Jerry Lewis


Jerry Lewis
Jerry Lewis

Jerry Lewis in 2009
Born Joseph Levitch
March 16, 1926 (1926-03-16) (age 85)
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
Residence New York City,
Los Angeles
Nationality American
Other names The King of Comedy
Le Roi du Crazy
Picchiatello
Education Irvington High School
Occupation Comedian, actor, film producer, writer, film director, singer, national chairman of the Muscular Dystrophy Association (early 1950s-2010)
Years active 1931–present
Home town Trenton, New Jersey
Spouse Patti Palmer (1944-1980)
SanDee Pitnick (1983-present)
Signature
Website
jerrylewiscomedy.com

Jerry Lewis (born Joseph Levitch; March 16, 1926) is an American comedian, actor, singer, film producer, screenwriter and film director. He is best known for his slapstick humor in film, television, stage and radio. He was originally paired up with Dean Martin in 1946, forming the famed comedy team of Martin and Lewis. In addition to the duo's popular nightclub work, they starred in a successful series of comedy films for Paramount Pictures.

From the early 1950s to 2010, Lewis was also known for his charity fund-raising telethons and position as national chairman for the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA). Lewis has won several awards for lifetime achievements from The American Comedy Awards, The Golden Camera, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, and The Venice Film Festival, and he has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

In 2005, he received the Governors Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Board of Governors, which is the highest Emmy Award presented.[1] On February 22, 2009, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Lewis the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.

Contents

Early life

He was born Joseph Levitch (some sources say Jerome Levitch)[2] in Newark, New Jersey, to Russian Jewish parents. His father, Daniel Levitch, was a Master of Ceremonies and vaudeville entertainer[3][4][5] who used the professional name Danny Lewis,[6] His mother, Rachel ("Rae") Levitch (née Brodsky),[7] was a piano player for a radio station.

Lewis started performing at age five and would often perform alongside his parents in the Catskill Mountains in New York State. By fifteen he had developed his "Record Act", in which he exaggeratedly mimed the lyrics to songs on a phonograph. He used the professional name Joey Lewis, but soon changed it to Jerry Lewis to avoid confusion with comedian Joe E. Lewis and heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis.[8] He graduated from Irvington High School in Irvington, New Jersey. During World War II he was rejected for military service because of a heart murmur. [9]

Career

Teaming with Dean Martin

With Dean Martin

Lewis initially gained fame with singer Dean Martin, who served as straight man to Lewis's zany antics in the Martin and Lewis comedy team. They distinguished themselves from the majority of comedy acts of the 1940s by relying on the interaction of the two comics instead of planned skits. In the late 1940s, they quickly rose to national prominence, first with their popular nightclub act, next as stars of their own radio program.

They then made appearances on early live television, debuting first on the June 20, 1948 debut broadcast of Toast of the Town with Ed Sullivan on the CBS TV Network (later the Ed Sullivan Show), followed on October 3, 1948 by an appearance on the NBC TV series Welcome Aboard, then as the first of a series of hosts of The Colgate Comedy Hour in 1950. They began their Paramount film careers in 1949 as ensemble players in My Friend Irma, based on the popular radio series of the same name. This was followed by a sequel in 1950, My Friend Irma Goes West. Starting with At War with the Army (1950), Martin and Lewis were the stars of their own vehicles, in fourteen additional titles at Paramount. Final was Hollywood or Bust (1956). All sixteen were produced by Hal Wallis.

However, as Martin's roles in their films became less important, the partnership became strained. Martin's diminished participation became an embarrassment in 1954, when Look magazine used a publicity photo of the team for the magazine cover, but cropped Martin out of the photo. The partnership finally ended on July 24, 1956. Attesting the team's popularity, DC Comics published the best-selling The Adventures of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comic books from 1952 to 1957. The series continued a year after the team broke up as DC Comics then featured Lewis solo, until 1971, in The Adventures of Jerry Lewis comic books. In this latter series, Lewis was sometimes featured with Superman, Batman, and various other DC Comics heroes and villains. It inspired the Filmation cartoons production company to make, in 1970, a series called Will the Real Jerry Lewis Please Sit Down, with Jerry as the one character inspired by reality, beside other fictitious characters, including Jerry's fictitious relatives.

