Tangled

Tangled
Tangled
Theatrical release poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Nathan Greno
Byron Howard
Produced by Roy Conli
John Lasseter
Glen Keane
Screenplay by Dan Fogelman
Based on Rapunzel by
Brothers Grimm
Narrated by Zachary Levi
as Flynn Rider
Starring Mandy Moore
Zachary Levi
Donna Murphy
Music by Songs:
Alan Menken
Glenn Slater (Lyrics)
Score:
Alan Menken
Editing by Tim Mertens
Studio Walt Disney Animation Studios
Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures
Release date(s) November 24, 2010 (2010-11-24)
Running time 100 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $260 million[2][3]
Box office $590,721,936[3]

Tangled is a 2010 American computer animated musical fantasy comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. It is the 50th animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series. The film features the voices of Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi and Donna Murphy and is loosely based on the German fairy tale "Rapunzel" by the Brothers Grimm.[4]

The film was originally titled and marketed as Rapunzel until it was changed to Tangled shortly before its release. It premiered in theatres and in 3D cinemas on November 24, 2010,[5] after six years of production and a cost that has been estimated at $260 million[2] which, if accurate, would make it the most expensive animated film ever made and second most expensive movie of all time.

Contents

Plot

A drop of sunlight falls to the ground and grows into a magical flower, with the power to heal the sick and injured. An old woman named Gothel finds it and uses it to keep herself young by singing an incantation. Centuries later, the Queen becomes ill during childbirth, and so the flower is found. She is healed and gives birth to a daughter, whom they name Rapunzel, whose golden hair is now the source of the magical power. Gothel kidnaps Rapunzel and hides her in a tall tower, saving the powers of the magic flower for herself, and raising her as her own child. Gothel knows that if Rapunzel's hair is cut, it will turn brown and lose its magic, so Rapunzel's hair is left to grow. Every year, on Rapunzel's birthday, her kingdom releases thousands of sky lanterns, in the hope that the lost princess will return. On the eve of her eighteenth birthday, Rapunzel asks Gothel to let her see the floating lights, but Gothel refuses.

Meanwhile, a group of thieves, led by the charismatic Flynn Rider, steals the tiara of the lost princess from the castle. During the ensuing chase, a horse named Maximus is separated from his rider, the Captain of the Guards, and continues the search for Flynn on his own. Flynn outwits his accomplices and takes the tiara; he abandons them and stumbles upon Rapunzel's tower. Once inside the tower, Rapunzel knocks Flynn unconscious with a frying pan. She hides Flynn inside her closet and confiscates the tiara. When Gothel returns, Rapunzel requests, as a birthday present, a special paint made from white shells from a faraway beach. Gothel leaves on the three-day journey to bring back the shells. Rapunzel makes a deal with Flynn: a journey to the "lights" in exchange for the tiara. Flynn attempts to make Rapunzel end their journey by taking her to the Snuggly Duckling inn, which is full of Gaul thugs, but the thugs are charmed by Rapunzel, who encourages them to follow their dreams.

Mother Gothel sees Maximus riderless and worries someone will find Rapunzel. She returns to the tower to find Rapunzel gone. Meanwhile, the guards invade the tavern, but Rapunzel and Flynn have escaped. The pursuit ends at a dam, which Maximus causes to collapse; Flynn and Rapunzel are trapped in a flooding cave. Believing he's about to die, Flynn admits his true name: Eugene Fitzherbert. Rapunzel admits she has magic hair that glows when she sings. Using her power, they find a way out. Later, when Flynn goes to gather firewood, Gothel secretly meets Rapunzel. Gothel tells Rapunzel that Flynn does not care for her and merely wants the tiara. Gothel gives Rapunzel the tiara, insisting that she tests Flynn by giving it to him.

The next morning, Maximus confronts Flynn, but to Flynn's dismay Rapunzel befriends the horse. The three arrive at the kingdom and that night Flynn takes Rapunzel to see the lanterns. There, Rapunzel gives Flynn back the tiara. Flynn spies the Stabbington brothers and leaves Rapunzel waiting as he gives them the tiara back. However, the brothers tie him up on a boat and sail him across the lake. They reveal Flynn's "betrayal" to Rapunzel as they attempt to kidnap her for her hair's power, but Gothel "rescues" her and they return to the tower. Later, Flynn is arrested and sentenced to death. Maximus brings the inn thugs to rescue Flynn, and Maximus and Flynn race back to the tower. From various clues she found during her adventure, Rapunzel realizes she is the lost princess and attempts to flee the tower. When Flynn escapes on Maximus and returns to the tower, he climbs up Rapunzel's hair only to find her chained to the wall and gagged. Gothel stabs him from behind and prepares to take Rapunzel to a new hiding place, detaching the end of the chain from the wall and trying to pull her away. But Pascal, Rapunzel's pet chameleon, struggles with Gothel. Rapunzel's gag comes off and she says she will always fight, but promises to go with Gothel willingly if she allows her to heal Flynn. Knowing that Rapunzel keeps her word, Gothel agrees, but before Rapunzel heals him, Flynn cuts her hair with a shard of broken mirror. Rapunzel's hair turns brown and loses its power and Gothel rapidly begins to age. Disoriented, Gothel stumbles around the tower when Pascal causes her to trip and fall from the tower. She turns to dust before she hits the ground.

