- Internal alchemy
Internal alchemy, also called spiritual alchemy, (內丹術 - nèi dān shù
Traditional Chinese, 內丹术 - Simplified Chinese) is a term used for different esotericdisciplines focused on balancing internal and spiritual energies. In China, it is an important form of practice for most schools of Taoism. In Europe, it is considered to be a central mystical practice of Rosicrucianismand Hermeticism. [ [http://www.golden-dawn.com/temple/index.jsp?s=articles&p=alchemy Rosicrucian Alchemy and the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn] by Jean-Pascal Ruggiu, Imperator of Ahathöor Temple No. 7, Paris, France] . Historically, it has borrowed the symbolism and terminology of classical alchemy, employing them in process and metaphor to spiritual development. [Whitcomb, Bill. "The Magician's Companion: A Practical and Encyclopedic Guide to Magical and Religious Symbolism". Llewellyn Publications, 1993. ISBN 0875428681.]
The term is also used to translate various terms used in the native languages of some
east Asian Taoistand Buddhistpractices. Neidanand Tantraare considered forms of internal alchemy, but western commentators often focus on sexual practices. [Tyson, Donald. "Sexual Alchemy: Magical Intercourse with Spirits". Llewellyn Publications, 2000. ISBN 1567187412.]
Internal alchemy, like the more general alchemy from which it derived, focuses on transmuting energies and substances. The practices focus on restoring balance and elevating spiritual vitality. The goals of internal alchemy are improved health,
longevityand peacefulness. Practitioners often seek immortalityor reunion with God or another divine source.
The energies and substances of the body are described in metaphor. Elements, metals and humours have all been used to classify and define characteristics of the human system. Internal alchemists map the body, noting which routes energy move through and which areas are associated with particular "elements". Examples include the
Sephiroth of Kabbalah, the seven seals of esoteric Christianity, the seven Hindu chakrasand the Chinese meridians.
In many cultures, notably those of the East, diseases and medical ailments were thought to be due to imbalance in the afflicted person's internal alchemy, or a weakness of one's life spirit. Consequently, medical treatments were a mix of supernatural appeals and
pharmacology, using spells, amulets, and repulsive herbs to "banish" evil influence or strengthen the spirit.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alchemy — Alchemist redirects here. For other uses, see Alchemist (disambiguation). For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). Page from alchemic treatise of Ramon Llull, 16th century Alchemy is an influential philosophical tradition whose early… … Wikipedia
Outline of alchemy — Alchemy, derived from the Arabic word al kimia (الكيمياء), is both a philosophy and an ancient practice focused on the attempt to change base metals into gold, investigating the preparation of the elixir of life, and achieving ultimate wisdom… … Wikipedia
Chinese alchemy — Chinese alchemy, a part of the larger tradition of Taoism, centers on the tradition of body spirit cultivation that developed through the Chinese understandings of medicine and the body. These Chinese traditions were developed into a system of… … Wikipedia
Audio Alchemy — was a high fidelity audio equipment manufacturer based in California, USA. It produced many lines of relatively affordable audio products, including CD players, transports, digital audio processors, and amplifiers. They have since gone out of… … Wikipedia
Multiplication (alchemy) — Multiplicatio emblem from Philosophia Reformata (Johann Daniel Mylius, 1622). Here, multiplication is illustrated using images of a pelican and a lion feeding their young. Multiplication is the process in Western alchemy used to increase the… … Wikipedia
Neidan — Development of the immortal embryo in the lower dantian of the Daoist cultivator. Taoism … Wikipedia
Taoist Wang Liping — Wang Liping , (simplified chinese: 王力平), Wayfarer of Wang Yongsheng，born in 1949. Master Wang Liping is eighteenth generation Transmitter [http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:AOkIxYN2 mAJ:lz.book.sohu.com/serialize id… … Wikipedia
Taoism — Taoist, n., adj. Taoistic, adj. /dow iz euhm, tow /, n. 1. the philosophical system evolved by Lao tzu and Chuang tzu, advocating a life of complete simplicity and naturalness and of noninterference with the course of natural events, in order to… … Universalium
Wuzhen pian — The Wuzhen pian (Chinese: 悟真篇; pinyin: Wùzhēn piān; Wade–Giles: Wu chen p ien; literally Folios on Awakening to Reality/Perfection ) is a 1075 CE Daoist classic on Neidan style internal alchemy. Its author Zhang Boduan 張伯端 (987? 1082 CE) was a… … Wikipedia
Daoism — or Taoism Major Chinese religio philosophical tradition. Though the concept of dao was employed by all Chinese schools of thought, Daoism arose out of the promotion of dao as the social ideal. Laozi is traditionally regarded as the founder of… … Universalium