Both Martin and Lewis went on to successful solo careers, but for years neither would comment on the split, nor consider a reunion. They made at least a couple of public appearances together between the breakup and 1961, but then were not seen together in public until a surprise appearance by Martin on Lewis's Labor Day Muscular Dystrophy Telethon in 1976, arranged by Frank Sinatra.

The pair eventually reconciled in the late 1980s after the death of Martin's son, Dean Paul Martin. The two men were seen together on stage in Las Vegas when Lewis pushed out Dean's birthday cake and sang "Happy Birthday" to him.[10] In Lewis's 2005 book Dean and Me (A Love Story), Lewis wrote of his kinship with Martin, who died in 1995.

Solo achievements

After the split from Martin, Lewis remained at Paramount and became a major comedy star with his first film as a solo comic, The Delicate Delinquent (1957). Teaming with director Frank Tashlin, whose background as a Warner Bros. Looney Tunes cartoon director suited Lewis's brand of humor, he starred in five more films, and even appeared uncredited as Itchy McRabbitt in Li'l Abner (1959).

Lewis tried his hand at releasing an album in the 1950s, having a chart hit with the song "Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody" (a song largely associated with Al Jolson and later re-popularized by Judy Garland) as well as the song, "It All Depends on You" in 1958. He eventually released his own album titled, Jerry Lewis Just Sings. By the end of his contract with producer Hal B. Wallis, Lewis had several productions of his own under his belt.

His first three efforts, The Delicate Delinquent (1957), Rock-A-Bye Baby (1958) and The Geisha Boy (1958), were all efforts to move away from Wallis, who Lewis felt was hindering his comedy.[citation needed] In 1960, Lewis finished his contract with Wallis with Visit to a Small Planet (1960), and wrapped up work on his own production, Cinderfella. Cinderfella was postponed for a Christmas 1960 release, and Paramount, needing a quickie feature film for its summer 1960 schedule, held Lewis to his contract to produce one. Lewis came up with The Bellboy. Using the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami as his setting—and on a small budget, with a very tight shooting schedule, and no script—Lewis shot the film by day and performed at the hotel in the evenings. Bill Richmond collaborated with him on the many sight gags.

In a 2005 interview, Lewis revealed that Paramount were not happy financing a 'silent movie' and withdrew backing. Lewis used his own funds to cover the $950,000 budget. During production Lewis developed the technique of using video cameras and multiple closed circuit monitors, which allowed him to review his performance instantly. His techniques and methods, documented in his book and his USC class, enabled him to complete most of his films on time and under budget.

In The Nutty Professor (1963)

Later, he incorporated videotape, and as more portable and affordable equipment became available, this technique would become an industry standard known as video assist. Lewis followed The Bellboy by directing several more films which he co-wrote with Richmond, including The Ladies Man (1961), The Errand Boy (1961), The Patsy (1964) and the well-known comedy hit, The Nutty Professor (1963), which was later successfully remade as a vehicle for Eddie Murphy in 1996 and followed by a sequel in 2000, Nutty Professor II: The Klumps both executive produced by Lewis for Universal Pictures and Image Entertainment.

Lewis occasionally handed directing reins to Frank Tashlin, who directed several of his productions, including It's Only Money (1962) and Who's Minding the Store? (1963). In 1965, Lewis directed and (along with Bill Richmond) wrote the comedy film The Family Jewels about a young heiress who must choose among six uncles, one of whom is up to no good and out to harm the girl's beloved bodyguard who practically raised her. Lewis played all six uncles and the bodyguard.

