- Ica Region
Ica is a region in
Peru. It borders the Pacific Oceanon the west; the Lima Regionon the north; the Huancavelica and Ayacucho regions on the east; and the Arequipa Regionon the south. Its capital is the city of Ica.Peru region table
name = Ica
imagesize = 75px
image_caption = Regional logo
president = Rómulo Triveño Pinto
capital = Ica
elevation = 406
area = 21,327.83
pop = 709,556 (
density = 33.3
provinces = 5 provinces and 43 districts
lowest = 0 m (sea level)
highest = 3796 m (San Pedro de Huacarpana)
areacode = 56
Iron, cotton, grapevine, kidney beans.
poverty = 41.7%
GDPshare = 2.36%
website = [http://www.regionica.gob.pe www.regionica.gob.pe]
iso = ICA
unbigeo = 11
The Ica Region has a remarkable geography. It is the only region of the southern coast formed by plains also called coast plains since the
Andean Cordillerais erected inside. Some geological folds have determined the formation of lands moving forward the sea which form the Paracas Peninsulawhile some isolated formations located at the southern part have determined the Marcona complex, a place where the biggest deposits of ironin the Pacific coast have been formed. Ica's configuration is due to the geomorphologyof its two big and unique fluvial watersheds: the Pasco watershed and Ica watershed. Also, it has an incomplete and continuous current inadequately called Rio Grande because its short waters do not even reach the sea; its waters are mainly used for agriculture in Pampa, Nazcaand Ingenio, its final watershed is dry since sand and dried lands absorb its short resources. There are extensive deserts in Ica like the Lancha Pampas before Pozo Santo and Villacuri Pampas which are extremely hot areas. Strong and persistent winds called "Paracas" are present and originate large clouds of sand.
Paracas culturedeveloped from the seventh through the second century BC. It is distinguished by its matchless textileskills, trephinations, and the art of mummifying their dead.
The Nazca culture, on the contrary, well-known for its artistic
pottery, in which colorful designs and representations excel over the form, the same as their famous lines and figures that have undergone implausible interpretations. This culture expanded from the second century BC through the seventh century AD. They have left us their wonderful aqueducts that made good use of underground water, of rivers and rain, showing a great knowledge of hydraulic engineering.
In the fifteenth century, during the
Inca empire, Pachacutiincorporated the territories of Ica, Nazca and the Chincha valley.
Years later, in
1563, with the arrival of the Spanish, Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera founded the Villa de Valverde del Valle de Ica. Since then, the area became an important vineyardand cotton center.
During the independence war, General
José de San Martínlanded in Paracas and fixed his headquarters in Pisco, to start the fight for the independence of Peru.
The region is divided into five provinces (Spanish: "provincias", singular: "provincia"), which are composed of 43 districts ("distritos", singular: "distrito").
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
Points of interest
City of Ica
Capital of the Ica Department. One of the most popular places to visit in Ica is La
Huacachina. The famous desert oasis is located 5km from Ica. It is a small lake with medicinal water, lying in the middle of a spectacular sand desert.
Pisco the most important port in Ica and a litoral province. The most important attractions are Paracas Bay and the Paracas museum. Pisco was home of an ancient pre-hispanic culture, Paracas, who are known for their exquisite textiles.
The Nazca culture flourished along the southern coast of Peru form around 200 BCE to 600 CE. This area is extremely dry. The Nazca developed extensice irrigation systems, including underground canals, that allowed them to farm the land. The Nazca are known for their beautiful textiles and pottery. Both featuree images of animals and mythological beings.
They are even more famous, however, for an extraordinary but puzzling set of creations known as the Nazca Lines. On a large, rock-strewn plain, the Nazca made huge drawings by scraping away stones to reveal the lighter soil underneath. The drawings depict various plants and animals, including a monkey, birds, and other creatures. These drawings are so huge, however, that they can be seen only from the sky. Scientists believe that the Nazca made these drawings for their gods.
Known for the
Nazca Lines, which are geoglyphs and geometric line clearings in the Atacamadesert, in the district of Nazca. The Nazca lines are attributed to the Ica-Nazca culture, which existed there between 200 BCE and 600 CE. The area of the Nazca lines is called the Pampa Colorada (red plain). From the air, the Nazca Lines show humans, animals, plants, lines and geometric shapes.
A small village near Ica, Cachiche is well known for its history of witches. Doña Julia, Cachiche's first witch, was known to practice "good magic," curing and helping villagers with her spells. Near the entrance to the town, a carving from a single huarango tree [http://www.qoyllur-tours.com/peru-tours/peru-tours-nazca-paracas-ica-tour.php] depicts this first "bruja de Cachiche" (witch of Cachiche).
2007 Peru earthquake
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Look at other dictionaries:
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