Matanzas Province


Matanzas Province
Matanzas Province
Province
The Bridge of Bacunayagua marks the western boundary of the province along Via Blanca
Country  Cuba
Capital Matanzas
Area 11,802.72 km2 (4,557 sq mi)
Population 675,980 (2004) [1]
Density 57.27 / km2 (148 / sq mi)
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
Area code +53-52
Location of Matanzas Province in Cuba
Website: Provincial portal

Matanzas is one of the provinces of Cuba. Major towns in the province include Cárdenas, Colón, Jovellanos and the capital of the same name, Matanzas. The resort town of Varadero is also located in this province.

Of Cuba's provinces, Matanzas is one of the most industrialised, with petroleum wells, refineries, supertanker facilities, and 21 sugar mills to process the harvests of the fields of sugarcane in the province.

Contents

Geography

The second largest in Cuba, Matanzas province is largely flat, with its highest point (Pan de Matanzas) at only 380m above sea level.

The north-western coast is largely rocky, with a few beaches, while the north-eastern coast has numerous small cays of its coast (part of Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago), and scrubland and mangroves near the shoreline. Cuba's northern most point is located in on Hicacos Peninsula.

The southern coast has one of Cuba's most distinctive features: an enormous marsh, Ciénaga de Zapata that covers both the southern part of the province and the Zapata Peninsula. East of the peninsula lies the Bay of Pigs, the site of the failed US backed invasion.

Municipalities

From 1976 to 2010 Matanzas was sub-divided into 14 municipalities.[2] Starting from 2011, the municipality of Varadero was abolished and merged to Cárdenas. This Matanzas now has 13 municipalities.

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km²)
Location Remarks
Calimete &1000000000002973600000029,736 &10000000000000958000000958 22°32′2″N 80°54′35″W / 22.53389°N 80.90972°W / 22.53389; -80.90972 (Calimete)
Cárdenas &10000000000103087000000103,087 &10000000000000566000000566 23°02′34″N 81°12′13″W / 23.04278°N 81.20361°W / 23.04278; -81.20361 (Cárdenas)
Cienaga de Zapata &100000000000087500000008,750 &100000000000043200000004,320 22°17′17″N 81°11′51″W / 22.28806°N 81.1975°W / 22.28806; -81.1975 (Playa Larga) Playa Larga
Colón &1000000000007157900000071,579 &10000000000000597000000597 22°43′21″N 80°54′23″W / 22.7225°N 80.90639°W / 22.7225; -80.90639 (Colón)
Jagüey Grande &1000000000005777100000057,771 &10000000000000882000000882 22°31′46″N 81°07′57″W / 22.52944°N 81.1325°W / 22.52944; -81.1325 (Jagüey Grande)
Jovellanos &1000000000005868500000058,685 &10000000000000505000000505 22°48′38″N 81°11′52″W / 22.81056°N 81.19778°W / 22.81056; -81.19778 (Jovellanos)
Limonar &1000000000002542100000025,421 &10000000000000449000000449 22°57′22″N 81°24′31″W / 22.95611°N 81.40861°W / 22.95611; -81.40861 (Limonar)
Los Arabos &1000000000002570200000025,702 &10000000000000762000000762 22°44′24″N 80°42′57″W / 22.74°N 80.71583°W / 22.74; -80.71583 (Los Arabos)
Martí &1000000000002347500000023,475 &100000000000010700000001,070 22°57′9″N 80°55′0″W / 22.9525°N 80.916667°W / 22.9525; -80.916667 (Martí)
Matanzas &10000000000143706000000143,706 &10000000000000317000000317 23°03′5″N 81°34′30″W / 23.05139°N 81.575°W / 23.05139; -81.575 (Matanzas) Province capital
Pedro Betancourt &1000000000003221800000032,218 &10000000000000388000000388 22°43′50″N 81°17′27″W / 22.73056°N 81.29083°W / 22.73056; -81.29083 (Pedro Betancourt)
Perico &1000000000003114700000031,147 &10000000000000278000000278 22°46′31″N 81°00′54″W / 22.77528°N 81.015°W / 22.77528; -81.015 (Perico)
Unión de Reyes &1000000000004002200000040,022 &10000000000000856000000856 22°48′2″N 81°32′13″W / 22.80056°N 81.53694°W / 22.80056; -81.53694 (Unión de Reyes)
Varadero &1000000000002468100000024,681 &1000000000000003200000032 23°08′23″N 81°17′10″W / 23.13972°N 81.28611°W / 23.13972; -81.28611 (Varadero) Abolished in 2010

Source: Population from 2004 Census.[1] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[3]

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Matanzas had a population of 675,980.[1] With a total area of 11,802.72 km2 (4,557.06 sq mi),[4] the province had a population density of 57.3 /km2 (148 /sq mi).

References

External links



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