By 1966, Lewis, now 40, was no longer an angular juvenile and his routines seemed more labored. His box office appeal waned to the point where Paramount Pictures new executives felt no further need for the Lewis comedies. Undaunted, Lewis packed up and went to Columbia Pictures, where he made several more comedies. Lewis taught a film directing class at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles for a number of years; his students included Steven Spielberg and George Lucas.[11]

In 1968, he screened Spielberg's early film, Amblin' and told his students, "That's what filmmaking is all about."[12] Lewis starred in and directed the unreleased The Day the Clown Cried in 1972. The film was a drama set in a Nazi concentration camp. Lewis rarely discusses the experience, but once explained why the film has not been released, by suggesting litigation over post-production financial difficulties. However, he admitted during his book tour for Dean and Me that a major factor for the film's burial is that he is not proud of the effort.

Lewis also appeared in stage musicals. In 1976, he appeared in a revival of Hellzapoppin' with Lynn Redgrave, but it closed on the road before reaching Broadway.[13] In 1994, he made his Broadway debut, as a replacement cast member playing the Devil in a revival of the baseball musical, Damn Yankees, choreographed by future film director Rob Marshall (Chicago).[14] Lewis returned to the screen in 1981 with Hardly Working, a film he both directed and starred in.

Despite being panned by the critics, the film did eventually earn $50 million. He followed this up with a critically acclaimed performance in Martin Scorsese's 1983 film, The King of Comedy, in which Lewis plays a late-night TV host plagued by obsessive fans (played by Robert De Niro and Sandra Bernhard). The role had been based on and originally offered to Johnny Carson.[citation needed] Lewis continued doing work in small films in the 1990s, most notably his supporting roles in 1994's Arizona Dream and 1995's Funny Bones. He appeared on television on one episode of Mad About You's first season in 1992, playing an eccentric billionaire. In 2008, Lewis reprised his role as Prof. Kelp in The Nutty Professor, his first CGI animated film and sequel to his original 1963 film co-starring Drake Bell as the voice of his nephew, Harold Kelp.

Lewis making a characteristic face at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival

On television, Lewis starred in three different programs called The Jerry Lewis Show. The first was a two-hour Saturday night variety show on ABC in the fall of 1963. The lavish, big-budget production failed to find an audience and was canceled after 13 weeks. His next show was a one-hour variety show on NBC in 1967-69. A test of a syndicated talk show for Metromedia in 1984 was not continued beyond the scheduled five shows. Lewis and his popular movie characters were animated in the Filmation cartoon series, Will the Real Jerry Lewis Please Sit Down. First aired on ABC in 1970, it lasted only one season and eighteen episodes. The show starred David Lander (Laverne & Shirley) as the voice of the animated Lewis character.

Lewis has long remained popular in Europe: he was consistently praised by some French critics in the influential magazine Cahiers du Cinéma for his absurd comedy, in part because he had gained respect as an auteur who had total control over all aspects of his films, comparable to Howard Hawks and Alfred Hitchcock. In March 2006, the French Minister of Culture awarded Lewis the Légion d'honneur, calling him the "French people's favorite clown".[15] Liking Lewis has long been a common stereotype about the French in the minds of many English-speakers, and is often the object of jokes in Anglosphere pop culture.[16]

In 1994, the Columbia Pictures film North featured footage of Lewis's classic movies. In June 2006, Lewis first announced plans to write and direct a stage musical adaptation of his 1963 film, The Nutty Professor.[17] In October 2008, in an interview on Melbourne radio, Lewis said he had signed composers Marvin Hamlisch[18] and Rupert Holmes to write the show for a Broadway opening in November 2010.[citation needed][19] In 2009, Lewis traveled to the Cannes Film Festival to announce his return to cinema after a 13 year absence for the film Max Rose,[20][21] his first leading role since Martin Scorsese's The King of Comedy. In early 2011, Lewis signed a deal with Artificial Intelligence Entertainment and Capital Films to remake three of his 1960s films: The Bellboy, Cinderfella and The Family Jewels, with Lewis serving as co-executive producer of the new films.

