Newark, California


Newark, California
City of Newark
—  City  —
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°31′47″N 122°02′25″W / 37.52972°N 122.04028°W / 37.52972; -122.04028Coordinates: 37°31′47″N 122°02′25″W / 37.52972°N 122.04028°W / 37.52972; -122.04028
Country  United States
State  California
County Alameda
Government
 – Mayor Dave Smith (R)
 – State Senate Ellen Corbett (D)
 – State Assembly Bob Wieckowski (D)
 – U. S. Congress Pete Stark (D)
Area[1]
 – Total 13.898 sq mi (35.996 km2)
 – Land 13.875 sq mi (35.936 km2)
 – Water 0.023 sq mi (0.061 km2)  0.17%
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 42,573
 – Density 3,068.3/sq mi (1,184.7/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94560
Area code(s) 510
FIPS code 06-50916
GNIS feature ID 0277562
Website www.ci.newark.ca.us

Newark is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It was incorporated as a city in September 1955. Newark is an enclave, completely surrounded by the city of Fremont. Its population was 42,573 at the 2010 census.

Contents

Geography

The southern end of the San Francisco Bay lies near the western edge of the city. State Route 84 runs through the city, and continues as the Dumbarton Bridge to cross the San Francisco Bay to reach Menlo Park. Interstate 880 serves as the eastern boundary with Fremont.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which, 13.9 square miles (36 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.17%) is water.

History

Newark was named after Newark Castle, Port Glasgow in Scotland by J. Barr Robertson. A post office opened in 1878, and Newark was incorporated in 1955.[2]

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Newark had a population of 42,573. The population density was 3,063.2 people per square mile (1,182.7/km²). The racial makeup of Newark was 17,566 (41.3%) White, 2,002 (4.7%) African American, 279 (0.7%) Native American, 11,571 (27.2%) Asian, 621 (1.5%) Pacific Islander, 7,735 (18.2%) from other races, and 2,799 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,994 persons (35.2%).

The Census reported that 42,428 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 145 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 12,972 households, out of which 5,643 (43.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,832 (60.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,716 (13.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 786 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 659 (5.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 93 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,942 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 705 (5.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.27. There were 10,334 families (79.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.60.

The population was spread out with 10,799 people (25.4%) under the age of 18, 3,824 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 12,697 people (29.8%) aged 25 to 44, 10,727 people (25.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,526 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.

There were 13,414 housing units at an average density of 965.2 per square mile (372.7/km²), of which 8,942 (68.9%) were owner-occupied, and 4,030 (31.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.0%. 28,489 people (66.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,939 people (32.7%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 42,471 people, 12,992 households, and 10,341 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,039.4 people per square mile (1,173.8/km²). There were 13,150 housing units at an average density of 941.1 per square mile (363.4/km²).

There were 12,992 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.26 and the average family size was 3.59.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $69,350, and the median income for a family was $71,351 (these figures had risen to $78,367 and $81,652 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[5]). Males had a median income of $46,061 versus $34,959 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,641. About 4.2% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Newark is located in the 10th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ellen Corbett, and in the 20th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Bob Wieckowski. Federally, Newark is located in California's 13th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +22[6] and is represented by Democrat Pete Stark.

Economy

Newark's economy is at the edge of Silicon Valley and shares its economic pattern.

Cargill Salt, previously known as Leslie Salt, operates a large salt refinery in Newark which cleans solar salt produced in salt evaporation ponds in the San Francisco Bay.[7]

Wedgewood manufactured stoves in town from the 1910s until the 1940s.[2] Peterbilt manufactured trucks in Newark from the early 1960s up to the mid 1980s.[8]

The city houses the Newpark Mall, a super-regional shopping center, with anchor stores Target, Sears, JC Penny, Macy's, and Burlington Coat Factory, and over 140 other retailers.

The former Sun Microsystems site near I-880, State Route 84 and the Dumbarton Bridge was purchased by BioMed Realty Trust and is now known as the Pacific Research Center.

Top employers

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[9] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Newark Unified School District 700
2/3 WorldPac 280
2/3 FullBloom Baking Company 280
4 Risk Management Solutions 270
5 SMART Modular Technologies 249
6 Cargill Salt 182
7 City of Newark 176
8 Valassis 166
9 Staples 154
10 The Home Depot 129

Culture and recreation

The City of Newark has thirteen parks and sport play facilities,[10] the George M. Silliman Community Activity and Family Aquatic Center (aka the Silliman Center). The Family Aquatic Center portion of the Silliman Center opened in the Summer of 2004 and includes a 32,300-square-foot (3,000 m2) indoor swim facility specifically designed for recreation, fitness, and instruction programs for the entire family. The 11,350-square-foot (1,054 m2) Natatorium includes four separate pools including: a 45' x 75' Activity Pool; a 245' long Lazy River pool (with a pair of 20' tall, curving water slides); a 4-foot (1.2 m) deep, 4-lane, 25-yard (23 m) Lap Pool; and a 15-person warm-water spa.[11]

Every September, the city has a weekend dedicated to Newark Days.[12]

Transportation

Newark lies near the intersection of I-880, State Route 84, and the Dumbarton Bridge.[13]

Newark is served by AC Transit bus system. Surrounding Fremont is the access point for most transportation services, including Fremont and Union City BART stations, and ACE and AMTRAK trains.

Future rail

Caltrain is planning a Dumbarton rail that would run between the Peninsula and Alameda County. This project would add four stations to the Caltrain system: Union City, Fremont-Centerville, Newark, and Menlo Park/East Palo Alto.[14] Dumbarton Rail is currently undergoing environmental and engineering review.

Education

Newark is home to a new campus of Ohlone College, a member of the California Community Colleges system. Other nearby educational centers include the University of Phoenix, ITT Institute, DeVry University, and Unitek College.

Newark has one high school, Newark Memorial High School, and junior high school, Newark Junior High School. Elementary schools include Kennedy, Bunker, Graham, Lincoln, Milani, Musick, Schilling, and Snow Elementary Schools and one catholic elementary St. Edward.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b "The History of Newark California". City of Newark official web site. http://www.newark.org/visitors/history. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=newark&_cityTown=newark&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010
  6. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2007-10-19. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "History". Peterbilt web site. http://www.peterbilt.com/history.aspx. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  9. ^ City of Newark CAFR
  10. ^ "Recreation & Community Services: Parks". City of Newark web site. http://www.newark.org/departments/recreation-and-community-services/parks. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Silliman Center Official pdf". http://newark.org/externals/90/47bd6bc2aa11b59db7ff2669fdf5c964623c5a.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  12. ^ "Historic Newark Days". Newark Days Inc. web site. http://www.newarkdays.org. Retrieved May 29, 2010. 
  13. ^ "google map". http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Newark,+CA&jsv=107&ie=UTF8&z=12&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  14. ^ "Dumbarton Rail Corridor". San Mateo County Transportation Authority. http://www.smcta.com/Dumbarton_Rail/information.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 

External links


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