.
123  Togo 56,785 21,925 54,385 20,998 2,400 930 4.23
124  Croatia 56,594 21,851 55,974 21,612 620 240 1.1
 British Indian Ocean Territory 54,400 21,000 60 23 54,340 20,980 99.89 [dubious ]British Overseas Territory.
[Note 26]
125  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,197 19,767 51,187 19,763 10 3.9 0.02
126  Costa Rica 51,100 19,700 51,060 19,710 40 15 0.08
127  Slovakia 49,035 18,933 48,105 18,573 930 360 1.9
128  Dominican Republic 48,670 18,790 48,320 18,660 350 140 0.72
129  Estonia 45,228 17,463 42,388 16,366 2,840 1,100 6.28
130  Denmark 43,094 16,639 42,434 16,384 660 250 1.53 [Note 27]
131  Netherlands 41,543 16,040 33,893 13,086 7,650 2,950 18.41 [Note 28]
132  Switzerland 41,277 15,937 39,997 15,443 1,280 490 3.1 [Note 29]
133  Bhutan 38,394 14,824 38,394 14,824 0 0 0 [Note 30]
134  Guinea-Bissau 36,125 13,948 28,120 10,860 8,005 3,091 22.16
135  Republic of China (Taiwan) 35,980 13,890 32,260 12,460 3,720 1,440 10.34 [Note 31]
136  Moldova 33,851 13,070 32,891 12,699 960 370 2.84 [Note 32]
137  Belgium 30,528 11,787 30,278 11,690 250 97 0.82
138  Lesotho 30,355 11,720 30,355 11,720 0 0 0
139  Armenia 29,743 11,484 28,203 10,889 1,540 590 5.18
140  Solomon Islands 28,896 11,157 27,986 10,805 910 350 3.15
141  Albania 28,748 11,100 27,398 10,578 1,350 520 4.7
142  Equatorial Guinea 28,051 10,831 28,051 10,831 0 0 0
143  Burundi 27,830 10,750 25,680 9,920 2,150 830 7.73
144  Haiti 27,750 10,710 27,560 10,640 190 73 0.68
145  Rwanda 26,338 10,169 24,668 9,524 1,670 640 6.34
146  Republic of Macedonia 25,713 9,928 25,433 9,820 280 110 1.09
147  Djibouti 23,200 9,000 23,180 8,950 20 7.7 0.09
148  Belize 22,966 8,867 22,806 8,805 160 62 0.7
149  El Salvador 21,041 8,124 20,721 8,000 320 120 1.52 Smallest country in Central America.
150  Israel 20,770 8,020 20,330 7,850 440 170 2.12 [Note 33]
151  Slovenia 20,273 7,827 20,151 7,780 122 47 0.6
 New Caledonia 18,575 7,172 18,275 7,056 300 120 1.62 Sui generis French collectivity.
152  Fiji 18,274 7,056 18,274 7,056 0 0 0
153  Kuwait 17,818 6,880 17,818 6,880 0 0 0
154  Swaziland 17,364 6,704 17,204 6,643 160 62 0.92
155  East Timor 14,874 5,743 14,874 5,743 0 0 0
156  The Bahamas 13,880 5,360 10,010 3,860 3,870 1,490 27.88
157  Montenegro 13,812 5,333 13,452 5,194 360 140 2.61
 Puerto Rico 13,790 5,320 8,870 3,420 4,921 1,900 35.69 Commonwealth of the United States.
158  Vanuatu 12,189 4,706 12,189 4,706 0 0 0
 Falkland Islands 12,173 4,700 12,173 4,700 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory. Claimed by Argentina.
159  Marshall Islands 11,854 4,577 181 70 11,673 4,507 98.47 Lagoons make up most or all of the water area.
160  Qatar 11,586 4,473 11,586 4,473 0 0 0
161  The Gambia 11,295 4,361 10,000 3,900 1,295 500 11.47 Smallest country in continental Africa.
162  Jamaica 10,991 4,244 10,831 4,182 160 62 1.46
163  Kosovo 10,887 4,203 10,887 4,203 0 0 0
164  Lebanon 10,400 4,000 10,230 3,950 170 66 1.63 Smallest country in continental Asia.
165  Cyprus 9,251 3,572 9,241 3,568 10 3.9 0.11 [Note 34]
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands 7,747.4 2,991.3 7,667.6 2,960.5 79.8 30.8 1.03 Overseas territory of France. Excludes not widely recognized claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.
