Villa Clara Province


Villa Clara Province

Geobox Region
name = Villa Clara Province
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =
category =


image_size = 250
image_caption = Loma del Capiro and Santa Clara


flag_size =
symbol =
symbol_size =
country = CUB
state =
region =
district =
capital = Santa Clara
capital_type = Capital
capital_lat_d =
capital_lat_m =
capital_lat_s =
capital_lat_NS =
capital_long_d =
capital_long_m =
capital_long_s =
capital_long_E =
capital_elevation =
city_type =
city =
part_type =
part_count =
part =
part1 =
area = 8412.41
highest =
highest location =
highest_lat_d =
highest_lat_m =
highest_lat_s =
highest_lat_NS =
highest_long_d =
highest_long_m =
highest_long_s =
highest_long_EW =
highest_elevation =
lowest =
lowest_location =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_lat_m =
lowest_lat_s =
lowest_lat_NS =
lowest_long_d =
lowest_long_m =
lowest_long_s =
lowest_long_EW =
lowest_elevation =
population_as_of = 2004
population = 817070
population_density = 97.1
established_type =
established =
leader =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
code_type =
code =
code1_type =
code1 =
free_type =
free =
free1_type =
free1 =



map_size = 300
map_caption = Location of Villa Clara Province in Cuba
map_locator =
map_locator_x =
map_locator_y =
map_first = 1
website =
footnotes =

Villa Clara is one of the provinces of Cuba. It's located in the central region of the island bordering with the Atlantic at north, Matanzas Province by west, Sancti Spiritus by east, and Cienfuegos on the South. Villa Clara shares with Cienfuegos and Sancti Spiritus on the south the Escambray Mountain Range. Its main cities are Santa Clara (the capital), Sagua La Grande, Placetas, Camajuani, Remedios and Caibarién.

History

The current provinces of Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara were once all part of the now defunct province of Las Villas, but Villa Clara is still referred some times just as "Las Villas" using the shorter old name. Santa Clara was the capital of historical Las Villas and still capital of Villa Clara.

During Pre-Spanish settlement in Cuba what now is Villa Clara province was populated by Cacique people with chieftains of Sabanaque (north west), Sabana (north east), and Cubanacan, literally "The Middle Land" in the center where Santa Clara city is located nowadays. In this region from the eastern landing point of the Spanish was where Columbus believed the "King of India" was living. In early colonial Cuba, historical province Las Villas was center to cattle industry but by 18th and 19th centuries it has shifted to sugar production with a large concentration of mills. At the beginning of the 20th century it had the highest percentage of land farms (90%). "Luis Martines Fernandez". Enciclopedia of Cuba. VOL 1. Greenwood Press, Connecticut, London. ISBN:1-57356-572-5] In 1950 was second to Havana in manufacturing establishments.

After Castro's revolution in the 60's it still lead the sugar production of the island, but in the late 80's and 90's after the collapse of the Soviet Union and lack of support thereof, most of the already inefficient mills were close down, some of them were disassemble other became museums. Only the most efficient mills are still producing sugar. Since then the province concentrated it efforts on building beach resorts in the North waters of the Caribbean sea.

Economy

Sugar, the commodity that Cuban economy used to rely upon was basically based on the plains in the north of this province, and several large mills provided employment to many people. Now in a new structure of Cuban economy most of this mills have been abandoned and the economy is focusing on newly built beach resort in the north cays. Sugar and Tobacco are still the second most important agricultural activity of the province.

Geography

The northern coast of Villa Clara is dotted with numerous cays (part of the Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago), and there are many coral reefs, sandy beaches, and newly constructed touristic resorts.

Around Santa Clara, the land rises into the Alturas de Santa Clara. The highest point in the Santa Clara region is in the Alturas, at m to ft|464|abbr=yes above sea level, while the south, dominated by the Escambray Mountains, reach elevations of over m to ft|900|abbr=yes. Villa Clara also has numerous lakes, which are used for both water sports and fishing. The largest Cuban river to drain into the Atlantic, Río Sagua la Grande, is also in Villa Clara province.

Municipalities

:"Source: Population from 2004 Census."Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon] "Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution."Cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ycu.html|title=Municipios of Cuba|author=Statoids| year=2003| month=July| accessdate=2007-10-06 ]

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Villa Clara had a population of 817,070.Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-04 Es icon] With a total area of km2 to mi2|8412.41|abbr=yes|wiki=yes,Cite web| url=http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_4.htm| title=Population by Province| author= Government of Cuba| year= 2002| accessdate=2007-10-04 Es icon] the province had a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|97.1|abbr=yes.

References

External links

* [http://www.cubawebdirectory.com/index.php?module=site/cuba_directory/83 Villa Clara Province on Cuba Web Directory] - Cuba Links Directory related to Villa Clara, customs & traditions, society, tourism, education and more.
* [http://www.villaclara.civc.inf.cu/ Portal de Villa Clara] (Spanish)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villa Clara (Province) — Province de Villa Clara Province de Villa Clara Capitale Santa Clara Superficie 8 412,41 km² Population 817 070 habitants Densité 97,1 hab/km² Carte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province de Villa Clara — Administration Pays  Cuba …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province de villa clara — Capitale Santa Clara Superficie 8 412,41 km² Population 817 070 habitants Densité 97,1 hab/km² Carte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Villa Clara (Provinz) — Statistische Daten Hauptstadt: Santa Clara Fläche: 8.662 km² Einwohner: 825.800 Bevölkeru …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Villa Clara — may refer to:*Villa Clara Province, Cuba *Villa Clara, Entre Ríos, Argentina …   Wikipedia

  • Santa Clara Province — Santa Clara (also known as Las Villas after 1940) was a historical province of Cuba. Until 1976, its territory was that of the modern Cuban provinces of Villa Clara, Cienfuegos and Sancti Spíritus.The province was split up in 1976, with the… …   Wikipedia

  • FC Villa Clara — Infobox club sportif FC Villa Clara Généralités Fondation …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province de Cienfuegos — Administration Pays  Cuba …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province de cienfuegos — Capitale Cienfuegos Superficie 4 180 km² Population 398 647 habitants Densité 95,4 hab/km² Carte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province de Sancti Spiritus — Province de Sancti Spíritus Province de Sancti Spíritus Capitale Sancti Spíritus Superficie 6 736,51 km² Population 463 009 habitants Densité 68,7 hab/km² …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.