Holguín Province


Holguín Province

Geobox Region
name = Holguín Province
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country = CUB
state =
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district =
capital = Holguín
capital_type = Capital
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area = 9292.83
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population_as_of = 2004
population = 1029083
population_density = 110.7
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timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
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code_type = Area code
code = +53-024
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map_size = 300
map_caption = Location of Holguin Province in Cuba
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website = [http://www.holguin.cu/ Holguín.cu]
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Holguín is one of the provinces of Cuba, the second most populous after Ciudad de la Habana. It lies in the southeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguín (the capital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa.

The province has a population of slightly over one million people. Its territory exceeds km2 to mi2|9300|abbr=yes, 25 percent of which are covered by forest.

History

Christopher Columbus landed in what is believed to have been today's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the most beautiful country human eyes had ever seen".

The Holguín province was established in 1978, when it was split from the "Oriente" region.

Economy

Like much of Cuba, Holguín's economy is based around sugarcane, though other crops such as corn and coffee, as well as mining, are also large earners for the province.

A large cobalt processing plant with shipping facilities was built at Moa, using foreign investment, much of it from Canada. Chromium, nickel, iron and steel plants dot the province as well.

Tourism has only recently begun to be developed, with a number of hotels around the Guardalavaca area and Cayo Saetia. The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve Sierra Cristal National Park and Alejandro de Humboldt National Park are partly located in the province.

Municipalities

Holguín is divided into 14 municipalities:kml:"Source: Population from 2004 Census."Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon] "Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution."Cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ycu.html|title=Municipios of Cuba|author=Statoids| year=2003| month=July| accessdate=2007-10-06 ]

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Holguin had a population of 1,029,083.Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] With a total area of km2 to mi2|9292.83|abbr=yes|wiki=yes,Cite web| url=http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_4.htm| title=Population by Province| author= Government of Cuba| year= 2002| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] the province had a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|110.7|abbr=yes.

Notable people

*General Calixto García (1839-1898), independence wars patriot
*Commander in Chief Fidel Castro (1926), lawyer, former President of Cuba
*Army General Raúl Castro (1931), former minister of the Revolutionary Army Forces and Vice-President of Cuba, current President of Cuba
*Entrepreneur and Broadcaster Marcos Rodriguez, Sr. 1927-1992, former manager of CMKF Radio in Holguin

References

External links

*es icon [http://www.holguin.cu/ Holguín.cu]

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