[Note 35]
 United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges 6,959.41 2,687.04 22.41 8.65 6,937 2,678 99.68
 West Bank 5,860 2,260 5,640 2,180 220 85 3.75 [26]
166  Brunei 5,765 2,226 5,265 2,033 500 190 8.67
167  Trinidad and Tobago 5,128 1,980 5,128 1,980 0 0 0
 French Polynesia 4,167 1,609 3,827 1,478 340 130 8.16 French overseas collectivity.
168  Cape Verde 4,033 1,557 4,033 1,557 0 0 0
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 3,903 1,507 3,903 1,507 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
[Note 36]
169  Samoa 2,831 1,093 2,821 1,089 10 3.9 0.35
170  Luxembourg 2,586 998 2,586 998 0 0 0
171  Mauritius 2,040 790 2,030 780 10 3.9 0.49 The UN figure of 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agalega Islands and Cargados Carajos.
 United States Virgin Islands 1,910 740 346 134 1,564 604 81.88 [dubious ] Unincorporated, organized territory of the United States.
172  Comoros 1,862 719 1,862 719 0 0 0 UN figure of 2,235 km (0.863 sq mi) includes Mayotte 373 km2/144 sq mi, a de facto overseas department of France.
 Faroe Islands 1,393 538 1,393 538 0 0 0.00 A country within the Kingdom of Denmark. There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
 Hong Kong 1,104 426 1,054 407 50 19 4.53 A Special Administrative Region of China.
173  São Tomé and Príncipe 964 372 964 372 0 0 0
174  Kiribati 811 313 811 313 0 0 0 Figure refers to land area only. Includes uninhabited islands (84 km2/32 sq mi).
175  Bahrain 760 290 760 290 0 0 0
176  Dominica 751 290 751 290 0 0 0
177  Tonga 747 288 717 277 30 12 4.02
178  Federated States of Micronesia 702 271 702 271 0 0 0.00 There is some fresh water of unknown area.
179  Singapore 697 269 687 265 10 3.9 1.43
180  Saint Lucia 616 238 606 234 10 3.9 1.62 UN value of 539 km2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area and excludes St. Lucia's Forest Reserve.
 Isle of Man 572 221 572 221 0 0 0 British Crown dependency.
 Guam 544 210 544 210 0 0 0 Organized unincorporated territory of the USA.
181  Andorra 468 181 468 181 0 0 0
 Northern Mariana Islands 464 179 464 179 0 0 0 Commonwealth of the United States.
182  Palau 459 177 459 177 0 0 0
183  Seychelles 455 176 455 176 0 0 0 Smallest country in Africa.
 Curaçao 444 171 444 171 0 0 0 Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
184  Antigua and Barbuda 442.6 170.9 442.6 170.9 0 0 0
185  Barbados 431 166 431 166 0 0 0
 Turks and Caicos Islands 430 170 430 170 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory. Area includes protected waters.
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands 412 159 412 159 0 0 0
186  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 150 389 150 0 0 0
 Jan Mayen 377 146 377 146 0 0 0
 Gaza Strip 360 140 360 140 0 0 0
187  Grenada 344 133 344 133 0 0 0
188  Malta 316 122 316 122 0 0 0 Smallest country of the European Union.
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 308 119 308 119 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory
[Note 37]
189  Maldives 298 115 298 115 0 0 0 Smallest country in Asia.
 Cayman Islands 264 102 264 102 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
190  Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 101 261 101 0 0 0 Smallest nation in North America, in the Americas and in the Western Hemisphere.
 Niue 260 100 260 100 0 0 0 Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia 253.8 98.0 NA NA NA NA NA There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 242 93 242 93 0 0 0 French overseas collectivity.
 Cook Islands 236 91 236 91 0 0 0 Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
 American Samoa 199 77 199 77 0 0 0 Unorganized, unincorporated territory of the USA; includes Swains Island, claimed by Tokelau.
 Aruba 180 69 180 69 0 0 0 Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
191  Liechtenstein 160 62 160 62 0 0 0
 British Virgin Islands 151 58 151 58 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory
 Wallis and Futuna 142 55 142 55 0 0 0 French overseas collectivity.