Flynn slowly dies in Rapunzel's arms. Heartbroken, she cries, and tearfully sings the incantation. One teardrop, filled with her power, lands on his cheek and revives him. The two embrace and kiss. Back at the kingdom, the royal family has a tearful reunion. "Years" later, Flynn and Rapunzel are married. Along the way, the Gaul thugs fulfill their individual dreams and Maximus becomes a respected official on the Royal Guard.

Cast and characters

Non-speaking animal characters include Pascal, Rapunzel's pet chameleon, and Maximus, the horse of the head of the palace guard. Also featured in non-speaking roles are Rapunzel's parents, the King and Queen, and Ulf, the Mime Thug.

Moore, Levi and Murphy respectively replaced the originally-announced voice actors Kristin Chenoweth, Dan Fogler and Grey DeLisle.

Production

According to the Los Angeles Times, Tangled was in development for six years and cost more than $260 million to produce.[2]

Schedule

It had originally been announced in April 2007 that Annie-nominated animator and story artist Dean Wellins would be co-directing the film alongside Glen Keane.[6]

On October 9, 2008, it was reported that Keane and Wellins had stepped down as directors, and were replaced by the team of Byron Howard and Nathan Greno, director and storyboard director, respectively, of Disney's 2008 animated feature Bolt. Keane stayed on as an executive producer and animation supervisor, while Wellins moved on to developing other short and feature films.[7]

Title change

Official logo of Rapunzel, before it was changed to Tangled.

When first put into production, the film was promoted as having the title Rapunzel Unbraided, which was later changed to Rapunzel.[8]

Disney's previous animated feature The Princess and the Frog in 2009, while being well-received by various critics[9] and taking in nearly $270 million worldwide, was not as successful as Disney had hoped.[10] Disney expressed the belief that the film's emphasis on princesses may have discouraged young boys from seeing the film.[10]

In order to market the film to both sexes, Disney changed the film's name from Rapunzel to Tangled while also emphasizing Flynn Rider, the film's prominent male character.[10] Disney was criticized for altering the classic title as a marketing strategy. Floyd Norman, a former Disney and Pixar animator and story artist, said, "The idea of changing the title of a classic like Rapunzel to Tangled is beyond stupid. I'm convinced they'll gain nothing from this except the public seeing Disney as desperately trying to find an audience."[11] Justin Chang of Variety compared it to changing the title of The Little Mermaid to Beached.[12]

On November 24, 2010, the day of the film's release, directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard disputed reports that the title change was a marketing decision. They said they changed the title from Rapunzel to Tangled because Rapunzel is not the only main character in the film. They went on to say that you can't call Toy Story "Buzz Lightyear," and they really needed a title that represented what the film is, and that it’s a duo, and it stars Rapunzel and Flynn Rider.[13]

Animation

A concept rendering of Rapunzel, demonstrating the "luscious hair" Keane wanted.

The film was made using computer-generated imagery (CGI), although Tangled was modeled on the traditional look of oil paintings on canvas. The Rococo paintings of French artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard, particularly The Swing, were used as references for the film's artistic style, a style described by Keane as "romantic and lush."[14] To create the impression of a painting, non-photorealistic rendering has been used.

Glen Keane wanted the film to look and feel like a traditional hand-drawn Disney film in 3D, and held a seminar called "The Best of Both Worlds", where he, with 50 Disney CGI artists and traditional artists, focused on the pros and cons of each style.[15] Due to limitations in computer technology, many basic principles of animation used in traditionally animated movies had been absent from earlier CGI films; but technological advancements have made it easier to blend the two, combining the strengths of each style. Keane stated repeatedly he was trying to make the computer "bend its knee to the artist" instead of having the computer dictate the artistic style and look of the film. By making the computer become as "pliable as the pencil," Keane's vision of a "three dimensional drawing" seemed within reach, with the artist controlling the technology. Many of the techniques and tools that were required to give the film the quality Keane demanded did not exist when the project was started, and Disney Animation Studios had to create them on their own.[14] Keane said, "There’s no photoreal hair. I want luscious hair, and we are inventing new ways of doing that. I want to bring the warmth and intuitive feel of hand-drawn to CGI."[16]

