- Olympic Airlines
Founded 6 April 1957 Ceased operations 29 September 2009 Hubs Athens International Airport Secondary hubs Thessaloniki International Airport, "Macedonia" Frequent-flyer program Icarus Frequent Flyer Programme Airport lounge Olympic Handling "Melina Merkouri", "Aristotle Onassis" lounges Subsidiaries Macedonian Airlines Fleet size 43 (2009) Destinations 50 (2009) Parent company Olympic Airways S.A. Headquarters Athens, Greece Key people Pyrros D. Papadimitriou (Chairman - CEO)
Olympic Airlines (Greek: Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές, Olympiakés Aerogrammés - OA) was the flag carrier airline of Greece, with its head office in Athens. It operated services to 37 domestic destinations and to 32 destinations world-wide. Its main base was at Athens International Airport, with hubs at Thessaloniki International Airport, "Macedonia" and Rhodes International Airport, "Diagoras". By December 2007, the airline employed about 8,500 staff.
On March 6, 2009, the Greek State announced it had reached an agreement to sell the Flight operations, Ground Handling operations and Technical Base of the Group to Marfin Investment Group, the largest Greek investment fund, thus ending a 35-year period of state ownership.
On 29 September 2009 Olympic Airlines ceased all of its operations and most of its flights and Olympic Air, the new airline commenced flights. Olympic Airlines continued to be responsible for some flights to Greek islands designated as public service as well as some flights to destinations outside the European Union (Cairo, Alexandria, Tel Aviv, Beirut, Belgrade) until the Greek State conducted a public tender and redistributed the routes.
On 31 December 2009, Olympic Airlines ceased all of its operations, as flights to Greek islands have already been allocated and are being flown by other carriers and flights to destinations outside the European Union have been allocated to other carriers that started operating them from 1 January 2010. Until the final closure, Olympic Airlines used the temporary code OP for its flights (instead of OA, which is used by its successor, Olympic Air). All Olympic Airlines flights (using the OP code) since 29 September 2009 and until the final deadline of 31 December 2009, were operated by Olympic Air on a wet lease basis. The 31 December 2009 deadline as the final possible date that Olympic Airlines should cease its operations, was agreed between the Greek Government and the European Commission as part of the deal to close Olympic Airlines and sell its name and assets to Olympic Air. It was initially expected that Olympic Airlines would cease operations much earlier, but due to the general elections in Greece in October 2009 and the change of government that postponed the public tenders for the reallocation of subsidised flights to the Greek islands and for the reallocation of international flight rights to countries outside the European Union, the company has stayed alive until the final deadline of 31 December 2009.
- 1 History
- 2 Destinations
- 3 Fleet
- 4 Codeshare agreements
- 5 Corporate design
- 6 Incidents and accidents
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The origin of Olympic Airways was in 1930, when the first predecessor airline was established. The airline was called Icarus but after just a few months went bankrupt due to financial problems and limited Greek interest in air transport. G.C.A.T./Ε.Ε.Ε.Σ. (Greek Company for Air Transport/Ελληνική Εταιρεία Εναέριων Συγκοινωνιών) took its place. At the same time, in 1935, a second airline was created, the privately owned T.A.E. (Technical and Aeronautical Exploitations/Τεχνικαί Αεροπορικαί Εκμεταλλεύσεις). Soon after the World War II, in 1947, three airlines were based in Greece: T.A.E., G.A.T./ΕΛΛ.Α.Σ. (Greek Air Transport/Ελληνικαί Αεροπορικαί Συγκοινωνίαι) and Hellenic Airlines/Α.Μ.Ε. (Αεροπορικαί Μεταφοραί Ελλάδος).
In 1951, the poor financial state of all three airlines led to a decision by the Greek state to merge them into one, TAE Greek National Airlines. The new airline faced serious financial problems so the government closed it down in 1955. There was no interest in buying the airline so the Hellenic State bought the company back. In July 1956, the Hellenic State reached an agreement with Greek shipping-magnate Aristotle Onassis to sell the company to Onassis. The company flew under the T.A.E. name until the end of the year and for the first few months of 1957. On 6 April 1957 the company was renamed Olympic Airways (Ολυμπιακή Αεροπορία/Olympiaki Aeroporia).
