History of education in China

History of education in China

The history of education in China began with the birth of Chinese civilization. The nobles often set up the educational establishments for their offspring. The Shang Hsiang was a legendary school to teach the youth nobles. It may have been the origin of education in China.

Zhou Dynasty

The government founded five national schools to educate Six Arts of junior nobles.

Hundred Schools of Thought

At that time, numerous different schools enrolled the students. The most famous one was the Confucianism and its leader Confucius was seen as the founder of education for the masses. One of his saying was "Provide education for all people without discrimination" (Chinese:有教无类). Another was "Teach according to the student's ability" (Chinese: 因材施教).

The different schools were often organized into political entities to gain social influence.

The Setback of Education

Qin Shi Huang favored Legalism (Chinese philosophy),and regarded others useless,so he carried out burning of books and burying of scholars. It was one major setback for Chinese education.

Confucianism as the education doctrine

Emperor Wu of Han favored Confucianism and made it as the national educational doctrine.The Taixue was setup to turn out civil servant for the empire. Imperial examination began at 605, and the educational system for Chinese Empire was finaled modeled until the abolishment in 1905, and replaced by modern Western Education.

Meanwhile art school Pear Garden appeared in early 8th century, and in 1178 national military school Wu Xue () was set up.

Properties of local schools

Imperial examination required the competitors to pass their local cutting score before the final examination in capitol. So the private school prevailed. White Deer Grotto Academy and Donglin Academy were their models.

The invention of Paper and Movable type greatly boosted the educational industry.

The introduction of modern education

Following the defeat of the Chinese empire in the Opium Wars, modern western education was eagerly sought out in the domains of foreign languages, national defence, and new techniques of industrial production. The Capital Foreign Language House () was set up in 1862. Countless overseas students were sent by the government or by their families to Europe, USA, and Japan. In the late 19th century, several modern universities were founded, such as Peking University and Jiaotong University.

ee also

*Education in the People's Republic of China

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • History of Islam in China — The History of Islam in China begins just a few decades after the rise of Islam. Trade existed between pre Islamic Arabia and China s South Coast, and flourished when Arab maritime traders converted to Islam. It reached its peak under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Education in China — may refer to: Education in the People s Republic of China Education in Hong Kong Education in Macau Education in the Republic of China (Taiwan) For historical perspectives, see History of education in China Imperial examination Guozijian… …   Wikipedia

  • History of education — In its widest sense, the history of education is the history of teaching and of learning, and the history of what might be described as the curricula: what it is that is taught or learned.Education has taken place in most communities since… …   Wikipedia

  • Higher education in China — is continuously growing, changing and developing. There are over 2,000 universities and colleges, with more than six million enrollments in total.[1] China has set up a degree system, including Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees that are… …   Wikipedia

  • Military training and education in China — (Chinese: 军训) is a fundamental form of institutions of higher learning reforming education content and also a method for students taking on defence education, required by The Military Service Law of the People s Republic of China[1] and The… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the People's Republic of China —     1949–1976, The Mao Era         …   Wikipedia

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • Education in the People's Republic of China — This article is about education in the People s Republic of China. See Education in Hong Kong and Education in Macau for education in Hong Kong and Macau, respectively. For education in the Republic of China (Taiwan), see Education in the… …   Wikipedia

  • China — • Includes history, government, education, and religion Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. China     China     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • China University of Political Science and Law — Established 1952 President Huang Jin Academic staff 1,400 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.