 Christmas Island 135 52 135 52 0 0 0
 Jersey 116 45 116 45 0 0 0 British Crown dependency.
 Montserrat 102 39 102 39 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
 Anguilla 91 35 91 35 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
 Guernsey 78 30 78 30 0 0 0 British Crown dependency.
192  San Marino 61 24 61 24 0 0 0
 Saint Martin 54.4 21.0 54.4 21.0 Negligible Negligible 0.00 French overseas collectivity.
[Note 38]
 Bermuda 54 21 54 21 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
 Bouvet Island 49 19 49 19 0 0 0
 Pitcairn Islands 47 18 47 18 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
[Note 39]
 Norfolk Island 36 14 36 14 0 0 0 Self-governing territory of Australia.
 Sint Maarten 34 13 34 13 0 0 0 Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
 Macau 28.2 10.9 28.2 10.9 0 0 0 A Special Administrative Region of China.
193  Tuvalu 26 10 26 10 0 0 0
194  Nauru 21 8.1 21 8.1 0 0 0 Smallest island nation and smallest republic in the world.
 Saint Barthélemy 21 8.1 NA NA NA NA NA French overseas collectivity.
[Note 40]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 14 5.4 14 5.4 0 0 0
 Tokelau 12 4.6 12 4.6 0 0 0 Dependency of New Zealand.
  Paracel Islands ca. 7.75 ca. 2.99 ca. 7.75 ca. 2.99 0 0 0
 Gibraltar 6.5 2.5 6.5 2.5 0 0 0 British Overseas Territory.
 Wake Island 6.5 2.5 6.5 2.5 0 0 0
 Clipperton Island 6 2.3 6 2.3 0 0 0
 Navassa Island 5.4 2.1 5.4 2.1 0 0 0
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands 5 1.9 5 1.9 0 0 0
  Spratly Islands <5 <2 <5 <2 0 0 0
 Coral Sea Islands <3 <2 <3 <2 0 0 0
195  Monaco 2 0.77 2 0.77 0 0 0
196  Vatican City 0.44 0.17 0.44 0.17 0 0 0 Smallest country in the world. Home of the Pope and the governing body of the Roman Catholic Church.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina (969,000 km2/374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km2/2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km2/480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km2/167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km2/170,000 sq mi), Norway (2,500,000 km2/970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km2/539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from 90°W to 150°W (2,100,000 km2/810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  2. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union. It covers a total area of 4,324,782 km2 (1,669,808 sq mi) and would be ranked 7th if it were included (3.0% of world's total land area).
  3. ^ a b There are two reasons for the dispute in rankings between the United States and China. The first reason is China's inclusion of several disputed territories. If the territories of Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, which are controlled by China, were added to the current UN figure for China, China's total area would be 9,640,011 km2 (3,722,029 sq mi). Using this figure, the area of China would exceed the area of the United States. The second reason relates to how "total area" is calculated. The figure given for the United States additionally includes coastal waters, while the figure for China does not. The inclusion of coastal waters is the calculation method used by the CIA World Factbook, whereas the latter is the method employed by Encyclopædia Britannica, reaching differing conclusions.
  4. ^ The United Nations figure of 9,629,091 km2 (3,717,813 sq mi) excludes territorial waters.[3] The total area of the United States is listed as 9,522,055 km2 (3,676,486 sq mi) by the Encyclopædia Britannica, which is slightly less than that of China.[4]
  5. ^ The area given is the United Nations official figure for Mainland China, excluding the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau;[5] Taiwan and other islands of the Republic of China;[5] territories in dispute with India (Aksai Chin, Trans-Karakoram Tract, South Tibet); coastal and territorial waters. Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract are claimed by India, controlled by China, whereas South Tibet is claimed by China, controlled by India. The total area of China is listed as 9,572,900 km2 (3,696,100 sq mi) by the Encyclopædia Britannica, which is slightly larger than that of the United States[6] See territorial changes and land reclamations of P.R. China
  6. ^ According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the UN figure of 7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) includes the statistical entity known as "Other territories", which is defined in the Census Dictionary as consisting of the Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Christmas Island.
  7. ^ Includes the territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island.[Note 6] Excludes the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard and McDonald Islands. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory.