The new company developed rapidly. In order to allay the distrust of airborne transport by Greeks, Onassis developed the "aviation days of '57" scheme, providing short, free flights in a DC-3 to demonstrate the re- liability of air travel. In 1960, Olympic's first jet aircraft, the de Havilland Comet 4B, entered service. At the same time, Olympic and British European Airways agreed to create the first codeshare flights. Later on, the companies expanded their cooperation. When Hellenic crews had to spend their night in London, British crews would fly the Olympic Comets to BEA destinations, and the same with Greek crews and BEA Comets. On all BEA and OA Comets, there would be a "BEA-OLYMPIC" sign. In 1962, Olympic set a record flying a Comet 4B from London to Athens in 2 hours and 51 minutes.
In 1965, Olympic placed an order for new Boeing 707-320 jets; it received the first, bearing the name "City of Athens", in 1966. Olympic's first Boeing 707 service was also the inauguration of a non-stop route connecting Athens and New York City (JFK). In 1968, Olympic began serving Africa, with a twice-weekly round-trip linking Athens with Nairobi and Johannesburg. The same year, OA received the first of a fleet of Boeing 727-200 jet aircraft. A new Athens-Montreal-Chicago service commenced in 1969. Also in 1969, the airline phased out its Comet 4Bs.
Under Onassis' leadership, the airline gained a reputation for lavish style. The cabin crews were attired in Pierre Cardin-designed uniforms and passengers ate with golden cutlery and listened to the stylings of a pianist in the first class cabin.
In 1971, OA purchased new NAMC YS-11 twin-turboprop aircraft to begin replacing the aging Douglas DC-3 and Douglas DC-6 piston-engined types that until then were still in use throughout the company's domestic network. In that year, too, it created a subsidiary airline, Olympic Aviation/Ολυμπιακή Αεροπλοϊα, to serve the Greek islands more efficiently. In 1972, Olympic turned to the important Greece-Australia market, beginning Boeing 707-320 operations between Athens and Sydney twice a week via Bangkok and Singapore.
Olympic then acquired seven Boeing 720-051B aircraft, a medium-range derivative of the Boeing 707, from Northwest Airlines. The airline also entered the wide-body era by purchasing two new Boeing 747-200s. OA even showed interest in the BAC-Aérospatiale Concorde supersonic airliner, and, on January 5, 1973, a Concorde landed at Athens' Hellenikon Airport to give a demonstration.
On 22 January 1973, an incident occurred that dramatically changed the future of OA. The death of Aristotle Onassis' son, Alexander, in a plane crash came as a shock to the Greek people and a new phase began for Olympic Airways. A few months later, Onassis sold all of the OA shares to the Greek state and died shortly after (in 1975). In 1976, under state management, OA purchased eleven Boeing 737-200 jet aircraft and created Olympic Catering, which served both OA and foreign airlines. In 1977, in a cost-cutting effort, OA shut down the Australia route, followed by the Canadian one in 1978, when OA also placed orders for four Airbus A300, plus four options.
In 1984, three more B747-200 aircraft were purchased from Singapore Airlines, and the Canada and Australia routes were reopened. A new Olympic Airways Cargo division was created, by converting the Boeing 707-320 "City of Lindos", but the plans were soon abandoned. In 1986, there were strikes at OA, and financial losses mounted.
The company faced serious financial trouble from the 1980s on, mostly because of management problems. Greek politicians and their families traveled for free or token amounts on the airline. Successive Greek governments also made Olympic carry the press with a 97% discount. Olympic AirTours (Ολυμπιακή Τουριστική) was created as a subsidiary of OA, which issued tickets not only for OA, but for other airlines as well. Very soon, Olympic AirTours was renamed Macedonian Airlines and reestablished as a charter flight company.
In 1990 a route to Tokyo via Bangkok was launched but Olympic was soon forced to shut it down, despite very high load factors (95%). Olympic purchased seven Boeing 737-400 aircraft in 1991, as well as the advanced version of the A300, the A300-600R. Due to the rising losses and debts, the government decided to formulate a restructuring program in which all debts were erased. This programme, as well as all the plans that followed, failed. A few years later, in an attempt to make OA profitable, its management was given to the subsidiary of British Airways, Speedwing. The result was even larger debts and rising losses. In 1999, Olympic purchased four Airbus A340-313X aircraft, to replace the ageing B747-200.
Olympic Airways to Olympic Airlines
By December 2003, the Olympic Airways Group of Companies owned Olympic Airways (Ολυμπιακή Αεροπορία), Olympic Aviation (Ολυμπιακή Αεροπλοϊα), Macedonian Airlines (Mακεδονικές Αερογραμμές), Galileo Hellas (Γαλιλλαίος Ελλάς), Olympic Fuel Company (Ολυμπιακή Εταιρεία Καυσίμων), and Olympic Into-Plane Company. Olympic Catering had been sold a few months earlier. A company formed in the 80s called Olympic AirTours (Ολυμπιακή Τουριστική) had already been transformed into Macedonian Airlines.
