- Jujuy Province
name = Jujuy
symbol_type = Coat of arms
symbol = Escudo COA Jujuy province argentina.gif
coordinates_type = adm1st
lat_d = |lat_m = |lat_NS = S
long_d = |long_m = |long_EW = W
part_type = Divisions
part = 16 departments
capital = San Salvador de Jujuy
area = 53219
population = 611888
population_density = 11.5
population_as_of = 2001
leader_type = Governor
leader1_type = Senators
leader1 = Gerardo Morales,
Guillermo Jenefes, Liliana Fellner
free_type = Demonym
free = "Jujeño"
iso_code = AR
iso_subcode = Y
website = http://www.jujuy.gov.ar
Pre-Columbian inhabitants, that would later mix with the Incas during their expansion period, practiced agriculture and domesticated the
guanaco. They had huts made of mud, and erected stone fortresses to protect their villages. An example of such fortresses is Pucará de Tilcara, Pucará meaning "Fortress" (word also used for the Argentine combat aircraft Pucara).
1593a small settlement is erected in the Jujuy valley by the effort of Francisco de Argañaraz y Murguía. In spite of the attacks of the calchaquíes and omaguacas aborigines, the population and activity of the village consolidated and grew.
At the end of the 17th century, the customs to the
Viceroyalty of Peruis transferred from Córdoba to Jujuy.
With the separation from
Peruand the creation of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, Jujuy loses its importance and its population starts diminishing.
May Revolutionand the battles for the independence of the "United provinces of the South", many confrontations took place in Jujuy because the Spanish forces concentrated their forces in Peru. The people of Jujuy had to endure the Jujuy Exodus, a massive evacuation with a scorched earthpolicy, led by General Manuel Belgrano. Finally the Spanish surrendered, but the war seriously affected the economy of the area.
After a series of internal conflicts, the province, now separated from Tucumán and Salta, started a gradual economic and social improvement, and at the end of the 19th century
sugarcaneindustry arose. At the beginning of the following century, the railway already connected the province with Buenos Aires, and La Paz, Bolivia.
Heavy industry first arrived in Jujuy at the hand of , a presidential economic advisor who, in 1945, had Argentina's first modern
steelmill installed in Jujuy. In 1969, Jujuy joined oil-rich neighboring Salta Provincewith the discovery of petroleumby the state-owned YPF.
Geography and climate
There are 3 main areas in Jujuy; the
Altiplano, a 3,500 meters high plateauwith peaks of 5,000 meters, covers most of the province. The Grande River of Jujuycuts through the Quebrada de Humahuacacanyon, of heights between 1,000 and 3,500 meters. To the Southeast, the sierras descends to the Gran Chacoregion.The vast difference in height and climate produces desert areas such as the Salinas Grandes salt mines, and subtropical Yungasjungle.
In spite of the different areas, the terrain of the province is mainly arid and semi-desertic, except for the "El Ramal" valley of the San Francisco River. Temperature difference between day and night is wider in higher lands, and precipitations are scarce outside the temperate area of the San Francisco River.
The Grande River and the San Francisco River are fed by the
Bermejo River. The "San Juan", "La Quiaca", "Yavi" and "Sansana" are fed by the Pilcomayo River.
Jujuy's economy is moderately underdeveloped, yet very diversified. Its 2006 economy was an estimated US$3 billion, or, US$4,900 per capita (over 40% below the national average). [ [http://www.iader.org.ar/ I.A.D.E.R ] ]
Jujuy is, despite its rural profile, not particularly agrarian. Agriculture contributes about 10% to output and the main agricultural activity is
sugarcane. Its processing represents more than half of the province's gross production, and 30% of the national sugar production. The second agricultural activity is the tobacco, cultivated in the Southeaster valley, as a major national producer. Other crops include beans, citrusand tomatoes, and other vegetables for local consumption.
Manufacturing is more prominent in Jujuy than in some neighboring provinces, adding 15% to its economy. Jujuy is the second largest Argentine producer of
iron, used by the "Altos Hornos Zapla" steel mill. Other industrial activities include mining for construction material, petroleumextraction at "Caimancito", salt production from "Salinas Grandes" salt basin, and the paper production feed by the Jujuy's forests with 20% of the industrial product of the province.
Cattle and goats for milk and wool are a minor activity, as well as
llamas, vicuñas and guanacos.
An important and still growing activity, tourism in the area brings a number of Argentine tourists (80%), tourists from other
South American countries (12%) and Europeans (7%). Most tourists head for San Salvador de Jujuyto start their exploration of the province. The Horacio Guzmán international airport, 34 km from San Salvador, connects the province with Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and some destinations in Bolivia.
Apart from the fantastic contrast of land colours and formations, tourists are attracted also by the strong aboriginal roots in the culture of Jujuy.
Aymaráand Quechuacultures coexist in the area, and ruins of the Incas are well conserved.
Tourists who come to Jujuy visit the area of the
Quebrada de Humahuacaand its Cerro de los Siete Colores, Pucará de Tilcara, "Salinas Grandes" and many small towns. Other less frequent destinations include the Calilegua National Parkin the Yungasjungle, La Quiaca, "Laguna de Pozuelos", and "Laguna Guayatayoc".
The province is divided into 16 departments (in the
Spanish language, "departamentos").Department (Capital):
# Cochinoca (
# El Carmen (El Carmen)
# Doctor Manuel Belgrano (
San Salvador de Jujuy)
# Humahuaca (
# Ledesma (Libertador General San Martín)
# Palpalá (
# Rinconada (
# San Antonio (
San Antonio, Jujuy)
# San Pedro (San Pedro)
# Santa Bárbara (
Palma Sola, Jujuy)
# Santa Catalina (Santa Catalina)
# Susques (
# Tilcara (
# Tumbaya (
# Valle Grande (Valle Grande)
# Yavi (
Filmed in Jujuy Province
* "Veronico Cruz," (1988).
1863 Jujuy earthquake
* [http://www.jujuy.gov.ar Official site] (Spanish)
* [http://www.argentour.com/jujuying.html Description] (English)
* [http://www.hernan.ameijeiras.com/quebrada-de-humahuaca.html Images from Humahuaca, Jujuy]
* [http://www.en.norteexperience.com.ar/ North of Argentina Tourist info]
* [http://www.guiafe.com.ar/fotos-argentina/categories.php?cat_id=28 Pictures of Jujuy]
* [http://www.prensajujuy.com.ar/ Digital Newspaper of Jujuy]
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