One of the main goals of the animators was to create movement that mimicked the soft fluidity of the hand-drawn art found in older Disney animated films. Keane credited Disney 3D animator Kyle Strawitz with helping to combine CGI with the traditional hand-drawn style. "He took the house from Snow White and built it and painted it so that it looked like a flat painting that suddenly started to move, and it had dimension and kept all of the soft, round curves of the brushstrokes of watercolor. Kyle helped us get that Fragonard look of that girl on the swing… We are using subsurface scattering and global illumination and all of the latest techniques to pull off convincing human characters and rich environments."[14]

Existing CGI technology continued to present difficulties: in particular, animating hair turned out to be a challenge. Senior software engineer Kelly Ward spent six years writing programs to make it move the way they wanted.[17] As late as January 2010, the directors were still not sure if the Rapunzel character's length of hair was going to work. These problems were finally solved in March:[18] An improved version of a hair simulation program named Dynamic Wires, originally developed for Bolt, was eventually used. To make hair float believably in water, and to surmount other similar challenges, discrete differential geometry was used to produce the desired effects, freeing the animators from executing these specific tasks directly, which would have taken days instead of minutes.[19]

3D

Rather than focusing on realism, the 3D team used an aesthetic approach. Robert Newman, the film’s stereoscopic supervisor said that "We’re using depth more artistically than ever before, and we’re not as concerned with the literal transcription of depth between camera and projector as we are the interpretation of it." To do this, they used a new technique called multi-rigging, which is made up by multiple pairs of virtual cameras. Each pair is used individually on each separate element that adds depth to a scene, like background, foreground and characters, without adjusting for the relation with the other pairs. When sandwiched together later in production, the result was something that would be visually impossible in the real world, but which created an appealing look to the movie.[20]

Soundtrack

Tangled: Original Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by Alan Menken
Released November 16, 2010
Recorded 2010
Genre Folk rock, medieval, soundtrack
Label Walt Disney
Walt Disney Animation Studios chronology
The Princess and the Frog
(2009)
Tangled
(2010)
Winnie the Pooh
(2011)

Original music was composed for the movie by 8-time Academy Award winner Composer Alan Menken with lyrics written by Glenn Slater.[21] Menken said he attempted to blend medieval music with 1960s folk rock to create the new songs.[22]

No. Title Performer(s) Length
1. "When Will My Life Begin?"   Mandy Moore 2:32
2. "When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 1)"   Moore 1:03
3. "Mother Knows Best"   Donna Murphy 3:10
4. "When Will My Life Begin? (Reprise 2)"   Moore 2:06
5. "I've Got a Dream"   Brad Garrett, Jeffrey Tambor, Moore, Zachary Levi, Company 3:11
6. "Mother Knows Best (Reprise)"   Murphy 1:38
7. "I See the Light"   Moore, Levi 3:44
8. "Healing Incantation"   Moore 0:54
9. "Flynn Wanted"   Alan Menken 2:51
10. "Prologue"   Murphy, Delaney Stein 2:02
11. "Horse with No Rider"   Menken 1:57
12. "Escape Route"   Menken 1:57
13. "Campfire"   Menken 3:21
14. "Kingdom Dance"   Menken 2:20
15. "Waiting For the Lights"   Menken 2:47
16. "Return to Mother"   Menken 2:06
17. "Realization and Escape"   Menken 5:50
18. "The Tear Heals"   Menken, Moore 7:37
19. "Kingdom Celebration"   Menken 1:50
20. "Something That I Want"   Grace Potter 2:43

Several songs were written but eventually cut from the final film; "When Will My Life Begin?" replaced an earlier version called "What More Could I Ever Need?". Menken reported that that opening number went through five or six different versions.[23]

Elsewhere, Menken reported that there was originally a love song called "You Are My Forever" that Mother Gothel sang to Rapunzel in a motherly way but was reprised later in the film by Flynn in a romantic way. This idea was apparently replaced with the two songs "Mother Knows Best" and "I See the Light".[24]

The song "Something That I Want" performed by Grace Potter from Grace Potter and the Nocturnals is featured in the closing credits. This version features some of the lyrics that were re-written and sung by Potter herself. The Latin American Spanish version of the song, titled "Algo quiero querer", was recorded by Colombian pop-singer, Fanny Lú.[25]

The album has peaked at No. 44 on the Billboard 200, No. 7 on the Soundtrack chart, and No. 3 on the Top Kids Albums chart.[26][27][28]