Very soon the losses became excessive, so in 2003 the government restructured the Olympic Airways Group of Companies. The subsidiary, Macedonian Airlines S.A., was renamed Olympic Airlines S.A. and took over the flight operations of Olympic Airways, erasing at the same time all of the airline's debts. The remaining group companies, except for Olympic Aviation (Olympic Airways, Olympic Into-Plane Company, Olympic Fuel Company, Olympic Airways Handling and the Olympic Airways Technical Base), merged and formed a new company, called Olympic Airways - Services S.A.. In December 2004, the Greek government decided to privatize Olympic Airlines, but the sale process ended in failure as none of the buyers were eager to repay the Greek state the almost 700 million euro in state aid, which was later declared illegal by the European Commission, in December 2005.
In 2005, the Greek Government looked for potential buyers to privatise OA. In April of that year, a short list of potential buyers was submitted that included Aegean Airlines, German LCC DBA and a Greek-American consortium called Olympic Investors. Shortly afterwards Aegean Airlines pulled out, followed by DBA. In September 2005, the Greek government signed a non-binding agreement with Olympic Investors to buy the airline. In an interview, Olympic Investors stated that they were backed by York Capital with 6.5 billion Dollars and assured that OA's workers would not lose their jobs. They stated that OA should continue to operate as an integrated company and that they were not interested in buying just parts of OA. By the end of the year, the offer fell through because the huge fine imposed on the airline by the European Commission had not been dealt with.
According to Greek media, the government planned to relaunch the company in late 2006. The code name for the project was "Pantheon Airways". In June 2006, Greek media reported that "Sabre Aviation Consulting Services" was contracted by the Greek government to find investors, and would develop a business plan for an airline to replace Olympic Airlines, aiming to start operating in autumn 2006. Under this plan the government would be a minority shareholder of the new carrier, which would be run as a private airline. The planned re-launch date passed without anything happening, and the plan was temporarily frozen.
In 2006 O.A. was thrown a life line, when the courts ordered Greece to repay them almost 564 million euro owed to the airline. The money was owed to O.A. from legally subsidised routes to Greek islands and costs of the relocation to the new airport. The money would be used to pay back part of the State aid declared illegal by the European Commission in December 2005. Olympic Airlines re-designed their website to introduce the e-ticket service, launched on July 31, 2007, in response to the surge of online booking and online check-ins. The e-ticket service introduction by Electronic Data Systems meant Olympic abolished their old "Hermes" booking system, which had served the company for more than two decades. As of November 2007, the e-ticket service is available on all European and International routes, and on 19 of the airline's 37 domestic routes.
On September 12, 2007, the Luxembourg-based EU court ruled that Olympic should repay a reduced amount of money than the one the EU Commission had ordered. This amount included unpaid taxes on fuel and spare parts, as well as unpaid fees to Athens International Airport. The new amount owed by Olympic was €130 million, as compared with the original €160 million. On that same day Olympic Investors, the Greek-American consortium that was interested in buying Olympic in 2005, stated re-newed interest in buying the airline.
In November 2007, Irish airline Ryanair filed a suit with the European Commission, saying it had not looked into its claims that Olympic had not paid back its debt. On December 1, 2007 transport minister Kostas Hatzidakis announced that the entire Olympic Airways Group debts amounted to 2 billion euro, and that the airline in its present form and size would cease existing in 2008. This was deemed to be the only way for the European Commission to write off the company's debts to the Greek public sector. He stated that Athens was under more pressure to recover the money Olympic owed, because of the Ryanair lawsuit.
Despite all predictions, traffic for Olympic in 2007 increased, carrying a total of 5,977,104 passengers (3,115,521 in domestic and 2,681,583 in international flights) as opposed to approximately 5,500,000 passengers in 2006. It is estimated that OA earned approximately 780 million euro in 2007, 500 of which came from international flights. However, in 2008 due to lack of aircraft Olympic Airlines has cancelled or merged a significant number of flights, about 6,000 according to its own union (as of August 26, 2008). Olympic Airlines officials have declared that this is not the major problem since "after all the income reduction is only 4-5 million euros compared to the initial budget plan".
Olympic Airlines to Olympic Air
On March 6, 2009, Development Minister Kostis Hatzidakis announced the sale of the flight operations and the technical base companies to MIG. As a result, after 35 years of state control and 10 years of failed sale attempts, Olympic will once again become a private corporation. The new owners will secure approximately 5000 of the 8500 jobs of the Group.
