- Saint Piran's Flag
Saint Piran's Flag (Cornish: Baner Peran) is the flag of Cornwall, in the United Kingdom. The earliest known description of the flag as the Standard of Cornwall was written in 1838. It is used by Cornish people as a symbol of identity. It is a white cross on a black background.
The flag is attributed to Saint Piran, a 6th century Cornish abbot. Saint Piran is supposed to have adopted these two colours from seeing the molten tin spilling out of the black ore in his fire. This occurred during his supposed discovery of tin in Cornwall, thus becoming the patron saint of tin miners.
There are claims that the design dates from prior to 1188 when the flag was used in the Crusades,[unreliable source?] and an article in Encyclopædia Britannica tells that the flag was carried by the Cornish contingent at the Battle of Agincourt (1415).[unreliable source?] However, the reference given by Encyclopædia Britannica seems to have been confused with one that comes from a 1590 poem entitled "Poly-Olbion" by Michael Drayton. It states that the banner carried by the Cornish men at Agincourt depicted two Cornish Wrestlers in a hitch.
The fact that Gilbert identifies it as being 'formerly' a Standard of Cornwall implies that he believed it to have been used before 1838. However, Gilbert did not leave a record of his background research, and referred only to his "recollection".
One of the oldest depictions of the flag can be seen in a stained glass window at Westminster Abbey. It was unveiled in 1888 in memory of the famous Cornish inventor and engineer Richard Trevithick. The window depicts St Michael at the top and nine Cornish saints, Piran, Petroc, Pinnock, Germanus, Julian, Cyriacus, Constantine, Nonna and Geraint in tiers below. The head of St Piran appears to be a portrait of Trevithick himself and the figure carries the banner of Cornwall.
Clues to its origin
The Welsh Flag of Saint David
Saint Piran's flag has similarities to the old Breton flag and the Flag of Saint David. The cultural links between Brittany, Wales and Cornwall are well recorded. Saint Piran's Flag is the negative image of the old Breton Flag, a black cross on a white field. The Flag of Saint David shares a black background with Saint Piran's Flag, but is surmounted by a gold, rather than a white, cross.
It has also been suggested that it may have been based on the arms of the Earl of Cornwall, or the later Duchy of Cornwall; based on the arms of other Cornish families; or be linked with the black and white livery of the Knights of St John.
The flag is commonly understood to represent the white tin metal against the black tin ore; symbolically, however, the flag is said to represent the light of truth shining through the blackness/darkness of evil. Another theory of the black and white colours is that the white cross represents the igneous/metamorphic rocks of colour such as granite and schists mainly found in the southwest of Cornwall, while the black background represents the weathered Devonian slate and Carboniferous sandstone, both of which are mainly black-greyish in appearance, of the northern part of Cornwall.
French and Breton family arms
The arms of the Saint-Peran family in Brittany, show a white cross pattee on a black field.
Blason de la famille de Saint-Pezran
Several other French and Breton families also had coats of arms that bear a striking resemblance to the St Piran's flag:
- Saint Peran or Saint Pezran (= Piran) of Brittany (from Glomel, in Cornouaille), is described as "sable a cross patée argent".
- Rossillon de Gex, Coat of Arms described: De sable à la croix d'argent.
- Brunet, de la Besse, Coat of Arms described: D'azur, à la croix d'argent.
- Arnèke Family Coat of Arms.
- Rouvroy de Saint-Simon of Picardy, described: De sable à la croix d'argent chargée de cinq coquilles.
The flag is now widely displayed on cars and from buildings including those of Cornwall Council. It is flown at most Cornish gatherings such as the Gorseth Kernow, St Piran's Day (5 March), Camborne's Trevithick Day (April), Padstow's 'Obby 'Oss festival (May), Helston's Flora Day (May), and at Cornish rugby matches. It is regularly seen around Cornwall on car stickers with the word 'Kernow' (Cornish for Cornwall), and is used around the world as a symbol of the Cornish diaspora or overseas Cornish associations. It has been adapted for use in the logos of a number of organisations, such as the Cornwall district of the Methodist Church, is used by a variety of Cornish businesses such as Ginsters, and is seen on the design of the Cornish All Blacks rugby shirt as well as Cornish Pirates rugby logo.