  8. ^ The area given is the United Nations official figure. If Indian Kashmir (claimed by Pakistan) and South Tibet (claimed by China) are excluded, the area would be 3,201,446 km2 (1,236,085 sq mi).[7]
  9. ^ Does not include claims on the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and on Antarctica.
  10. ^ Does not include claims on Clipperton Island (Spanish: Isla de la Pasión) 8.9 square kilometres (3.4 sq mi).
  11. ^ The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  12. ^ Excludes data for territories of Jammu and Kashmir that are disputed with India. This region consists of the territories of Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2/5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit-Baltistan (72,520 km2/28,000 sq mi).[10] Including these territories would produce an area figure of 881,912 km2 (340,508 sq mi).
  13. ^ The French Republic includes French overseas territories and, excluding French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
    The UN source reports 551,500 square kilometres / 212,900 square miles as the geographic European area (Metropolitan France), and separately reports the areas of overseas departments of French Guiana (83,534 km2/32,253 sq mi), Guadeloupe (1,705 km2/658 sq mi), Martinique (1,128 km2/436 sq mi), and Réunion (2,513 km2/970 sq mi); Mayotte's area (373 km2 (144 sq mi)) is included with Comoros. The areas of these overseas departments total (89,253 km2/34,461 sq mi), and adding that to the geographic European area brings the total area for the French Republic to (640,753 km2/247,396 sq mi).
    Another source, the French National Institute for Statistice and Economic Studies, gives an area figure of (632,759 km2/244,310 sq mi) as the area of Metropolitan France and overseas departments.[12] The CIA gives a water area of Metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).
  14. ^ Includes the largely unrecognized Somaliland, which has an area of 137,600 km2 (53,100 sq mi) and is de facto independent from Somalia.
  15. ^ Includes Spanish possessions on or near the coast of Africa (Ceuta, Melilla, Plazas de soberanía).
  16. ^ Does not include the disputed southern Kuril Islands.
  17. ^ Includes Åland Islands (1,552 km2/599 sq mi).
  18. ^ The UN data includes mainland Norway only, and excludes the integral overseas areas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen, the dependency of Bouvet Island, and the Antarctic dependency claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (243 km2/94 sq mi).
  19. ^ The figure given on a Philippine Government website is 299,764 km2 (115,740 sq mi).[14]
  20. ^ Excludes Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency.
  21. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the partially recognised, de facto independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  22. ^ Does not include the three Crown Dependencies (768 km2/297 sq mi) and the 14 British overseas territories (1,742,857 km2/672,921 sq mi).
  23. ^ The UN area figure includes the largely unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which has an area of 11,458 km2 (4,424 sq mi) and is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  24. ^ The UN figure of 88,361 km2 (34,116 sq mi) includes Kosovo, which has declared independence.
  25. ^ The UN area figure includes the largely unrecognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are de facto independent from Georgia. The area of Abkhazia is 8,660 km2 (3,340 sq mi)[18] and that of South Ossetia is 3,900 km2 (1,500 sq mi).[19]
  26. ^ Also known as the Chagos Islands. Home of the Diego Garcia military base; no permanent resident population. The UN gives no information for British Indian Ocean Territory.
  27. ^ The UN figure includes only the constituent country Denmark; the entire Kingdom of Denmark, including Greenland and Faroe Islands covers 2,220,093 km2 (857,183 sq mi) and would be 13th.
  28. ^ The UN figure of 37,354 km2 (14,422 sq mi) includes only the European territory of the Netherlands; adding Aruba (180 km2 (69 sq mi)) and the Netherlands Antilles (800 km2 (310 sq mi)), the entire Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 38,334 km2 (14,801 sq mi). The official figure for the whole Kingdom is 41,528 km2 (16,034 sq mi).[20]
  29. ^ Excludes state forests and communanzas amounting to (7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi)).
  30. ^ Bhutan's entry in the CIA Factbook as of July 2009 lists the same number reported by the Bhutan government in 2002.[21] The previous CIA Factbook update listed the area as 47,000 km2 (18,000 sq mi),[22] close to the 46,500 km2 (18,000 sq mi) figure reported by the Bhutan government in 1997.[23]
  31. ^ The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China (Taiwan). The 2009 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of China gives a total area of 36,188 km2 (13,972 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China.[24]
  32. ^ Includes the largely unrecognized Transnistria, which has an area of 4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi) and is de facto independent from Moldova.
