- Breton people
René Laennec; Jacques Cartier; Anne de Bretagne; François-René de Chateaubriand; Robert Surcouf; Jules Verne
poptime= 6 million - 7 million (approx.)
France, Canada(mainly Quebec), United Kingdom, United Statesand Ireland
langs=Breton, Gallo, FrenchThe Bretons are a distinct
ethnic grouplocated in the region of Brittanyin France. They trace much of their heritage to groups of Brythons who settled the area from south western Britain in the 4th-6th centuries. The region of Brittanyis named after them, and some still speak the Celtic Breton language.
Brittany was a quasi-independent kingdom and Duchy during the Middle Ages, and an important object of contention between the kingdoms of England and France. The
War of the Breton Successionwas a central component of the Hundred Years' War.
Bretons have emigrated around the world, at various points in their history. One wing of William the Conqueror's army in 1066 was Breton, as were many of the 'Normans' who took part in the conquest and colonization of
England, Wales, Ireland, Sicily, and other lands. Breton ports became key points of departure during the French colonization of the Americas(particularly Nantes, Saint-Malo, and later Lorientand Brest). Bretons furnished a significant proportion of the French colonists in present-day Québec; they played an important role in the French slave trade and buccaneering. For a long time, Catholic priests in Haitiwere recruited primarily from Brittany (this was during a period when the church was reluctant to ordain black Haitians as priests). There is a substantial Breton community in Greater Paris.
Modern Breton identity
Today, the Breton
ethnicityis not recognised by the French Republic, nor by the European Unionor any other official body, which is why there are no specific statistics on that population.Fact|date=January 2008 However, it is reported that hundreds of thousands of people in Franceclaim Breton ethnicity, including a few French celebritiessuch as Patrick Le Lay or Patrick Poivre d'Arvor.
Breton is a
Brythonic languageclosely related to Cornish and a bit more distantly to Welsh. The Breton language as such is part of the Insular Celtic language group. In eastern Brittany, a regional " langue d'oïl" named Gallo developed; it shares certain points of vocabulary, idiom, and pronunciation with Breton. Neither language has official status under French law; however, some still use Breton as an everyday language (particularly those of the older generation) and bilingual road signs are common in the west of Brittany. During the first half of the 20th Century, Breton was strongly discouraged by the French state and it was often looked down upon in schools and churches.
The Breton people are predominantly
Roman Catholic, with Reformedand non-affiliated minorities. Brittanyis one of the most staunchly Roman Catholicregions in all of France. Attendance of Sunday mass dropped during the 1970s and the 1980s but other religious practices such as pilgrimageshave experienced a revival. This includes the " Tro Breizh" which takes in the shrines of the seven founding saints of Breton Christianity. The Christian Tradition is widely respected by both believers and nonbelievers, who see it as a symbol of Breton heritage and culture.
ymbols of Britanny
*National Anthem: "
Bro Gozh ma Zadoù" ("Old Country of My Fathers")
*Motto of the Dukes of Brittany: "Kentoc'h mervel eget bezañ saotret" in Breton, or "Potius mori quam fœdari" in
*National Day: 19 May, the Feast of Saint Erwann (Saint Yves)
*Chivalric order: "L'Ordre de l'Hermine" (The Order of the Stoat)
list of Breton authors
list of Breton poets
Brutus of Troy
Honour of Richmond
*Wikipedia in Breton
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List of Breton people — This is a list of some Breton people of note and of some notable individuals born in Brittany, alphabetically within categories. Brittany ( Breizh in Breton) is a Celtic nation and has contributed famous names to all walks of life.Musicians*Alan… … Wikipedia
Breton Social-National Workers' Movement — The Breton Social National Workers Movement (French: Mouvement Ouvrier Social National Breton) was a nationalist, separatist, and Fascist movement founded in 1941 by Théophile Jeusset. It emerged in Brittany from a deviationist faction of the … Wikipedia
Breton — Breton, or its feminine form Bretonne, usually refers to: *Breton people of Brittany *The Breton language, a Celtic language spoken in Brittany and Loire Atlantique * Breton , an adjective for things associated with BrittanyBreton may also refer… … Wikipedia
Breton Revolutionary Army — The Breton Revolutionary Army (French: Armée Révolutionnaire Bretonne , ARB), is an illegal armed organization that is part of the Breton nationalism movement in the Brittany region of France. This area was united with France in 1524. The region… … Wikipedia
Breton Autonomist Party — The Breton Autonomist Party (Parti Autonomiste Breton, or PAB) was a political party which existed in Brittany from 1927 to 1931 Origin The party was created at the first congress of the nationalist journal Breiz Atao in Rosporden on September… … Wikipedia
Breton — I. noun Etymology: French, from Medieval Latin Briton , Brito, from Latin, Briton Date: 1653 1. a native or inhabitant of Brittany 2. the Celtic language of the Breton people • Breton adjective II. biographical name André 1896 1966 French… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Breton News — was a magazine set up by Alan Heusaff amongst Breton émigrés in Ireland in the 1950s. It was published in English, French and Breton, and aimed to disseminate information about the political situation in Brittany amongst people in the Celtic… … Wikipedia
Breton mythology — is the mythology or corpus of explanatory and herioc tales originating in Brittany, now in France. Bretons were a subset of Celtic people that adopted Christianity. Celtic traditions predominates their mythology:* Ankou * Bugul Noz * Korrigan *… … Wikipedia
Breton — Breton1 [bret′ n] adj. [Fr, ult. same word as BRITON] of Brittany or its people, language, or culture n. 1. a person born or living in Brittany 2. the Celtic language spoken in Brittany Breton2 [brə tōn′] André [än drā′] 1896 1966; Fr. poet & art … English World dictionary
Breton language — Infobox Language name=Breton nativename=Brezhoneg pronunciation=/bɾɛ.ˈzõː.nɛk/ states=France region=Brittany speakers=200,000 300,000 The most recent census (2001) shows about 270,000 speakers, with a yearly decline of about 10,000 speakers. The… … Wikipedia