Argentine Chamber of Deputies


Argentine Chamber of Deputies
Argentine Chamber of Deputies
Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Lower House
Leadership
President of the Chamber Eduardo Fellner,
PJ - FPV
since 10 Dec 2007
1st Vice-President of the Chamber Oscar Aguad,
UCR
since 10 Dec 2010
Majority Leader Agustín Rossi,
PJ - FPV
since 10 Dec 2007
Minority Leader Ricardo Gil Lavedra,
UCR
since 10 Dec 2010
Members 257 (List)
Political groups PJ - FPV
UCR
PJ Federal Peronism
CC-ARI
PRO

Civic Front for Santiago
Socialist Party
GEN
Proyecto Sur
New Encounter

MPN
Córdoba Civic Front
SI
PJ Federal Peronist Movement
Concertation Party
Federal Córdoba
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca
Free of the South Movement
PJ of La Pampa

Federal Consensus
FORJA
PJ of Jujuy
Salta Renewal Party
Democratic Party of Mendoza
Democratic Progressive Party

Dialogue for Buenos Aires
Federal Party of Tierra del Fuego
Liberal Party of Corrientes
We Are All Salta
Values for My Country
Front for Everyone
PJ Federal Peronist Front
[1]
Elections
Last election 28 June 2009
Meeting place
Sala de la Cámara de Diputados.jpg
Chamber of Deputies, Argentine Congress,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
http://www.diputados.gov.ar

The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Argentine National Congress. This Chamber holds exclusive rights to create taxes, to draft troops, and to accuse the President, the ministers and the members of the Supreme Court before the Senate.

Contents

Composition

It has 257 seats and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms by the people of each district (23 Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires) using proportional representation, D'Hondt formula with a 3% of the district registered voters threshold, and the following distribution:

History

The Chamber of Deputies was provided for in the Constitution of Argentina, ratified on May 1, 1853. Eligibility requisites are that members be at least twenty-five years old, and have been a resident of the province they represent for at least four years; as congressional seats are elected at-large, members nominally represent their province, rather than a district.[2]

Otherwise patterned after Article One of the United States Constitution per legal scholar Juan Bautista Alberdi's treatise, Bases de la Constitución Argentina, the chamber was originally apportioned in one seat per 33,000 inhabitants. The constitution made no provision for a national census, however, and because the Argentine population doubled every twenty years from 1870 to 1930 as a result of immigration (disproportionately benefiting Buenos Aires and the Pampas-area provinces), censuses were conducted generationally, rather than every decade, until 1947.[3]

Apportionment controversy

The distribution of the Chamber of Deputies is regulated since 1983 by Law 22.847, also called Ley Bignone, enacted by the last Argentine dictator, General Reynaldo Bignone, ahead of the 1983 general elections. This law establishes that, initially, each province shall have one deputy per 161,000 inhabitants, with standard rounding. After this is calculated, each province is granted three more deputies. If a province has fewer than five deputies, the number of deputies for that province is increased to reach that minimum.

Controversially, apportionment remains based on the 1980 population census, and has not been modified since 1983; national censuses since then have been conducted in 1991, 2001, and 2010. The minimum of five seat per province allots the smaller ones a disproportionately large representation, as well. Accordingly, this distribution does not reflect Argentina's current population balance.

Presidents of the Chamber

The President of the Chamber is elected by the majority caucus. The officeholders for this post since 1983 have been:

Term began Term ended Officeholder Party Province
December 10, 1983 April 3, 1989 Juan Carlos Pugliese UCR  Buenos Aires Province
April 3, 1989 July 8, 1989 Leopoldo Moreau UCR  Buenos Aires Province
July 8, 1989 December 10, 1999 Alberto Pierri PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 1999 December 10, 2001 Rafael Pascual UCR  City of Buenos Aires
December 10, 2001 December 10, 2005 Eduardo Camaño PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2005 December 10, 2007 Alberto Balestrini PJ  Buenos Aires Province
December 10, 2007 to date Eduardo Fellner FPV - PJ  Jujuy

Current authorities

Leadership positions include:

Title Officeholder Party Province
Chamber President Eduardo Fellner FPV  Jujuy
First Vice-President Oscar Aguad UCR  Córdoba
Second Vice-President Patricia Fadel FPV  Mendoza
Third Vice-President Ramón Puerta Federal Peronism  Misiones
Parliamentary Secretary Enrique Hidalgo
Administrative Secretary Ricardo Vázquez
Coordinating Secretary Jorge Ocampos

Composition by Party blocks

Chamber of Deputies of Argentina*
(as of March 10, 2010)
Party blocs* Seats Party blocs Seats
PJ - Front for Victory (FPV)
87
Radical Civic Union (UCR)
43
PJ Federal Peronism
28
Civic Coalition (CC-ARI)
19
Republican Proposal (PRO)
11
Civic Front for Santiago
7
Socialist Party
6
New Popular and Social Encounter
5
Generation for a National Encounter
5
Proyecto Sur
5
Peronist
4
Neuquino People's Movement (MPN)
3
Córdoba Civic Front
3
Solidarity and Equality (SI)
3
PJ Peronist Unity Nucleus
3
Concertation
2
Federal Córdoba
2
PJ of La Pampa
2
Free of the South Movement
2
Current of Federal Thought
2
Dialogue for Buenos Aires
1
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca
1
Federal Consensus
1
Federal Party of Tierra del Fuego
1
FORJA
1
PJ of Jujuy
1
Salta Renewal Party
1
Democratic Party of Mendoza
1
Democratic Progressive Party
1
Patagonia Social Party
1
Front for Everyone
1
Liberal Party of Corrientes
1
We Are All Salta
1
PJ Federal Peronist Front
1
Values for My Country
1
257 members

[4]

2009 election

See List of current Argentine Deputies and Argentine legislative election, 2009

e • d Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2009-2011
  Political Party

Seats
Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 87 -20 26.7 Agustín Rossi
Radical Civic Union 43 +14 9.0 Oscar Aguad
Federal Peronism 29 +25 8.7 Felipe Solá
Civic Coalition 19 +4 18.1 Elisa Carrió
Republican Proposal 11 +3 18.5 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 +1 1.0 Daniel Brue
Socialist Party 6 -4 0.8 Mónica Fein
Peronist Party 6 -2 0.7 ~
New Popular and Solidary Encounter 5 +5 2.1 Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter 5 +3 2.0 Margarita Stolbizer
Project South 4 +3 2.3 Fernando Solanas
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 3 +3 2.4 Ernesto Martínez
Neuquén People's Movement 3 0 0.4 Alicia Comelli
Solidarity and Equality 3 -4 0.5 Eduardo Macaluse
Others (21 parties) 26 -31 6.8
Total 254

2007 election

See Argentine general election, 2007

References

External links


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