- College English Test
The College English Test, better known as CET, is a national English as a Foreign Language test in the People's Republic of China.
Before 2005 reform
Before the 2005 reform, the maximum score was 100 points. This test was held nationally twice a year in June and December. The CET consisted of the non-English-specialized "Band 4" (CET4), in which certificate-holders have reached the English level of non-English major undergraduate students, and "Band 6" (CET6), in which the certificate-holders have reached the English level of non-English major postgraduates. The test included listening, reading and writing sections. The spoken test was optional and required certain points from the written test.
The CET was reformed in 2005. Several changes were made, including:
- Re-ordered and re-organized sections; more listening and spoken sections; new "Skimming & Scanning" and "Translation" sections;
- New grading system: scores are graded on a curved scale, so that the highest score possible is 710, while the lowest mark is a score of 290（finish all questions but all wrong);
- Passing grades and qualification certificate elimination;
- A more detailed score report on each section;
- Public service elimination: only university students need to take the test.
Passing the CET is important for Chinese college students. Graduates may only be able to get a degree or a good job if they can pass the CET with a high score.
College students in China now spend quite a large amount of their study time devoted to learning English. On nearly every campus, one can see students reciting text or vocabulary in the mornings, and generally practicing hard for English exams. Furthermore, a great number of students take extra language training classes on evenings and weekends to improve their skills, or pay for private native-speaking tutors.
While the CET tests reading, writing and listening, it does have a separate test for speaking. The speaking test is held twice a year and only students with a CET Band-4 score higher than 550 or a CET Band-6 higher than 520 are eligible for the test. Most Chinese graduates do well on written tests, but have poor English speaking skills.
Test for English Majors
A similar test, the Test for English Majors (TEM), is mandatory for English majors. For these students, passing the TEM-4 is a graduation requirement. The test should be taken by the end of the second academic or sophomore year. TEM-8 ("Band 8") is the highest level for English major students; it should be taken during the end of the last academic or senior year.
If an English-major student fails to pass the TEM-4 during his or her sophomore year, they may attempt to pass the TEM-8 during their senior year. Those failing the TEM-8 are only allowed one re-test (during the following year after they have graduated from college). A second failure results in disqualification.
- CET-4: 4000 words
- CET-6: 6000 words
- TEM-4: 6000 words
- TEM-8: 13000 words
- National College Entrance Examination
- Education in the People's Republic of China
- English language learning and teaching
Education in the People's Republic of China Education system HistoryHistory of education in China · Imperial examination · Mandarin (bureaucrat) · Scholar-bureaucrats · Taixue · Academies (Shuyuan) · Chinese educators · Burning of books and burying of scholars · Guozijian · Guozijian (Beijing) · Hundred Schools of Thought · Scouting in China · Digital divide in China · Challenge Cup Competition of Science Achievement in China · May Fourth Movement · Simplified Chinese Academies Projects Research Institutions Compulsory education Vocation education Higher Education Rankings Libraries Specialist schools Defunct institutions International organisations See also: Category · Science and technology in China
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