On May 16, 2011, the MDA announced that the 2011 edition of its annual telethon would be Lewis' last as emcee. After hosting the annual event since 1954, he was to continue serving as the association's national chairman.[22] Soon afterward, however, Lewis denied that he was leaving the telethon at all,[23] but on August 3, 2011, the MDA announced that Lewis resigned as chairman and telethon host, the circumstances leading to his resignation unknown.[24] Lewis made no appearance, live or recorded, on the 2011 MDA Telethon.

Film portrayal

Lewis was portrayed by Emmy Award winner Sean Hayes (Will and Grace) in the 2002 made for television movie Martin and Lewis. The film depicts Lewis' partnership with Dean Martin (played by Jeremy Northam). Hayes met Lewis during shooting of the televised film and went on to receive a Screen Actors Guild Award for best actor.

Personal life

Family

Lewis has been married twice:

  • Patti Palmer (née Esther Calonico),[25] a former singer with Ted Fio Rito;[26] married October 3, 1944, divorced September 1980.[27]
  • SanDee Pitnick; married February 13, 1983; a 32-year-old Las Vegas dancer. They were married in Key Biscayne, Florida; Lewis was 56.[28]

He had six sons and one adopted daughter:

  • Gary Harold Lee Levitch was born on July 31, 1945[29] to Lewis and Patti Palmer. Gary Levitch's name was subsequently legally changed to Gary Lewis. As a 1960s pop musician, Gary Lewis had a string of hits with his group Gary Lewis & the Playboys.[30]
  • Ronald Lewis; adopted July 1950 with Patti Palmer
  • Scott Lewis; born February 1956 to Patti Palmer
  • Christopher Joseph Lewis; born October 1957 to Patti Palmer
  • Anthony Lewis; born October 1959 to Patti Palmer
  • Joseph Lewis; born January 1964 to Patti Palmer, died October 24, 2009 from a narcotics overdose.[31]
  • Danielle Sarah Lewis (daughter); adopted March 1992 with SanDee Pitnick.[27]

Lewis currently resides in Las Vegas, Nevada.

Health concerns

Jerry Lewis, 2005

Lewis has suffered years of back pain after an injury that almost left him paralyzed when he did a comedic pratfall from a piano on March 20, 1965 while performing at the Sands Hotel in Las Vegas.[32][33]

He became addicted to the pain killer Percodan,[32] but says he has been off the drug since 1978 and has not taken one since.[33] In April 2002, Lewis had a "Synergy" neurostimulator, developed by Medtronic,[34] implanted in his back, which has helped reduce the discomfort. He is now one of Medtronic's leading spokespeople.[33][34]

In December 1982, Lewis suffered a serious heart attack and then a second minor heart attack on June 11, 2006, at the end of a cross-country commercial airline flight en route home from New York City.[35] It was discovered that he had pneumonia as well as a severely damaged heart. He underwent a cardiac catheterization and two stents were inserted into one of his coronary arteries, which had become 90% blocked. The surgery resulted in a return of blood flow to his heart and has allowed him to continue his rebound from earlier lung problems. Having the cardiac catheterization also meant canceling several major events from his schedule, but Lewis fully recuperated in a matter of weeks.

In 1999, his Australian tour was cut short when he had to be hospitalized in Darwin with viral meningitis. He was ill for more than five months. It was reported in the Australian press that he had failed to pay his medical bills; however, Lewis maintained that the payment confusion was the fault of his health insurer. The resulting negative publicity caused him to sue his insurer for US$100 million.[36]

Lewis has had prostate cancer,[37] diabetes I,[33] and pulmonary fibrosis,[32] and has had at least two heart attacks. A third heart attack, claimed to have been sustained while filming Cinderfella in 1960,[38] has not been confirmed officially. Prednisone[32] treatment in the early 2000s for pulmonary fibrosis resulted in weight gain and a noticeable change in his appearance.