On September 28, 2009, Olympic Airlines ceased to fly to most of its 69 destinations, maintaining flights to Tel Aviv, Beirut, Cairo and all public service obligation routes within Greece, until the Ministry for Transport and Communications redistributes the routes in late November, when Olympic Airlines will enter liquidation. The last Olympic Airlines flight was flight 424 from Toronto-Canada, via Montreal landed at 11:10 on September 29, 2009 at the Athens International Airport. Olympic Air took over the rest of the operations on 29 September 2009 and its first flight was on 1 October 2009 at 06:20 leaving the Athens International Airport and heading to Thessaloniki Makedonia Airport.
Many destinations are not served anymore by the new Olympic, leaving many employees abroad, such as the 69 employees of Olympic Airlines in Germany, where the new company does not fly, possibly without jobs.
Before its demise in 2009, Olympic Airlines flew to 37 domestic and 32 international destinations throughout 23 countries.
Olympic Airlines has previously operated the following fleet:
Olympic Airlines/Airways Retired Fleet Aircraft Total Passengers Type Routes Notes Airbus A300-605R 3 233(20/213) Jet aircraft Medium Haul/Intercontinental Airbus A300B4-100 12 233(20/213) Jet aircraft Medium Haul/High Capacity Airbus A320-211/214 3 162
Jet aircraft Medium Haul/Intercontinental 1 operated by Air Comet
2 operated by Hellas Jet
Airbus A340-313X 4 295 Jet aircraft Long Haul/International-Transoceanic Owned by the Greek government ATR 42-300 7 50(0/50) Propeller aircraft Short Haul/Regional ATR 72-200 7 68(0/68) Propeller aircraft Short Haul/Regional Boeing 707-320 8 147 (1966), 165 (1968) Jet aircraft Long and medium haul
Europe, North America, Africa, Australia
Boeing 717-200 3 105 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Greece and Europe
2 leased from Bavaria, 1 leased from Pembroke Capital (BOC) Boeing 720-051B 7 160 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic, Europe and Middle East
Boeing 727-30 2 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic, Europe and Middle East
Leased from Boeing Boeing 727-284 10 146 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic, Europe and Middle East
1 leased from Safair Boeing 737-284 15 123 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Greece and Europe
4 leased from Aviation Sales Company Boeing 737-3M8/36N 7 136(0/136) Jet aircraft Medium Haul/Intercontinental Boeing 737-412 5 150 Jet aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic, Europe and Middle East
1 leased from Hola Airlines, 1 leased from Pembroke Capital, 1 leased from Oasis International Leasing, 1 leased from ILFC, 1 leased from GECAS Boeing 737-484/4Q8 13 150(0/150) Jet aircraft Medium Haul/Intercontinental Boeing 747-133 1 Jet aircraft Long haul
North America, Africa, Australia, Asia, South America
Leased from GPA in 1986 Boeing 747-212B 6 426 Jet aircraft Long haul
North America, Africa, Australia, Asia
1 leased from Air Atlanta Icelandic for the 2004 Olympic Torch Relay (ARO) Britten Norman BN2 Islander 15 9 Piston-powered aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
Leased Bombardier Dash 8-102 5 37(0/37) Propeller aircraft Short Haul/Regional Dornier Do 228 9 18 Turbo-Prop powered aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
2 leased from Dornier DeHavilland Comet 4B 6 147 (1966), 165 (1968) Jet aircraft Medium haul
Europe, Middle East
2 leased from BEA (BEA-OLYMPIC) Douglas DC-3 14 28 Propeller aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Balkans
Previously flew with TAE (Greek National Airlines) Douglas DC-4 2 Propeller aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic and Europe
Douglas DC-6 13 66 (1958), 95 (1967) Piston-powered aircraft Short and medium haul
Domestic and Europe
3 were leased from U.A.T. McDonnell Douglas MD-83 1 160(0/160) Jet aircraft Medium Haul & Short Haul/Regional Leased NAMC YS-11 10 64 Turbo-Prop powered aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
2 leased from NAMC Shorts Skyvan 4 18 Turbo-Prop powered aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
