Sancti Spíritus Province


Sancti Spíritus Province

Geobox Region
name = Sancti Spíritus Province
native_name =
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image_size = 250
image_caption = Trinidad, Valley de los Ingenios and Escambray Mountains


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country = CUB
state =
region =
district =
capital = Sancti Spíritus
capital_type = Capital
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area = 6736.51
highest =
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lowest =
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population_as_of = 2004
population_note =
population = 463009
population_density = 68.73
established_type =
established =
leader =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST =
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code_type = Area code
code = +53-41
free_type =
free =
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map_size = 300
map_caption = Location of Sancti Spíritus Province in Cuba
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Sancti Spíritus is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is the identically named Sancti Spíritus. Another major city is Trinidad.

The southern coast of the province is flat, but the western portion of Sancti Spíritus province is mountainous. The southeast has numerous mangroves and swamps. The northern coast contains significant wetlands and protected areas such as the Bay of Buena Vista and the Caguanes National Park.

The largest man made reservoir in Cuba, the Embalse Zaza, is in Sancti Spíritus province.

History

During the 1600s, both Dutch and British pirates attempted to take control of what is today Sancti Spíritus province, but with little success, as the Spanish garrison held them off. From 1660 to 1680, Trinidad was plagued by pirates from Jamaica and Tortuga, and on two occasions, pirates razed the city.

The provinces of Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara were once all part of the now defunct province of Las Villas.

Economy

Tourism is a big earner for the province, with most of the tourism centred around the old city of Trinidad, a World Heritage listed city which has dozens of colonial buildings (and almost no 20th century architecture) dating back to the Spanish conquest in the 1500s, and, as with most of Cuba, sugarcane and cattle are important commodities. Large surfaces are irrigated in the farmland between Zaza Reservoir, Zaza River and Jatibonico River in La Sierpe region. Some tobacco and rice is also grown.

Municipalities

:"Source: Population from 2004 Census."Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon] "Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution."Cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ycu.html|title=Municipios of Cuba|author=Statoids| year=2003| month=July| accessdate=2007-10-06 ]

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Sancti Spiritus had a population of 463,009.Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] With a total area of km2 to mi2|6736.51|abbr=yes|wiki=yes,Cite web| url=http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_4.htm| title=Population by Province| author= Government of Cuba| year= 2002| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] the province had a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|68.7|abbr=yes.

References

External links

*es icon [http://www.magon.cu/ Sancti Spiritus portal]


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