In September 2001, he was unable to perform at a planned charity event produced by comedian Steven Alan Green at the London Palladium. (Green's take on the event was turned into a one-person show, I Eat People Like You For Breakfast, which Green performed at the 2003 Edinburgh Festival.) Some months thereafter, Lewis began an arduous, months-long therapy which weaned him off prednisone and enabled him to return to work.

Charity work

Throughout his career, Lewis has supported fundraising for research into muscular dystrophy. From the early 1950s until 2011, he served as national chairman of the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA).[39] Lewis began hosting telethons to benefit MDA in 1952. From 1966 to 2010 he hosted the annual Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon, since renamed the MDA Labor Day Telethon. It has raised over $2.6 billion.[40] On August 3, 2011, it was announced that Lewis would no longer host any further telethons.[41]

Jerry Lewis Cinemas

From 1969 to 1980, the National Cinema Corp. franchised "Jerry Lewis Cinemas" as a business opportunity for those interested in theatrical movie exhibition. A harbinger of the cookie-cutter "cineplex" type movie theaters that would become popular in the 1970s, a Jerry Lewis Cinema was billed in franchising ads as a "mini-theatre" with a seating capacity of between 200 and 350. Though billed as "luxurious and plush", the actual theaters were not luxurious, but not bare-bones, either. Franchise hype claimed the theater could be operated by as little as a staff of two due to automation and the fact that the franchisor would provide support in booking films and help in other areas of film exhibition.

National Franchise Corp. successfully wooed Lewis to provide his name and star-power to the franchising operation. As well as bearing his name, each Jerry Lewis Cinema bore a sign with a cartoon logo of Lewis in profile. The theaters were pitched to investors that were not movie exhibition veterans, pitching owning a movie theater as a "mom and pop" operation.[42]

There initially were 158 territories that were franchised, with a buy-in fee of $10,000 or $15,000, depending on the territory, for what was called an "individual exhibitor". For $50,000, the Jerry Lewis Cinemas offered an opportunity known as an "area director" in which the investor not only was given their own cinema, but controlled franchising opportunities in a territory.[43]

The success of the chain was hampered by the chain's policy of only booking second-run, family friendly films. Eventually, the policy was changed, and the Jerry Lewis Cinemas were allowed to run other, more competitive fare, but after a decade, the chain failed. Both Lewis and National Cinema Corp. declared bankruptcy in 1980.[44]

Honors and awards

Lewis' motion picture star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6821 Hollywood Blvd
1950s
1960s
  • 1965 – Winner, Golden Laurel, Special Award – Family Comedy King[45]
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
  • 2005 – Winner, Governors Award, Primetime Emmy Awards[47]
  • 2006 – Winner, Satellite Award for Outstanding Guest Star on TV's Law & Order: Special Victims Unit[47]
2010s
  • 2010 - Received Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Chapman University during the 2010 MDA Telethon.

Bibliography

Trivia

  • In Back to the Future, Dr. Emmett L. Brown mentions Jerry Lewis as the supposed Vice President of the United States in 1985 after Marty McFly mentions Ronald Reagan is President in 1985.
  • A plotline of an episode of Seinfeld revolved around Jerry searching for his cufflinks which had been worn by Jerry Lewis in the film Cinderfella. He plans to wear them to a party Lewis is attending, using them as a conversation starter.