2 leased Shorts 330 6 30 Turbo-Prop powered aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
Yakovlev Yak-40 2 32 Jet aircraft Short haul
Domestic and Island services
Naming of aircraft
Naming of the aircraft of Olympic Airways (and now Olympic Airlines) is as follows:
Olympic Aircraft Name Aircraft Category Names Airbus A300-600R Locations of Greece Athina/Αθήνα, Makedonia/Μακεδονία, Creta/Κρήτη Airbus A300B4 Heroes of the Trojan War Nestor/Νέστωρ, Telemachus/Τηλέμαχος, Odysseus/Οδυσσεύς, Achilleus/Αχιλλεύς, Neoptolemus/Νεοπτόλεμος, Peleus/Πηλεύς, Diomedes/Διομήδης, Ajax/Αίας, Idomeneus/Ιδομενεύς Airbus A340 Historic Locations of Ancient Greece Delphi/Δελφοί, Olympia/Ολυμπία, Marathon/Μαραθών, Epidaurus/Επίδαυρος ATR 42 Philosophers of Greece Plato/Πλάτων, Socrates/Σωκράτης, Aristotles, Pythagoras ATR 72 Scientists of Ancient Greece Thales, Hippocrates, Demokritus, Homer, Herodotus, Archimedes Boeing 707 City-States of Ancient Greece Athens (Πόλις των Αθηνών), Lindos (Πόλις της Λίνδου), Thebes (Πόλις των Θηβών), Pella, Mycenae, Corinth, Knossos, Sparta Boeing 720 Rivers of Greece Axios River, Strimon River, Acheloos River, Pinios River, Evros River, Aliakmon River, Nestos River Boeing 717 Constellations Iridanos/Ηριδανός, Kassiopi, Andromeda Boeing 727 Mountains of Greece Mount Olympus/Όρος Όλυμπος, Mount Parnassus/Όρος Παρνασσός, Mount Menalon, Mount Vermion, Mount Dirfis, Mount Pindos, Mount Helicon, Mount Athos, Mount Taygetus Boeing 737-200 Ancient Gods and Heroes: Hercules, Apollo, Hermes, Hephaestus, Dionysos, Poseidon, Phoebus, Triton, Proteus, Nereus, Atlas Boeing 737-400 Cities of Macedonia Vergina, Olynthos, Philippi, Stagira, Dion, Amphipoli, Pella Boeing 747 "Olympic Aircraft" Olympic Zeus/Ολύμπιος Ζεύς, Olympic Eagle/Ολύμπιος Αετός, Olympic Spirit/Ολύμπιο Πνεύμα, Olympic Flame/Ολύμπια Φλόγα, Olympic Peace/Ολυμπιακή Εκεχειρία DeHavilland Comet 4B Members of the Greek Royal Family Princess Sophia, Queen Sophia, Queen Frederica, Queen Olga Dornier 228 Islands of Greece Leros, Skyros, Kasos, Astypalea, Amorgos, Kythira, Karpathos Douglas DC-6 Islands of Greece Rhodes, Corfu, Crete, Lesvos, Chios, Limnos, Samos, Kos NAMC YS-11 Islands of Greece Kephalonia, Ithaca, Samothraki, Zakynthos, Delos, Andros, Kalymnos, Milos Shorts 330 Islands of Greece Patmos, Kastelorizo, Paros, Naxos, Milos, Tinos Shorts Skyvan Islands of Greece Mykonos, Skiathos Islander Islands of Greece Kythira/Νήσος Κύθηρα, Karpathos/Νήσος Κάρπαθος Aérospatiale Super Frelon Hermes/Ερμής
The registration of all Olympic aircraft is a two-letter Greek prefix SX- and three more letters. The first of the three letters shows the number of engines (B: Two engines, C: Three engines, D: Four engines). The second letter shows the type of the aircraft (A: Douglas DC-3, etc.) and the third is the number of the aircraft in letters. Some exceptions are the Boeing 747 (where the first two letters are the IATA designator of Olympic: OA) and the Learjet 25 SX-ASO (which stands for Onassis' initials: Aristotle Socrates Onassis)
Olympic Airlines had the following codeshare agreements:
- Cyprus Airways connected Athens and Thessaloniki with Larnaca and Athens with Paphos (operated by Cyprus and Olympic)
- Aerosvit Airlines connected Athens with Kiev and Odessa (operated by Aerosvit)
- Air Malta connects Athens with Malta (operated by Air Malta)
- Czech Airlines connected Athens and Thessaloniki with Prague (operated by Czech CSA)
- Egypt Air connected Athens with Alexandria (operated by Olympic)
- Kuwait Airways connected Athens with Kuwait (operated by Olympic)
The first logo of the airline was a white eagle, bearing a resemblance to a propeller, featuring five rings and the name Olympic. Just two years after the first flight, Onassis asked his associates to design a new logo and the coloured rings were created. Onassis wanted to copy the five coloured rings of the Olympic emblem, but the International Olympic Committee claimed the rights to the emblem, so a new, six ring logo was introduced. The first five rings stand for the five continents, while the sixth stands for Greece. Colours used were yellow, red, blue and white.