  33. ^ The UN figure of 22,072 km2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the internationally unrecognized annexed Golan Heights (1,200 km2/460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km2/27 sq mi).
  34. ^ The UN area figure includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km2/1,295 sq mi), an UN buffer zone (346 km2/134 sq mi), and Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
  35. ^ The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook.[25]
  36. ^ The UN source does not include data for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
  37. ^ The UN source lists this entity as three separate territories.
  38. ^ The UN source does not include data for Saint Martin. The French National institute of Statistics and economic Studies gives a total area of 56 km2 (22 sq mi).[12]
  39. ^ Includes Henderson, Ducie Island, and Oeno Island.[27] The UN figure of 5 km2/1.9 sq mi only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the Pitcairn Islands group.
  40. ^ The UN source does not include data for Saint Barthélemy. The French National institute of Statistics and economic Studies gives a total area of 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi).[12]

References

  1. ^ The World Factbook
  2. ^ Field Listing - Area, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Data last updated on July 5, 2011.
  3. ^ "Countries of the World: 21 Years of World Facts". geographic.org. http://www.theodora.com/wfb/abc_world_fact_book.html. Retrieved 2008-08-17 
    The CIA has updated the total area of United States a number of times since initial publication of the World Factbook. From 1989 through 1996, the total area of US was listed as 9,372,610 km2 (3,618,780 sq mi) (land area plus inland water only). The listed total area changed to 9,629,091 km2 (3,717,813 sq mi) in 1997 (With the Great Lakes areas and the coastal waters added), to 9,631,418 km2 (3,718,711 sq mi) in 2004, to 9,631,420 km2 (3,718,710 sq mi) in 2006, and to 9,826,630 km2 (3,794,080 sq mi) in 2007 (territorial waters added). Note: From 1989 to 1996, China was listed as the world's third-largest country by total area according to the CIA World Factbook. The United States replaced China in 1997 after additional water spaces were added.
  4. ^ "Encyclopedia Britannica - United States - Geography Note". Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/616563/United-States. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  5. ^ a b See: Note 39 of "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density". UN Stat.. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2007/Table03.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Encyclopedia Britannica - China - Geography Note". Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/111803/China. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  7. ^ Census of India - Area and Population (archive.org page)
  8. ^ Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (ASRK). 2005. Main Demographic Indicators. Available at http://www.stat.kz
  9. ^ a b The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  10. ^ Geohive - Pakistan statistics
  11. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14077511
  12. ^ a b c Subdivisions, surface area and population of the French Republic, National Institute for Statistice and Economic Studies, accessed 11 March 2011.
  13. ^ http://www.ukrconsul.org/BASIC_FACTS.htm
  14. ^ General Profile of the Philippines : Geography, Philippine Information Agency.
  15. ^ The New Zealand Land Cover Database, New Zealand Ministry for the Environment. Updated 1 July 2009.
    CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi).
  16. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. http://www.bbs.gov.bd/Home.aspx. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  17. ^ "우리나라 국토, 여의도 면적 24배 늘어". Moneytoday, citing Ministry of Land Transport and Maritime Affairs. August 31, 2010. http://stock.mt.co.kr/view/mtview.php?no=2010083110084267827&type=1&outlink=2&EVEC. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  18. ^ Abkhazia at Encyclopædia Britannica
  19. ^ South Ossetia at World English Dictionary
  20. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics of Netherlands
  21. ^ "9th Five Year Plan (2002-2007)". Royal Government of Bhutan. 2002. http://www.gnhc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/5yp09_main.pdf. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  22. ^ "The World Factbook: Bhutan". U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. 26 June 2009. Archived from the original on 15 July 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090715044105/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/BT.html. 
  23. ^ "8th Five Year Plan (1997-2002)". Royal Government of Bhutan. 1997. http://www.gnhc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/08fyp.pdf. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  24. ^ "Area, cultivated land area and forest land area" (pdf). National Statistics - Republic of China (Taiwan). http://eng.stat.gov.tw/public/data/dgbas03/bs2/yearbook_eng/y001.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  25. ^ French Southern and Antarctic Lands, CIA Factbook, as of December 29, 2010.
  26. ^ Excludes Mount Scopus, but includes East Jerusalem and Jersalem No Man's Land
  27. ^ Central Intelligence Agency, Pitcairn Islands, CIA World Factbook, as of February 15, 2011.

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