See also

References

  1. ^ Andorfer, Melanie (September 11, 2005). "Jerry Lewis Honored By TV Academy". CBS News, AP. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/07/27/entertainment/main712316.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  2. ^ "Jerry Lewis". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/714683/Jerry-Lewis. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Jerry Lewis Film Reference bio". Filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/6/Jerry-Lewis.html. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  4. ^ "The Official Jerry Lewis Comedy Museum and Store". Jerrylewiscomedy.com. http://www.jerrylewiscomedy.com/biography.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  5. ^ "Jerry Lewis on Dean Martin: 'A Love Story'". NPR. October 25, 2005. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4973590. Retrieved 2009-06-16.  (online excerpt from book, with link to Fresh Air radio show interview of Lewis by Terry Gross)
  6. ^ In Person, p. 11
  7. ^ In Person, p. 12
  8. ^ In Person, p. 85
  9. ^ Dean and Me by Jerry Lewis and James Kaplan
  10. ^ Lewis, Jerry; Kaplan, James (2005-10-23). "'We Had That X Factor' (Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis)". Parade. http://www.parade.com/articles/editions/2005/edition_10-23-2005/featured_0. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  11. ^ Jerry Lewis: TV Guide Biography
  12. ^ Joseph McBride, Steven Spielberg – A Biography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997), pg. 168
  13. ^ "''Hellzapoppin'' 1976 revival, closed on the road before reaching Broadway". Broadwayworld.com. http://broadwayworld.com/bwidb/productions/Hellzapoppin%27_8211/. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  14. ^ Damn Yankees 1994 Broadway revival, replacement cast at Internet Broadway Database
  15. ^ Staff writers (March 16, 2006). "Jerry Lewis in Top French Honour". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4814232.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  16. ^ Do the French really love Jerry Lewis?, October 1, 1999, The Straight Dope
  17. ^ "Jerry Lewis to Direct Bway-Bound Nutty Professor Musical". Broadwayworld.com. 2006-06-07. http://www.broadwayworld.com/article/Jerry_Lewis_to_Direct_BwayBound_Nutty_Professor_Musical_20060607. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  18. ^ Archerd, Army (August 30, 2007). "1967: Jerry Lewis Recovering [archive reprint, with 2007 update]". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117971122.html?categoryid=13&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  19. ^ Ernie Sigley interviews Jerry Lewis, radio 3AW Melbourne October 30, 2008, interview at http://www.3aw.com.au/blogs/ernie-blog/jerry-lewis-with-ernie-sigley/20081030-5c0c.html
  20. ^ McNary, Dave (May 15, 2009). "Jerry Lewis To Star In 'Max Rose'". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118003719.html?categoryid=1236&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  21. ^ Max Rose (2010) at Internet Movie Database
  22. ^ "MDA press release, via Zap2it: "You’ll Never Walk Alone: Jerry Lewis To Make His Final Telethon Appearance", May 16, 2011". Tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com. http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2011/05/16/jerry-lewis-announces-his-final-mda-telethon-appearance/92835/. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  23. ^ Jerry Lewis tight-lipped on telethon role. Reuters. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  24. ^ "Jerry Lewis Completes Run as MDA National Chairman". MDA. 2011-08-03. http://www.mda.org/news/110803.html. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  25. ^ In Person, p. 106
  26. ^ In Person, p. 104
  27. ^ a b "Who is Jerry Lewis". Digilander.libero.it. http://digilander.libero.it/comedian/whois.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  28. ^ Jerry Lewis Photo Gallery published by CBS News
  29. ^ In Person, p. 128
  30. ^ Pore-Lee-Dunn Productions (1946-07-31). "Gary Lewis and the Playboys". Classicbands.com. http://www.classicbands.com/garylewis.html. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  31. ^ "Joseph Lewis". contactmusic.com. 7 January 2010. http://www.contactmusic.com/news.nsf/story/lewis-son-i-blame-my-mean-evil-dad-for-brothers-death_1127899. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  32. ^ a b c d Clark, Mike (August 29, 2002). "Jerry Lewis Tells It Like It Is — And Was". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/2002-08-29-jerry_x.htm. Retrieved Mar 6, 2009. 
  33. ^ a b c d "A Moment With ... Jerry Lewis, Comedian/Entertainer/Philanthrophist". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. April 10, 2003. http://www.seattlepi.com/movies/116664_moment10.html. Retrieved March 7, 2009. 
  34. ^ a b "Jerry's Story". Medtronic.com. 2011-05-17. http://www.medtronic.com/neuro/ttp/ps_jerry.html. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  35. ^ Sciretta, Peter (June 14, 2006). "Jerry Lewis Suffers Heart Attack". /Film. http://www.slashfilm.com/article.php/20060614023221649. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  36. ^ Price, Jenna (June 11, 2000). "Jerry Lewis Calls The Shots Now That He's Paid His Bill". The Canberra Times.
  37. ^ Henkel, John (December 1994). "Prostate Cancer: New Tests Create Treatment Dilemmas". FDA Consumer. BNET. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1370/is_n10_v28/ai_15955600/. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  38. ^ "The Astounding B Monster | Cult". Bmonster.com. http://www.bmonster.com/cult35.html. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  39. ^ "Jerry Lewis no longer MDA's national chairman". MSNBC. 4 August 2011. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/44013800/ns/us_news-giving/#.TjqwhTvj6rg. 
  40. ^ "Jerry Lewis wows ACTU crowd". ABC News. 24 June 2011. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/06/24/3252231.htm. 
  41. ^ In 2011, it was announced that Lewis will step down as national chairman of the MDA. http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2011/08/04/us/AP-US-Jerry-Lewis-MDA.html?hp
  42. ^ Connelly, Sherilyn. "Bad Ideas from the 1970s: Jerry Lewis Cinema Franchises Were a Nutty Disaster". San Francisco Weekly. http://blogs.sfweekly.com/exhibitionist/2011/08/jerry_lewis_cinemas_the_nutty.php. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  43. ^ LIFE - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1971-12-31. http://books.google.com/books?id=8z8EAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PP1&rview=1&pg=PA75-IA4#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  44. ^ ccrouch. "Fantasy & Failure With Jerry Lewis Cinemas". Cinelog.org. http://cinelog.org/cinelog/2009/03/28/fantasy-failure-with-jerry-lewis-cinemas/. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  45. ^ a b c d Jerry Lewis Awards and Nominations at Internet Movie Database
  46. ^ In Person, p. 307
  47. ^ a b c d e Entertainment Awards Database, published by the Los Angeles Times. Accessed March 8, 2009
  48. ^ Veteran Actor Jerry Lewis To Receive Humanitarian Award At Oscars, Xinhua News Agency, February 2, 2009