The new logo for Olympic air has been selected among three proposals by an online vote which was open until July 5, 2009 on oalogo.gr. All proposals were expected to keep the six circles and were called to modernise the look of the existing logo. The logo that was finally selected is a bevel version of the existing logo and font, with the only exception that green has replaced the light blue on some circles. Green along with blue is one of MIG's corporate colours (as seen on Marfin Egnatia bank's logo for example) and was thus also used per request by MIG on the new uniforms too.
- The Olympic name came as a result of Onassis' passion for ancient Greece. Many of his companies carried the Olympic name such as Olympic Maritime. He followed the same naming pattern for his ships (with names such as "Olympic Legacy", "Olympic Palm", "Olympic Explorer", etc.)
- According to OA regulations, all male flight attendants must wear a black tie, thus paying tribute to the late Alexander Onassis.
- Uniforms for OA flight attendants were created by famous fashion designers. The first uniform was designed by Jean Desses in 1957, followed by uniforms designed by Coco Chanel (1966–1969), Pierre Cardin (1969–1971), Giannis Tseklenis (1971–1976), Roula Stathi (1976–1981), Billy Bo (1981–1987), Aspasia Gerel (1987–1992), Makis Tselios (1992–1998) and Artisti Italiani (1998–2009).
Incidents and accidents
- 29 October 1959: a Douglas DC-3 crashed in the locality of Klitys, on mount Parnitha, near Athens, Greece. All 15 passengers and all 3 crew members perished. It was reported that one of the wings was detached from the plane.
- 16 August 1969: a Douglas DC-3 was hijacked on a domestic flight from Ellinikon International Airport, Athens to Agrinion Airport. The aircraft, possibly registered SX-BBF, landed at Valona.
- 8 December 1969: a Douglas DC-6 crashed near Keratea, 21 miles southeast of Athens, Greece. All 85 passengers and all 5 crew members were killed. The plane was operating a domestic flight from Chania, Crete, to Athens/Hellenicon airport, and crashed onto mount Paneon (aka Keratovouni) in adverse weather conditions (low clouds, gusting wings, heavy rain).
- 18 February 1972: an Olympic Aviation Learjet crashed off the coast of Monte Carlo. Both crew members were killed.
- 21 October 1972: a NAMC YS-11 crashed off the coast of Voula, Athens, about 3 miles south of Athens/Hellenicon airport,operating a flight from the island of Corfu (Kerkyra) to Athens, in a thunderstorm. 36 passengers and the co-pilot were drowned, while 16 passengers and the remaining 3 crew members were rescued.
- 23 November 1976: an NAMC YS-11 crashed on mount Metaxas, outside the village of Servia, near Kozani, Greece. All 46 passengers and 4 crew members perished. One of the plane's wings is still on the site, near a small church built in memory of the victims.
- 3 August 1989: an Olympic Aviation Shorts 330 crashed on Mount Kerkis, on the Island of Samos, Greece, operating a flight from Salonica to Kos via Samos, in low cloud. All 31 passengers and 3 crew members were killed. Most of the wreckage of the aircraft is still to be found at the crash site, since named "Aeroplano" (=airplane). Pilot error was blamed for the crash. It was the last fatal crash in the airline's history.
- 4 January 1998: a passenger on Olympic Airways Flight 417 died of an allergic reaction to cigarette smoke when a flight attendant, against policy, refused to change his seat. The airline banned all smoking from 15 April 2001.
- ^ Hans Zoglmeier. "History & Organization". Oainfo.olympicairlines.com. http://oainfo.olympicairlines.com/history_organization_en.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- ^ "Contact Us." Olympic Airways. Retrieved on 1 July 2010. "Head Office address: 96-100, Syngrou Av., 11741 Athens, Greece." - "ΕΠΙΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΑ." Address in Greek: "Κεντρικά Γραφεία: Λεωφ. Συγγρού 96-100, 11741 Αθήνα."
- ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: p. 58. 2007-04-10.
