Judicial System of Peru


Judicial System of Peru
Peru

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Peru



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

The Judicial System of Peru, usually known as the Judicial Power in Peru, is an organism of the government of the Republic of Peru composed of a hierarchic organization of institutions, that exercise equal justice to all people.

It is headed by the Supreme Court of the Republic that has jurisdiction over the whole nation. The second hierarchic level is made up of the Superior Courts which have jurisdiction over an entire Judicial District which are more or less synonymous to the 25 Regions or Departments of Peru. There are 28 Judicial Districts. The third hierarchic level is formed by the Courts of First Instance (trial court), which have jurisdiction over each province. The fourth and lowest hierarchic level of the Peruvian Judicial Power, are the Courts of Peace who only have jurisdiction over a single district.

History

The predecessor to the Judicial Power in Peru was the Real Audencia. During the rule of the Viceroyalty of Peru, there were many subdivisions which equal to almost all South American countries today:

When Peru achieved independence, José de San Martín resolved that the Audencia of Lima would be used as a national court until a permanent judicial system was established.

Later, Simón Bolívar established the makings of the current Judicial system, with the creation of the Superior Court of Justice of Lima, the Superior Court of Justice of Cusco, the Superior Court of Justice of La Libertad, and the Superior Court of Justice of Huamanga.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Judicial Districts of Peru — The Judicial Districts of Peru are subdivisions of the Judicial System of Peru. There are 28 Judicial Districts in Peru:#Judicial District of Amazonas #Judicial District of Ancash #Judicial District of Apurímac #Judicial District of Arequipa… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Huánuco/Pasco — The Judicial District of Huánuco Pasco is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Huánuco and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Huánuco Region with the exception of the Marañón… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Lima — The Judicial District of Lima is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. It s headquarters is in the city of Lima and its jurisdiction extends to 35 of the 43 Districts of Lima. Those eight districts not under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Piura — The Judicial District of Piura is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Piura and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Piura Region. It was created by the Law of October 31, 1874… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Apurímac — The Judicial District of Apurímac is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Abancay and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Apurímac Region with exception of the Cotabambas… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Ayacucho — The Judicial District of Ayacucho is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Ayacucho and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Ayacucho Region with the exception of the Cangallo,… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Cono Norte — The Judicial District of Cono Norte is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the district of Independencia in Lima and its jurisdiction extends over the Limean districts of Independencia, San… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of La Libertad — The Judicial District of La Libertad is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. Its headquarters is in the city of Trujillo and its jurisdiction extends over the entire La Libertad Region excluding the Bolívar Province… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Moquegua — The Judicial District of Moquegua is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Moquegua and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Moquegua Region excluding the General Sánchez Cerro… …   Wikipedia

  • Judicial District of Ancash — The Judicial District of Ancash is one of the 28 Judicial Districts of the Judicial System of Peru. The headquarters is in the city of Huaraz and its jurisdiction extends over the entire Ancash Region excluding the provinces of Santa, Casma,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.