Edinburgh Festival


Edinburgh Festival

Edinburgh Festival is a collective term for several simultaneous arts and cultural festivals which take place during August each year in Edinburgh, Scotland. These festivals are arranged by a number of formally unrelated organizations, meaning there is no single event officially termed the "Edinburgh Festival".

History

The Edinburgh Festival, which holds the world record for the largest arts festival in the world, traces its roots to 1947, when the Edinburgh International Festival (EIF) was established in a post-war effort to "provide a platform for the flowering of the human spirit". [ [http://www.eif.co.uk/G11_History.php Edinburgh International Festival - Classical Music, Opera, Theatre and Dance > History of the Festival ] ] That same year, eight theatrical companies "gatecrashed" the Festival by organizing their own event, outside the official auspices of the EIF; this started the movement which grew into the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. The EFF is also referred to as the Edinburgh Fringe, the Fringe, or, incorrectly, the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. [ [http://www.edfringe.com/area.html?r_menu=global&id=35 edfringe.com : official site of the edinburgh festival fringe ] ]

The EIF and the Fringe remain independent bodies, and organize separate programmes each year. Over the period since 1947, several other Festivals have also been established in Edinburgh - with most of them similarly taking place around August each year. There is therefore not one Edinburgh Festival, but a collection of independent Festivals which happen to take place in the same city at the same time.

List of Edinburgh summer Festivals

The Edinburgh summer Festivals, in order of the year of their foundation, are as follows. An asterisk indicates that the Festival is a member of Festivals Edinburgh, [ [http://www.eif.co.uk/N98_PRESS_RELEASE_Festivals_Edinburgh_director_announced.php Edinburgh International Festival - Classical Music, Opera, Theatre and Dance > PRESS RELEASE Festivals Edinburgh director announced ] ] the umbrella body which represents the Edinburgh Festivals to government.

*Edinburgh International Festival (1947)* — The original and "official" festival consisting of classical and contemporary Theatre, Opera, Music and Dance.
*Edinburgh Fringe (1947)* — Started life as a small scale "fringe" event to the EIF, but is now the largest of all the festivals and indeed the largest arts festival in the world. [ [http://www.edfringe.com/area.html?id=48 Fringe Facts] . edfringe: Official site of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, 2005. Accessed June 26 2005.] Includes Theatre, Comedy, Music, Musicals, Dance and Children's shows.
*Edinburgh Military Tattoo (1950)*
*Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival (1978)*
*Edinburgh International Book Festival (1983)*
*Edinburgh Mela (1995) — celebrating Edinburgh's South Asian communities
*Edinburgh International Internet Festival (1999)
*Edinburgh People's Festival (2002, but claims heritage from earlier Festival of same name 1951-1954)
*Edinburgh Interactive Festival (2003)
*Edinburgh Art Festival (2004)*
*Edinburgh Annuale (2004) — contemporary art
*Free Edinburgh Fringe Festival (2004) - A Festival of Free shows, and part of the Edinburgh Fringe
*Festival of Politics (2005)
*Festival of Spirituality and Peace (2005)
*iFest (2007) — the Internet Festival and Conference
*Edinburgh Comedy Festival (2008)* - The Comedy programmes from Assembly, Gilded Balloon, Pleasance and Underbelly, and part of the Edinburgh Fringe.
*West Port Book Festival (2008) - a free book festival based around secondhand bookshops in the West Port area
*Edinburgh Book Fringe [ [http://www.word-power.co.uk/viewEventList.php?category_id=5 Edinburgh Book Fringe] ]
*Islam Festival Edinburgh [ [http://www.islamfestival.com/ Islam Festival 2007] ]
*Edinburgh Swing Festival
*Edinburgh Harvest Festival

The following Festival also occurs in Edinburgh during August, but is essentially an industry gathering - it does not offer events open to the public.

*Edinburgh International Television Festival (1976)

Film Festival date change

The Edinburgh International Film Festival or EIFF (founded 1947) was traditionally also held in August. However, from 2008 the EIFF has moved to late June, citing concerns over costs during August and congestion in the international film festival calendar. [http://www.edfilmfest.org.uk/news/view/1871/moving-times-at-eiff]

Year-round Festivals

Although the phrase "Edinburgh Festival" is generally taken to refer to the August events, a number of other Festivals are held in the city around the year. These include, in calendar order:

*Ceilidh Culture — held annually in March and April [http://www.ceilidhculture.co.uk/]
*Edinburgh International Harp Festival — held annually in March/April [http://www.harpfestival.co.uk/]
*Edinburgh International Science Festival — held annually in April [http://www.sciencefestival.co.uk]
*OneEighty — the Science Festival 'fringe' (began 2006)
*Edinburgh Easter Festival — held annually [http://www.edinburgheaster.co.uk/]
*Beltane Fire Festival — held annually on the 30th April [http://www.beltane.org/]
*Dark City Festival — a goth music festival, held annually in May [http://www.darkcity-edinburgh.com/]
*Children's International Theatre Festival — held annually in late May [http://www.imaginate.org.uk/festival/index.php]
*Edinburgh World Justice Festival — held annually during the last two weeks of June [http://www.ewjf.org.uk]
*Edinburgh International Film Festival — held annually in June (from 2008; formerly held in August)
*Meadows Festival — usually held in June, 2006's Festival was cancelled due to rising costs [ [http://edinburghnews.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=287872006 Axe falls on Meadows Festival] . Edinburgh Evening News. 24 February 2006. Accessed 17 September 2006.]
*Leith Festival — held annually in June [http://www.leithfestival.com/]
*Scottish International Storytelling Festival — held annually in October and November [http://www.scottishstorytellingcentre.co.uk/]
*Edinburgh's Capital Christmas [http://www.edinburghschristmas.com]
*The exceptionally large Hogmanay celebrations [http://www.edinburghshogmanay.com]

References

External links

* [http://www.gardensessions.co.uk gardensessions.co.uk] Free internet radio show (weekly during the Edinburgh Festival), free folk downloads, news, reviews, lyrics and all things folk
* [http://www.freshair.org.uk/festival/ Fresh Air at the Festival] - Festival guides, reviews, and over 90 interviews from performers in the 2007 Festival Fringe.
* [http://www.edinburgh-festivals.com/ Edinburgh Festivals]
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/Europe/United_Kingdom/Scotland/Edinburgh,_City_of/Arts_and_Entertainment/Edinburgh_Festivals/ Open Directory Edinburgh Festivals page]
* [http://www.festmag.co.uk/ Fest Magazine] - "Your Complete Guide to the Edinburgh Festivals"
* [http://www.edinburghfestivalpunter.co.uk/ A Punter's View] - includes a history of the August festivals and links to venues, previews and reviews.
* [http://www.threeweeks.co.uk/ ThreeWeeks] Guide to the Edinburgh Festival
* [http://www.freefestival.co.uk/ The 'Free Edinburgh Fringe Festival']
* [http://freefringe.org.uk/ The 'Free Fringe' Festival]
* [http://www.fringeguru.com/plan-your-visit/about-the-festivals/ About the Edinburgh Festivals] - Introduction to Edinburgh's summer Festivals from independent website FringeGuru
* [http://www.cityletsedinburgh.com/ Fringe Accommodation ] - Finding accommodation at Edinburgh’s flagship annual event.
* [http://www.edcomfest.com Edinburgh Comedy Festival] - The inaugural Edinburgh Comedy Festival.


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