- ^ a b "Olympic 'facing difficult future'". BBC News. 2007-12-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7125040.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "Olympic Airlines IOSA Operators Profile". Iata.org. Archived from the original on November 1, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071101111947/http://www.iata.org/ps/certification/iosa/operators/Olympic+Airlines.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ a b "Our World (supplement)", USA Today: 9, February 15, 2007
- ^ "Olympic Airways old website (Wayback Machine)". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2003-04-21. http://web.archive.org/web/20030421192043/http://www.olympic-airways.gr/. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ http://www.luchtzak.be/article8367.html
- ^ "Olympic Investors interested in Olympic Airlines as one company, its founder says". Greekembassy.org. 2005-09-21. http://www.greekembassy.org/Embassy/content/en/Article.aspx?office=3&folder=361&article=15768. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "Globe Merchant Travel Blog » Blog Archive » Pantheon Airways: a future new airline on the ashes of Olympic Airlines". Globemerchant.com. 2006-06-09. http://globemerchant.com/TravelBlog/?p=42. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "Greece's Olympic Airlines wins cash reprieve from court". International Herald Tribune. 2009-03-29. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/20/business/FIN_COM_Greece_Olympic_Airlines.php. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ Δελτία τύπου & νέα των Ο.Α (Τρέχον Τρίμηνο)[dead link]
- ^ "EU court rules on Greek subsidies to Olympic Airlines". International Herald Tribune. 2009-03-29. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/09/12/business/EU-FIN-EU-Olympic-Airlines.php. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "/ Mergermarket - Olympic Airlines: Olympic Investors still interested, expects quick sale after elections". Ft.com. 2007-09-12. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/b4cc33f4-6144-11dc-bf25-0000779fd2ac,dwp_uuid=e8477cc4-c820-11db-b0dc-000b5df10621.html. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ Hatzidakis' Fresh Assurances[dead link]
- ^ "Olympic fights back" (in Greek). Enet.gr. 2008-01-20. http://www.enet.gr/online/online_hprint?q=%CF%EB%F5%EC%F0%E9%E1%EA%DD%F2+%C1%E5%F1%EF%E3%F1%E1%EC%EC%DD%F2&a=&id=58583104. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "Ελευθεροτυπία - Απογευματινή Αδέσμευτη Εφημερίδα". Enet.gr. 2008-08-26. http://www.enet.gr/online/online_hprint?q=%CF%EB%F5%EC%F0%E9%E1%EA%E7&a=&id=20838696. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- ^ "Olympic Airlines stellt den Flugbetrieb ein | Fluege.de News". News.fluege.de. http://news.fluege.de/airline-news/olympic-airlines-stellt-de-flugbetrieb-ein/5045.html. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- ^ "Airliners". 2003. http://www.airliners.gr/community/viewtopic.php?f=15&t=411. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- ^ Hans Zoglmeier (2008-04-20). "Partner Airlines". Oainfo.olympicairlines.com. http://oainfo.olympicairlines.com/codeshare_en.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- ^ "Greece: Olympic Air Begins Operations". Balkan Travellers. http://www.balkantravellers.com/en/read/article/1490. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- ^ To Vima online Φρίντα Μπιούμπι. Οι τίτλοι μιλάνε από μόνοι τους: «Και το όνειρο πάγωσε» (η ζωή και ο θάνατος του σχεδιαστή Μπίλλυ Μπο) (Frieda Bioubi). The titles speak for themselves. And the dream turned cold (The life and death of fashion designer Billy Bo).To Vima online translation by Google Quote: Bioumpi Frinta...«And the dream froze» (the life and death of Billy designer Bo)..[sic]
- ^ "SX-BBF? Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19690816-0. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- ^ http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/02-1348/02-1348.mer.resp.pdf
- ^ "General information". Web.archive.org. 2001-04-15. Archived from the original on 2003-06-25. http://web.archive.org/web/20030625212012/http://www.olympic-airways.gr/passengers_info/oapaxgenuk.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
