East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)


East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)

The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and comprises Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. It lies on the eastern shores of the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay and is generally considered to include not just the shorefront cities but the nearby inland valleys located on the east side of the Berkeley Hills.

San Francisco Bay's eastern shore was once known as "Contra Costa" (literally "opposite coast"), a name now used for and exclusively associated with Contra Costa County, which occupies the East Bay shoreline's northern quarter and extensive inland areas, amounting to about half of the land area, with the remainder in Alameda County.

Transportation

* Highways: Interstates 80, 580, 680, 880, 980, State Route 24 and State Route 4 are the main highways of the East Bay. Minor Highways include State Route 13, State Route 84, State Route 92, State Route 238, Interstate 238, and State Route 242
* Mass-Transit (Rail): Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) has an extensive route system feeding towards San Francisco. Amtrak California and Altamont Commuter Express (ACE) also operate rail services in the East Bay
* Mass-Transit (Bus): AC Transit, County Connection, WestCAT, WHEELS, Tri-Delta Transit, Union City Transit provide bus service in the East Bay

Major employers

The East Bay is an economically well-developed area offering many employment opportunities. The largest employers are::# University of California, Berkeley with approximately 20,000 employees ["University of California Statistical Summary and Data on UC Students, Faculty, and Staff" at [http://www.ucop.edu/ucophome/uwnews/stat/] ] :# AT&T with around 11,000 employees:# The U.S. Postal Service with around 10,000 employees:# Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with approximately 8,750 employees:# Chevron Corp. with 8,730 employees:# The county of Contra Costa County by offering 8,416 jobs:# Safeway with 7,922 employees:# Bank of America with 7,081 employees:# PG&E employing roughly 5,200 people:# New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI) about 5,100 employees:# Kaiser Permanente with 4,730 employees:# Lucky Stores with 4,631 employees:# Bio-Rad Laboratories with 4,300 employees:# Wells Fargo with about 4,000 employees:# Mount Diablo Unified School District with 3,700 employees:# West Contra Costa Unified School District with 3,360 employees:# John Muir Medical Center with 3,023

Other companies include Pixar, Longs Drugs and Contra Costa Newspapers all of which have their headquarters in the East Bay. "Office of County Administrator; County Audit, and various published sources, including San Francisco Chronicle, May 2002; East Bay Business Times, November 2001; San Francisco Business Times, November 1999. Data is for the reported entity’s latest fiscal year." as seen on: [http://www.co.contra-costa.ca.us/majoremployerswithemployeesincounty.htm] ]

Culture

East Bay was known for many bands playing many types of music, It also is the birthplace of notable bands like Creedence Clearwater Revival, Y&T, Operation Ivy, Rancid, Green Day, and Tower of Power. The East Bay is also known as the birthplace of Hyphy.

Touring popular singers and bands are seen in locations such as the Oakland Coliseum Arena and nearby Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, the refurbished [http://www.paramounttheatre.com/ Paramount Theater] (Oakland), the Greek Theater (U. C. Berkeley campus), and the Concord Pavilion (whose official name will vary with the sale of naming rights, currently known as the [http://www.livenation.com/venue/getVenue/venueId/1503 "Sleep Train Pavilion"] )

The bayside East Bay (specifically Oakland) has had difficulties in providing support for large scale classical ballet and symphony, which may be attributed to the strong draw of talent, funding, and audiences to the world class competition in nearby San Francisco, yet strong small scale operations, and especially those with specific cultural biases have long thrived in many of the east bay bayside communities and in outlying suburbs. An example is the [http://www.berkeleyopera.org/ Berkeley Opera] , which typically stages only three productions in a season, and in a relatively small venue, but is attractive because of its innovative and accessible productions, sometimes using complete modern English libretto translations, or showing lesser known works by major composers. Another small opera company operates in Livermore. High quality small orchestras such as the [http://www.californiasymphony.org/ California Symphony] can be found in the larger suburban centers. Other more urban venues for music such as [http://www.lapena.org/ La Peña] (Hispanic/Chicano music), [http://www.ashkenaz.com/ Ashkenaz] (World Music & Dance), and [http://www.thefreight.org/ Freight and Salvage] (folk music) provide specific cultural orientations not found in major venues and so continue to thrive, with many of these venues operated as cooperatives rather than as for-profit private endeavours.

[http://facilities.calperfs.berkeley.edu/hertz_hall/ Hertz Hall] on the UC Berkeley campus frequently hosts world famous musicians and groups and the venue includes a spectacular organ suitable for classical performances.

The Oakland Museum of California offers quality permanent and touring exhibitions in a modern setting, with emphasis on artworks, photograpy, and artifacts related to California and its history, while the smaller [http://www.bedfordgallery.org/ Bedford Gallery] hosts a number of exhibitions each year, usually exhibits related to themes of popular culture such as motorcycles or hot rods or keen social and political observations as expressed through sculpture, pottery, quilting, weaving, or photography. The Bedford Gallery is located in [http://www.lesherartscenter.org/ Walnut Creek's Lesher Center For the Arts] , which is the usual venue for the California Symphony and the [http://www.dloc.org/ Diablo Light Opera] among others.

The Chabot Space and Science Center is a modern science hall with interactive exhibits and both a planetarium and an IMAX dome theater.

Tilden Regional Park is one of the oldest parks in the district with over convert|2000|acre|km2 of wilderness. Highlights of Tilden Park features include an antique merry-go-round, Lake Anza, and the botanic garden.

The East Bay is also home to the restaurant that established California cuisine, Chez Panisse.

Cities

Except for its mountains and hills which remain undeveloped and some farmland in eastern Contra Costa and Alameda Counties, the East Bay is highly urbanized. The East Bay shoreline is an urban corridor with several cities exceeding 100,000 residents, including, Oakland, Hayward, Fremont, Richmond, and Berkeley. In the inland valleys on the east side of the Berkeley Hills, the land is fairly well developed, but there are areas which are still rapidly growing, particularly on the eastern fringe of Contra Costa county and the Tri-Valley area. In the inland valleys, the housing stock tends to be more suburban, the population density less and the cities smaller. The only cities exceeding 100,000 residents in the inland valleys are Antioch and Concord.

East Bay cities include:

*Alameda
*Alamo (unincorporated community)
*Albany
*Antioch
*Bay Point (unincorporated community)
*Berkeley
*Brentwood
*Canyon (unincorporated community)
*Castro Valley (unincorporated community)
*Clayton
*Concord
*Danville
*Dublin
*El Cerrito
*Emeryville
*Fremont
*Hayward
*Hercules
*Kensington (unincorporated community)
*Lafayette
*Livermore
*Martinez
*Moraga
*Newark
*North Richmond (unincorporated community)
*Oakland
*Oakley
*Orinda
*Pacheco
*Piedmont
*Pittsburg
*Pinole
*Pleasant Hill
*Pleasanton
*Richmond
*Rodeo (unincorporated community)
*Saranap (unincorporated community)
*San Leandro
*San Lorenzo (unincorporated community)
*San Ramon
*Sunol (unincorporated community)
*Union City
*Walnut Creek

References

External links

* [http://calej.org CalEJ.org] launched Fall 2006, this user-generated wiki features an environmental justice guide to the San Francisco Bay Area, with an early focus on the East Bay
* [http://www.ebparks.org/parks/tilden ebparks.org]


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