Melbourne tram route 3


Melbourne tram route 3
Melbourne University - East MalvernMelbourne University - East Malvern
Melbourne trams route 3 map.png
Route Information
Route Number 3 / 3a (weekend variation)
Number of stops 57 as 3 / 62 as 3a (weekend variation)
Timetables Link
Route Map Link
Zone Location
Zone 1
Entire route

Tram route 3 is a public transport service in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It runs from the University of Melbourne north of the city centre to Malvern East in the eastern suburbs.

Like most tram routes in Melbourne, it is entirely within Metcard/myki ticketing Zone 1.

On weekends route 3 operates as route 3a and diverts through St Kilda.

In response to the State Government's 2001 Melbourne 2030 planning policy, the Public Transport Users Association lobbied to extend route 3 to East Malvern railway station or Chadstone Shopping Centre.[1]

Contents

History

The origins of route 3 lie in separate tram lines, an electric line from Melbourne University to Queensberry Street, a cable tram from Queensberry Street to Milton Street and an electric line from Acland Street to Darling Road.

Cable trams first travelled from Queensberry Street, Carlton to Milton Street, Balaclava (just south of Carlisle Street), on 11 October 1888, with the line opened by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company.[2]

The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust opened a line from Alcand Street, St Kilda to Hawthorn Road, Caulfield North along Carlisle Street/Balaclava Road on 12 April 1913.[3] This line was extended east by the Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust from Hawthorn Road to Darling Road, Malvern East on 13 November 1913.[3]

The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust opened its line from Park Street, North Carlton to Queensberry Street, Carlton along Lygon Street, Elgin Street and Madeline Street - as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known - on 31 October 1916.[3]

The Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run the entire length on 29 August 1926.[4]

Large sections of these lines make up what is today's route 3.

During the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games the route was through routed to West Coburg, from Domain Interchange, along route 55 to alleviate congestion along St Kilda Road.[5] The temporary through routing was useful in helping daily commuters utilise other connection train stations at the city's west end. At Domain Interchange, a junction was instated. This set of switches has since been disabled after the demerger.

On 31 January 2009 route 3 was altered on the weekends to form route 3a, diverting from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travels through St Kilda on Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street to rejoin the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.[6]

Route

 Route 3/3a 
Unknown BSicon "KBHFa yellow"
Melbourne University Routes 1, 8 Stop 1
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
City
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
La Trobe St Melbourne Central Station Routes 24, 30, City Circle 8
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Lonsdale St 9
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Bourke St Routes 86, Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Collins St Routes 11, 42, 48, 109, 112 11
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Federation Square Flinders St Station Routes 70, Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Arts Precinct Route 1 14
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
St Kilda Rd
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Coventry St 18
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Domain Interchange Routes 8, 55 20
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Toorak Rd 22
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Commercial Rd Route 72 25
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
High St Route 6 27
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
St Kilda Junction Routes 5, 16, 64, 67 30
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
St Kilda
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Carlisle St Routes 16, 67, 79 35
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
St Kilda Town Hall 36
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Chapel St Routes 78, 79 37
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Balaclava Station Balaclava Station 38
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Orrong Rd 43
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Kooyong Rd 46
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Hawthorn Rd Routes 16, 64 51
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
Caulfield
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Caulfield Racecourse 56
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Caulfield Station Caulfield Station 56
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Burke Rd 60
Unknown BSicon "KBHFe yellow"
East Malvern 64

Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops.

Z3 class tram at East Malvern terminus

Route 3 runs from Melbourne University travelling south on Swanston Street, through the CBD, passing Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne Central railway station, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne Town Hall, City Square, St Paul's Cathedral, Flinders Street railway station, Federation Square and Birrarung Marr.

Crossing the Yarra River into Southbank along St Kilda Road, traversing the suburbs of Melbourne and South Melbourne, Victoria, it passes The Arts Centre, National Gallery of Victoria, Victoria Barracks and Shrine of Remembrance. Passing through St Kilda Junction at St Kilda, it continues south on St Kilda Road, turning east into Carlisle Street, Balaclava travelling towards St Kilda East, where Carlisle Street becomes Balaclava Road, continuing east travelling through Caulfield North. At Caulfield it briefly travels on Normanby Road, Sir John Monash Drive and Dandenong Road - passing Caulfield station - and continues east into Waverley Road, Malvern East, terminating at Darling Road, Malvern East.

Route 3a Weekend Variation

On the weekends route 3 runs as route 3a, which diverts from the regular route at St Kilda Junction and travels through St Kilda on Fitzroy Street, The Esplanade and Carlisle Street, passing Luna Park and St Kilda Beach rejoining the regular route at the corner of St Kilda Road and Carlisle Street.[6]

Operation

Route 3 and 3a are run from Glenhuntly depot[7] and are predominantly run by Z3 class trams, and occasionally with air conditioned B2 class articulated trams.

Maps and timetables

See also

References


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