Melbourne tram route 109


Melbourne tram route 109
Box Hill - Port MelbourneBox Hill - Port Melbourne
Melbourne trams route 109 map.png
Route Information
Route Number 109
Number of stops 62
Timetables Link
Route Map Link
Zone Location
Zone 1
109 Light Rail (Station Pier) - Whitehorse Road (Balwyn Road)
Zone 1 & 2
Whitehorse Road (Balwyn Road - Market Street)

Tram route 109 or simply The 109 is a public transport service in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It runs between a terminus in Box Hill and a terminus near Station Pier in Port Melbourne. The route runs along a light rail track between Port Melbourne and Southbank, using the Sandridge railway right-of-way, the first railway line in Australia, which was converted in 1987.

Unlike most tram routes in Melbourne, it falls within Metcard/myki ticketing Zone 1 and Zone 1/2.

At Box Hill, it is integrated with various train routes at Box Hill railway station, as well as many bus routes that pass through Centro Box Hill shopping centre.

Contents

History

The origins of route 109 lie in separate tram lines, a cable tram from Spencer Street to the Yarra River, a horse tram from the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery, an electric line from Kew Junction to Box Hill (extended over the years) and the Port Melbourne railway line.

A cable line was opened from Spencer Street to Brunswick Street along Collins Street, MacArthur Street, Gisborne Street and Victoria Parade on the 2 October 1886,[1] by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company, and later extended to the west side of the Yarra River along Victoria Parade and Victoria Street on 22 November 1886.[1] A connecting horse tram was build from the east side of the Yarra River to Kew Cemetery along Barkers Road, High Street South and High Street, opening on 28 December 1887.

The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust opened a line from High Street to Burke Road along Cotham Road on 30 May 1913.[2] On 1 November 1914 the Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust received permission to convert the horse tram line to electric traction, the new electric line was opened on 24 February 1915.[2] The Prahran and Malvern Tramways Trust extended the Cotham Road line to Union Road, Mont Albert along Whitehorse Road, on 30 September 1916.[2]

In 1929 the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board started converting the Collins Street cable lines to electric traction, with the last cable tram running down Collins Street on 14 September 1929, and the first electric tram on 8 December 1929.[3] At the same time the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board built a new electric line down the centre of Victoria Parade to replace the cable line, which opened on 15 September 1929.[3]

The line was extended south west to Port Melbourne along Spencer St and the former Port Melbourne Railway on 21 December 1987 following the conversion of the Railway (along with the St Kilda Line) to light rail.[4] The broad gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) track was re-gauged to standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) and the overhead voltage was reduced from 1500V DC to 600V DC with light rail platforms built adjacent to or near the former stations platforms.

It was extended from its terminus in Mont Albert to Box Hill along Whitehorse Road, about 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi), at the cost of $28 million, on 2 June 2003. [5]

Route

 Route 109 
Unknown BSicon "KBHFa yellow-blue"
Box Hill Box Hill Station Stop 58
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow-blue"
Nelson Rd 57
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow-blue"
Elgar Rd 56
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow-blue"
Union Rd 53
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow-halfblue"
Balwyn 47
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Burke Rd Route 72 42
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Glenferrie Rd Route 16 36
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Kew Junction Routes 24, 48 32
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
Kew
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Barkers Rd Route 48 29
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Burnley St 24
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Church St Routes 78, 79 21
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
North Richmond Station North Richmond Station 19
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Hoddle St 18
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
East Melbourne
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Smith St 15
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
St Vincent's Plaza Routes 24, 30, 112 12
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Parliament Parliament Station Routes 48, City Circle 8
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
City
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Swanston St Routes 1, 3/3a, 5, 6, 8, 16, 64, 67, 72 6
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Elizabeth St Routes 19, 57, 59 5
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
William St Route 55 3
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Spencer St Southern Cross Station Routes 48, 75, 96 1
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Batman Park Routes 70, Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Casino Route 112 124a
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
Port Junction Route 96 125
Unknown BSicon "STR yellow"
South Melbourne
Unknown BSicon "BHF yellow"
North Port 127
Unknown BSicon "KBHFe yellow"
Port Melbourne 129

Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops.

C class tram on route 109 at St Vincent's Plaza
Melbourne Tram Route 109 at the Port Melbourne terminus. The Port Melbourne railway station building is visible in the foreground.

Route 109 runs from Box Hill, travelling west on Whitehorse Road traversing the suburbs of Mont Albert, Surrey Hills, Balwyn and Deepdene. Entering Kew at Burke Road, Whitehorse Road becomes Cotham Road. It continues west, through Kew Junction and then south west along High Street, High Street South and turns west into Barkers Road.

It Crosses the Yarra River into Victoria Street Richmond and continues west, at Hoddle Street Victoria Street becomes Victoria Parade, East Melbourne, it passes through St Vincent's Plaza, passing St Vincent's Hospital, Eye and Ear Hospital and turns south onto Gisborne Street, continues south west along MacArthur Street and turns west into Collins Street, entering the CBD, passing Melbourne Town Hall and City Square.

It turns south into Spencer Street, passing Southern Cross Station, it crosses the Yarra River and enters Southbank on Clarendon Street before traversing the suburbs of South Melbourne and Port Melbourne on a right-of-way - the former Port Melbourne railway line - and terminates at Port Melbourne railway station, near Station Pier.

Operation

Route 109 is run from Kew depot[6] and is predominantly run with C class trams.

Maps and timetables

See also

References


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