Release

Critical response

Tangled received very positive responses from critics. Rotten Tomatoes reports that 89% of critics have given Tangled a positive review based on 170 reviews, with an average score of 7.5/10.[29] Among Rotten Tomatoes Top Critics, which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers, websites, television and radio programs, the film holds an overall approval rating of 93%, based on a sample of 29 reviews.[30] The site's consensus is: "While far from Disney's greatest film, Tangled is a visually stunning, thoroughly entertaining addition to the studio's classic animated canon."[29] Another review aggregator Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score from 0–100 out of reviews from mainstream film critics, calculated a score of 71 based on 33 reviews.[31] CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend revealed the average grade cinemagoers gave Tangled was A+ on an A+ to F scale.[32]

A. O. Scott of The New York Times positively reviewed the film as "the 50th animated feature from Disney, and its look and spirit convey a modified, updated but nonetheless sincere and unmistakable quality of old-fashioned Disneyness."[33] Time film critic Richard Corliss noted that the film "wades into the DreamWorks style of sitcom gags and anachronistic sass" while praising the film for achieving "the complex mix of romance, comedy, adventure and heart that defines the best Disney features."[34] Kenneth Turan from The Los Angeles Times awarded the film four stars out of five; he described the film as a "gorgeous computer-animated look that features rich landscapes and characters that look fuller and more lifelike than they have in the past."[35]

James Berardinelli commented on his review website ReelViews that the film is "entertaining and enjoyable, but not groundbreaking."[36] Berardinelli also stated Rapunzel is "not as memorable as Snow White, Princess Ariel, or Belle" as well as stating "the songs are neither catchy nor memorable."[36] Todd McCarthy, film reviewer for The Hollywood Reporter opened his review with, "It would have been nice if Disney's self-touted 50th animated feature were one of its best, a film that could stand with the studio's classics, but the world will have to make do with Tangled, a passably entertaining hodgepodge of old and new animation techniques, mixed sensibilities and hedged commercial calculations."[37] Most reviews have praised the animation, notably the sky lantern sequence ("I See The Light") in the film, some comparing it to the ballroom scene in Beauty and the Beast.[citation needed]

Box-office performance

Tangled earned $200,821,936 in the USA and Canada and an estimated $389,900,000 in other countries for a worldwide total of $590,721,936.[3] Worldwide, it is the 15th highest-grossing animated feature ever released,[38] the eighth highest-grossing film of 2010 and the third largest animated title on that list behind Toy Story 3 ($1.063 billion) and Shrek Forever After ($752.6 million). It is also the third Disney film appearing in 2010's Top Ten.[39] Finally, it is the second highest-grossing film worldwide produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, trailing only The Lion King ($868.9 million).[40]

It premiered in Paris on November 17, exclusively screening at the Grand Rex theatre two weeks in advance of its French wide release.[41] With over 3,800 tickets sold on its opening day, it set a new record for films showing in a single theatre.[42] It had a worldwide opening weekend of $86,079,983.[43][44] Due to a gradual worldwide roll-out and many other blockbuster movies playing at the same time, it reached the summit of the worldwide box office only once, on its 11th weekend (Feb 4-6, 2011), with $24,884,871 from 49 territories.[45][46]

North America

In the United States and Canada, Tangled picked up $11.9 million on its opening Wednesday,[47] breaking the record for the largest pre-Thanksgiving Wednesday opening of all time, a record previously held by Disney·Pixar's Toy Story 2.[48] In its first weekend of release, it earned $48.8 million, placing second for the period behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, which earned $49.1 million.[49] Tangled had the fifth highest opening weekend for a film that did not debut at #1.[50] Over the traditional Wednesday-Sunday Thanksgiving holiday period, it tallied $68.7 million, again finishing in second place.[49] Tangled also marked the second-largest 3-day and 5-day Thanksgiving opening after Toy Story 2.[49] During its second weekend (post-Thanksgiving), which was one of the lowest-grossing of 2010, Tangled declined 56% although it jumped to first place at the box office with $21.6 million, ahead of the new release The Warrior's Way and surpassing Deathly Hallows Part 1's weekend gross by a wide margin.[51] With a final gross of $200,821,936, it is the 10th highest-grossing film of 2010 in these regions.[52] and the 10th 2010 film to pass the $200-million-mark.[53] However, it was the fourth slowest film to pass this mark behind Back to the Future, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, and Saving Private Ryan.[54] In the USA and Canada, (unadjusted for inflation) it is the third highest-grossing film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, behind The Lion King ($419.1 million) and Aladdin ($217.4 million).[55]