Cornish Pirates RFC logo showing the Saint Piran's Flag
Ginsters current company logo showing the Saint Piran's Flag
The unofficial 'Cornish ensign' is another flag that is sometimes used to represent the regional identity of Cornwall.
- List of Cornish flags
- The Flag of the Duchy of Brittany
- List of topics related to Cornwall
- St Piran's Day
- ^ a b c 'The Parochial History of Cornwall', by Davies Gilbert. (1838) Vol III, p. 332
- ^ a b c d Phil Rendle, Cornwall - The Mysteries of St Piran, The Flag Institute
- ^ Celtic League flags
- ^ Cornish flag
- ^ Poly-Olbion by Michael Drayton
- ^ Westminster Abbey
- ^ Guide des drapeaux bretons et celtes (English: Guide of Breton and Celtic flags) by Divi Kervella and Mikael Bodlore-Penlaez, published by Yoran Embanner (in French), (2008) ISBN 978-2-916579-12-2
- ^ http://www.briantimms.com/vermandois/bretons.htm
- ^ visu_armes_p
- ^ La page du généalogiste fou ... L'héraldique
- ^ rouvroy
- ^ a b How far has the “Cornish Revival” affected modern Cornwall?
- ^ Flags of the World
Culture of Cornwall Symbols Festivals Sports Cuisine Arts MusicFolk songs Language Folklore Organisations Celtic nations and their cultures Nations Languages Peoples Culture Music Sport County flags of the United KingdomCounty flags as listed on the Flag Institute's UK Flag Registry
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saint Piran — For the coastal town and a municipality in south western Slovenia, see Piran. Saint Piran or Perran (traditionally in Cornwall, saints are simply named, without this title) is an early 6th century Cornish abbot and saint, supposedly of Irish… … Wikipedia
Flag of Derbyshire — The flag of Derbyshire is the unofficial flag of the English county of Derbyshire. History The introduction of the flag came about as a result of a feature on Andy Whittaker s breakfast show on BBC Radio Derby in 2006. [… … Wikipedia
Flag of Devon — Name Saint Petroc s flag Adopted October 2006 (by county council) Designed by Ryan Sealey The Flag of Devon is the flag of the … Wikipedia
Flag of Saint David — The flag of St David Prop … Wikipedia
Saint Petroc — Petrock redirects here. You may be looking for Pet Rock, or the 7th century Dumnonian king Petroc Baladrddellt. Saint Petroc (sometimes spelled Petrock in English, Pedrog in Welsh and Perreux in French) (d. 564) is a 6th century Celtic Christian… … Wikipedia
Saint George — Infobox Saint name=Saint George birth date=between ca. AD 275 and 281 death date=April 23 303 feast day=April 23 venerated in=Anglicanism Eastern Orthodoxy Lutheranism Oriental Orthodoxy Roman Catholicism imagesize=200px caption=Painting by… … Wikipedia
List of flag names — flag of south africaThis is an incomplete blue white red black green , saltire flag nicknames.* Aappalaartoq (the red), Denmark * Aappalaartoq (the red), Greenland * Alsancak (Holy Red Standard), Turkey * Albayrak (Red Flag), Turkey * Ay Yıldız… … Wikipedia
St Piran's Day — Infobox Holiday holiday name = Saint Piran s Day type = Regional longtype = Regional Holiday (not officially recognised). caption = official name = observedby = Cornish people date = March 5 celebrations = Parades and Social Events, Some… … Wikipedia
Dragonja, Piran — Dragonja Dragogna … Wikipedia
Cornish symbols — Flag of St Piran, used as a flag of Cornwall Fl … Wikipedia