Further reading

External links

Videos

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jerry Lewis — bei den Filmfestspielen von Cannes (2009) Jerry Lewis (* 16. März 1926 in Newark, New Jersey; eigentlich Joseph Levitch) ist ein US amerikanischer Komiker, Schauspieler, Sänger, Produzent, Drehbucha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerry Lewis — Nombre real Joseph Levitch Nacimiento 16 de marzo de 1926 (85 años) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jerry Lewis — (16 de marzo de 1926) es un actor estadounidense. Nació en Newark, en el estado de New Jersey con el nombre de Joseph Levitch. Sus padres trabajaban en el mundo del espectáculo y el pequeño Lewis ya cantaba en giras cuando tenía sólo cinco años.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jerry Lewis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jerry Lewis (homonymie) et Lewis. Jerry Lewis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jerry Lewis — ➡ Lewis (IV) * * * …   Universalium

  • Jerry Lewis — Joseph Levitch …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Jerry Lewis (California) — Jerry Lewis Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California s 41st district Incumbent …   Wikipedia

  • Jerry Lewis (Arizona politician) — Jerry Lewis Member of the Arizona Senate from the 18th district Preceded by Russell Pearce Personal details Born c. 1956 Nationality United States Political party Republican Spo …   Wikipedia

  • Jerry Lewis (disambiguation) — Jerry Lewis may refer to: Jerry Lewis, comedian and actor; telethon host Jerry Lewis, Arizona State Senator elect Jerry Lewis, United States Representative from California s 41st congressional district Jerry Lee Lewis, musician Gerald James Lewis …   Wikipedia

  • Jerry Lewis (Politiker) — Jerry Lewis (2009) Charles Jeremy „Jerry“ Lewis (* 21. Oktober 1934 in Seattle (bzw. nach anderen Quellen in Spokane), Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Republikanischen Partei und seit 197 …   Deutsch Wikipedia