International markets

Overseas, on its opening weekend it earned $17,373,685 in 8 territories and ranked second for the weekend behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 ($117.3 million).[56] After an eventual rollout in markets around the world and varying rankings among the Top Ten in subsequent weekends overseas, it reached first place at the overseas box office on the first weekend of 2011 (January 7–9) with $25.9 million.[56] It fell to second place with $14.9 million overseas on the Martin Luther King weekend, out-grossed by Tron: Legacy ($17.2 million).[56] On January 28–30, it regained first place with $17.1 million mainly due to a strong opening in the UK, Ireland and Malta.[56] On the following weekend (Feb. 4-6 2011), it continued to dominate on the summit of the overseas box office with $23.0 million, a feat the UK, Spain, Sweden and Norway mainly contributed to.[56] In cumulative overseas grosses, it marked the seventh largest 2010 picture, the third largest 2010 animated feature.[57]

Merchandising

Like other recent Disney animated features, Tangled is supported in retail stores by a line of toys and other merchandise.[58] Many of the Rapunzel dolls emphasize her hair, while some also include sound clips from the film. Toys based on other characters, including Flynn Rider, Pascal and Maximus, have also been released. Rapunzel became an official Disney Princess on October 2, 2011.[59]

A video game based on the film, titled Tangled: The Video Game was released on November 23, 2010 for the two Nintendo consoles Nintendo DS and Wii as well as for the PC platform by Disney Interactive Studios.[60]

Home media

Tangled was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment as a four-disc combo pack on March 29, 2011. The combo pack includes a Blu-ray 3D, standard Blu-ray, DVD, and digital copy. A two-disc Blu-ray/DVD combo pack and single DVD are also available. Bonus features for the Blu-ray include deleted scenes, two alternate opening sequences, two extended songs, and an inside look at how the film was made. The DVD includes only the two Original Storybook Openings and the 50th Animated Feature Countdown.

Sales of Tangled in the US and Canada exceeded $95 million in DVD and Blu-ray sales, the highest grossing DVD of the year to date; its home video sales exceeded the film's earnings in its first week in theaters.[61] The film sold a record 2,970,052 units (the equivalent of $44,521,079) in its first week in North America, the largest opening for a 2011 DVD. It dominated for two weeks on the DVD sales chart and sold 6,208,573 units ($95,280,386) as of October 23, 2011.[62] It has also sold 2,518,522 Blu-ray units ($59,220,275) by May 29, 2011.[63]

Tangled Ever After

Tangled Ever After is an upcoming 5-6-minute[64] short animated film, set to premiere before the theatrical release of Beauty and the Beast 3D on January 13, 2012,[65] and will air in Spring 2012 on Disney Channel.[66] It is being directed by Nathan Greno and Byron Howard, the directors of Tangled. The short will pick up right after Tangled left off, showing Rapunzel marrying Flynn Rider, and the comical chaos caused by Pascal and Maximus, who try to find the lost rings before the wedding starts.

Accolades

The film has been nominated for ten awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated Tangled for two Golden Globe Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and Best Original Song for "I See the Light", but lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque respectively. The film also received two nominations for the Broadcast Film Critics Association in the same categories, but lost to Toy Story 3 and 127 Hours, as well as nominations for two Annie Awards, for Best Animated Feature Film and for Writing in a Feature Production.

Tangled was also nominated for two Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards, Best Animated Film and Best Original Song for "I've Got a Dream", which it lost to Toy Story 3 and Burlesque. "I See the Light" has been nominated for Best Original Song at the 83rd Academy Awards, but lost to "We Belong Together" from Toy Story 3. It has also been nominated for 37th Saturn Award for Best Animated Film.

Tangled won best 3D scene of the year at the second annual International 3D Society Creative Arts Awards.[67]

Tangled is nominated for favorite film in the British Academy Children Awards for Favorite Film. Competing against films like Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1, and Part 2, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Cars 2, and Kung Fu Panda 2.

Group Category Result
83rd Academy Awards[68] Best Original Song ("I See the Light") Nominated
38th Annie Awards[69] Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
Writing in a Feature Production (Dan Fogelman) Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2010[70] Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
Best Song ("I See the Light") Nominated
68th Golden Globe Awards[71] Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
Best Song ("I See the Light") Nominated
National Movie Awards Animation Won
Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards[72] Best Animated Film Nominated
Best Original Song ("I’ve Got a Dream") Nominated
37th Saturn Awards Best Animated Film Nominated
2011 Teen Choice Awards[73] Choice Animated Movie Voice (Zachary Levi) Nominated
British Academy Children's Awards (BAFTA) Favorite Film Pending

See also


References

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