Guantánamo Province


Guantánamo Province

Geobox Region
name = Guantánamo Province
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country = CUB
state =
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capital = Guantánamo
capital_type = Capital
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area = 6167.97
highest =
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population_as_of = 2004
population = 510706
population_density = 82.8
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timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
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code_type = Area code
code = +53-021
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free =
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map_size = 300
map_caption = Location of Guantánamo Province in Cuba
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Guantánamo is the easternmost province of Cuba. Its capital is also called Guantánamo. Other towns include Baracoa. The province surrounds the U.S. Navy base at Guantánamo Bay.

History

Guantánamo's architecture and culture is distinct from that of the rest of Cuba. The original settlement was done by Catalan families from the Ampurdan region of north-eastern Catalonia, Spain in 1764. British forces had occupied the area for over 40 years and Scot-Irish settlers were a constant preoccupation to the Spanish authorities. In 1805, when the French were forced out of St. Domingue (Haiti) 35,000 French settlers were given lands in Cuba, many French families settled in the Guantanamo area becoming coffee and cacao planters meaning that many buildings are comparable to those of the French Quarter of New Orleans in the U.S. state of Louisiana.

Before the Cuban Revolution of 1959, the Carnivals of Guantanamo were famous in Cuba.

Geography

The province is only km to mi|80|abbr=yes away from Haiti its closest point, across the Windward Passage and close enough to see lights in Haiti on a clear night. Guantánamo also has a number of immigrants from Jamaica. The Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa mountains (Sierra de Cristal) dominate the province, dividing both climate and landscape. The northern coast, battered by prevailing winds, is the wettest part of the country, while the south, sheltered and dry, is the hottest. The north is characterized by rainforests, while the south is arid and has many cacti.

Municipalities

kml:"Source: Population from 2004 Census."Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon] "Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution."Cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ycu.html|title=Municipios of Cuba|author=Statoids| year=2003| month=July| accessdate=2007-10-06 ]

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Guantanamo had a population of 510,706.Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] With a total area of km2 to mi2|6167.97|abbr=yes|wiki=yes,Cite web| url=http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_4.htm| title=Population by Province| author= Government of Cuba| year= 2002| accessdate=2007-10-02 Es icon] the province had a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|82.8|abbr=yes.

ee also

*"Guantanamera"
*Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt

References

External links

* [http://www.guantanamocity.org/ Complete guide to Guantanamo City]
* [http://www.zoologicodepiedra.com/ Detailed information about Zoologico de Piedra (Stone Zoo)]
*es icon [http://www.gtmo.inf.cu/ Página Inicio del Sitio Oficial de la Ciencia en Guantánamo]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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