- Constitution of Peru
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
The Constitution of Peru is the supreme law of Peru. The current constitution, enacted on December 31, 1993, is Peru's fifth in the 20th century and replaced the 1979 Constitution. The Constitution was drafted by the Democratic Constitutional Congress that was convened by President Alberto Fujimori during the Peruvian Constitutional Crisis of 1992 that followed his 1992 dissolution of Congress, was promulgated on December 29, 1993. A Democratic Constitutional Congress (CCD) was elected in 1992, and the final text was approved under a referendum.
The current Constitution of Peru differs from the 1979 Constitution in that it gives greater power to the president. For example, it allowed for reelection, reduced the bicameral 240-member congress to a unicameral 120 Congress of the Republic, not only affirmed the president's power to veto found in the 1979 Constitution, but also gave him the power to use a line item veto, and mandated that all tax laws receive prior approval by the Ministry of Economics and Finance. While the Constitution of 1979 allowed the president to dissolve congress after congress censured cabinet members three times, the current constitution allows the president to do so after only two censures. The Constitution allows the president to decree laws as long as he first informs the Congress of his intent to do so. If the president dissolves congress, the Constitution gives him the power to rule until the election of a new Congress within a four month timeline, during which time the Standing Committee of the dissolved Congress will remain functioning.
The 1979 Constitution was promulgated on July 12, 1979 by a Constituent Assembly elected in June 1978 following 10 years of military rule and replaced the suspended 1933 Constitution. It became effective in 1980 with the re-election of deposed President Fernando Belaúnde Terry. It limited the president to a single five-year term and established a bicameral legislature consisting of a 60-member Senate (upper house) and a 180-member Chamber of Deputies (lower house). It also eliminated the literacy requirement for voting and extended suffrage to all adults 18 or older.
- ^ Economist Intelligence Unit (2005-01-12). "Country Briefings: Peru – Political forces". The Economist. http://www.economist.com/countries/Peru/profile.cfm?folder=Profile-Political%20Forces. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- ^ a b "Peru: Government". Encyclopedia of the Nations – Americas. Thomson Gale. 2006. http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Peru-GOVERNMENT.html. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- (Spanish) The Constitution of Peru
- (Spanish) Full text of each of Peru's historic constitutions
Constitutions of states and dependencies in the Americas North America · South America Sovereign states
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Costa Rica
- Dominican Republic
- El Salvador
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United States
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- Navassa Island
- Puerto Rico
- Saint Barthélemy
- Saint Martin
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon
- Sint Eustatius
- Sint Maarten
- South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- US Virgin Islands
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Peru — • A republic on the west coast of South America, founded in 1821 after the war of independence, having been a Spanish colony. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Peru Peru … Catholic encyclopedia
Peru–Bolivian Confederation — Peru Bolivian Confederation Confederación Perú Boliviana ← … Wikipedia
Constitution of Canada — This article is part of a series Constitutional history … Wikipedia
Constitution of Brazil — Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil The original copy of the Constitution Ratified … Wikipedia
Peru — Peruvian /peuh rooh vee euhn/, adj., n. /peuh rooh /, n. 1. Spanish, Perú /pe rddooh /. a republic in W South America. 24,949,512; 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,215 sq. km). Cap.: Lima. 2. a city in N central Indiana. 13,764. 3. a city in N Illinois. 10 … Universalium
Peru — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). Republic of Peru República del Perú (Spanish) … Wikipedia
Peru-Bolivian Confederation — Infobox Former Country native name = Confederación Perú Boliviana conventional long name = Peru Bolivian Confederation common name = Peru Bolivian Confederation continent = South America region=Peru country=Peru status = Confederation year start … Wikipedia
Peru — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Peru <p></p> Background: <p></p> Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by… … The World Factbook
Constitution of Mexico — Political Constitution of the United Mexican States Cover of the original copy of the Constitution Ratified … Wikipedia
Constitution of Uruguay — Uruguay This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Uruguay Constitution President (List … Wikipedia