Neigong Chinese 內功 Literal meaning "internal skill" Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin nèigōng Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping noi6 gong1
Neigong, also spelled nei kung, neigung, or nae gong, refers to any of a set of Chinese breathing, meditation and spiritual practice disciplines associated with Daoism and especially the Chinese martial arts. Neigong practice is normally associated with the so called "soft style", "internal" or neijia 內家 Chinese martial arts, as opposed to the category known as waigong 外功 or "external skill" which is historically associated with shaolinquan or the so called "hard style", "external" or wàijiā 外家 Chinese martial arts. Both have many different schools, disciplines and practices and historically there has been mutual influence between the two and distinguishing precisely between them differs from school to school.
There is both martial and non-martial neigong. Well known examples of martial neigong are the various breathing and focus trainings taught in some traditional Taijiquan, Baguazhang and Xingyiquan schools. An example of non-martial neigong is the discipline known as Daoyin.
Neigong and the internal martial arts
The martial art school of neigong emphasises training the coordination of the individual's body with the breath, known as the harmonisation of the inner and outer energy(內外合一), creating a basis for a particular school's method of utilising power and technique.
Neigong exercises that are part of the neijia tradition involve cultivating physical stillness and or conscious (deliberate) movement, designed to produce relaxation or releasing of muscular tension combined with special breathing techniques such as the "tortoise" or "reverse" methods. The fundamental purpose of this process is to develop a high level of coordination, concentration and technical skill that is known in the martial arts world as neijin (內勁). The ultimate purpose of this practice is for the individual to become at one with heaven or the Dao (天人合一). As Zhuangzi stated, "Heaven, earth and I are born of one, and I am at one with all that exists (天地與我並生, 萬物與我唯一)".
Neigong and meditation
This type of practice is said to require concentration and internal reflection which results in a heightened self-awareness that increases over time with continued practice. Neigong practitioners report awareness of the mechanics of their blood circulation, peristalsis, muscular movement, skeletal alignment, balance, etc.
What is said to be occurring as the result of continual practice is a type of internal alchemy, that is a refinement and transmutation of the "Three Treasures" or San Bao (三寳), in Chinese. The Three Treasures are known as Jing (精), Qi (氣) and Shen (神) and can be loosely translated as Essence, Vitality and Spirit.
According to Daoist doctrine the Three Treasures can be described as three types of energy available to humans. The Dao De Jing purported to be written by Lao zi states in chapter 42 that "The Dao (道) gives birth to the One, the One gives birth to the Two (Taiji (太極) or Yin and Yang (陰陽)) and the Two gives birth to the Three (which some interpret to mean Jing 精, Qi 氣 and Shen 神, or sometimes Heaven Tian 天, Earth Di 地 and Man Ren 人) and lastly the Three gives birth to the 10,000 Things (Wanwu 萬物); which is all that exists in heaven and on earth.
- I Ching
- Silk reeling
- Traditional Chinese medicine
- Zhan zhuang
- Zhang Sanfeng
- Blofeld, J. Taoism, The Quest for Immortality, Mandala-Unwin Paperbacks London, 1989. ISBN 0-04-299008-4
- Cheng, Tinhung. Tai Chi Transcendent Art, The Hong Kong Tai Chi Association Press Hong Kong, 1976. (only available in Chinese)
- Wile, Douglas Lost T'ai-chi Classics from the late Ch'ing Dynasty State University of New York Press, Albany, 1996. ISBN 0-7914-2653-X
- Wu Gongzao. Wu Family T'ai Chi Ch'uan (吳家太極拳), Hong Kong, 1980, Toronto 2006, ISBN 0-9780499-0-X
- Keen, Thomas. Iron Vest Qigong. ISBN 978-1-6024-3000-6
- Danaos, Kosta, Nei Kung, The Secret Teachings of the Warrior Sage, Inner traditions, 2002, ISBN 0-89281-907-3
- Chen Kaiguo and Zheng Shunchao, Opening the Dragon Gate. The Making of a Modern Taoist Wizard.. ISBN 0804831858
- Neigong.net is a site devoted to original texts of Neigong, neijia and qigong
- Interview with Nei Kung practitioner, Master C.K. Chu
- Video of Nei Kung practitioner, John Chang
- Founder of Kunlun Nei Kung
- European website for Kunlun Nei Kung
- website for Xing Shen Zhuang practice as a foundation training
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Shaolin Neigong — Abbildung der Kampfkunst am Shaolin Tempel Als Shaolin Kung Fu (chin. 少林功夫, Shàolín Gōngfu, W. G. shaolin kung fu „Shaolin Fähigkeiten“), Shàolín Quánfǎ (chin. 少林拳法 „Shaolin Faust Fähigkeiten“) oder kürzer Shàolín Quan (kant. sil lum kuen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Neijia — Chinese 內家 Hanyu Pinyin nèi jiā Literal meaning internal family … Wikipedia
Zhan zhuang — (站桩) lit. standing like a post , sometimes called standing like a tree or post standing is a method of training in many Chinese martial arts in which static postures are used for meditationFact|date=April 2007, to develop patience, strength… … Wikipedia
Neidan — Development of the immortal embryo in the lower dantian of the Daoist cultivator. Taoism … Wikipedia
Neijing — The term Neijing (Traditional Chinese: 內勁; pinyin: nèijìng) is a salient concept in traditional Chinese kung fu (martial arts). It purports to be the key to unlock the secrets of advanced kung fu in many classic Chinese martial arts training… … Wikipedia
Tao yin — Traditional Chinese 導引 Literal meaning guide and pull Transcriptions … Wikipedia
Han Xiaoying — Han Xiaoying(韓小瑩) is a character in the wuxia novel Legend of the Condor Heroes written by Louis Cha.She was the youngest and only female member of the Seven Freaks of Jiangnan. Han Baoju, another member of the Freaks, was her elder cousin.… … Wikipedia
Neidan — Développement de l’embryon cosmique, un des processus de l’alchimie interne taoïste Neidan[shu] 內丹[術], (technique du) cinabre interne ou alchimie interne, désigne une forme de méditation ascétique pratiquée par les taoïstes, en particulier… … Wikipédia en Français
Хонг Зя Куен — Хонг Зя Вьетнам (ранее Хонг Зя Куен) вьетнамское боевое искусство. Стиль вышел из даосского монастыря на горе Лофу (Mount Luofu) (кит. 羅浮山) провинция Гуандун, Китай. Полное название школы Hồng Gia La Phù Sơn Việt Nam (Хонг Зя Лафушон… … Википедия
Meditation — This article is about the mental discipline. For the form of alternative dispute resolution, see Mediation. For other uses, see Meditation (disambiguation). A statue of the Buddha meditating, Borim Temple, Korea Meditation refers to any form of a … Wikipedia