- Melbourne Town Hall
Melbourne Town Hall
Looking East along Collins Street toward the Melbourne Town Hall
General information Location Melbourne, Australia Construction started 1867 Completed 1887
Melbourne Town Hall is the central municipal building of the City of Melbourne, Australia, in the State of Victoria. It is located on the northeast corner of Swanston and Collins Streets, in the central business district. It is the seat of the Local Government Area of the City of Melbourne. It has been used for multiple purposes such as theatrical plays, exhibitions as well as school concerts.
Melbourne was officially incorporated as a town on December 13, 1842, with Henry Condell as its first Mayor. However, it wasn't until 1854 that its first Town Hall was completed. Begun in 1851, the work ground to a halt with the beginning of the Victorian gold rush. The foundation stone of a new, grander Town Hall was laid on November 29, 1867 by the visiting Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, after the demolition of the first. The current Town Hall officially opened on August 9, 1870 with a lavish ball, which was personally funded by the Lord Mayor Samuel Amess.
The foundation stone of the additional front portico was laid in 1887, and Sir Henry Weedon laid the foundation of the administrative annex building in 1900.
In 1925, a fire destroyed a large part of the town hall, including the main auditorium and pipe organ. It was rebuilt and enlarged, extending east over the site previously occupied by the Victoria Coffee Palace, an early temperance hotel frequented by Melbourne's power brokers. The rebuilt section lost some of Reed's original flourishes including the elaborate mansard roof.
The Town Hall was designed by the famous local architect Joseph Reed, in the Second Empire style. Reed's designs also included the State Library of Victoria, the Royal Exhibition Building, and Melbourne Trades Hall.
The building is topped by Prince Alfred's Tower, named after the Duke. The tower includes a 2.44 m diameter clock, which was started on August 31, 1874, after being presented to the council by the Mayor's son, Vallange Condell. It was built by Smith and Sons of London. The longest of its copper hands measures 1.19 m long, and weighs 8.85 kg.
The Main Auditorium includes a magnificent concert organ, now comprising 147 ranks and 9,568 pipes. The organ was originally built by Hill, Norman & Beard (of England) in 1929 and was recently rebuilt and enlarged by Schantz Organ Company of the United States of America .
Town HallsBox Hill | Brighton | Brunswick | Camberwell | Coburg | Collingwood | Dandenong | Essendon | Fitzroy | Footscray | Glen Eira | Hawthorn | Heidelberg | Kensington | Kew | Melbourne | Moorabbin | Northcote | North Melbourne | Oakleigh | Port Melbourne | Prahran | Preston | Richmond | South Melbourne | St Kilda | Stonnington | Williamstown
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
North Melbourne Town Hall — is the former town hall of the Town of Hotham (later renamed the Town of North Melbourne) in the state of Victoria. It is listed in the register of the National Trust (file no. B2388)  … Wikipedia
South Melbourne Town Hall — is a civic building located at Bank Place in South Melbourne, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The hall was built between 1879 80 to the design of local architect Charles Webb in the Second Empire style, and is considered one of the grandest… … Wikipedia
Port Melbourne Town Hall — The Port Melbourne Town Hall was erected in 1882 and is of a Free Classical design. The Town Hall is an important element in the historic Bay Street streetscape of inner city Port Melbourne. The Town Hall survives substantialy intact as shown in… … Wikipedia
Collingwood Town Hall — Close up of the Collingwood Town Hall … Wikipedia
Dunedin Town Hall — The Octagon (south) facade Alternative names Dunedin Centre Dunedin Municipal Chambers General information Architectural style … Wikipedia
Northcote Town Hall — is a civic building located in High Street in Northcote, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. Contents 1 … Wikipedia
Brunswick Town Hall — is located on the corner of Dawson Street and Sydney Road in the inner northern Melbourne, suburb of Brunswick, Victoria, Australia. Brunswick was declared a municipality in 1857, after residents petitioned for municipal government. The first… … Wikipedia
Prahran Town Hall — is a civic building located on the corner of Chapel Street and Greville Street in Prahran, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The original hall was built in 1861 to the design of local architects Crouch Wilson in the popular Italianate style of… … Wikipedia
Richmond Town Hall — is a civic building located on Bridge Road in Richmond, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. Originally built in the 1890s in the Venetian Gothic style, consisting of polychrome brickwork and a large tower, the hall facade was remodelled in the… … Wikipedia
Camberwell Town Hall — is located, on Camberwell Road, Camberwell, an inner eastern suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The Town Hall was built in 1891 in the free classical style and features Second Empire influences in the steep pitch of the clock tower s pyramidal… … Wikipedia