Olympic Air Main Airline Subsidiaries Destinations Airline support HistoryOlympic Airways (1957–2003) · Olympic Airlines (2003–2009) Airlines of Greece Current Former Lists relating to aviation General Military Accidents/incidents Records Lists of defunct airlines By continentAfrica · Asia · Europe · North America · Oceania · South America By country Expand for full list AAbkhazia • Afghanistan • Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • Albania • Algeria • American Samoa • Andorra • Angola • Anguilla • Antigua and Barbuda • Argentina • Armenia • Aruba • Ascension Island • Australia • Austria • Azerbaijan BBahamas, The • Bahrain • Bangladesh • Barbados • Belarus • Belgium • Belize • Benin • Bermuda • Bhutan • Bolivia • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Botswana • Brazil • Brunei • Bulgaria • Burkina Faso • Burma • Burundi CCambodia • Cameroon • Canada • Cape Verde • Cayman Islands • Central African Republic • Chad • Chile • China • China, Republic of • Christmas Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Colombia • Comoros • Congo, Democratic Republic • Congo, Republic • Cook Islands • Costa Rica • Côte d'Ivoire • Croatia • Cuba • Cyprus • Czech Republic DDenmark • Dhekelia • Djibouti • Dominica • Dominican Republic EEast Timor • Ecuador • Egypt • El Salvador • Equatorial Guinea • Eritrea • Estonia • Ethiopia FFalkland Islands • Faroe Islands • Fiji • Finland • France • French Polynesia GGabon • Gambia, The • Georgia • Germany • Ghana • Gibraltar • Greece • Greenland • Grenada • Guam • Guatemala • Guernsey • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Guyana HHaiti • Honduras • Hong Kong • Hungary IIceland • India • Indonesia • Iran • Iraq • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Ivory Coast JJamaica • Japan • Jersey • Jordan KKazakhstan • Kenya • Kiribati • Korea, North • Korea, South • Kosovo • Kuwait • Kyrgyzstan LLaos • Latvia • Lebanon • Lesotho • Liberia • Libya • Liechtenstein • Lithuania • Luxembourg MMacao • Madagascar • Malawi • Malaysia • Maldives • Mali • Malta • Marshall Islands • Mauritania • Mauritius • Mayotte • Mexico • Micronesia • Moldova • Monaco • Mongolia • Montenegro • Montserrat • Morocco • Mozambique • Myanmar NNagorno-Karabakh • Namibia • Nauru • Nepal • Netherlands • Netherlands Antilles • New Caledonia • New Zealand • Nicaragua • Niger • Nigeria • Norfolk Island • Northern Cyprus • Northern Mariana Islands • North Korea • Norway OOman PPakistan • Palau • Palestine • Panama • Papua New Guinea • Paraguay • People's Republic of China • Peru • Philippines • Pitcairn Islands • Poland • Portugal • Pridnestrovie • Puerto Rico QQatar RRomania • Russia • Rwanda SSaint Barthélemy • Saint Helena • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Martin • Saint Pierre and Miquelon • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Samoa • San Marino • São Tomé and Príncipe • Saudi Arabia • Senegal • Serbia • Seychelles • Sierra Leone • Singapore • Slovakia • Slovenia • Solomon Islands • Somalia • Somaliland • South Africa • South Korea • South Ossetia • Spain • Sri Lanka • Sudan • Suriname • Svalbard • Swaziland • Sweden • Switzerland • Syria TTaiwan • Tajikistan • Tanzania • Thailand • Togo • Tokelau • Tonga • Transnistria • Trinidad and Tobago • Tristan da Cunha • Tunisia • Turkey • Turkmenistan • Turks and Caicos Islands • Tuvalu UUganda • Ukraine • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States • Uruguay • Uzbekistan VVanuatu • Vatican City • Venezuela • Vietnam • Virgin Islands, British • Virgin Islands, United States • WWallis and Futuna • Western Sahara YYemen ZZambia • Zimbabwe See also
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Olympic Airlines — Olympic Airlines … Deutsch Wikipedia
Olympic Airlines — Olympic Air Codes AITA OACIL Indicatif d appel OA OAL OLYMPIC … Wikipédia en Français
Olympic Airlines — IATA OA OACI OAL … Wikipedia Español
Olympic Airlines — Файл:Olympiakes Aerogrammes.GIF «Olympic Airlines» ИАТА OA ИКАО OAL Позывной OLYMPIC Дата основания 1957 Порт приписки Элефтериос Венизелос, Афины Хабы Македония, Салоники Диагорас, Родос … Википедия
Olympic Airlines — ▪ Greek airline Greek Olimpiaki Aeroporia Greek airline, formerly known as Olympic Airways, founded on April 6, 1957, by the Greek shipowner Aristotle Onassis (Onassis, Aristotle Socrates) (1906?–75) but, from 1975, wholly owned by the… … Universalium
Olympic Airlines destinations — This is a list of airports that Olympic Airlines, the Greek national flag carrier, opeated up till September 2009 before defunct: Contents 1 Africa 2 Asia 3 Europe 4 North America … Wikipedia
Olympic Air — IATA OA ICAO OAL Callsign OLYMPIC … Wikipedia
Olympic Airways — Olympic Airlines … Deutsch Wikipedia
Olympic Air — Olympic Air … Википедия
Olympic Air — Olympic Air … Deutsch Wikipedia